Birds in Profile

Profiles of birds living in Fehraltorf

Fehraltorf's Top Ten:

Common blackbird / Amsel (Turdus merula)


Amsel bei friedliweid. Source: OWN 2020-04-13 10.28.42 Friedliweid
Classification: Genus Turdus; Family Thrushes (Turdidae)
The first bird I loved listening to
Song: Melodisch flötend dazwischen auch zerquetschte Töne. Die Elemente werden nicht wiederholt. Singt von Singwarte aus. Ca. 100 verschiedene Strophentypen. [Link]
One of the most appreciated song birds. Very melodious and resonant, with long mellow notes and a large register. Less high pitched sounds than Song Thrush, and seldom repeats a phrase. Timbre fuller than both Song Thrush and Mistle Thrush. Well defined pauses between phrases, giving the song a relaxed pace. [Link]
Calls: Je nach Situation, „duck duck duck“, „tix-tix-tix“ in rascher Folge, „srieh“ (auch als Flugwarnruf) [Link]
Large repertoire of calls. Most characteristic is a hysterical rattle often given when flushed. Sometimes preceded by a hard "tok tok", which then accelerates into a panicky arpeggio-like crescendo. Contact call a thin redwing-like "srrreee". Alarm calls: a sharp "tink, tink" or a very high pitch falling whistle. [Link]
Physical details: length=24-25 cm, wingspan=34-38 cm, weight=80-125 g
Song: Other: Gut zu erkennen ist die Amsel. Sie singt melodiös, erklärt Heller, «zuerst flötend und dann gegen Schluss so schnirpslig». Die Amsel singe gerne dort, wo sie gut gehört werde, etwa vor Hauswänden, die den Schall nicht schlucken. Ich wollte schauen was schnirpslig heisst, aber diese ist diese einzige Verwendung, die Google kennt! Der flötende Teil ist relativ tief, 1.5-3 KHz, der schnirpslige aber 2.5-7 KHz. (Schnirpslig ist ein schones Wort das der Redner erfunden hat - Google findet nur diese eine Webseite mit dem Wort!) [Von der SRF Webseite:]
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, slow, Frequency: 1-7 KHz Special sounds: flourish Singing season: 02-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 45 minutes before dawn.
Call: Loud falling series of notes, unlike anything else you hear from a blackbird
Call attributes: alarm call Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz),
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Amsel hinter Hof Friedliweid, Fehraltorf Source: OWN 2020-04-13 07.32.16 Friedliweid

Alarm rattle Had never heard something like this, but I saw a black bird land in a tree by the Luppmen and shortly thereafter a blackbird started singing, so I check xeno-canto for something similar. Sometimes called an alarm rattle. Source: XENOCANTO

Alarm rattle Heard on the Luppmen Source: OWN 2020-07-04 13.35.48 Luppmen

Alarm rattle Heard on the Luppmen Source: OWN 2020-06-23 06.18.54 Luppmen

Common chaffinch / Buchfink (Fringilla coelebs)


In tree by First, ZH. Source: OWN 2020-05-04 17.33.36 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Fringilla; Subfamily Fringillinae; Family Fringillidae
Heard everywhere locally but less often seen. In winter 2020-2021 it often accompanied tits to our feeder. While they grabbed sunflower seeds, the chaffinch would hunt for food on the ground or in bushes.
I've caught it on stubby branches of an evergreen, in a lone tree in a farmyard, and in Brittany even on a lightpost. And I seem to see one every time I go to Zurich, so they're happy in an urban setting.
Etymology: Als Kontakt- und Alarmruf dient «pink», von dem wahrscheinlich die deutsche Bezeichnung «Fink» herkommt. [Von BirdLifes Schweizer 'bird song' Website]
Appearance and identification: Interesting tidbit: the chaffinch is one bird that can change colors without molting. Its new feathers in autumn are grayish, but by late spring the edges of the feathers have worn away, revealing the chaffinch's brightest colors of the year. [Lovette and Fitzpatrick's Handbook of Bird Biology]
Song: Song a falling 5 sec. phrase "zitt-zitt-chep-chepp-chu-chu-churrurrwitt". Structurally similar to Willow Warbler, but with a conclusive, ascending and accented ending, and with a much harder, finch-like, timbre. [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=24-28 cm, weight=18-29 g
Song: General: A medium long phrase that slowly descends (I think of it bouncing down a staircase), then usually takes a jump up before a final descent.
Song: In Bavaria the mnemonic for the typical chaffinch song is: „Ich hätte gerne ein Weizenbier“, i.e. "I'd like another Weizenbier". [DasHaus]
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Singing season: 02-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 10 minutes before dawn.
Calls: 1: General: Repeated ascending note, faster than the long starling whoops, but compare with the black redstart. There are many different calls, the Marler book describes the 'chink' call as functioning as a mobbing and separation call. At XenoCanto I find calls described as "ping", "pik" (same thing?), "pchew", "duit", "huit", "ti-huit".
Call: Der sogenannte Regenruf der Männchen, „schrrüt“, der selbst in benachbarten Ortsteilen deutlich variieren kann, erklingt nur während der Brutzeit. Als Regenruf wird er bezeichnet, weil er kurz vor oder sogar während des Regens zu hören ist, wenn die anderen Vögel verstummen. [DasHaus]
Rain call from XenoCanto

Rain call from XenoCanto Recorded by Paul Driver in Mundford, Norfolk, UK Source: XENOCANTO

2: Call: Als Alarmsignal dient ein mehrsilbiges „pink“. [DasHaus]
Ping call from XenoCanto

Ping call from XenoCanto Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: rain call Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz), Special sounds: whoop
Presence: 01-01 - 12-31
Breeding: 04-01 - 07-31
Migration in: 02-20 - 04-15
Migration out: 09-10 - 11-15
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Buchfink im Wald bei Fehraltorf Siehe Spectogram um die Beschreibung oben besser zu verstehen. Diese Phrase geht 3.3 Sekunden und umfasst 1.4-7.6 KHz, F#6 bis A#8, oder mehr als 2 Oktave. Source: OWN 2019-06-04 12.45.05 Luppmen

House sparrow / Haussperling (Passer domesticus)


Pair of house sparrows in a tree near Zürichstrasse, Fehraltorf Source: OWN 2020-04-11 07.54.30 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Passer; Family Sparrows (Passeridae)
One of the most common birds anywhere in Europe and North America. In Fehraltorf there are 5 house sparrows for every one tree sparrow. Eugene Schieffelin brought house sparrows and starlings to North Ameria. As a Shakespeare fan, it is often claimed that he wanted to introduce all species to North America that are mentioned in Shakespeare, but apparently this is not supported by any records
Found practically everywhere. Often on the ground or on your table in a cafe (they're very bold) or in groups in bushes and hedges
Song: Song a primitive, monosyllabic, or slightly disyllabic "chilp", hard to distinguish from Tree Sparrow. [Link]
Calls: Most calls very similar to Tree Sparrow, but lacks said species' distinct high pitched call (chew-itt), and alarm call is less dry and raucous. [Link]
Physical details: length=14-15 cm, wingspan=21-25 cm, weight=24-38 g
Song: An monotone chirping. Mainly 2-5 KHz with higher overtones.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: 2-5 KHz Singing season: 01-01 - 08-31 Dawn chorus start, 30 minutes before dawn.
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Birdnet 402 - House sparrow. Source: OWN 2020-04-25 06.50.27 Luppmen

Great tit / Kohlmeise (Parus major)


Kohlmeise auf ast. Source: OWN 2020-04-13 10.29.27 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Parus; Family Titmice (Paridae)
Most common year-round bird at our house. Often seen at the suet balls we hang out, or in fall at our sunflowers. It's said that they will sound a false alarm at a feeding source, knowing that other birds listen for their alarms and flee! There are many entertaining stories in the Norwegian book 'The Secret Life of Small Birds'.
It's a favorite food of the Eurasian sparrowhawk, though I'm sure cats are the greater danger.
They flit from tree to tree in small scattered groups, and often avail themselves of the seeds on our sunflowers. They can be heard on the Luppman in Fehraltorf at any time of year and day.
Etymology: (Conrad) Gessner also notes that the coal tit was known as Kohlmeiß in German – the literal equivalent of its English name, though in its modern orthography Kohlmeise it refers to the great tit (Parus major). That bird was in Gessner's day usually called Spiegelmeiß ("multicoloured tit"[5]), Brandtmeiß ("burnt tit") or grosse Meiß ("great tit") in German. [Link]
Behavior: 'Studies in Europe on tits showed a 2-way doubly asymmetric interaction: the great tit (Parus major) is dominant over the blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) during the nonbreeding season (Haftorn 1993), and the smaller blue tit is competitively dominant during the breeding season (Dhondt 1989).' Another cited work notes that the coal tit is considered the bottom of the hierarchy in Scandinavia. [Interspecific dominance relationships and hybridization between black-capped and mountain chickadees | Behavioral Ecology]
Like all tits it is a cavity nester, usually nesting in a hole in a tree. [Link]
Sie lernen voneinander und sogar von den verwandten Blaumeisen und finden neue Nahrungsquellen. Aber sie merken es sich auch, wenn sie sehen das andere Voegel etwas fressen, was ihnen nicht zukoemmlich ist. [Schlaue Kohlmeisen gucken voneinander ab]
Song: Song highly variable, but usually consisting of two to three notes repeated in a motif. Same birds have many different motifs but generally repeat them many times before switching. Identified by its timbre and often metallic resonant quality, more than by actual phrasing (which is very variable). Often includes buzzing sounds in song. [Link]
Calls: Generally more full-bodied and resonant calls than blue tit, and not so high-pitched. Characteristic Chaffinch-like "tink tink tink" often uttered by male. [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=22-25 cm, weight=14-22 g
Song: Said to have a repertoire as a species of 50 or more different songs, albeit simple ones, up to 10 per individual. Females prefer a male with a large repertoire. One two-note song sounds like a squeaky bed.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Singing season: 01-01 - 06-30 Dawn chorus start, 30 minutes before dawn.
Call: Chuck-a-chuck-a-chuck, sometimes preceded by higher 'wheat!'
Call from Xeno-Canto

Call from Xeno-Canto Illustrates higher 'wheat' before the 'chuck-a-chuck' Source: XENOCANTO
Call from Xeno-Canto

Call from Xeno-Canto Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: Call melody: simple rhythmic, fast, Frequency: 1-7 KHz,
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
High-low 2-Noten Kohlmeise-Song Source: OWN 2020-04-13 07.08.21 Luppmen

6-Noten absteigenden Kohlmeise-Song Source: OWN 2020-04-13 06.32.54 Luppmen

European Robin / Rotkehlchen (Erithacus rubecula)


Rotkehlchen. Source: OWN 2020-04-02 09.39.00 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Erithacus; Family Thrushes (Turdidae)
Red face and breast, light colored belly, brown and gray back and wings.
Singing in a tree, searching for food on the ground.
Song: Song medium to very high pitched, with mostly clear tones with a liquid quality. Timbre reminiscent of Wren or Dunnock, but with a much more varied structure and tempo. Pitch ranges from very high to low, almost thrush-like, notes. No recognizable motifs. Often ends on a rising or falling pitch, giving it a "Chinese" accent. [Link]
Calls: Alarm call a thin, electric "tick", often in series with decelerating tempo. [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=20-22 cm, weight=14-21 g
Song: High pitched but also going low, e.g. 2.9-7.7 KHz. I read that
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, fast, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz) Special sounds: fluting Singing season: 02-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 50 minutes before dawn.
Call: Low chirpy to sputtery monotone
Xeno-Canto recording by Stanislas Wroza noted as 'srii' call

Xeno-Canto recording by Stanislas Wroza noted as 'srii' call Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 5-10 KHz, Special sounds: sputter
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Rotkehlchen am Luppmen in der Frühe Source: OWN 2020-04-28 05.25.07 Luppmen

Rotkehlchen im Wald Mesikon Source: OWN 2020-04-12 12.09.53 Mesikon

Black cap warbler / Mönchsgrasmücke (Sylvia atricapilla)

Also known as: Eurasian blackcap

This fellow is singing in a bush across the street from us, at Bahnhofstrasse 18 Details Source: OWN 2020-04-15 09.20.34 Bahnhofstrasse 18
Classification: Genus Sylvia; Subfamily Sylviinae; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
On a tree branch, but not usually on the treetop.
Etymology: Grayish bird with black cap (or brown in the case of females), for which reason the German name refers to them as monks. [Link]
Song: Mit schwätzendem Vorgesang, (kann auch kurz sein oder ganz fehlen) der dann in klare, kräftige, zum Ende hin in wehmütige Flötentöne übergeht (Überschlag) [Link]
Song pleasing, varied and loud. Sometimes very similar to Garden Warbler. A typical phrase starts with soft, staccato chattering and mimicry, which after a few seconds changes to a much louder, pure and resonant stream of notes for about 3-5 seconds. No fixed motif, but may end phrases with recurring notes. Often deviates from the characteristic type of song, and identification from song alone may be impossible. May sing first part of song for extended periods without ever reaching the characteristic ending. [Link]
Calls: „täck“ oft wiederholt [Link]
Alarm call a hard "check", similar to Lesser White-throat. Sometimes with an additional hoarse and nasal "cherrrr". [Link]
Physical details: length=13 cm, wingspan=20-23 cm, weight=16-25 g
Song: They sometimes sing like a blackbird on speed - also non-stereotypic, seemingly improvised, in short bursts. Our local guy ends most of his songs with the same seven notes.
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, fast, Frequency: 2-5 KHz Special sounds: mimicry Singing season: 03-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 45 minutes before dawn.
Call: Sputter - may have other calls too.
Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz), Special sounds: sputter
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Morning concert on the Luppmen Source: OWN 2020-04-19 07.02.32 Luppmen

Mannie the monotonous Mönchsgrasmücke Trying to compete with Boris the boring blackbird, he sang a similar song for an hour this morning Source: OWN 2020-06-24 07.23.37 Luppmen

Common Chiffchaff / Zilpzalp (Phylloscopus collybita)

Also known as: Weidenlaubsänger

In our back yard in Fehraltorf Source: OWN 2020-10-03 12.44.50 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Phylloscopus; Family Phylloscopidae
In the survey of 2008, there was only 1 Chiffchaff in Fehraltorf for every 7 blackbirds, and it was ranked 19th in the village. Yet in summer 2020 I hear them in nearly every recording I make, whether at home by the brook (Luppmen) or in the woods. I presume their population has exploded in the last 10 years.
I see them in middle branches, but not in particularly exposed places.
Song: Lange Reihen (6-20) von „zilp-zalp“-Rufen, meist abwechselnd in Tonhöhe. (Als bemühe sich der Sänger vergeblich den ersten Ton wieder zu treffen , ohne jedoch weit zu verfehlen.) „Zins zahl, Zins zahl, zahl Zins, Zins Zins zahl“ („Zins“ etwas höher als „zahl“) [Link]
Song a very distinct: "chiff-chaff-chiff-chiff-chaff-chiff", in a regular clock-like rhythm. Each syllable at seemingly random pitch, but no large intervals tonally. Sometimes "get stuck" at one note. [Link]
Calls: Rufe :einsilbiges „hüid“, hinaufgezogen, wandelbar. [Link]
Contact/alarm call a soft, plaintive ascending "hooeet". Similar to W.Warbler, but shorter with a monosyllabic feel. [Link]
Physical details: length=10-11 cm, wingspan=15-21 cm, weight=6-10 g
Song: Seems to consist of 3 notes repeated randomly, occasionally just 2 notes. Though NABU.de says they stop singing at the end of July, I do hear their 3-note song occasionally in October, but just one or two repetitions.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz) Singing season: 03-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 35 minutes before dawn.
Call: Repeated rising note, not too loud
Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz), Special sounds: whoop
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Zilpzalp im Wald Fehraltorf Source: OWN 2020-04-06 16.04.05 Luppmen

Common firecrest / Sommergoldhähnchen (Regulus ignicapilla)

Alternate classification: Regulus regulus ignicapillus

Wikipedia Sommergoldhaehnchen_(Regulus_ignicapilla) weiblich. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Regulus; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
General: The common firecrest (Regulus ignicapilla), also known as the firecrest, is a very small passerine bird in the kinglet family. It breeds in most of temperate Europe and northwestern Africa, and is partially migratory, with birds from central Europe wintering to the south and west of their breeding range. Firecrests in the Balearic Islands and north Africa are widely recognised as a separate subspecies, but the population on Madeira, previously also treated as a subspecies, is now treated as a distinct species, the Madeira firecrest, Regulus madeirensis. A fossil ancestor of the firecrest has been identified from a single wing bone. [more]
I heard one in the woods by Neschwil. Unfortunately, they prefer perches in the tops of trees, which were 30m or more tall - little chance of seeing one, even if we had lingered.
Vocalization: A slow crescendo of short "tze" sounds in a phrase rising slightly in pitch, without the repeated arpeggiated movements of goldcrest. [Link]
Song: Wie [beim Wintergoldhähnchen] aber auf gleicher Tonhöhe bleibend. [Link]
Song: Similar in timbre to Goldcrest, but much more monotonous. [Link]
Calls: „sisisi“ [Link]
Call: a thin "tsi tsi tsi" similar to Goldcrest, but not so sharp. [Link]
Physical details: length=9 cm, wingspan=13-16 cm, weight=4-6 g
Song: Very high rhythmic repetition of about 3 seconds
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, fast, Frequency: 6-8 KHz
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
First firecrest heard From the woods near Neschwil. I heard a high song I didn't recognize in an area with very tall evergreen and a few deciduous trees. BirdNet couldn't get a connection to its server, but later in said it was almost certain it was a common firecrest or Sommergoldhähnchen, which was on my list of local birds to be found. Source: OWN 2020-05-09 16.28.08 Luppmen

First firecrest heard From the woods near Neschwil Source: OWN 2020-05-09 16.29.09 Luppmen

First firecrest heard From the woods near Neschwil Source: OWN 2020-05-09 16.29.31 Luppmen

First firecrest heard From the woods near Neschwil Source: OWN 2020-05-09 16.31.51 Luppmen

Sommergoldhähnchen - WANTED to see in Fehraltorf Source: XENOCANTO

Song thrush / Singdrossel (Turdus philomelos)


Singdrossel Isle de Brehat, Brittany. Source: OWN 2019-06-16 15.35.33 Île-de-Bréhat
Classification: Genus Turdus; Family Thrushes (Turdidae)
General: The song thrush (Turdus philomelos) is a thrush that breeds across the West Palearctic. It has brown upper-parts and black-spotted cream or buff underparts and has three recognised subspecies. Its distinctive song, which has repeated musical phrases, has frequently been referred to in poetry. [more]
Vocalization: Very melodious, varied and a master imitator. Still easily distinguished by its tendency to repeat introductory motives two or more times, and its many high pitched themes. Each phrase is loud and penetrating and the tempo deliberate. [Link]
Song: Klangfarbe ähnlich obiger Art, aber jedes Element 2-4mal wiederholt, Pausen zwischen den Phrasen.(klingt oft wie „Philipp“, oder „Judith“) Einzige Drossel unseres Gebietes die diese Wiederholungen macht. Singt oft nicht von Baumspitze aus, sondern aus dem Geäst. [Link]
Calls: Rufe :“zipp“, oft beim abfliegen. [Link]
Most heard (but easily overlooked) contact call is a dry and very short "zip", sometimes given as a two syllable call "zip-ip". [Link]
Physical details: length=23 cm, wingspan=33-36 cm, weight=65-100 g
Song: Paced like a blackbird, humorous mix of elements like a nightingale. Huge range, elements from 2-5 KHz, others 6.5-9 KHz
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, slow, Frequency: 2-9 KHz Special sounds: swoop, repetitions Singing season: 02-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 60 minutes before dawn.
Call: One or two high chirps followed by long pause of 1-2 seconds
Call attributes: contact call Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 7-10 KHz, Special sounds: repetitions
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Singdrossel im Wald beim Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2020-04-24 10.31.19 Pfäffikersee

Singdrossel im Wald bei Speck, Fehraltorf Source: OWN 2020-04-22 18.08.18 Wald bei Speck

Goldcrest / Wintergoldhähnchen (Regulus regulus)


Wintergoldhähnchen beim Meteorwasserkanal am Pfäffikersee. Endlich habe ich einen bei uns gesehen! Source: OWN 2020-10-30 16.44.10 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Regulus; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
I'd often heard the high-pitched song and call in the woods by Fehraltorf but had doubts I'd ever see one (they're the smallest bird in Switzerland, fairly shy, and I seemed to only hear them in very tall trees). I didn't see one until hiking at the Pragelpass. And finally in October 2020, I saw them near Rumlikon and at the Pfaeffikersee, where I took the new profile picture. In December I saw give of them cruise through the bushes beside our house, hopping from branch to branch, snapping up insects - something I'd never have believe in spring 2020.
Song: Kurze Reihe von sehr hohen, leisen Tönen in auf-absteigender Tonhöhe, an das „W“-im Namen erinnernd. [Link]
Song: a very high-pitched, undulating series of arpeggiated notes moving down and up again, repeated 4-5 times ending with a marked "conclusion" (like "trying to start a tiny motor and failing"). Timbre of song similar to contact call. [Link]
Calls: 'sisisi' [Link]
Contact call a very high pitched "zit zit zit", only similar to Firecrest and treecreepers. Treecreepers usually calls with longer "zzzziiiiit" repeated at regular intervals, while Goldcrest calls in phrases with two to four calls in series in an uneven rhythm. Firecrest contact calls lower pitched than Goldcrest, and in a softer tone (but quite similar). [Link]
Physical details: length=9 cm, wingspan=13-15 cm, weight=4-7 g
Song: Vogelwarte.ch says high-pitched song that gently rises and falls.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, slow, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz)
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Wintergoldhähnchen Source: XENOCANTO

Top Ten on the Luppmen:

Common blackbird / Amsel (Turdus merula) See above House sparrow / Haussperling (Passer domesticus) See above Great tit / Kohlmeise (Parus major) See above European Robin / Rotkehlchen (Erithacus rubecula) See above Black cap warbler / Mönchsgrasmücke (Sylvia atricapilla) See above Common Chiffchaff / Zilpzalp (Phylloscopus collybita) See above

Black redstart / Hausrotschwanz (Phoenicurus ochruros)


Black redstart singing atop a tree This black redstart was singing in the tree by the tennis club behind the train station in Fehraltorf in April 2020 Source: OWN 2020-04-23 11.17.18 Fehraltorf
Classification: Genus Phoenicurus; Family Old World flycatchers (Muscicapidae)
Look for them in a treetop or the peak of a roof - they like to be heard and don't mind being seen.
Etymology: The English name Redstart intrigued me. According to Wikipedia, it comes from Middle English stert meaning tail, so it's a redtail, which makes sense. As to black, they often look rather gray to me. [Link]
Vocalization: Next part is rather unique, and sounds as if shaking a handful of gravel. The phrase then usually closes with a couple of trills. [Link]
Song: Other: Einige Arten wie der Hausrotschwanz singen zudem im Herbst, bevor sie in ihr Winterquartier ziehen. Die Männchen legen dann ihre Reviere bereits «provisorisch» fest. [Link]
Am Morgen der erste Sänger: Kurzes dreiteiliges Liedchen, meist von Warte aus gesungen. Mittelstück aus rauen gequetschten Tönen. (als ob kurz die Stimme verloren) [Link]
Song consists of three parts and is distinct if heard well. It opens with some clear notes that may form a trill, which are then followed by a pause. The "gravel-part" does not carry as far as the rest of the song. [Link]
Calls: „hüid-tze“ das tze deutlich tiefer. [Link]
Alarm call is a chat-like alternation between short, high-pitched "wit" sounds, and series of hard and dry "teck". [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=23-26 cm, weight=13-19 g
Song: The song is two parts and unvarying. If it were a pop song, you'd call it ABABAB... The second part starts with a sputtering trill. The RSPB in the UK says 'warble with crackling trills.' Vogelwarte.ch says 'Der gepresst knirschende Gesang setzt meist lange vor Sonnenaufgang ein und ist der Auftakt für das Vogelkonzert.' BirdLife-Zuerich.ch says 'Einziger Sänger morgens um drei in den Häuserschluchten'. Obwohl NABU.de meint, sie singen nicht mehr nach Juli, war ich angenehm überrascht sie in Oktober im Tessin zu hören.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, slow, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz) Special sounds: churr Singing season: 03-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 70 minutes before dawn.
Calls: 1: Call very short, high, slightly ascending
2: Begging call sputters
Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 4-5 KHz, Special sounds: whoop
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Two-part redstart song Source: OWN 2020-04-23 11.18.50 Fehraltorf

Weiblicher Hausrotschwanz am Luppmen Source: OWN 2020-04-11 08.03.18 Aberhalden fluids

Eurasian blue tit / Blaumeise (Cyanistes caeruleus)

Alternate classification: Parus caeruleus

Blaumeise. Source: OWN 2020-04-15 19.12.31 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Cyanistes; Family Titmice (Paridae)
In How to be a Bad Birdwatcher, Simon Barnes nicely explains hierarchies in feeding groups and how niches prevent blue tits from being starved by the larger, more dominant great tits. Normally they forage differently, he says, and at feeders it's simply clear to both that the great tit goes first. However in May 2021, we watched a blue tit repeatedly chase off a great tit that landed at the feeder where he was already enjoying some sunflower seeds! There are always exceptions to the rules!
Song: Song: Characteristic, clear, high-pitched, vibrating call. Usually introduced by a couple of accenting syllables, followed by ringing vibrating notes: "ti ti chuhuhuhuhuhuhuhuhuhu". [Link]
Calls: Scolding alarm call: "tee-tee-tee-chirruwitt" similar to Great Tit. [Link]
Physical details: length=11 cm, wingspan=17-20 cm, weight=9-12 g
Song: High-pitched, often descending, occasionally ascending.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: 3-9 KHz Special sounds: trill Singing season: 01-01 - 06-30 Dawn chorus start, 35 minutes before dawn.
Call: Low-high-high, with lightly raspy start, rather high. Christina compares it to a tennis ball - that might be a different call?
Call attributes: Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz),
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Blaumeise Lied, das erste Mal gehört Source: OWN 2020-04-15 17.58.14 Luppmen

Eurasian magpie / Elster (Pica pica)

Alternate classification: Corvus pica

Elster bei friedliweid. Source: OWN 2020-04-13 10.26.40 Friedliweid
Classification: Genus Magpies (Pica); Family Corvidae
Very common in Fehraltorf. Monogamous. Clever. Female larger than male!
In trees, on roofs or the lawn - frequently underway and too big to hide.
Habitat: In den 1950er-Jahren sind die Elstern in unsere Städte eingezogen. Zu der Zeit veränderte sich ihr natürlicher Lebensraum. Offene Kulturlandschaften mit Gebüsch und hohen Bäumen verschwanden zunehmend, und in Gebieten mit intensiv genutztem Ackerland fanden die Elstern weder genügend Brutplätze noch ausreichend Nahrung. Dabei haben die Fast-Allesfresser vielfältige Vorlieben. Sie laben sich an Insekten, Reptilien, Amphibien, sie fressen überfahrene Tiere am Strassenrand, und vor allem im Spätsommer ernähren sie sich oft vegetarisch von Früchten und Samen. [Elstern sind besser als ihr Ruf]
Song: Rich repertoire includes soft and surprisingly varied sub-song. [Link]
Calls: Most notable sound a harsh, chattering "chechechecheche" used as warning call, or when mobbing predators. [Link]
Physical details: length=44-46 cm, wingspan=52-60 cm, weight=182-272 g
Song: Familiar rattle
Song attributes: Melody: non musical, slow, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz) Special sounds: rattle
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Birdnet - Eurasian magpie. Source: OWN 2020-04-18 07.34.10 Luppmen

Common wood pigeon / Ringeltaube (Columba palumbus)


Taube. Source: OWN 2020-04-11 08.25.00 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Columba; Family Pigeons (Columbidae)
Song: Gu-guh-guh-guh guh-gugugu –gu. „ Hansruedi wo geisch hi, ga Thun, was ga mache, ga Mähl hole, wiviel, es mutt“ [Link]
Song a 5 syllable cooing phrase, with emphasis on first syllable (1.st also higher pitched). Fift syllable functions as an introduction to next phrase. [Link]
Calls: Other: Usual call has 5 coos: 2+1+2, contrasted with the collared dove's 3 = 2+1 [Link]
Physical details: length=40-42 cm, wingspan=75-80 cm, weight=284-614 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Collared dove or wood pigeon? BirdNet says wood pigeon, but I normally see collared doves or feral pigeons here. Source: OWN_VIA_BIRDNET 2020-04-27 13.13.11 Luppmen

Latecomers:

European greenfinch / Grünfink (Chloris chloris)

Alternate classification: Carduelis chloris

Finally saw one in the birch tree on the Luppmen Source: OWN 2020-07-14 12.00.23 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Chloris; Subfamily Carduelinae; Family Fringillidae
Vogelewarte.ch: Neben Haussperling und Amsel ist er einer der zahlreichsten Vögel der Städte und Dörfer. Ich habe Monate lang nur eins in Pfäffikon gehört, dann ein Schwarm im Fehraltorfer Industriegebiet. Endlich in Juli 2020 ist eine Gruppe zu uns gezogen und entweder im Birkenbaum oder hinter der Kinderkrippe zu hören gewesen. Im Birkenbaum habe ich endlich eins fotografieren können.
In Laubbäumen
Song: Song composed of various sequences of linked sounds, repeated in a vibrating manner; "trrrrrrrrr", "chechechecheche". Sometimes resembles Brambling when making the wheezy "rrrrrrrrr" sound, but differs in being harsher and by "pulling" the pitch downwards (or sometimes upwards) at the end. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a fairly resonant "chep-chep", resembling Redpoll, but less nasal and with a fuller tone. Also a sharp, drawn, ascending "kooeee", (perhaps not obviously recognized as a finch). [Link]
Physical details: length=15 cm, wingspan=24-27 cm, weight=17-34 g
Song: General: Sequence of 4-6 rhythmic elements at different pitches. A sort of trill is often start or end of the sequence, there are slides.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, fast, Frequency: 2-7 KHz Special sounds: trill, rasp Singing season: 01-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 15 minutes before dawn.
Call: Raspy descending note
Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz), Special sounds: swoop, rasp
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Typical song from XenoCanto. Source: XENOCANTO

European Greenfinch's noisy call Source: OWN 2020-05-29 08.28.02 Luppmen

European Greenfinch's multi-part strophe Source: OWN 2020-05-29 08.25.13 Luppmen

European Greenfinch's song, broken down into motifs

European Greenfinch's song, broken down into motifs

European Greenfinch's song, broken down into motifs

European Greenfinch's song, broken down into motifs

European Greenfinch's song, broken down into motifs

European Greenfinch's song, broken down into motifs

European Goldfinch / Stieglitz (Carduelis carduelis)

Also known as: Distelfink

Nach Disteln mögen sie Sonnenblumenkerne Source: OWN 2020-10-13 09.21.10 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Carduelis; Subfamily Carduelinae; Family Fringillidae
One of the more colorful birds in our area, but fairly shy and skittish, so you don't see them much. Supposedly a bit smaller than a sparrow or a great tit, but to me they look bigger and heavier?
Well hidden in the tree branches; at thistles or sunflowers.
Song: Contact-call distinct, and also constitutes a major part of the song. A sharp and explosive "witt", or "tzee-witt". Sometimes given as a single syllable, di- or trisyllabic, or as continuous series. The song is comprised of rapid series of the contact call, interrupted by drawn-out melodic notes and trills. [Link]
Calls: Other calls: A harsh budgerigar or house martin-like "trrrtt-trrrrt". [Link]
Physical details: length=12 cm, wingspan=21-25 cm, weight=14-19 g
Song: General: Hectic sing-song, quite chaotic in feeding groups. But kept as songbird, so I guess more melodic when singing solo.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, fast, Frequency: 2-7 KHz Special sounds: fluting, rattle Singing season: year round Dawn chorus start, 20 minutes before dawn.
Call: Wild melody (remember these birds are also kept as songbirds in cages. the German name Stieglitz imitates its call (sti-ge-lit) - though I don't hear that! [Link]
Xeno-Canto recording

Xeno-Canto recording Adult call recorded in the UK. Source: XENOCANTO
Xeno-Canto recording

Xeno-Canto recording Record in Lège-Cap-Ferret, France byStanislas Wroza and described by him as a 'tik' call and a flight call. Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: Call melody: stereotype melodic, fast, Frequency: 2-8 KHz,
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Stieglitz-Gruppe bei Bahnhof Wetzikon Futtergruppen sind häufig Source: OWN 2020-05-19 09.24.22 Bahnhof Wetzikon

Birdnet 414 behind Fussball Klub - European goldfinch. Source: OWN 2020-04-27 11.45.23 Luppmen

WANTED: Heard but not seen near Fehraltorf:

Coal tit / Tannenmeise (Periparus ater)

Alternate classification: Parus ater

Coal tit in Wikipedia. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Periparus; Family Titmice (Paridae)
Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast
Song: Song: Various repeated motifs, consisting of two to three notes with alternating accents. Slightly similar to Great Tit, but faster, not so metallic and with a less full tone. Can be mistaken for Marsh Tit when singing single or double notes, but tone is softer and notes more clearly separated (if disyllabic). [Link]
Calls: Call: short soft and clear "piu", first rapidly rising and then falling in pitch. [Link]
Physical details: length=11 cm, wingspan=17-21 cm, weight=8-10 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Dunnock / Heckenbraunelle (Prunella modularis)


Wikpedia photo because never seen. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Prunella; Family Sparrows (Passeridae)
Heard at Hungerseeli but not seen. They hide well!
Song: Singt schon im Vorfrühling. Klangfarbe ähnlich Gartenbaumläufer. Aufbau ähnlich Zaunkönig, aber ohne Triller. Viel leiser und dünner. [Link]
Song a fast and evenly paced, high pitched stream of clear notes. No consistent phrasing. Similar in timbre to Robin, but does not vary tempo or pitch nearly as much. Often compared to the sound of a squeaky wheelbarrow. [Link]
Calls: Hohe „zi“ „tsi“. Auf dem Zug „zieht“. Etwas absinkend.. [Link]
Contact call a dry, thick trill "trrr", and a short King Fisher-like, high-pitched "zeep". [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=19-21 cm, weight=16-25 g
Song: High-pitched, repetitive but complex little tune.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, fast, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz) Singing season: 02-15 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 45 minutes before dawn.
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Sung at Hungerseeli Source: OWN 2020-04-16 07.55.16 Hungerseeli

European serin / Girlitz (Serinus serinus)


Wikipedia Girlitz_Serinus_serinus. Von Andreas Trepte - Eigenes Werk, CC BY-SA 2.5, Link Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Serinus; Subfamily Carduelinae; Family Fringillidae
I'm doubtful that all the recordings below are really serin...better check them out.
Song: Song a hectic, jingling, continuous trill, like the pouring of broken glass. The highest notes are constantly modulated to form vague motifs. Timbre comparable to Corn Bunting. [Link]
Calls: Ringing trill also used as contact call, with slightly falling pitch "trrilrlitlitlit". Alarm call a short, redpoll-like "weee-eeet", with an accented high-pitched middle part. [Link]
Physical details: length=11 cm, wingspan=20-23 cm, weight=11-14 g
Song: General: Weird hectic song, and you'll probably hear them but not see them, which is a shame, because they're a colorful yellow bird. The song seems to defy description - described variously as the jingling of a bunch of keys, like crushing glass or the pouring of broken glass (the German Wikipedia refers to a nickname 'Glasscutter'), the sound of a cork twising in a bottle (Thomas Seilnacht on digitalefolien.ch), and one source I can no longer find talked about a ruined cassette tape. A Portuguese web site aptly calls it 'a high-pitched and fast rambled sum of indistinctive elements', and U. Cornell's ebird.org calls it frantically fast, oiseaux-birds.com 'a prolonged, wheezy, chirping', beautyofbirds.com 'a buzzing trill'.
Song: Das Gesangsrepertoire umfasst über 50 komplexe Silben, die in einem sehr schnellen Tempo und einer sehr stereotypen Reihenfolge eigene Lieder bilden. Starke Variationen finden sich im Übergang von einer Tour (zusammenhängenden Abfolge von Silben, also (Teil-)Strophe) in eine andere (Modulation). Das Gesangsrepertoire ist unter den Stieglitzartigen (Carduelinae) einzigartig.[1] Zudem umfasst es eine variable Menge an Silben, die auch im Gesang anderer Vögel verwendet werden. Es konnte bewiesen werden, dass die Komposition des Repertoires geographisch variiert. [Wikipedia setzt sich ernsthaft mit dem Gesang auseinander]
Song attributes: Melody: non musical, very fast, Frequency: 4-10 KHz
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Birdnet 656 - European serin. Source: OWN 2020-06-14 17.35.58 Locarno

Birdnet 666 - European serin. Source: OWN 2020-06-15 11.16.54 Locarno

Birdnet 667 - European serin. Source: OWN 2020-06-15 12.12.01 Locarno

Birdnet 668 - European serin. Source: OWN 2020-06-15 12.12.08 Locarno

WANTED: Neither heard nor seen nor rare:

Black kite / Schwarzmilan (Milvus migrans)


Black kite in the air and on the ground Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Milvus; Subfamily True hawks (Accipitrinae); Family Accipitridae
This is on my list of birds to find, as it is supposed to be exist in this area,but I've never identified one. Their call (see Vogelwarte link) is a rapid sequence of whistles, and definitely distinct from that of the red kites. Visually they are harder to tell apart, but if you look closely, it should be clear: the black kite has less of a V in its tail and no big white patch at the wingtips. birdguides.com has a guide to distinguishing black and red kites, and says black are much rarer, but that is not true in Switzerland - Vogelwarte.ch says Switzerland has 2800–3500 red kites and 2000-3000 black kites.
Tenatively identified one flying high over Lake Lugano at San Salvatore in Ticino.
Look up
Vocalization: A piercing, first ascending then descending long "piuuu". Starting as a clear tone then gradually taking on a vibrating character that differs from Red Kite. Also a sharp "kieee -ki- ki-ki". More vocal than Red Kite. [Link]
Physical details: length=55-60 cm, wingspan=160-180 cm, weight=630-941 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

WANTED: Otherwise wanted:

Common kingfisher / Eisvogel (Alcedo atthis)

Alternate classification: Gracula atthis

Eisvogel beim Pfaeffikersee Ein paar sind im Herbst und Winter am Meteorwasserkanal nahe Schellenberger Textil zu sehen. Source: OWN 2020-11-17 10.57.56 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Alcedo; Family Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)
This is a favorite bird in Switzerland. On the one hand it's colorful and very active when seen in its hunting grounds at a waterway; on the other hand, it's seldom seen. Contrast the 400-500 breeding pairs with 400,000-550,000 of the everpresent great tits.
An apprentice for the nature center on Lake Pfaeffikon told us a bit about the kingfishers that hunt on a waterway that feeds into the lake. She said they spend the breeding season elsewhere in sandy areas and return to the lake in fall. I've read elsewhere that they watch for fish from convenient waterside branches. A classic motif for a picture is a branch sticking out of the water, and one photographer said he has actually placed a branch there, knowing the kingfisher would not be able to resist.
Etymology: Nabu: Ob der Name des Eisvogels (Alcedo atthis) tatsächlich mit Eis zu tun hat oder das eisblaue Rückengefieder Pate stand, ist strittig. Manche Deutungen leiten den Namen vom althochdeutschen „eisan“ für „schillern“ oder „glänzen“ ab. Der „Schillervogel“ wäre eine gute Beschreibung für das flirrende Farbenspiel, das der Eisvogel im Sitzen und erst recht im Flug bietet. Wieder andere Autoren interpretieren den „Eisvogel“ als „Eisenvogel“ und vermuten einen Bezug auf das stahlblaue Rücken- oder das rostfarbene Bauchgefieder des Eisvogels. [Link]
Seasonal Behavior: Status (in CH): regelmässiger, spärlicher Brutvogel, Durchzügler und Wintergast. [Link]
Calls: Wikipedia says 'The common kingfisher has no song. The flight call is a short, sharp whistle chee repeated two or three times. Anxious birds emit a harsh, shrit-it-it and nestlings call for food with a churring noise.' The NABU app only has calls, which seems to confirm this. Therefore I'm classifying all recordings as calls, even though some say Song at Xeno-Canto. [Link]
Most heard is the thin and penetrating contact call: A short "tzee", or disyllabic "tzee-tzu", with a ringing metallic quality. In excitement it is often alternated with ringing trills "tzeerrrrrrrrrr". [Link]
Physical details: length=16-17 cm, wingspan=24-26 cm, weight=34-46 g
Calls: 1: Common kingfisher call from Xeno-Canto, similar to one from NABU app. Fairly high pitched single chirps or occasional high-low pairs.
Call from Xeno-Canto

Call from Xeno-Canto Source: XENOCANTO

2: BirdNet says kingfisher, but this was in the woods, which doesn't sound typical. Sounded very high to me, but was perhaps more just faint - only to 7Khz
Birdnet 990 haldenholz - Common kingfisher - Fehraltorf.

Birdnet 990 haldenholz - Common kingfisher - Fehraltorf. Source: OWN 2020-10-12 14.35.44 Fehraltorf

3: (This was my song description:) High-pitched, quiet, single falling notes.
Birdnet 983 says almost certain but this is in woods - Common kingfisher - Fehraltorf.

Birdnet 983 says almost certain but this is in woods - Common kingfisher - Fehraltorf. Source: OWN 2020-10-08 15.58.38 Fehraltorf

Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 5-7 KHz,
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Eisvogel / kingfisher - WANTED to see in Fehraltorf, learn its song to help out! Source: XENOCANTO

Eurasian skylark / Feldlerche (Alauda arvensis)


Wikipedia Eurasian Skylark (Alauda_arvensis). Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Alauda; Family Larks (Alaudidae)
Stark gefährdet durch Verlust von geeignetem Lebensraum. Eine Massnahme ist die Erstellung von Lerchenfenstern auf den Feldern - eine kleine Fläche mitten im Feld, die nicht bepflanzt oder gemäht wird. So was sieht man bei uns, z.B. zwischen Freudwil und Gutenswil, wobei ich nicht genau weiss, ob Feldlerchen das Ziel davon sind. Die Infos habe ich vom FOK Kurs 2021-2022 von Christina Ebneter.
Song: Song a pleasing energetic stream of chirping, merry trills, interspersed with mimicry. Trills quite resonant with fairly full tone. Song usually given in flight high in the air. Less characteristic, shorter, weaker and more varied song when given from ground. [Link]
Calls: Most typical flight call a short trilling "chirrup", with the end note noticeably lower pitched than the start. Also several other more cryptic calls. [Link]
Physical details: length=18-19 cm, wingspan=30-36 cm, weight=26-50 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Feldlerche - WANTED to see in Fehraltorf Source: WIKIPEDIA

White-throated Dipper / Wasseramsel (Cinclus cinclus)


Wikipedia - Cinclus_cinclus, Wasseramsel. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Cinclus; Family Cinclidae
I saw a bird in Meride on a tree limb that showed three bands of strong colors that I recall as black, white and red-brown. Unfortunately I discovered that my camera battery was dead, so I can only rely on a very shaky memory. I've speculatively identified it as a White-throated Dipper (German Wasseramsel), which are present in that area, though are most expected at water (there's a river nearby though). At least I'll have this bird on my radar now.
Expected near rivers and streams.
Song: Song a mid tempo, staccato improvisation on contact call-like sounds. Not unlike a budgerigar. Both sexes sing, the female less melodic and more staccato than the male. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a short, metallic and explosive "zrreet", often betraying its presence perched among boulders or when flying up and down a stream. [Link]
Physical details: length=18 cm, wingspan=25-30 cm, weight=49-84 g
Song: Wonderfully weird sequence of chirps, cheeps, growls. Elements often repeated twice. In a quiz, I mistook it for a starling.
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, fast, Frequency: 1-7 KHz Special sounds: weird, rasp, repetitions
Call: Chirp repeated 1-2s.
Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 4-7 KHz,
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Song recorded in Bern from Xeno-Canto Wonderfully weird sequence of chirps, cheeps, growls with repeated elements. Source: XENOCANTO

Call recorded in Sweden from Xeno-Canto Sequence of monotone chirps. At XC it says wing flutter is also audible. Source: XENOCANTO

Good friends and acquaintances - seen these:

Eurasian jay / Eichelhäher (Garrulus glandarius)

Alternate classification: Corvus glandarius

Eichelhaeher for profile. Source: OWN 2020-04-17 08.48.34 Wald Fehraltorf
Classification: Genus Garrulus; Family Corvidae
General: The Eurasian jay (Garrulus glandarius) is a species of bird occurring over a vast region from western Europe and north-west Africa to the Indian subcontinent and further to the eastern seaboard of Asia and down into south-east Asia. Across its vast range, several very distinct racial forms have evolved to look very different from each other, especially when forms at the extremes of its range are compared. [more]
Vocalization: Large repertoire. Many other social sounds. [Link]
Song: Quiet and varied subsong with mimicry, resembling a small passerine heard from both sexes. [Link]
Calls: Most heard call a short, drawn and very hoarse, raspy sound, often given in quick successions. Also a Buzzard-like, mewing "peeeaaa" (more drawn and less full tone than Siberian Jay). [Link]
Physical details: length=34-35 cm, wingspan=52-58 cm, weight=140-190 g
Song: Harsh crow-like call, or quiet questioning, 'grumbling', or plaintive cries.
Song attributes: Melody: non musical, fast, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: cawing
Call: Typically harsh jay call
Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz), Special sounds: rasp
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Common starling / Star (Sturnus vulgaris)

Also known as: European starling

Im richtigen Licht schimmern die Federn. Source: OWN 2020-04-11 07.54.52 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Sturnus; Family Starlings (Sturnidae)
In trees or in the fields by the cows.
Frequently seen here, for instance by their nests under the eaves of one of the Toblerone houses. Introduced to North America from Europe by Eugene Schieffelin.
Eine der Vogelarten, die gleichzeitig zwei Toene singen kann!
Vocalization: Among the best of imitators. Mimics birds, animals and mechanical noises. Often makes several sounds at the same time. [Link]
Song: Song a highly varied mix of falling whistles, bill-clappering and various masterful mimicry. [Link]
Calls: Other calls; a harsh "chaee" and a short sharp "tink". [Link]
Physical details: length=21 cm, wingspan=37-42 cm, weight=60-90 g
Song: I find their individual song amusing, with its (long) whoops and weird noises. As a group, they're just noisy!
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: weird, whoop, mimicry Singing season: 01-01 - 09-30 Dawn chorus start, 15 minutes before dawn.
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Birdnet 382 across from Friedliweid - Common starling. Source: OWN 2020-04-23 08.41.33 Friedliweid

Star-Paar auf der Kuhwiese beim ehemaligen Schützenhaus Source: OWN 2020-04-13 07.52.47 Luppmen

Star-Paar auf der Kuhwiese beim ehemaligen Schützenhaus Source: OWN 2020-04-13 07.51.54 Luppmen

Star im Wald bei Mesikon Source: OWN 2020-04-12 12.04.11 Mesikon

Eurasian wren / Zaunkönig (Troglodytes troglodytes)

Alternate classification: Nannus troglodytes

Eurasian Wren foraging in the reeds at the frozen Lake Pfaeffikon Source: OWN 2021-02-15 08.41.30 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Troglodytes; Subfamily Troglodytinae; Family Certhiidae
Etymology: The scientific name is taken from the Greek word "troglodytes" (from trogle a hole, and dyein to creep), meaning "cave-dweller",[4] and refers to its habit of disappearing into cavities or crevices whilst hunting arthropods or to roost. [Link]
Song: Auffällig laut für den kleinen Vogel. Singt auch im Winter! Schmetternd, mit einem bis zwei Trillern als letztes oder vorletztes Glied. [Link]
Song surprisingly loud. A high-pitched stream of clear notes resembling Robin and Dunnock in timbre. Differs from those in showing frequent shifts in pitch with much larger register than Dunnock, and by the unique, numerous, interspersed long trills. [Link]
Calls: „zerr“ (z-und rr-gleichzeitig) auch durchdringendes „tzr“(Gezetter) [Link]
Warning call a short hard "teck", like banging two rocks together. Often repeated in series when excited to form machine-gun-like "firing". [Link]
Physical details: length=9-10 cm, wingspan=13-17 cm, weight=7-12 g
Song: High-pitched, melodic, very variable with many trills and whistles.
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, fast, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz) Special sounds: trill Singing season: 02-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 40 minutes before dawn.
Call: Sputtery/trilly repeated notes at 3-8 KHz
Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 3-8 KHz, Special sounds: sputter
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Zaunkönig nahe Gutenswil Source: OWN 2020-04-17 08.05.25 Wald Fehraltorf

Eurasian tree sparrow / Feldsperling (Passer montanus)


In tree by First, ZH. Source: OWN 2020-05-04 17.33.32 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Passer; Family Sparrows (Passeridae)
Similar to the house sparrow, but with the black cheek patch seen here. in Fehraltorf there are 5 times as many house sparrows as tree sparrows.
Vocalization: Most other sounds similar to House Sparrow, and may be difficult to identify. [Link]
Song: Chattering sounds are generally harder, and song slightly higher pitched than House Sparrow. [Link]
Calls: Distinct, high-pitched and explosive contact-call; "che-witt" typically given in flight. Second syllable rising rapidly in pitch. [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=20-22 cm, weight=18-29 g
Song: Monotone chirping, rougher than that of the house sparrow. Most 2-7 KHz mit many overtones, i.e. somewhat higher than the house sparrow.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: 2-7 KHz
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Feldsperling zirpen Source: XENOCANTO

Barn swallow / Rauchschwalbe (Hirundo rustica)


Rauchschwalben schenkel farm, farbe betont für ID. Source: OWN 2020-04-16 10.09.16 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Hirundo; Family Swallows (Hirundinidae)
Seen every evening from spring to fall, need good picture.
Etymology: In früheren Jahrhunderten flogen sie vielfach durch die Öffnungen im Giebel ein und aus, durch die auch der Rauch des Herdfeuers abzog. So erhielten sie den Namen Rauchschwalben. [Link]
Song: Characteristic calls and song. Song a sparkling, squeaky energetic improvisation with interspersed contact calls, often with diagnostic ending; an electric and drawn-out "su-eerrrrrrrrrrrrrrr". [Link]
Calls: Contact call a short and sharp "weet" or "kee-weet". [Link]
Physical details: length=17-19 cm, wingspan=32-34 cm, weight=16-22 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Great spotted woodpecker / Buntspecht (Dendrocopos major)

Alternate classification: Picoides major

Buntspecht hoch im Baum im Wald 'Im Brand' Source: OWN 2020-04-25 07.57.12 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Dendrocopos; Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Most common woodpecker in Switzerland
Vocalization: It's frequent drumming is easily recognized by its short duration. [Link]
Calls: Typically it lasts 0.5 seconds, sometimes slightly longer. Contact call frequently hear throughout the year. A short hiccup "kek", sometimes in series. When excited this may escalate into a trill. [Link]
Physical details: length=22-23 cm, wingspan=34-39 cm, weight=70-100 g
Song: Call: Nabu: Das bekannteste Geräusch des schwarz-weißen Spechtes ist aber wohl sein kurzes, aber häufiges Trommeln. [Link]
In a sonogram I can see about 13 taps in just over half a second, but you can never distinguish so many. It's short but intense, and the second half trails off, especially contrasted with the constant drumming of the three-toed woodpecker. [[Listen here.]]
Song: Other: ‘Drumming’ is the sound that Great Spotted Woodpeckers make by hammering their bills against dead wood 10-20 times over 2-3 seconds. The sound resonates in the dead wood and can be heard over large distances. This drumming acts as an advert and is used by Great spotted Woodpeckers and other woodpecker species instead of a song. [From the GardenBird web site]
Song attributes: Melody: non musical, fast, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz) Special sounds: drumming
Call: General: A chirping (that I couldn't associate in my mind with a woodpecker), repeated at somewhat irregular intervals of about a second
Call: Nabu: Der häufigste Ruf ist ein kurzes und spitzes „kix“. Ist ein Buntspecht aufgebracht, etwa durch einen Artgenossen, kann man ein schnelles Schnarren hören. [Link]
Great spotted woodpecker call

Great spotted woodpecker call Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 1-8 KHz,
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Buntspecht im Wald Mesikon Source: OWN 2020-04-12 12.09.34 Mesikon

White Wagtail / Bachstelze (Motacilla alba)

Also known as: White wagtail

White wagtail at edge of field near Mesikon Source: OWN 2020-04-25 07.21.02 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Motacilla; Family Motacillidae
General: The white wagtail (Motacilla alba) is a small passerine bird in the family Motacillidae, which also includes pipits and longclaws. The species breeds in much of Europe and the Asian Palearctic and parts of North Africa. It has a toehold in Alaska as a scarce breeder. It is resident in the mildest parts of its range, but otherwise migrates to Africa. In Ireland and Great Britain, the darker subspecies, the pied wagtail or water wagtail[2] (M. a. yarrellii) predominates. In total, there are between 9 and 11 subspecies. [more]
Song: Song either slow and primitive, consisting of sharp falling notes given by perched birds, or longer fast and energic bursts in excited song-flight. [Link]
Calls: Contact calls short and sharp. Usually with disyllabic, "bouncing" quality, and with each syllable only accented, not clearly separated from the other (see Grey Wagtail). [Link]
Physical details: length=18 cm, wingspan=25-30 cm, weight=17-25 g
Presence: 03-01 - 10-28
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Bachstelze am Hof Fridliweid, Usterstrasse, Fehraltorf Source: OWN 2020-04-06 16.19.59 Friedliweid

Marsh tit / Sumpfmeise (Poecile palustris)

Alternate classification: Parus palustris

Photographed on the Luppmen in September 2019 I didn't recognize it then but I'm pretty sure now. Source: OWN 2019-09-22 18.45.30 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Poecile; Family Titmice (Paridae)
I've seen these twice at the Luppmen or our house, and once by Mesikon. BirdNet suggested a Wiesenmeise, but those are rare here and Sumpfmeisen not uncommon according to BirdLife Zurich
Etymology: Auch Nonnenmeise genannt - weil es auch eine Moenchmeise gibt? [Link]
Vocalization: Most easily identified by sound. Especially in areas where plumage is less distinct compared to Willow Tit, like in Britain. [Link]
Song: Klapperlied. Reihe (6-8) weich angeschlagene Töne mittlerer Höhe. Ähnlich der Klappergrasmücke aber weicher. (Sumpf ist weich) Oft auch Rufe wie „psja“ zu hören. Ziemlich scharf u. gepresst. [Link]
Song: A simple one or two note call repeated in series. Usually rising slightly in pitch, and with a "liquid" quality. Sometimes also a ringing, vibrating song. Generally has a much sharper tone than the soft song of willow tit. [Link]
Calls: Most typical call an explosive, sneeze-like "pee-choo", starting high-pitched and ending on a lower note.
Error loading Flash for sound!
See sound file


Also calls "chaa chaa chaa" but not so nasal and drawn-out as willow tit. Other calls: Various high pitched sound. Often quite explosive.
Error loading Flash for sound!
See sound file


.
[Link]
Physical details: length=11 cm, wingspan=18-19 cm, weight=10-13 g
Song: Higher-pitched than great tit, sometimes repetitive 1- and 2-note tunes like them, sometimes simple melodies, usually pure, sometimes chirpy or raspy.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, fast, Frequency: 2-10 KHz
Call: Falling note, relatively long, sometimes repeated
Call from Xeno-Canto

Call from Xeno-Canto Source: XENOCANTO
'Swooping' call on the Luppmen

'Swooping' call on the Luppmen Chiffchaff calls go up, marsh tit calls down! Source: OWN 2020-10-21 08.38.51 Luppmen

Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 6-9 KHz, Special sounds: swoop
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Sumpfmeise Source: XENOCANTO

European Nuthatch / Kleiber (Sitta europaea)


Kleiber schwaendi. Source: OWN 2020-04-04 15.28.00 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Sitta; Family Sittidae
Vocalization: Other: Eurasian Nuthatch is very vocal. It gives loud calls when excited, an abrupt ‘twit”, only one, or in slow series, but often in phrases of 3-4 notes in rapid succession. But in great excitement, it utters phrases of about ten notes per second! We can also hear some shrill “sirrrr”, becoming harsher in alarm call. The contact call is a thin “tsit” uttered before to take off. The song is very variable, with rising and falling notes, sometimes with repetition of excitement calls. [Link]
Very varied voice. [Link]
Song: Song a simple series of loud notes. [Link]
Calls: The Eurasian nuthatch calls frequently, usually with a loud, sharp dwip normally repeated twice, sometimes more often if excited. It has a shrill sirrrr or tsi-si-si alarm call, and a thin tsit pre-flight call. The song is a slow whistled pee-pee-pee with many variants, including a faster version, and may be intermingled with the call. [Link]
Other: Very varied voice. Ranging from very high pitched whistles and melodic resonant calls, to chattering and nasal mocking sounds. Song a simple series of loud notes. Characteristic warning call a hard "check" or "chwit", often in rapid series, like a pebble bouncing on hollow ice. [Link]
Ranging from very high pitched whistles and melodic resonant calls, to chattering and nasal mocking sounds. Characteristic warning call a hard "check" or "chwit", often in rapid series, like a pebble bouncing on hollow ice. [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=22-27 cm, weight=21-26 g
Song: Song: Song a simple series of loud notes [Link]
Song attributes: Melody: one note, fast, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Singing season: 02-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 10 minutes before dawn.
Calls: 1: A long fast sequence of notes - is it the 'twit' call mentioned above?
Long fast sequence, possibly 'twit' call.

A bird calling while moving up a pine tree (says recordist Nick Talbot).


2: The Nuthatch whoop call is similar to that of the chaffinch. It repeats it about 4 times.
3: Recordist Stanislav Wroz says flight call.
Flight call in Dampierre-en-Yvelines, Yvelines, Île-de-France. Wikipedia describes a 'thin tsit pre-flight call'.


Call attributes: Call melody: one note, fast, Frequency: 2-3 KHz,
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Kleiber im Wald Mesikon Source: OWN 2020-04-12 12.06.42 Mesikon

Common buzzard / Mäusebussard (Buteo buteo)

Alternate classification: Falco buteo

Maeusebussard. Source: OWN 2020-04-17 08.14.46 Wald Fehraltorf
Classification: Genus Hawks (Buteo); Subfamily Buteoninae; Family Accipitridae
General: The common buzzard (Buteo buteo) is a medium-to-large bird of prey which has a large range. A member of the genus Buteo, it is a member of the family Accipitridae. The species lives in most of Europe and extends its breeding range across much of the Palearctic as far as the northwestern China (Tien Shan), far western Siberia and northwestern Mongolia.[1][2] Over much of its range, it is a year-round resident. However, buzzards from the colder parts of the Northern Hemisphere as well as those that breed in the eastern part of their range typically migrate south for the northern winter, many journeying as far as South Africa.[3] The common buzzard is an opportunistic predator that can take a wide variety of prey, but it feeds mostly on small mammals, especially rodents such as voles. It typically hunts from a perch.[4] Like most accipitrid birds of prey, it builds a nest, typically in trees in this species, and is a devoted parent to a relatively small brood of young.[2] The common buzzard appears to be the most common diurnal raptor in Europe, as estimates of its total global population run well into the millions.[2][5] [more]
Vocalization: Quite vocal. [Link]
Calls: Most typical call a wailing, mewing "peeoooo". Quite similar to Rough-legged Buzzard, but the pitch falls more rapidly and is then sustained for the last part of the call. [Link]
Physical details: length=51-57 cm, wingspan=113-128 cm, weight=550-1300 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Birdnet - Common buzzard. Source: OWN 2020-04-27 13.26.43 Luppmen

Common kestrel / Turmfalke (Falco tinnunculus)


Flying by Pfäffikon Source: OWN 2020-04-24 12.12.44 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Falcons (Falco); Family Falconidae
General: The common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) is a bird of prey species belonging to the kestrel group of the falcon family Falconidae. It is also known as the European kestrel, Eurasian kestrel, or Old World kestrel. In Britain, where no other kestrel species commonly occurs, it is generally just called "kestrel".[2] [more]
Oft seen in the fields around Fehraltorf, flapping away to stay in place.
Calls: Most common call a fast series of short, high-pitched "ke-ke-ke". Much less raucous than Merlin or Peregrine. [Link]
Physical details: length=32-35 cm, wingspan=71-80 cm, weight=156-252 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Red kite / Rotmilan (Milvus milvus)


Im Baum am Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2020-05-20 08.58.48 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Milvus; Subfamily True hawks (Accipitrinae); Family Accipitridae
Geography: Very common here in the summer, I've seen up to 30 on a freshly plowed field, and you can seldom look up without seeing one. (You should look closely though, as they'll often circle in the air with buzzards.)They migrate to Spain in the winter, but increasing numbers stay here.Elsewhere in Europe they've been decreasing, while here they've become so successful that young birds have trouble finding a territory of their own. Wikipedia mentions them competing with the black kite, which I've never identified locally, so perhaps that's part of the key to their success. [Link]
Vocalization: Mainly heard in breeding season. A piercing long whistle, quickly ascending, then descending "piuuu". Often used in movies to give an eerie wildlife mood. [Link]
Calls: Differs from Black Kite in being a clear whistle all the way through the call, without "shivering". Higher pitched than Buzzard, and with less pause between calls. [Link]
Physical details: length=60-66 cm, wingspan=175-195 cm, weight=800-1300 g
Presence: 01-01 - 12-31
Breeding: 04-10 - 07-28
Migration in: 01-20 - 04-30
Migration out: 08-18 - 11-28
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Rotmilan calling from nest in a large tree Source: OWN 2020-05-01 12.13.54 Luppmen

White stork / Weissstorch (Ciconia ciconia)

Alternate classification: Ardea ciconia

Stork in field towards Mesikon Source: OWN 2020-04-25 07.19.22 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Ciconia; Family Storks (Ciconiidae)
New as frequent visitor in Fehraltorf area in the 2010's. It actually died out in Switzerland in the 1950's, but has reestablished itself.
Either in the fields looking for food, or on a high output like a lamppost (the soccer field has especially high ones) or the chimneys at the RAV/Electrosuisse building or occasinally a rooftop.
Vocalization: Mostly silent. Loud, modulated bill-clattering from both sexes is heard during courtship/display. [Link]
Physical details: length=100-115 cm, wingspan=155-165 cm, weight=2275-4400 g
Song: The famous Klappern.
Song attributes: Melody: non musical, slow, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz) Special sounds: rattle
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Grey heron / Graureiher (Ardea cinerea)


Graureiher mit Zöpfchen am Meteorwasserkanal Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2021-02-15 09.08.30 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Great herons (Ardea); Family Herons (Ardeidae)
Frequent visitor.
Normally in the fields looking for food, also seen flying over or standing in the Luppmen (brook).
Vocalization: Quite vocal. At breeding ground a varied repertoire of harsh and clattering sounds. [Link]
Calls: Most common call a short, far reaching and extremely harsh, rasping sound. [Link]
Physical details: length=90-98 cm, wingspan=175-195 cm, weight=1020-2073 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

LBB: little brown birds:

Willow warbler / Fitis (Phylloscopus trochilus)

Also known as: Fitislaubsänger

WikiCommons Fitis 13901013023. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Phylloscopus; Family Phylloscopidae
General: The willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus) is a very common and widespread leaf warbler which breeds throughout northern and temperate Europe and the Palearctic, from Ireland east to the Anadyr River basin in eastern Siberia. It is strongly migratory, with almost all of the population wintering in Sub-Saharan Africa.[2][3] [more]
Song: Reihe v. Pfeiflauten (ca 12) etwas abfallend. Klingt ähnlich Buchfink, aber etwas traurig, melancholisch, wie in moll-Tonart. [Link]
By far most easily identified by it's call or song. Song: A 3-5 second, falling phrase of soft, rippling "svi-svi" sounds, starting high with some attack, and then falling in a mellow manner. The phrase lacks any conclusion, and diminishes both in strength and tempo. [Link]
Calls: ähnlich oben, aber mehr zweisilbig [Link]
Contact/alarm call a soft, plaintive ascending "hoo-eet". Similar to Chiff-chaff, but first part more drawn, giving it a disyllabic feel. [Link]
Physical details: length=10-11 cm, wingspan=16-22 cm, weight=7-12 g
Song: Song similar to common chaffinch but higher, faster, tendency to descend but with more ups and downs.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, fast, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz) Singing season: 04-01 - 06-30 Dawn chorus start, 22 minutes before dawn.
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Fitis am Pfäffikersee Song starts similar to Buchfink / chaffinch Source: OWN 2020-04-24 10.07.55 Pfäffikersee
Black cap warbler / Mönchsgrasmücke (Sylvia atricapilla) See above Common Chiffchaff / Zilpzalp (Phylloscopus collybita) See above

Occasional visitors to Fehraltorf and the Luppmen:

Common nightingale / Nachtigall (Luscinia megarhynchos)


Luscinia_megarhynchos - common nightingale in Wikipedia. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Luscinia; Family Thrushes (Turdidae)
General: The common nightingale, rufous nightingale or simply nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos), is a small passerine bird best known for its powerful and beautiful song. It was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae.[2] It belongs to a group of more terrestrial species, often called chats. [more]
Vocalization: It consists of extremely resonant, full-bodied notes and lacks the, dry, rolling, rattling sounds of T.N. Most distinct species specific sound is the interwoven series of slightly ascending, plaintive notes (0.04 - 0.10 in recording). May mimic Thrush Nightningale!. [Link]
Song: The song is the best characteristic to separate it from T. Nightingale. [Link]
Calls: Alarm call either a thin, flycatcher-like "weeet", or a Chiff-chaff-like "piuu". Also a characteristic (but similar to Thrush Nighitingale) dry, rattling, frog-like "rrrrr". [Link]
Physical details: length=16 cm, wingspan=23-26 cm, weight=17-24 g
Song: Can be a sequence of unrelated weird but musical sounds - trills, churrs, human-like whistles - very amusing.
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: weird, trill, whoop, repetitions Singing season: 04-15 - 06-30
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Nightingale concert: Es war die Nachtigall, und nicht die Lerche Der Tag ist ja noch fern. Es war die Nachtigall, und nicht die Lerche, Die eben jetzt dein banges Ohr durchdrang; Sie singt des Nachts auf dem Granatbaum dort. Source: OWN 2020-04-19 07.09.22 Luppmen

Nightingale concert Source: OWN 2020-04-19 06.54.11 Luppmen

Nightingale concert Source: OWN 2020-04-19 06.54.00 Luppmen

Northern goshawk / Habicht (Accipiter gentilis)

Alternate classification: Falco gentilis

Young goshawk in Fehraltorf. A young hawk has these thrush-style streaks on its breast. When grown, these become bars. Source: OWN 2021-01-17 10.19.26 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Accipiter; Subfamily True hawks (Accipitrinae); Family Accipitridae
A young northern goshawk appeared in a tree on the Bahnhofstrasse in Fehraltorf one snowy January day in 2021.
Appearance and identification: A medium-large raptor in the family Accipitridae, which also includes other extant diurnal raptors, such as eagles, buzzards and harriers. As a species in the genus Accipiter, the goshawk is often considered a "true hawk".[3] The scientific name is Latin; Accipiter is "hawk", from accipere, "to grasp", and gentilis is "noble" or "gentle" because in the Middle Ages only the nobility were permitted to fly goshawks for falconry. [Link]
Vocalization: Series of short "ke-ke-ke-ke-ke". [Link]
Calls: More resonant, both sharper and deeper pitched than similar call of Sparrowhawk, and much slower. Also a wailing "peeeaaaaw". [Link]
Physical details: length=48-62 cm, wingspan=135-165 cm, weight=600-2000 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Eurasian sparrowhawk / Sperber (Accipiter nisus)

Alternate classification: Falco nisus

Sperber am Luppmen nicht weit vom Bahnhof Source: OWN 2021-02-06 10.49.12 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Accipiter; Subfamily True hawks (Accipitrinae); Family Accipitridae
General: The Eurasian sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus), also known as the northern sparrowhawk or simply the sparrowhawk, is a small bird of prey in the family Accipitridae. Adult male Eurasian sparrowhawks have bluish grey upperparts and orange-barred underparts; females and juveniles are brown above with brown barring below. The female is up to 25% larger than the male – one of the greatest size differences between the sexes in any bird species. Though it is a predator which specialises in catching woodland birds, the Eurasian sparrowhawk can be found in any habitat and often hunts garden birds in towns and cities. Males tend to take smaller birds, including tits, finches, and sparrows; females catch primarily thrushes and starlings, but are capable of killing birds weighing 500 g (18 oz) or more. [more]
AppearanceAndIdentification: The barred breast feather inspired the words Sperberung and gesperbert in German to describe that phenomenon. [Link]
Habitat: In winter, especially, it can be observed in towns and villages, where songbirds are an easy prey at bird [feeders]. [Link]
Diet: Though it is a predator which specialises in catching woodland birds, the Eurasian sparrowhawk can be found in any habitat and often hunts garden birds in towns and cities. Males tend to take smaller birds, including tits, finches, and sparrows; females catch primarily thrushes and starlings, but are capable of killing birds weighing 500 g (18 oz) or more. [Link]
Food: small songbirds, such as sparrows, finches, yellowhammers, thrushes, skylarks, starlings, tits. Females also hunt pigeons/doves. [Link]
Vocalization: Series of short "ke-ke-ke-ke-ke", with rising pitch. [Link]
Song: Meist in Horstnähe zu hören. Eine Reihe von kurzen Einzellauten, [Link]
Calls: wie „gigigi“. Ähnlichkeit mit Wendehals, aber klarer und schneller. Schneller auch als Grünspecht und tiefer als Turmfalke. [Link]
Less resonant and less full than similar call of Goshawk, and much faster. Also a short "peeaaaa", shorter and more squeaky than Buzzard. [Link]
Physical details: length=28-38 cm, wingspan=55-70 cm, weight=110-342 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Redwing / Rotdrossel (Turdus iliacus)


Rotdrossel in einem baum neben dem Luppmen, rot unter den Fluegeln gut erkennbar, auch weisser Ueberaugenstreif. Source: OWN 2020-12-30 10.33.36 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Turdus; Family Thrushes (Turdidae)
In Switzerland these are migrants or winter guests that breed in Scandinavia. I saw a group that landed in a tree by the Luppmen. Some sang an odd song that I didn't recognize but unfortunately couldn't record. They were rather nervous and quickly flew off.
I had an interesting educational experience with fieldfares! At the end of December 2020 I saw redwings in Fehraltorf for the first time. They're a winter guest that breeds in Scandinavia. Jan 2021 I saw one from our dining room window, and two days later saw 31 of them land in four trees along the Luppmen brook, and spontaneously decided to report them via the eBird app. The next day I got an automated response saying this was an unusually high number, and that I should document the sighting further. I added pictures of the group in the trees pus one of an individual close up. Then I got a nice e-mail from eBird volunteer Raphaël Nussbaumer, an Earth Science PhD and postdoc at the Swiss Ornithological Institute, saying that my redwings were fieldfares. I checked the guide books and apps, and that seemed plausible. I was surprised that none of them mentioned the danger of confusing the two, which are actually quite similar (and related). I checked the closeup I took on December 31 and asked Raphaël if it was actually a redwing, and he confirmed it. So I actually found two (to me) new thrushes within 3 weeks. He noted 'they are often found mixed with fieldfare or mistle thrush, so one has to be careful to check the entire group and not assume that all are redwings. I saw 8 similar looking birds when I saw the actual redwing, and while I think there's more than one redwing there, I can't see the whole flock well enough to be sure.
Appearance and identification: Vogelwarte.ch describes just what I saw. In translation, somewhat smaller than a song thrush and distinguishable from them by the prominent white stripe above the eye and the rust-red feathers under the wings. [Link]
Geography: Nabu: 'Die ursprüngliche Heimat dieser nordischen Drossel ist die Sibirische Taiga. Vor etwa 200 Jahren begann ihre Ausbreitung in den südwestlichen Raum Europas.'Wie der Misteldrossel vertreibt der Wacholderdrossel Feinde wie Elster, Rabenkrähe oder Bussard vom Nestgebiet mit Kotbomben. ['Die Wacholderdrossel - Turdus pilaris Ein Wintergast wird heimisch', von Paul Laakmann aus Buntspecht 3/1986]
Vocalization: First a simple, melodic phrase of 3 - 6 notes, usually followed by a more silent, indistinct, fast and less melodic, chattering sequence. First part highly variable from place to place, but constant in individuals. Often causes confusion when a new dialect is heard at a distance, since only the first part is far-reaching, and the diagnostic two-part structure gets lost. [Link]
Song: Song delivered in two parts. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a thin, drawn and sharp "sreee". Often heard at night during migration. Alarm call harder, dryer and more raucous than other thrushes. [Link]
Physical details: length=21 cm, wingspan=33-34 cm, weight=50-75 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Lesser spotted woodpecker / Kleinspecht (Dryobates minor)

Alternate classification: Picoides minor

Kleinspecht am luppmen. Never saw one until after a heavy snowfall one checked out the trees along the Luppmen Source: OWN 2021-01-16 12.56.16 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Dryobates; Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Bisher gesehen aber nicht gehört!
Appearance and identification: The smallest European woodpecker. ... From its small size and its habit of spending most of its time in the tops of tall trees in woods and parks, this little woodpecker is often overlooked, but if sighted on a trunk it may at once be identified by the broad barring on the wings and narrower bars across the lower back. [Link]
Der Kleinspecht ist der Zwerg unter den europäischen Spechten. Er macht sich im Frühjahr mit hohen Rufreihen und gleichmässigen Trommelwirbeln bemerkbar. [Link]
Habitat: As above: spend(s) most of its time in the tops of tall trees [Link]
Vocalization: Frequently drums in quite long series. Much longer than Great Spotted, and without ritardando. [Link]
Calls: Most common call a series of merlin-like "ke-ke-ke-ke-ke-ke" given at fairly stable pitch, and less hoarse than Merlin. Differs from Wryneck in lacking marked rise and fall in pitch, and being less plaintive. [Link]
Physical details: length=14-15 cm, wingspan=25-27 cm, weight=17-25 g
Song: Drumming in lieu of song. Fast, constant.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, fast, Frequency: 0-4 KHz Special sounds: drumming
Call: Vogelwarte wie oben..hohe Rufreihen
XC625101 Kleinspecht call.

XC625101 Kleinspecht call. Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: Call melody: simple rhythmic, fast, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz),
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Birds seen in Pfäffikon or at the Pfäffikersee that don't occur in Fehraltorf:

Sedge warbler / Schilfrohrsänger (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus)

Alternate classification: Acrocephalus schoenobaenus, Motacilla schoenobaenus

Plainish brown-white bird with black accents usually hidden in the reeds. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Acrocephalus; Subfamily Acrocephalinae; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
General: The sedge warbler (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus) is an Old World warbler in the genus Acrocephalus. It is a medium-sized warbler with a brown, streaked back and wings and a distinct pale supercilium. Sedge warblers are migratory, crossing the Sahara to get from their European and Asian breeding grounds to spend winter in Africa. The male's song is composed of random chattering phrases and can include mimicry of other species. The sedge warbler is mostly insectivorous. [more]
Song: Gesang sehr ähnlich dem Teichrohrsänger. Aber nicht so im Takt. Bevorzugte Tongebilde werden mehrmals wiederholt. Des öftern Singflug über dem Schilf. [Link]
Song vigorous and varied. [Link]
Calls: Rufe:“zäck“, „zieck“, „err“. [Link]
Alarm call a hard "check". Anxiety call a dry and rolling "rrrrr". A mixture of musical sounds, expert mimicry and characteristic harsh and strident calls. Not as rhythmic and evenly paced as Reed Warbler, but varies tempo a lot. [Link]
Physical details: length=13 cm, wingspan=17-21 cm, weight=9-15 g
Song: Constant stream of equally spaced sounds. Possibly a false analysis by BirdNet, as BirdLife Zürich says there are none here. ...so what is it? vogelwarte.ch has a sample that churrs and trills, similar rhythm to reed warbler / Teichrohrsänger, so maybe that's what it was. Listening on YouTube videos, you'd call it percussion rather than song!
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz)
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Sedge warbler at Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2020-05-20 09.50.48 Pfäffikersee

Great reed warbler / Drosselrohrsänger (Acrocephalus arundinaceus)

Alternate classification: Turdus arundinaceus

Brown-white bird usually hidden in the reeds. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Acrocephalus; Subfamily Acrocephalinae; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
Zuerst in Bolle Magadino gesehen und gehoert.
50% groesser als der ähnlich aussehende Teichrohrsänger
Behavior: In der Sonntagszeitung von 23. Mai 2021 wurde über neue Erkenntnisse zum Zug von Drosselrohrsängern geschrieben. Durch neue, leichte Messgeräte konnte man sehen, dass die Vögel in der Nacht auf 2 km Höhe fliegen, beim Sonnenaufgang über eine Stunde hoch bis 5.5 km fliegen. Da sie das Mittlemeer und die Saharawüste überfliegen, wo sie nicht landen können, fliegen sie bis 34 Stunden non-stop. Das Fliegen erzeugt viel Körperwärme und die Höhe hilft ihnen abzukühlen. [(Abo erforderlich)]
Song: Gesang ähnlich Teichrohrsänger, aber viel lauter, Tonhöhenunterschiede 2-3 Oktaven. Karre-Kit-Sänger.. Sehr taktmässig. [Link]
Song similar to Reed Warbler in timbre, but much deeper and slower. [Link]
Calls: Rufe:“kerr“ (tief), „ tek“ [Link]
Contact call a grating, dry "kirrrat", where each rolling r is discernable. Fairly concise motifs typically consisting of two deep mono- or disyllabic notes followed by a few higher tones. I.e: "kerek kerek, trii trii trii". Clamorous Reed Warbler differs in more diffuse motifs. [Link]
Physical details: length=19-20 cm, wingspan=24-29 cm, weight=29-36 g
Song: Sounds to me like croak cheep cheep! Listening on YouTube videos, you'd call it percussion rather than song!
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: rasp
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Great reed warbler at Pfäffikersee Always hidden but weird sounds can't be overlooked Source: OWN 2020-05-20 09.41.57 Pfäffikersee

Great reed warbler at Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2020-05-20 09.45.29 Pfäffikersee

Eurasian reed warbler / Teichrohrsänger (Acrocephalus scirpaceus)

Alternate classification: Turdus scirpaceus

Teichrohrsaenger wahrscheinlich. Source: OWN 2021-05-04 09.21.14
Classification: Genus Acrocephalus; Subfamily Acrocephalinae; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
General: The Eurasian reed warbler, or just reed warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) is an Old World warbler in the genus Acrocephalus. It breeds across Europe into the temperate western Palaearctic. It is migratory, wintering in sub-Saharan Africa. [more]
Song: Gleichmässiges Tempo! Man kann den Takt schlagen dazu.( Metronomsänger) Oft 2-3x wiederholte kurze Motive. Viele schnarrende Töne. [Link]
By far easiest to identify by song: Characteristic, almost metric and even rhythm, very different from Sedge Warbler. Squeaky timbre with many, almost bizarre, harmonics. Phrases generally repeated 2-3 times. [Link]
Calls: Rufe:“tsche, tschkt , schreeh, tschrä“,“err“ [Link]
Alarm call a harsh, dry and rolling "kraaaat". [Link]
Physical details: length=13 cm, wingspan=17-21 cm, weight=10-16 g
Song: Weird, squeaky, urgent.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, fast, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: weird
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Teichrohrsänger am Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2020-04-27 14.29.30 Auslikon
Willow warbler / Fitis (Phylloscopus trochilus) See above

Wasservoegel, am Pfäffikersee, Greifensee, usw.:

Common kingfisher / Eisvogel (Alcedo atthis) See above

Mallard / Stockente (Anas platyrhynchos)

Alternate classification: Anas platyrhynchos f. domestica

Mother and 4 of 9 babies on the Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2020-05-20 09.12.44 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Ducks (Anas); Tribe Dabbling ducks (Anatini); Subfamily Dabbling ducks plus extinct (Anatinae); Family Anatidae (anatidae)
Common waterbird at Pfäffikersee
Etymology: Der heutige Name kann als Hinweis auf ihre Brutplätze verstanden werden, zu denen auf Stock gesetzte Weiden, Weidengebüsch oder auch Reisighaufen gehören. ['Stock' wird weiter erklärt: Als Stockausschlag bezeichnet man bei Bäumen und Sträuchern Triebe, die nach dem Verlust der primären Sprossachse neu aus dem Stumpf oder Stubben (der dann „Stock“ genannt wird) austreiben.] [Link]
The name 'was derived from the Old French malart or mallart for "wild drake"' [Link]
Vocalization: Female: A distinct coarse, laughing quacking; "haaa ha ha ha ha ha", with first note accented and then descending in pitch. Male: a more silent, very nasal "rriib". [Link]
Calls: Display call a high-pitched short whistle. [Link]
Physical details: length=50-65 cm, wingspan=81-98 cm, weight=750-1450 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Great crested grebe / Haubentaucher (Podiceps cristatus)


Classification: Genus Podiceps; Family Grebes (Podicipedidae)
Exotic looking waterbird common at Pfäffikersee
Vocalization: Laughing sequences with nasal grunts, a rolling nasal "treaa" and bill-clattering. [Link]
Physical details: length=46-51 cm, wingspan=85-90 cm, weight=568-813 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Eurasian teal / Krickente (Anas crecca)

Alternate classification: Nettion crecca
Also known as: Green-winged teal

Krickente am Aa-Bach beim Südende des Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2021-01-26 15.41.54 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Ducks (Anas); Tribe Dabbling ducks (Anatini); Subfamily Dabbling ducks plus extinct (Anatinae); Family Anatidae (anatidae)
Wintergast am Teich am Aa-Bach beim Südende des Pfäffikersee
Etymology: Die hellen «krrik»-Rufe der stimmfreudigen Erpel verhalfen dieser Art zu ihrem deutschen Namen. [Link]
Vocalization: Male: characteristic, short, highly resonant and metallic "plytt". A bit similar to Pintail, but higher pitched and lacking accompanying whistling sound. Female: various quacking sounds generally quicker paced, more nasal and noticeably higher pitched than Mallard. [Link]
Physical details: length=34-38 cm, wingspan=58-64 cm, weight=200-450 g
Call: Blup blup, fast wie vom Computer generiert
Krickente Ruf von XenoCanto

Krickente Ruf von XenoCanto Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz),
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Common goldeneye / Schellente (Bucephala clangula)

Alternate classification: Anas clangula

Schellente am Südende des Pfäffikersee Ich hätte gern ein besseres Foto aber die Schellenten waren nur etwa 100 Meter vom Weg entfernt und dazu hinter Schilf. Auch mein 600mm Objektiv hat nicht gereicht, aber zugegeben, ein Stativ hätte geholfen. Source: OWN 2021-01-26 15.36.26 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Bucephala; Tribe Seaducks (Mergini); Subfamily Dabbling ducks plus extinct (Anatinae); Family Anatidae (anatidae)
Wintergast am Pfäffikersee.
Etymology: Nabu: Schellenten verdanken ihren Namen dem pfeifenden und wie ein Klingeln («Schellen») tönenden Fluggeräusch. [Vogelwarte.ch erklärt: ]
Vocalization: Male display sound a dry nasal disyllabic "Ka-weerr". First note introductory and second longer and descending. Usually accompanied by back-throwing head motion. Female: dry harsh "aahrrrr aahrrrr aahrrrr ". Wings make a characteristic whistling sound. [Link]
Physical details: length=42-50 cm, wingspan=65-80 cm, weight=650-1200 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Northern shoveler / Löffelente (Anas clypeata)


Loeffelenten am Greifensee bei Silberweide Es gab dutzende davon, dazwischen eine Krickente. Source: OWN 2021-02-08 15.20.36
Classification: Genus Ducks (Anas); Tribe Dabbling ducks (Anatini); Subfamily Dabbling ducks plus extinct (Anatinae); Family Anatidae (anatidae)
Wintergast am Greifensee.
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto NABU

Gadwall / Schnatterente (Mareca strepera)

Alternate classification: Chaulelasmus streperus

Schnatterente am Greifensee bei Silberweide Es gab dutzende davon, dazwischen eine Krickente. Source: OWN 2021-02-08 15.45.18
Classification: Genus Mareca; Tribe Dabbling ducks (Anatini); Subfamily Dabbling ducks plus extinct (Anatinae); Family Anatidae (anatidae)
In my mind this is the chocolate duck.
Etymology: The etymology of the word gadwall is not known, but the name has been in use since 1666.[9] [Link]
Nabu: Die Schnatterente fällt aber – wie ihr Name schon vermuten lässt – durch ihre Art der Nahrungssuche auf. Sie durchschnattert das Wasser mit ihrem Schnabel. [Link]
Appearance and identification: Nabu: Die Schnatterente ähnelt auf den ersten Blick so sehr der weiblichen Stockente, dass man diese schnell verwechseln kann. [Link]
Wintergast am Greifensee.
Calls: Males display-call a short dry rattling or croaking sound and some high whistling notes. Female quacking similar to Mallard, but drier and shriller. [Link]
Physical details: length=46-56 cm, wingspan=84-95 cm, weight=550-1000 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Common pochard / Tafelente (Aythya ferina)

Alternate classification: Anas ferina

Tafelente in Rapperswil. Source: OWN 2021-02-12 13.34.38 Rapperswil
Classification: Genus Aythya; Tribe Diving ducks (Aythyini); Subfamily Dabbling ducks plus extinct (Anatinae); Family Anatidae (anatidae)
Wintergast am Greifensee.
Etymology: Die in der deutschen Sprache übliche Bezeichnung Tafelente ist ein Hinweis auf das als schmackhaft angesehene Fleisch dieses Entenvogels. [Link]
Vocalization: Female: a coarse "ahrrrrrrr-ahrrrrr-ahrrrr" with a vibrating quality. [Link]
Calls: Male courting call a pleasant, drawn out, nasal whistle "tweeeeep", rising in pitch, often followed by a falling "puuuh" (e.g a long disyllabic tweeepuuuuuuh). Also a sharper "ki-ki-ki" or "ki-ki-kiko". [Link]
Physical details: length=42-49 cm, wingspan=72-82 cm, weight=650-1200 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Goosander / Gänsesäger (Mergus merganser)

Also known as: Common merganser

Gänsesäger am Nordende des Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2021-01-26 17.02.58 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Mergus; Tribe Seaducks (Mergini); Subfamily Dabbling ducks plus extinct (Anatinae); Family Anatidae (anatidae)
Zuerst gesehen am Pfäffikersee.
Vocalization: Male: Mostly heard when courting. A twanging, disyllabic "whip-ooooo", first syllable ascending and second whistle-like and rapidly falling. Female: A coarse "ahrrr ahrrrr", or a raspy drawn "ah-ahrrrrrr ah-ahrrrrr", slightly rising, then falling in pitch. Also various cackling sounds. [Link]
Physical details: length=58-66 cm, wingspan=82-97 cm, weight=900-2100 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Egyptian goose / Nilgans (Alopochen aegyptiaca)

Alternate classification: Anas aegyptiaca

Nilgans am Südende des Greifensee Source: OWN 2021-02-08 15.21.56
Classification: Genus Alopochen; Tribe Tadornini; Subfamily Tadorninae; Subfamily Dabbling ducks plus extinct (Anatinae); Family Anatidae (anatidae)
Wintergast am Greifensee. Invasiv. Nach Vogelwarte.ch: 'als Ziervogel im 18. Jahrhundert in Europa eingeführt... Ausgehend von einer in den 1970er Jahren in den Niederlanden und Belgien gebildeten Population breitete sich die Nilgans rasant dem Rhein und seinen Nebenflüssen entlang aus und hat inzwischen auch die Schweiz erreicht.
Vocalization: Quite vocal when interacting. [Link]
Calls: Female calls may resemble RS, but are coarser, harder and trills are more rolling. Single calls are longer, and falls markedly in pitch. Male calls quite different, with husky, wheezing or hissing "kaahhh", or with the same timbre in series lika a steam engine. [Link]
Physical details: length=63-73 cm, wingspan=134-154 cm, weight=1500-2250 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Common tern / Flussseeschwalbe (Sterna hirundo)


Common tern pfaeffikersee. Source: OWN 2020-05-20 09.31.28 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Sterna; Subfamily Terns (Sterninae); Order Shorebirds and others (Charadriiformes); Class Birds (aves); Subphylum Vertebrata; Phylum Chordate (Chordata); Kingdom Animal (Animalia); Domain Eukaryota
Seasonal Behavior: Die Flussseeschwalbe (Sterna hirundo) ist eine Vogelart aus der Familie der Seeschwalben (Sternidae). Sie ist in Mitteleuropa ein verbreiteter, aber nicht sehr häufiger Brut- und Sommervogel. Während der Zugzeiten können im mitteleuropäischen Raum außerdem viele Durchzügler beobachtet werden. [Link]
Vocalization: Similar to Arctic Tern but deeper. [Link]
Calls: Lacks latter's high pitched "tip-tip-tip" call, and the drawn out "kree-aaahh" call falls more distinctly in pitch. [Link]
Physical details: length=31-35 cm, wingspan=77-98 cm, weight=110-150 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Black-headed gull / Lachmöwe (Chroicocephalus ridibundus)

Alternate classification: Larus ridibundus

On a canal feeding into the Pfäffikersee Paradoxically, they don't have to have a black head. Source: OWN 2020-10-30 16.51.58 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Chroicocephalus; Subfamily Larinae; Family Gulls (Laridae)
Common waterbird at Pfäffikersee, that doesn't necessarily have the eponymous black head.
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto NABU

Feuchtgebietvoegel, nah beim Pfäffikersee, usw.:

Stonechat / Schwarzkehlchen (Saxicola rubicola)

Alternate classification: Saxicola torquata rubicola
Also known as: European stonechat

Schwarzkehlchen, Pfaeffikersee. Source: OWN 2021-04-27 16.49.48 Am Aabach (Robenhausen)
Classification: Genus Saxicola; Family Old World flycatchers (Muscicapidae)
Etymology: Nabu: Der wissenschaftlich Name „rubicola“ bedeutet „Brombeerstrauch-Bewohner“. Einzelne Sträucher auf einer sonst offenen Fläche fliegt das Schwarzkehlchen gerne an. [Link]
They breed in heathland, coastal dunes and rough grassland with scattered small shrubs and bramble, open gorse, tussocks or heather. [Link]
Song: Gesang ähnlich obiger Art. Reine und kratzende Laute abwechselnd, wellenförmig [Link]
The song is a sweet stream of scratchy notes. Much more even, and less chattering than the Whinchat. Almost like a short and scratchy Dunnock phrase. [Link]
Calls: hart „track“ oder „fiet-track-track“ [Link]
Alarm call an alternation of a high-pitched "weet" and a hard "check", like other chats. The "weet" is much higher pitched than the similar call of Whinchat, and Stonechat repeats the "check" more frequently. [Link]
Physical details: length=12 cm, wingspan=18-21 cm, weight=13-17 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Common reed bunting / Rohrammer (Emberiza schoeniclus)

Alternate classification: Schoeniclus schoeniclus
Also known as: Reed bunting

Wikipedia Common_reed_bunting_(emberiza_schoeniclus)_m. By Charles J. Sharp - Own work, from Sharp Photography, sharpphotography, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31607772 Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Buntings (Emberiza); Tribe Emberizini; Subfamily Emberizinae; Family Fringillidae
General: The common reed bunting (Emberiza schoeniclus) is a passerine bird in the bunting family Emberizidae, a group now separated by most modern authors from the finches, Fringillidae. The genus name Emberiza is from Old German Embritz, a bunting. The specific schoeniclus is from Ancient Greek skhoiniklos, a now unknown waterside bird.[2] [more]
Song: Song variable between individuals and breeding status: A short sequence of 3-5 brittle and buzzing sounds, repeated consistently with marked pauses. Last sound in phrase often has a conclusive feel, but not always. Paired males sing slower than unpaired. Unpaired male song also more contracted, making the pauses between each phrase stand out. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a sharp, descending and drawn "tseeeoo". A bit similar to Yellow Wagtail, but not as sharp and explosive. In migration a thick, and unmusical "chong" is often heard. [Link]
Physical details: length=15-16 cm, wingspan=21-28 cm, weight=16-25 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Birdnet - Common reed bunting. Source: OWN 2020-04-27 14.19.41 Luppmen

Birdnet 777 - Common reed bunting. Source: OWN 2020-07-10 12.15.17 Luppmen

All the rest:

Western Bonelli's warbler / Berglaubsänger (Phylloscopus bonelli)


Wikipedia Berglaubsaenger Phylloscopus_bonelli. Von Sébastien Bertru - https://www.flickr.com/photos/aigledayres/5911604938/, CC BY-SA 2.0, Link Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Phylloscopus; Family Phylloscopidae
Roman von Sury likes them, but notes that their habitat is increasingly disappearing in Switzerland.
Song: Reihe(5-10) von gleichhohen Schlägen, ähnlich dem Schwirren der obigen Art, aber langsamer, einzelne Töne deutlich getrennt, etwas scheppernd. Kann mit Klappergrasmücke verwechselt werden) [Link]
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto NABU
Birdnet 585 - Western Bonelli's warbler. Source: OWN 2020-06-08 16.34.39 Sils

Birdnet 618 - Western Bonelli's warbler. Source: OWN 2020-06-11 15.33.53 Sils
European serin / Girlitz (Serinus serinus) See above

Common redstart / Gartenrotschwanz (Phoenicurus phoenicurus)

Alternate classification: Motacilla phoenicurus

Common redstart on a cable In Locarno-Monti Source: OWN 2020-06-17 14.29.54 Locarno
Classification: Genus Phoenicurus; Family Old World flycatchers (Muscicapidae)
I've only seen them in Locarno - but I liked them!
In Locarno in 2020, they were often hidden in trees but also visible on powerlines. In 2021 one sang every morning at 5:00 in a gingko tree next to our room in Casa Egner.
Song: Fängt immer mit denselben 3 Tönen an, einem „dih dede“, wobei das dih etwa ein bis zwei Töne höher liegt. Dann folgt eine kurze Strophe mehr oder weniger reine Töne. Das Ganze ist ziemlich individuell. [Link]
Song distinct, with three parts: First an ascending single note, immediately followed by a trill, then concluding with a squeaky, rattling improvisation that usually contains some mimicry. [Link]
Calls: „Füid-tack“ das füid ähnlich dem des Fitislaubsängers, das tack schnalzend. (wie wenn man die Zunge schnell vom Gaumen abzieht) [Link]
Alarm call a slightly drawn, Willow Warbler-like "huit" with a rising pitch, followed by a short, soft "tuc". [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=20-24 cm, weight=11-19 g
Song: I though I had these guys figured out after hearing them in Locarno several times, but they're hard to get a handle on! At BirdID they are described the first two parts of a three-part song like this: 'an ascending single note, immediately followed by a trill', whereas in Locarno I heard an initial high-low-high-low, sometimes without the final low, perhaps also a quick middle note, and no trill. Then a relatively short blackbird-like tune of maybe 5-8 notes. Listening to more recordings at XenoCanto has completely confused me now! BirdID also says the song is similar to the black redstart, which I sometimes hear at XenoCanto, but never did in Locarno! They also note a similarity to the Lesser Whitethroat (Klappergrasmücke), which I hope to hear in Maienfeld.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, slow, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz) Singing season: 04-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 80 minutes before dawn.
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Heard and seen for first time in Locarno Source: OWN 2020-06-18 07.37.21 Locarno

European Bee-eater / Bienenfresser (Merops apiaster)

Also known as: Bee-eater, European bee-eater

Classification: Genus Merops; Family Meropidae
Hope to hear it and especially see it in Maienfeld (Kulturland-Exkursion).
Song: BirdID says multi-syllabic, rolling phrases, although it often seems to be one syllable as well. Hope to hear it and especially see it in Maienfeld.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz)
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto NABU Bird was but not recorded. null
Black cap warbler / Mönchsgrasmücke (Sylvia atricapilla) See above Stonechat / Schwarzkehlchen (Saxicola rubicola) See above

Whinchat / Braunkehlchen (Saxicola rubetra)


Mysterium im Rapsfeld von Friedliweid Source: OWN 2020-04-27 11.29.08 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Saxicola; Family Old World flycatchers (Muscicapidae)
Die bauen ein Nest auf dem Boden auf einer Wiese oder Feld und brauchen relativ lang bis die Jungen flugge sind, darum hoffe ich, dass sie weitergezogen sind. Da Felder selten so lang ungestört bleiben im Mittelland, sind sie immer mehr in höheren Lagen zu finden.
Diesen Vogel haben wir paarweise in einem Rapsfeld entdeckt. Von weitem konnte man nur etwas orange Farbe entdecken. Ich habe ihn 2 Tage später im gleichen Feld gesucht und bin um das ganze Feld gelaufen. Erst am Ende habe ich ihn gesehen: am Anfang, sicher 100m von mit entfernt und um 2 Ecken. Da habe ich dieses Foto gemacht und in Büchern, Apps und Internet nach seiner Identität gesucht. Als ich ein sehr ähnliches Bild auf ornitho.ch gefunden habe, wo er auch auf einer Rapspflanze drauf sitzt, sah ich es als bestätigt, dass es ein Braunkelchen war.


Vocalization: The "peeu"-sound is depper and more resonant than similar sounds by Wheatear and Stonechat. [Link]
Der Gesang (bei Vogelwarte.ch) klingt für mich ähnlich wie eine Mönchsgrasmücke, aber nur in sehr kurzen Phrasen
Song: Kurzes (3-7 Töne) Liedchen mit 1-2 Kreischlauten, (ähnlich der Mittellaute b. Hausrotschwanz) variabel. Ahmt auch andere Vögel nach. [Link]
Song variable with lots of mimicry. The short phrases starts with dry, rattling or sneering trills, followed by clear whistling notes and expert mimicry. More varied, both in tone and tempo, than both Stonechat and Wheatear. [Link]
Calls: „teck, teck“ (ähnlich wie wenn man zwei Steine zusammen schlägt) [Link]
Contact call resembles many of it relatives. A short, soft "peeu", followed by a hard "check" (like hitting two rocks together). [Link]
Physical details: length=12 cm, wingspan=21-24 cm, weight=14-19 g
Presence: 03-20 - 10-15
Breeding: 05-10 - 08-10
Migration in: 03-20 - 05-15
Migration out: 07-20 - 10-15
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Common kingfisher / Eisvogel (Alcedo atthis) See above

Red-backed Shrike / Neuntöter (Lanius collurio)

Also known as: Red-backed shrike

Neuntoeter in den Reben bei Maienfeld. Source: OWN 2021-05-29 10.13.50 Maienfeld
Classification: Genus Lanius; Family Shrikes (Laniidae)
Kulturland. Im Gebüsch an der Stillen Reuss.
Hoping to see this guy at Maienfeld. I was told where to find it at the Stille Reuss in Rottenschwil.
Etymology: Er spiesst Beutetiere oft an Dornen oder spitzen Seitenästen auf, um sie zu bearbeiten und zu zerteilen oder als Vorrat zu halten. Seinen Namen soll der Neuntöter dieser Eigenart verdanken: Man hat früher irrtümlicherweise angenommen, dass er immer erst neun Tiere aufspiesst, bevor er wieder eines verzehrt. [Link]
Song: Reminds me a bit of a Rohrsaenger with its short, varied bits. BirdID says Song surprisingly varied with many expert imitations of small passerines, interwoven with bell-like ringing and dry chirping sounds. May be confusing and hard to identify if bird not seen. Song not very loud, but phrases can be very long. 'May be confusing' - tell me about it! What's not confusing about trying to tell apart 422 species of Swiss birds!
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: mimicry
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto NABU

Common moorhen / Teichhuhn (Gallinula chloropus)

Also known as: Eurasian moorhen, Teichralle

Teichhuhn bei Rapperswil Source: OWN 2021-02-12 12.54.22 Rapperswil
Classification: Genus Gallinula; Family Rails (Rallidae)
Seen at the Pfäffikersee walking across the path from one set of reeds to another. An apprentice at the nature center gave us the identification, presuming it was a juvenile because of the lack of color. I'd have said its legs were shorter, but the moorhen definitely has the main trait we saw, that it holds its short tail in the air.
Habitat: Common Moorhens prefer to nest in the thicket on the edge of ponds, lakes or rivers and mostly only give themselves away through their guttural calls. They are easier to observe in winter because then they leave their well-vegetated habitat and are seen in meadows, parks and on open waters. [Link]
Song: Most typical is the territorial call (song); a sharp, loud and resonant "krrrr-ook" or "krrrk". [Link]
Calls: Rich repertoire of loud calls and softer sounds. Other calls; a sharp, three or four-syllable "kekeke", and a soft "wep" sometimes drawn-out in a more mewing version. [Link]
Physical details: length=32-35 cm, wingspan=50-55 cm, weight=240-420 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Brambling / Bergfink (Fringilla montifringilla)

Also known as: Mountain finch

Wikipedia Bergfink. Photo: Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Fringilla; Subfamily Fringillinae; Family Fringillidae
General: The brambling (Fringilla montifringilla) is a small
passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. It has also been called the cock o' the north and the mountain finch. It is widespread and migratory, often seen in very large flocks. [more]
Vocalization: Large repertoire of mostly characteristic sounds. [Link]
Song: Song very distinct; a soft, wheezing, drawn-out single note. Repeated at the same pitch in a monotonous manner. [Link]
Calls: Contact calls include a short, nasal, ascending "keeaa", a short high-pitched, piercing "tzeet" and a linnet-like "chepp". May be mistaken for Greenfinch, but note softer timbre and stable pitch throughout the call. [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=25-26 cm, weight=17-30 g
Habitats: forest
Song: General: Bergfink - call cheep plus two ascending Grünfink squawks. Song? Grünfink squawk but not descending, every 3-4 seconds.
Song: Song very distinct; a soft, wheezing, drawn-out single note. Repeated at the same pitch in a monotonous manner. [Link]
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: rasp Singing season: 04-14 - 09-15
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Song thrush / Singdrossel (Turdus philomelos) See above

Mistle thrush / Misteldrossel (Turdus viscivorus)


Misteldrossel. Source: OWN 2020-05-07 12.56.02 Hungerseeli
Classification: Genus Turdus; Family Thrushes (Turdidae)
After a long outing in the woods with no 'new' discoveries where I hoped there might be, I followed a woodpecker-like rattle deep into the woods, and eventually managed a clear view of a mistle thrush (German Misteldrossel) while standing directly under the tree where I heard it. I believe it was a pair, but I only got a picture of one. The breast has that checkerboard look that thrushes have.
I initially saw them in the woods but later by Neschwil they came out of the woods into the fields to feed.
Song: Gesang ähnlich dem der Amsel, aber weniger abwechslungsreich und melancholisch, fast weinerlich klingend. Meist von Tannenspitze aus. [Link]
Song loud, far reaching and melodic. Most similar to Blackbird, but pitch is higher, phrases shorter (3-6 notes) and most notably, pauses between phrases are much shorter. All which gives the song a much more hurried feel than that of the Blackbird. Timbre is thinner and slightly shivering, and tonal range more limited. May have recurring favourite motifs, but does not repeat phrases like Song Thrush. Sometimes adds higher pitched parts and imitations. [Link]
Calls: Rufe:schnarrend „kerr“, daneben „tück-tück-tück“ [Link]
Other calls; a dry rattle, likened to the sound of a piece of wood drawn over a coarse comb, and a Fieldfare-like "chuck". [Link]
Physical details: length=27 cm, wingspan=42-47 cm, weight=100-150 g
Song: General: I mistook this one for a woodpecker the first time I heard it, partly because BirdNet also did! Rattle generated in vocal tract, not with the beak!
Song attributes: Melody: non musical, fast, Frequency: 2-9 KHz Special sounds: rattle
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Misteldrossel im Wald bei Speck Source: OWN 2020-05-07 12.56.43 Hungerseeli
Redwing / Rotdrossel (Turdus iliacus) See above

Fieldfare / Wacholderdrossel (Turdus pilaris)


Wacholderdrossel am Luppmen in Fehraltorf Source: OWN 2021-01-16 14.28.10
Classification: Genus Turdus; Family Thrushes (Turdidae)
I had an interesting educational experience with fieldfares! Check it out under Redwing.
Appearance and identification: The fieldfare is 25 cm (10 in) long, with a grey crown, neck and rump, a plain brown back, dark wings and tail and white underwings. [Link]
Behavior: Misteldrossel greifen Voegel an die ihr Nest bedrohen koennten. Das nennt man eine Kopropolemische Reaktion - vom griechischen für Kot under Krieg. Mester meint Hauptziel der Angriffe waere meistens der Kopf. Woanders wurde erwahnt, dass der Kot der Misteldrosseln besonders klebrig ist, eben weil der Vogel viele Mistelbeeren frisst, und wenn die Feder zusammenkleben, koennt das Opfer nicht optimal fliegen. [Artikel 'Defensive Defaekation in der Vogelwelt' von Horst Mester, erschienen Oktober 1976 in 'Der Ornithologische Beobachter']
Vocalization: Very vocal. [Link]
Song: Gesang nicht melodisch,aus gepressten, quietschenden Tönen bestehend, fast nur im Flug vorgetragen. [Link]
Song a mix of dry contact calls; "trrrt trrrrt", and high pitched, drawn out, chattering improvisations. [Link]
Calls: Schackernd, ähnlich obiger Art, aber weicher. Am Brutplatz raue krächzende Rufe. [Link]
Scolding call a hard "check", often given in decelerating series. Contact call in migration a soft, pleasant but, buzzy "weet". Typically bursts into continuos, squeaky chattering at takeoff. [Link]
Physical details: length=25 cm, wingspan=39-42 cm, weight=80-120 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Alpine chough / Alpendohle (Pyrrhocorax graculus)


Auf dem Dach unter Vrenelisgärtli Source: OWN 2021-01-01 09.43.48
Classification: Genus Pyrrhocorax; Family Corvidae
Als schwarzer Vogel mit gelbem Schnabel in den Alpen leicht zu erkennen. Ich habe sie auch in Schwanden (Ortsteil Thon) gesehen, direkt unter Vrenelisgärtli. Es heisst, bei Schnee fliegen sie tagsüber ins Tal aber abends wieder hoch.
Alpendohlen gibt's von den Kanaren bis in den Himalayen. In der Schweiz. Man kennt sie in den Schweizer Bergen.
Vocalization: Diagnostic and very different from Red-billed Chough. A sharp, quite high-pitched, whistling trill "chreeeee". Usually alternated with pure-toned high-pitched whistles, falling abruptly in pitch with a "clipping" ending. [Link]
Physical details: length=38 cm, wingspan=75-85 cm, weight=188-252 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Great egret / Silberreiher (Ardea alba)

Alternate classification: Egretta albus

Silberreiher in Deutschland, von WikiCommons Von Andreas Eichler, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=59954907
Classification: Genus Great herons (Ardea); Family Herons (Ardeidae)
Auf dem Heimweg von Schwanden haben wir bei Benken ganz weisse Reiher gesehen. Laut ornitho.ch waren sie Silberreiher.
Bei den meisten Quellen heisst es, sie sind in der Schweiz nur Durchzüger oder Wintergäste. Aber laut Balzari und Gygax, brüten auch einige Voegel am Lac Neuchatel seit 2013.
Vocalization: Silent outside breeding ground. [Link]
Calls: In colonies various harsh calls like a dry, and mechanical "kerrrrrrr", and a very nasal "geet" or "ga-geet ga-geet" are heard. [Link]
Physical details: length=85-102 cm, wingspan=140-170 cm, weight=960-1030 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Goldcrest / Wintergoldhähnchen (Regulus regulus) See above Common firecrest / Sommergoldhähnchen (Regulus ignicapilla) See above Marsh tit / Sumpfmeise (Poecile palustris) See above

Yellowhammer / Goldammer (Emberiza citrinella)


Goldammer am Aabach, Wetzikon. Source: OWN 2021-03-10 10.36.28
Classification: Genus Buntings (Emberiza); Tribe Emberizini; Subfamily Emberizinae; Family Fringillidae
vogelwarte.ch says it prefers areas around agriculture: hedges, orchards, fields, meadows. Heard in the woods next to farmer's fields in Fehraltorf. (Weidholzweg, next farm is Tuschacher. The breast has a checkerd pattern apparently typical of buntings (Emberizidae), that to me resembles that of many thrushes - but this seems to be coincidence.
Habe ihn im Fehraltorfer-Wald endlich gesehen als er von einem Baum in die Spitze eines anderen geflogen ist.
Song: Kurzes Liedchen. „ Wie wie wie hab ich dich liiieb“ Das „Lieb“ ist meist etwas tiefer, kann aber auch höher sein oder doppelt, dabei das eine höher und das andere tiefer. Sehr variabel! [Link]
Song a series of 6-8 (or more) slightly ascending "tze" 's, rising in volume and ending on a sustained note, which may be lower or higher than the others. Often rendered as "little-bit-of-cheese-and-no-bread". Last note is often omitted, which may lead to confusion with Cirl Bunting. Timbre with prominent harmonics as in other bunting songs. [Link]
Calls: „zick“ „zeck“ [Link]
Distinct contact call: A short and brittle "zeet", rich in harmonics. [Link]
Physical details: length=16 cm, wingspan=23-29 cm, weight=25-36 g
Song: High-pitched, two notes that sound like one, repeated 10-12 times, often followed by whistle that sounds higher to me but usually shows up on the sonogram as the same range. The mnemonic for the staccato song in German is: «Wie, wie, wie, wie hab ich dich lieb»
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, fast, Frequency: 4-8 KHz Singing season: year round Dawn chorus start, 45 minutes before dawn.
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Goldammer - as Wikipedia says it sounds Source: WIKIPEDIA

Habe den Goldammer im Wald gehört - und endlich auch gesehen An der Alpweg-Grübenholzweg-Kreuzung Source: OWN 2020-07-01 08.11.18 Luppmen

BirdNet thinks yellowhammer, Weidholzweg in woods, Fehraltorf Source: OWN 2020-05-26 18.05.59 Hungerseeli

BirdNet thinks yellowhammer, Weidholzweg in woods, Fehraltorf Source: OWN 2020-05-26 18.05.16 Hungerseeli
Eurasian skylark / Feldlerche (Alauda arvensis) See above

Red crossbill / Fichtenkreuzschnabel (Loxia curvirostra)

Alternate classification: Loxia curvirostris
Also known as: Common crossbill

Wikimedia Red_Crossbills_(Male). Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Loxia; Subfamily Carduelinae; Family Fringillidae
Forests with conifers. Some spend the winter in Switzerland, others are here year-round.
Appearance and identification: Nabu.de: das Männchen schon von weitem durch seine ziegelrote Farbe auf. Das Weibchen dagegen ist unscheinbar graugrün gefärbt.Größe: 15 bis 17 Zentimeter Zugtyp: Teilzieher Beobachtungszeitraum: Oktober bis April, im Mittelgebirge und Alpenraum ganzjährig. [Link]
Behavior: Wikipedia: a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae, also known as the Common Crossbill in Eurasia. Crossbills have distinctive mandibles, crossed at the tips, which enable them to extract seeds from conifer cones and other fruits. [Link]
Song: The song consist of improvised, resonant twittering, and series of contact calls with no apparent phrases. It is generally faster, with less marked pauses than in Parrot Crossbill, and the phrasing seems more random. [Link]
Calls: Contact call similar to Parroy Crossbill's "tupp", but is on average higher and less powerful, with a "cut-off" ending. In sum: Parrot Crossbill; hard attack, soft ending, Crossbill: softer attack, cut-off ending. Beware regional variations and overlap in pitch of calls with Parrot. [Link]
Physical details: length=16 cm, wingspan=27-30 cm, weight=35-50 g
Song: Repeated hi-low pattern...well, doesn't always sound like that. The very short beginning of my Stazersee recording before the static sets in does, as well as a song found online. One recording reminds me of cicada sounds.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, slow, Frequency: 2-10 KHz
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Birdnet 641 near stazersee - Red crossbill. Source: OWN 2020-06-13 12.28.51 Sils

Eurasian golden oriole / Pirol (Oriolus oriolus)

Alternate classification: Oriolus oriolus oriolus

Wikimedia Eurasian golden oriole. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Oriolus; Family Corvidae
Pirol: auffälligen Sexualdimorphismus. Wo/Habitat: lichter Auenwälder, Bruchwälder und gewässernaher Gehölze. Ebenso zählen Laub-, Misch- und Nadelwälder sowie Parks, große Gärten, Friedhöfe, Streuobstwiesen, hohe Obstbäume, Windschutzgürtel und Alleen zu seinen Brutgebieten, wo er sich überwiegend im Kronendach höherer Bäume aufhält. Der Verbreitungsschwerpunkt liegt hier im kontinentaleren Osteuropa. knapp amselgross; Presence april 15 - September 15 https://www.vogelwarte.ch/de/voegel/voegel-der-schweiz/pirol
In Western Europe they prefer open broadleaf forests and plantations, copses, riverine forest, orchards, large gardens.They reside in Switzerland from mid-April to mid-September, breeding in mid-May to mid-July. They predominate near the German and French borders, from Lake Constance to Geneva. I want to try to see one at Neeracherried or Thurauen.
Geography: Wikipedia: only member of the oriole family of passerine birds breeding in Northern Hemisphere temperate regions. It is a summer migrant in Europe and western Asia and spends the winter season in central and southern Africa. [Link]
Song: Varied repertoire, but song and common contact call very distinct. Song a series of 1-2 seconds long phrases of 3-5 yodeling, clear, fluting notes, interspersed with 2-3 second pauses. Tone very full-bodied, melodic and pleasing. [Link]
Calls: Flötenrufen Oft wird der Gesang allerdings vom Star treffend ähnlich nachgeahmt. [Link]
Contact call surprisingly different: A forced, drawn "weeackt", slightly resembling Jay, but less harsh, and much more nasal. Other sounds include a Wryneck-like warning call. [Link]
Physical details: length=24 cm, wingspan=44-47 cm, weight=56-79 g
Song: A soft, lowish whistling.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, slow, Frequency: 0-1 KHz Singing season: 04-22 - 09-21
Call: 3 somewhat harsh ascending notes, more melodic than a Eurasian jay call
Call attributes: Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz),
Presence: 04-15 - 09-15
Breeding: 03-15 - 07-15
Migration in: 04-15 - 06-10
Migration out: 07-10 - 09-15
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Birdnet 544 looking for high falling note, - Eurasian golden oriole. Source: OWN 2020-05-25 14.35.03 Luppmen

Birdnet 704 i doubt golden Oriole, need another hypothesis - Eurasian golden oriole. Source: OWN 2020-06-23 17.40.15 Staldenweiher
Willow warbler / Fitis (Phylloscopus trochilus) See above

Garden warbler / Gartengrasmücke (Sylvia borin)

Alternate classification: Sylvia simplex

Vogelwarte Gartengrasmuecke. Source: VOGELWARTE
Classification: Genus Sylvia; Subfamily Sylviinae; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
Nondescript, shy.
Hidden in the branches. Does change trees though.
Appearance and identification: Nabu: Das Hauptbestimmungsmerkmal dieser sehr unauffällig gefärbten Grasmücke ist, dass sie kein besonderes Merkmal besitzt.
Im gegensatz zu ihrem Namen kommt die Gartengrasmücke eher seltener in Gärten vor, häufiger ist sie in Hecken und grossen Büschen in waldrandlage anzutreffen, wo sie recht versteckt lebt.
[Aus der NABU Android-App]
Song: Sprudelnd, orgelnd, die längsten Strophen aller hiesigen Grasmücken. Mit vielen reinen, volltönenden Tönen. Ohne Überschlag der Mönchsgrasmücke. [Link]
Song: a full bodied, flowing, melodious stream of notes, distinguished by its almost constant, warbled quality and lack of clear whistling notes (see Blackcap). Tempo is fairly even. Beware confusion possibility with occasional subsong of Blackcap that never reaches the whistling part! Call a nasal "che". [Link]
Calls: Alarm call a hard "check", and a hoarse "tcherr". [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=20-24 cm, weight=16-22 g
Song: Hard to distinguish from mönchsgrasmücke/black cap.
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, fast, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz)
Presence: 04-15 - 10-05
Breeding: 04-30 - 08-10
Migration in: 04-15 - 05-30
Migration out: 08-01 - 10-05
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Nice seranade at Hungerseeli Source: OWN_VIA_BIRDNET 2020-05-07 10.58.02 Hungerseeli

At Auslikon bathing area parking lot Source: OWN 2020-04-27 14.45.54 Auslikon
Eurasian reed warbler / Teichrohrsänger (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) See above

Marsh warbler / Sumpfrohrsänger (Acrocephalus palustris)

Alternate classification: Notiocichla palustris

Wikipedia Teichrohrsaenger. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Acrocephalus; Subfamily Acrocephalinae; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
General: The marsh warbler (Acrocephalus palustris) is an Old World warbler currently classified in the family Acrocephalidae. It breeds in temperate Europe and the western Palearctic and winters mainly in south east Africa. It is notable for incorporating striking imitations of a wide variety of other birds into its song. [more]
Song: Der Virtuose unter den Rohrsängern! Meisterhafter Imitator anderer Vogelstimmen. Viele wirbelnde und zwirlende Laute, wenig schnarrende. Variable Tempi. [Link]
Song extremely varied and full of mimicry of both European and African species. Up to 75 species imitated by the same bird. Phrases often repeated 2-4 times, and different phrases may overlap. Nevertheless, clearly defined phrases with marked pauses. Sometimes more flowing streams of notes, but less so than Icterine Warbler. Most similar to Icterine and Blyth's Reed Warbler. Softer timbre than Icterine, and not so loud. [Link]
Calls: Sehr ähnlich der Obigen Art. [Link]
More defined pauses and staccato tempo, and lacks Icterine Warbler's nasal high-pitched calls. Differs from Blyth's Reed Warbler in fewer repetitions of each phrase, and lack of said species' whistling, arpeggio-like calls. Typical sequence is a hoarse, drawn "ti-chaaa". Alarm call a short "chepp" with clipped ending. [Link]
Physical details: length=13 cm, wingspan=18-21 cm, weight=10-15 g
Song: Weird, squeaky, urgent, more variable than reed warbler, with imitations of European and African birds.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, fast, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: weird, mimicry
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Teichrohrsänger am Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2020-04-27 14.29.30 Auslikon
Great reed warbler / Drosselrohrsänger (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) See above Sedge warbler / Schilfrohrsänger (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus) See above

Water rail / Wasserralle (Rallus aquaticus)


Wasserralle im schilf am pfaeffikersee. Source: OWN 2021-02-15 08.33.30 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Rallus; Family Rails (Rallidae)
In reeds at a lake.
Appearance and identification: The upper parts from the forehead to tail are olive-brown with black streaks, especially on the shoulders. The sides of the head and the underparts down to the upper belly are dark slate-blue, except for a blackish area between bill and eye, and brownish sides to the upper breast. The flanks are barred black and white, and the undertail is white with some darker streaks. The long bill and the iris are red, and the legs are flesh-brown. [Link]
Vocalization: Varied but distinct. [Link]
Song: Most heard is the territorial song consisting of short, nasal, sharp grunts "tuck- tuck-tuck", ending with a drawn-out trill rising and falling in pitch "kiiiieeerrrr". [Link]
Calls: Another diagnostic call is heard from excited birds; a longer pig-like shrilling squeal, with waning repetitions. A bit like someone squeezing a rubber toy. Also short and sharp calls "kvii". [Link]
Physical details: length=23-28 cm, wingspan=38-45 cm, weight=80-180 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Northern lapwing / Kiebitz (Vanellus vanellus)


Kiebitz, Neeracher Ried. Source: OWN 2021-02-24 12.46.02 Neeracherried
Classification: Genus Vanellus; Family Charadriidae
Etymology: The name lapwing has been variously attributed to the "lapping" sound its wings make in flight, from the irregular progress in flight due to its large wings (the Oxford English Dictionary derives this from an Old English word meaning "to totter"),[4] or from its habit of drawing potential predators away from its nest by trailing a wing as if broken. [Link]
Vocalization: Quite vocal, especially in flight at breeding ground. [Link]
Calls: Territorial call: Dry, introductory phrases followed by drawn-out mewing sounds; "wyrrr-peeeoo-weeep". Alarm call "pee-wit". [Link]
Physical details: length=28-31 cm, wingspan=82-87 cm, weight=140-320 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Common reed bunting / Rohrammer (Emberiza schoeniclus) See above Common nightingale / Nachtigall (Luscinia megarhynchos) See above

Long-tailed tit / Schwanzmeise (Aegithalos caudatus)

Alternate classification: Parus caudatus

Schwanzmeise am Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2021-02-05 13.32.24 Pfäffikersee
Classification: Genus Aegithalos; Family Long-tailed tits (Aegithalidae)
Quite surprised to identify this bird at the Hungerseeli, but have since realized they can be found here in the woods and in the reeds. They're small birds that look bigger because they fluff up their feathers and have a very long tail, which is just what I saw when I first sighted a pair June 3, 2020 at the Hungerseeli.
Appearance and identification: The subspecies europaeus occurs in Switzerland; it has a broad dark stripe over each eye, whereas the nominate caudatus has a pure white head. 'The long-tailed tit was first classified as a true tit of the Parus group. Parus has since been split from the Aegithalidae.' [Link]
Call: Die fast ständig geäusserten, hohen Rufe verraten die kleinen, rastlosen Turner im Gezweig meist schon, bevor sie zu sehen sind. [Link]
Flight call from XenoCanto

Flight call from XenoCanto Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: flight call Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz),
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto NABU

European crested tit / Haubenmeise (Lophophanes cristatus)

Alternate classification: Parus cristatus

Wikipedia - Haubenmeise - Lophophanes_cristatus_-_01 - Carlos Delgado. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Lophophanes; Family Titmice (Paridae)
General: The European crested tit, or simply crested tit (Lophophanes cristatus) (formerly Parus cristatus), is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is a widespread and common resident breeder in coniferous forests throughout central and northern Europe and in deciduous woodland in France and the Iberian peninsula. In Great Britain, it is chiefly restricted to the ancient pinewoods of Inverness and Strathspey in Scotland, and seldom strays far from its haunts. A few vagrant crested tits have been seen in England. It is resident, and most individuals do not migrate. [more]
Gesehen nah bei Pragelpasshöhe, zusammen mit Tannenmeisen, Haubenmeisen und Sommergoldhähnchen
Song: Song: an improvisation over previously described calls. [Link]
Calls: Call a characteristic vibrating rolling trill "Trrrrurrrurrrit", with last syllable emphasized and ending with ascending pitch. Often preceded by a couple of introductory "tzi tzi". [Link]
Physical details: length=11 cm, wingspan=17-20 cm, weight=10-13 g
Song: Higher-pitched than great tit - how distinguish from coal tit, etc?
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, fast, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz) Special sounds: slur
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
European Crested Tit song Source: XENOCANTO

Short-toed Treecreeper / Gartenbaumläufer (Certhia brachydactyla)


Vermutlich Gartenbaumlaeufer im Hoenggerwald. Source: OWN 2021-03-27 17.13.37 Wald auf dem Hoenggerberg
Classification: Genus Certhia; Subfamily Certhiinae; Family Certhiidae
General: The short-toed treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla) is a small passerine bird found in woodlands through much of the warmer regions of Europe and into north Africa. It has a generally more southerly distribution than the other European treecreeper species, the common treecreeper, with which it is easily confused where they both occur. The short-toed treecreeper tends to prefer deciduous trees and lower altitudes than its relative in these overlap areas. Although mainly sedentary, vagrants have occurred outside the breeding range. [more]
Song: Kurz u. bündig! (Gartenwege sind kurz.) Tonreihe am Schluss ansteigend. „Hesch du gseh woni bi? [Link]
Calls: scharf „tiit, sri“ [Link]
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto NABU

Eurasian treecreeper / Waldbaumläufer (Certhia familiaris)


As seen creeping up a tree trunk Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Certhia; Subfamily Certhiinae; Family Certhiidae
General: The Eurasian treecreeper or common treecreeper (Certhia familiaris) is a small passerine bird also known in the British Isles, where it is the only living member of its genus, simply as treecreeper. It is similar to other treecreepers, and has a curved bill, patterned brown upperparts, whitish underparts, and long stiff tail feathers which help it creep up tree trunks. It can be most easily distinguished from the similar short-toed treecreeper, which shares much of its European range, by its different song. [more]
General: Gesehen nah bei Pragelpasshöhe, zusammen mit Tannenmeisen, Haubenmeisen und Sommergoldhähnchen
AppearanceAndIdentification: Other: Baumläufer sind klein, ihr Pinzettschnabel leicht abwärts gebogen. Ihr Gefieder ist fleckig braun, unterseits heller, oft weißlich. Die Geschlechter unterscheiden sich nicht. ... So weit, so gut. Am Anfang einer Birder-Karriere ist man ja schon glücklich, den kleinen Piepmatz überhaupt als Baumläufer zu erkennen und schnell ist man versucht, anhand des Habitats eine Zuordnung vorzunehmen. Aber so einfach ist es leider nicht. Auch Waldbaumläufer sind gerne mal in Gärten oder Parks anzutreffen und umgedreht. Daher lohnt es sich, sich einige spezifische Merkmale zur Unterscheidung der beiden Arten zu merken... Gesang: kurz und mit einer Pause vor der Mitte scharf "tit tit tit" vom GBL, länger, aus zwei dünnen Trillern einem hohen folgt ein gleichmässig abfallender "tsii tsii tsii, tissi siii tsii" vom WBL. [Und für mich sieht der Schnabel beim GBL kurviger aus als den von WBL. - Bill] [Link]
Song: Lang u. Klar! (Waldwege sind lang). Tonreihe im Ganzen absinkend, nur letzter Ton höher. [Link]
Song a short, continuous three-part phrase. [Link]
Calls: weniger scharf, „srih,“ weniger eindringlich als oben [Link]
Contact call a drawn, high-pitched "tzreeee". Similar to Goldcrest in timbre, but of longer duration with a vibrating and slightly rolling tone. Generally repeated in evenly paced, slow series (unlike Goldcrest). Each phrase starts with a few contact call-like notes followed by a Willow Warbler-like descending part, which then jumps to a few descending high notes to form a marked conclusion. Note that "mixed singers" are not uncommon in areas where both species of treecreepers occur. [Link]
Physical details: length=12 cm, wingspan=17-21 cm, weight=8-11 g
Song: Wikipedia says: The contact call is a very quiet, thin and high-pitched sit, but the most distinctive call is a penetrating tsree, with a vibrato quality, sometimes repeated as a series of notes. The male's song begins with srrih, srrih followed in turn by a few twittering notes, a longer descending ripple, and a whistle that falls and then rises.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz)
Call: General: Fairly regularly spaced single tseep at 7-9KHz
Call: Contact call a drawn, high-pitched "tzreeee". Similar to Goldcrest in timbre, but of longer duration with a vibrating and slightly rolling tone. Generally repeated in evenly paced, slow series (unlike Goldcrest). [Link]
Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 7-9 KHz,
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Call - simple repeated note Source: XENOCANTO

Song - slowly descending whistle, rising at end, somewhat like coal tit Source: XENOCANTO
Eurasian wren / Zaunkönig (Troglodytes troglodytes) See above Great spotted woodpecker / Buntspecht (Dendrocopos major) See above

Middle spotted woodpecker / Mittelspecht (Dendrocoptes medius)

Alternate classification: Dendrocoptes medius, Picoides medius, Leiopicus medius

Vogelwarte Mittelspecht. Source: VOGELWARTE
Classification: Genus Dendrocopos; Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Habitat: Der Mittelspecht ist ein Habitatspezialist, der bei uns hauptsächlich ehemalige Mittelwälder mit zahlreichen Alteichen besiedelt. Der Bestand ist gefährdet und langfristig wird er sich nur halten können, wenn grossflächige Wälder mit der Eiche als Hauptbaumart bestehen bleiben. [Link]
Song: Im Gegensatz zu anderen Spechten trommelt der Mittelspecht nur sehr selten. [Link]
Song is a series of short, mewing and nasal "peeaa peeaa peeaa ", where each syllable quickly rises in pitch, but the overall phrase is fairly constant. [Link]
Calls: Contact and alarm call consists of a series of short "kitt" sounds, where the first syllable is clearer and distinctly in a higher pitch than the rest of the phrase. Seldom drums. [Link]
Physical details: length=20-22 cm, wingspan=33-34 cm, weight=50-80 g
Call: Stattdessen ist in der Brutzeit das klagende Quäken zu hören, womit der Mittelspecht sein Revier markiert. [Link]
XC624229 Mittelspecht call.

XC624229 Mittelspecht call. Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: 0-4 KHz,
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Black woodpecker / Schwarzspecht (Dryocopus martius)


Black Woodpecker adult and young By Alastair Rae from London, United Kingdom - Black Woodpecker, CC BY-SA 2.0. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Dryocopus; Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Bisher gehört aber nicht gesehen
Appearance and identification: The black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius) is a large woodpecker that lives in mature forests across the northern Palearctic. It is the sole representative of its genus in that region. Its range is expanding. It does not migrate. [Link]
Habitat: The black woodpecker is mainly found in forested regions, with a preference for extensive, mature woodland, including coniferous, tropical, subtropical and boreal forests. It is very widespread throughout mountainous and lowland forests. It is more likely to occur in marginal woods near human habitations during the non-breeding season. [Link]
Vocalization: Most sounds diagnostic and very far reaching. Drumming very powerful and long (1.8 - 3 sec.) with slightly falling intensity and accelerated ending. Each beat clearly distinguishable as in Tree-toed Woodpecker, but duration much longer. [Link]
Song: Beide Geschlechter ähnlich Grünspecht aber klangvoller. „klückklückklück“ 10-20 Laute. Die „klück“ werden etwas von unten heraufgeholt, vor allem gegen den Schluss zu. Häufiger hört man „kliüüh“ von am Stamme sitzenden Vogel. Bei Platzwechsel ruft er „krükrükrü“. [Link]
Song a quick series of "klee" calls resembling Green Woodpecker, but with a purer tone and upward infliction at end of each syllable. [Link]
Calls: Drumming:
Error loading Flash for sound!
See sound file


Flight call a characteristic resonant trill "krrreekrrreekrrreekrrree". A characteristic short, sharp and plaintive "keeaaa" with descending pitch often uttered when excited. A few slower drawn-out introductory calls before the phrase gets going is diagnostic.
[Link]
Physical details: length=45-57 cm, wingspan=64-68 cm, weight=290-370 g
Calls: 1: General: A loud unearthly call on a single unwavering note.
Great spotted woodpecker call

Great spotted woodpecker call Source: XENOCANTO

2: Describe drumming here, cf to other peckers!
Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 1-8 KHz,
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Unearthly call near Oberer Reitenbachholzweg in the woods by Rumlikon I looked for similar calls at XenoCanto for great spotted woodpeckers, red kites and kestrels, since I heard woodpeckers in those woods and saw the kites and kestrels nearby. I was pleased to find that it's a black woodpecker, which I had heard once or twice before but not been able to identify. Source: OWN 2020-10-21 15.13.08 Oberreitenbachholzweg, Rumlikon
Lesser spotted woodpecker / Kleinspecht (Dryobates minor) See above

Grey-headed woodpecker / Grauspecht (Picus canus)

Also known as: Grey-faced woodpecker

Vogelwarte Grauspecht. Note that it's quite green despite its name. Source: VOGELWARTE
Classification: Genus Picus; Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Behavior: Der Grauspecht gehört mit dem Grünspecht zu den «Erdspechten», die ihre Nahrung vorwiegend auf dem Boden suchen. Obwohl er fast so gross ist wie der Grünspecht, ist der heimlicher lebende Grauspecht ungleich schwieriger zu lokalisieren. Am ehesten verrät er sich durch die fallende, etwas melancholisch wirkende Rufreihe. Über seine Lebensweise ist vergleichsweise wenig bekannt. [Link]
Song: Deutlich abfallende Tonreihe. 4-10 Töne. Absinken beginnt gewöhnlich erst mit dem dritten oder vierten Ton und wird etwas langsamer. Klingt etwas klagend (moll). Vor allem gegen den Schluss. Kann nachgepfiffen werden. (beim Grünspecht nicht ) [Link]
Song: Drumming in lieu of song. Fast, constant, somehow less harsh than great and middle spotted woodpeckers.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, fast, Frequency: 0-4 KHz Special sounds: drumming
Call: In the FOK course, Christina said he sounds like he's running out of gas, which is a great description.
XC623125 grauspecht call.

XC623125 grauspecht call. Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz),
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto NABU

Eurasian Green Woodpecker / Grünspecht (Picus viridis)


Green woodpecker, Ecoteaux. In Loic and Laure's garden Source: OWN 2021-05-17 17.13.28 Ecoteaux
Classification: Genus Picus; Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)
In the FOK course, Tom mentioned that his nephew said it should be called the Buntspecht, since it has so many colors.
Da es v.a. Ameisen frisst, trommelt es nicht viel, so weit ich mich erinnere, daher ist es hier nicht beschrieben. Xenocanto hat auch nichts.
Appearance and identification: Der Grünspecht fällt neben dem laut lachenden Balzruf auch durch den wellenförmigen Flug auf, bei dem er die Flügel zwischen zwei Schlagphasen ganz an den Körper anlegt. Neben dem Wendehals ist er unter den Spechtarten Europas am stärksten auf Ameisen spezialisiert. Er besitzt eine mehr als 10 Zentimeter lange Zunge, die klebrig und an der Spitze mit Widerhaken versehen ist. [Link]
Song: Helles Lachen. Weiche, oft leicht abfallende Tonreihe. Variabel in Lautstärke und Silbenzahl. je nach Stimmung. Wenn abfallend dann vom Anfang der Rufreihe an. Auch dreisilbig „kiäckkiäckkiäck“. [Link]
Song similar to Grey-headed Woodpecker, but not as soft and fluty. Each phrase consist of a series of short "klee", with a laughing quality. Pitch drops slightly throughout the phrase, but not as markedly as in Grey-headed, and tempo is fairly constant (no ritardando). [Link]
Calls: Short "kek" calls when excited and in flight. Drumming of 1.5 seconds duration with decelerating tempo, but not often heard. Another call is similar to Black Woodpecker; a series of resonant "klit-klit-klit-klit-klit-klit", but is less clear, has a more determined start and has less obvious rising pitch at the end of each syllable. [Link]
Physical details: length=31-33 cm, wingspan=40-42 cm, weight=150-220 g
Call: Hysterical laughter. 7-8 loud urgent slightly falling notes, reminding me of George of the Jungle's dooky dooky bird for some reason.
XC627157 Gruenspecht laughing call.

XC627157 Gruenspecht laughing call. Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: high (3-9 KHz),
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Eurasian three-toed woodpecker / Dreizehenspecht (Picoides tridactylus)


Männchen mit gut erkennbarem gelben Oberkopf. Von Alberto Chiarle - https://www.flickr.com/photos/alberto_chiarle/5373229161/, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Picoides; Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Behavior: Der Borkenkäferspezialist bevorzugt ungepflegte Fichtenwälder mit reichlich Totholz. [Portrait]
Behavior: Die Anwesenheit des heimlichen Dreizehenspechts wird oft übersehen. Er ist wenig scheu und fliegt kaum weg, wenn man sich ihm nähert. [Portrait]
Song: Fast drumming, constant volume, longer than great spotted woodpecker's.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, fast, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz) Special sounds: drumming
Call: Behavior: Seine unauffälligen Rufe sind nicht laut und tönen ähnlich wie jene des Buntspechts. [Portrait]
XC498796 Dreizehenspecht call.

XC498796 Dreizehenspecht call. Source: XENOCANTO

Call attributes: drumming Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz),
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto NABU
Eurasian jay / Eichelhäher (Garrulus glandarius) See above Eurasian blue tit / Blaumeise (Cyanistes caeruleus) See above

Carrion crow / Aaskrähe (Corvus corone)

Also known as: Rabenkrähe

Kraehe am luppmen. Source: OWN 2020-04-15 09.15.28 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Crows (Corvus); Family Corvidae
General: The carrion crow (Corvus corone) is a passerine bird of the family Corvidae and the genus Corvus which is native to western Europe and the eastern Palearctic. [more]
Vocalization: Probably impossible to tell from Hooded Crow by sound with certainty, but tends to sound harder, and more mean. [Link]
Physical details: length=45-47 cm, wingspan=93-104 cm, weight=370-650 g
Song: Graak!
Song attributes: Melody: non musical, slow, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz) Special sounds: cawing
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Common cuckoo / Kuckuck (Cuculus canorus)


Wikipedia Kuckuck, Cuculus canorus. Von Locaguapa - Eigenes Werk, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Cuculus; Family Cuckoos (Cuculidae)
General: The common cuckoo (Cuculus canorus) is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, Cuculiformes, which includes the roadrunners, the anis and the coucals. [more]
Song: Männchen: Unverwechselbarer Ruf. Weibchen: im Frühling eine kichernde Rufreihe, [Link]
Song: the well known disyllabic "cuck-coo" with emphasis on first note, and the second note a third lower than the first one. Also a harsh "tchaa tchaa", and a bubbly trill, reminiscent of Little Grebe, uttered by the female. [Link]
Calls: wie „kwickkwickkwick“, 6-8 dicht gereihte, fast metallisch klingende Laute, von unten her angeschlagen. Jungkuckucke betteln durchdringend „ssrieb“ [Link]
Physical details: length=32-34 cm, wingspan=55-60 cm, weight=95-140 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Cuckoo. Source: OWN 2020-06-14 12.21.24 Locarno

Birdnet 126 - Common cuckoo. Source: OWN 2020-04-13 06.40.54 Luppmen

Hooded crow / Nebelkrähe (Corvus cornix)

Alternate classification: Corvus corone cornix

Hooded crow, Locarno Monti. Source: OWN 2020-06-16 18.19.00 Locarno
Classification: Genus Crows (Corvus); Family Corvidae
Von Linnaeus als eigener Genus erfasst, heute Unterart der Aaskrähe (neben Rabenkrähe).
Ich kenne sie aus dem Tessin, auch in der Ghisla Kunstsammlung.
Vocalization: Cawing is aggressive and more raucous than in Rook, with more rolling r's. [Link]
Song: Has a large repertoire of seldom heard calls, and even sub-song. [Link]
Calls: Many of these calls are surprisingly resonant and pleasant sounding, and sometimes resembles Raven. Probably impossible to tell from Carrion Crow with certainty by sound alone. [Link]
Physical details: length=45-47 cm, wingspan=93-104 cm, weight=370-650 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Common starling / Star (Sturnus vulgaris) See above Black kite / Schwarzmilan (Milvus migrans) See above Great tit / Kohlmeise (Parus major) See above European Nuthatch / Kleiber (Sitta europaea) See above European Robin / Rotkehlchen (Erithacus rubecula) See above Common chaffinch / Buchfink (Fringilla coelebs) See above

Eurasian Bullfinch / Gimpel (Pyrrhula pyrrhula)


Wikipedia Bullfinch_male. Von © Francis C. Franklin / CC-BY-SA-3.0, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37675952 Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Pyrrhula; Subfamily Carduelinae; Family Fringillidae
1 note call w slight dip? Song NABU 1 parakeet like puppy-dog whining, NABU 2 whistles, 2-syllable peek-a-boo, ...
Song: Song a quiet, modest mix of contact call and various chirping sounds, with peculiar harmonics. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a soft, full-bodied, descending, pure whistle; "peeuu". [Link]
Physical details: length=14-16 cm, wingspan=22-29 cm, weight=27-38 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Birdnet 1214 gimpel - Eurasian Bullfinch - Adelboden. Source: OWN 2021-02-21 12.51.52 Adelboden
Common Chiffchaff / Zilpzalp (Phylloscopus collybita) See above Dunnock / Heckenbraunelle (Prunella modularis) See above Common kestrel / Turmfalke (Falco tinnunculus) See above Eurasian sparrowhawk / Sperber (Accipiter nisus) See above Northern goshawk / Habicht (Accipiter gentilis) See above White stork / Weissstorch (Ciconia ciconia) See above Grey heron / Graureiher (Ardea cinerea) See above

Spotted flycatcher / Grauschnäpper (Muscicapa striata)

Alternate classification: Motacilla striata

In a pinch barbed wire will do instead of a tree branch. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Classification: Genus Muscicapa; Family Old World flycatchers (Muscicapidae)
Heard in woods near Staldenweiher. Has streaks on crown and breast, rather than spots. Medium brown on head and back, light colored belly. 'Pincette-shaped beak'.
Perches on limbs in forest to swoop for insects and return to perch, specifically heard in woods near Staldenweiher.
Song: Song a primitive, slow series of various buzzing and very high pitched sounds. No recurring phrases. [Link]
Calls: The discreet calls often goes unnoticed. Most calls high pitched with a buzzing, "electric" timbre. Alarm call a sharp, drawn "tzreeeee-check", with the second syllable abruptly clipping the sound. [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=23-25 cm, weight=14-20 g
Song: High (6-8 KHz?) short sound repeated every half to 5 seconds.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: 6-8 KHz
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU
Call in Staldenweiher woods Source: OWN 2020-06-22 16.58.36 Staldenweiher
White-throated Dipper / Wasseramsel (Cinclus cinclus) See above

Purple heron / Purpurreiher (Ardea purpurea)


Wikipedia: Purple heron
Classification: Genus Great herons (Ardea); Family Herons (Ardeidae)
General: The purple heron (Ardea purpurea) is a wide-ranging species of wading bird in the heron family, Ardeidae. The scientific name comes from Latin ardea "heron", and purpureus, "coloured purple".[2] It breeds in Africa, central and southern Europe, and southern and eastern Asia. The Western Palearctic populations migrate between breeding and wintering habitats whereas the African and tropical-Asian populations are primarily sedentary, except for occasional dispersive movements. [more]
Vocalization: Quite similar to Grey Heron, but not so vocal. [Link]
Calls: Pitch slightly higher and remains stable throughout the short call. Volume muffled and timbre drier. [Link]
Physical details: length=78-90 cm, wingspan=120-150 cm, weight=525-1218 g
Details Wikipedia Xeno-Canto

Little bittern / Zwergdommel (Ixobrychus minutus)


Wikipedia: Little bittern
Classification: Genus Least bitterns (Ixobrychus); Family Herons (Ardeidae)
General: The little bittern or common little bittern (Ixobrychus minutus) is a wading bird in the heron family, Ardeidae. Ixobrychus is from Ancient Greek ixias, a reed-like plant and brukhomai, to bellow, and minutus is Latin for "small".[2] [more]
Vocalization: Mostly silent except in breeding season. [Link]
Song: Song is a series of short, deep, frog-like "gorrk", repeated every 2 seconds. Tone is muffled and hollow, but far-carrying. [Link]
Calls: Flight-call a sharp "ki-ke-ke" or a nasal "ke". [Link]
Physical details: length=33-38 cm, wingspan=52-58 cm, weight=140-150 g
Details Wikipedia Xeno-Canto

Collared flycatcher / Halsbandschnäpper (Ficedula albicollis)


Wikipedia: Collared flycatcher
Classification: Genus Ficedula; Family Old World flycatchers (Muscicapidae)
General: The collared flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis) is a small passerine bird in the Old World flycatcher family, one of the four species of Western Palearctic black-and-white flycatchers. It breeds in southeast Europe (isolated populations are present in the islands of Gotland and Öland in the Baltic Sea, Sweden) and Eastern France to the Balkan Peninsula and Ukraine and is migratory, wintering in sub Sahara Africa.[2] It is a rare vagrant in western Europe. [more]
Details Wikipedia Xeno-Canto

European pied flycatcher / Trauerschnäpper (Ficedula hypoleuca)


Trauerschnaepper. Source: OWN 2021-05-04 09.33.06 Flachsee am Reuss
Classification: Genus Ficedula; Family Old World flycatchers (Muscicapidae)
The European pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) is a small passerine bird in the Old World flycatcher family. One of the four species of Western Palearctic black-and-white flycatchers, it hybridizes to a limited extent with the collared flycatcher.[2] It breeds in most of Europe and across the Western Palearctic. It is migratory, wintering mainly in tropical Africa.[1][3] It usually builds its nests in holes on oak trees.[4] This species practices polygyny, usually bigamy, with the male travelling large distances to acquire a second mate. The male will mate with the secondary female and then return to the primary female in order to help with aspects of child rearing, such as feeding.[2][5] [more]
Song: Song a pleasant, tuneful, simple but varied phrase. [Link]
Calls: Alarm call a sharp, energetic "wit", often in combination with a short "tic"; "whit-tic". Typically starts with disyllabic notes being repeated 3-5 times, diminishing in pitch and intensity like an echo of the first two syllables. Occasionally throws in a quick diagnostic ascending scale excercise. Clear notes and well defined pauses between phrases. [Link]
Physical details: length=13 cm, wingspan=21-24 cm, weight=10-15 g
Details Wikipedia Xeno-Canto

Little grebe / Zwergtaucher (Tachybaptus ruficollis)


Wikipedia: Little grebe
Classification: Genus Tachybaptus; Family Grebes (Podicipedidae)
General: The little grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis), also known as dabchick, is a member of the grebe family of water birds. The genus name is from Ancient Greek takhus "fast" and bapto "to sink under". The specific ruficollis is from Latin rufus "red" and Modern Latin -collis, "-necked", itself derived from Latin collum "neck".[2] [more]
Vocalization: Relatively vocal compared to many other grebes. [Link]
Calls: Call; sometimes a single quite clear high pitched "dydlylyyt". More often combined into longer phrases with harsher quality, oscillating like laughter and travelling up and down in pitch in agitated motion. Reminiscent of female Cuckoo. [Link]
Physical details: length=25-29 cm, wingspan=40-45 cm, weight=140-193 g
Details Wikipedia Xeno-Canto

European honey-buzzard / Wespenbussard (Pernis apivorus)


Wikipedia: European honey-buzzard
Classification: Genus Pernis; Subfamily True hawks (Accipitrinae); Family Accipitridae
General: The European honey buzzard (Pernis apivorus), also known as the pern or common pern,[2] is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae. [more]
Calls: Call an ascending, then descending; "pjuuuuu" much thinner than buzzards, and with a distinct register break when changing pitch. May be confused with newly fledged Buzzard chicks. [Link]
Physical details: length=52-60 cm, wingspan=135-150 cm, weight=360-1050 g
Details Wikipedia Xeno-Canto

Little ringed plover / Flussregenpfeifer (Charadrius dubius)


Wikipedia: Little ringed plover
Classification: Genus Charadrius; Family Charadriidae
General: The little ringed plover (Charadrius dubius) is a small plover. The genus name Charadrius is a Late Latin word for a yellowish bird mentioned in the fourth-century Vulgate. It derives from Ancient Greek kharadrios a bird found in river valleys (kharadra, "ravine"). The specific dubius is Latin for doubtful, since Sonnerat, writing in 1776, thought this bird might be just a variant of common ringed plover.[2] [more]
Vocalization: Quite different from Ringed Plover. Sharper sounding, lacking Ringed's soft tone. Often starts with a rolling "r". [Link]
Calls: Common calls are a two syllable "krrll-uuit" with a rising pitch or just a sharp, rolling "krrri-krrri". Also a longer rolling "krree-looo" with pitch rising in first syllable and falling in the second. [Link]
Physical details: length=14-15 cm, wingspan=42-48 cm, weight=32-48 g
Details Wikipedia Xeno-Canto

Black-winged stilt / Stelzenläufer (Himantopus himantopus)


Wikipedia: Black-winged stilt
Classification: Genus Himantopus; Family Recurvirostridae
General: The black-winged stilt (Himantopus himantopus) is a widely distributed very long-legged wader in the avocet and stilt family (Recurvirostridae). The scientific name H. himantopus was formerly applied to a single, almost cosmopolitan species. It is now normally applied to the form that is widespread in Eurosiberia and Africa and which was formerly regarded as the nominate subspecies of Himantopus himantopus sensu lato. The scientific name Himantopus comes from the Greek meaning "strap foot" or "thong foot".[2] Most sources today accept 2–4 species.[3][4][5][6][7][8] It is sometimes called pied stilt, but that name is now reserved for the Australian species, Himantopus leucocephalus. [more]
Details Wikipedia Xeno-Canto

Wood sandpiper / Bruchwasserläufer (Tringa glareola)


Wikipedia: Wood sandpiper
Classification: Genus Tringa; Family Shorebirds (Scolopacidae)
The wood sandpiper (Tringa glareola) is a small wader. This Eurasian species is the smallest of the shanks, which are mid-sized long-legged waders of the family Scolopacidae. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle. The specific glareola is from Latin glarea, " gravel".[2] [more]
Vocalization: Totally different from Green Sandpiper. [Link]
Calls: Flight call a soft, but explosive "whiff whiff" , sometimes with only one syllable. Display call similar to redshank but with only two accented beats; a fast melodious "dee-loo", repeated in cycles. [Link]
Physical details: length=19-21 cm, wingspan=56-57 cm, weight=50-80 g
Details Wikipedia Xeno-Canto

Grey wagtail / Gebirgsstelze (Motacilla cinerea)


Wikipedia: Grey wagtail
Classification: Genus Motacilla; Family Motacillidae
General: The grey wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) is a member of the wagtail family, Motacillidae, measuring around 18–19 cm overall length. The species looks somewhat similar to the yellow wagtail but has the yellow on its underside restricted to the throat and vent. Breeding males have a black throat. The species is widely distributed, with several populations breeding in Eurosiberia and migrating to tropical regions in Asia and Africa. The species is always associated with running water when breeding, although they may use man-made structures near streams for the nest. Outside the breeding season, they may also be seen around lakes, coasts and other watery habitats. Like other wagtails, they frequently wag their tail and fly low with undulations and they have a sharp call that is often given in flight. [more]
Song: Song simple but variable. Sometimes with more elaborate song-flight like White Wagtail. [Link]
Calls: Contact call short, metallic and with a clipped ending. Often disyllabic, "tzeet-tzeet", with each syllable more separated than in White Wagtail, and timbre more "dirty". Often starts with the contact call, followed by short melodic phrases. [Link]
Physical details: length=18-19 cm, wingspan=25-27 cm, weight=14-22 g
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Black-crowned night-heron / Nachtreiher (Nycticorax nycticorax)


Wikipedia: Black-crowned night-heron
Classification: Genus Night herons (Nycticorax); Family Herons (Ardeidae)
General: The black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), or black-capped night heron, commonly shortened to just night heron in Eurasia, is a medium-sized heron found throughout a large part of the world, except in the coldest regions and Australasia (where it is replaced by the closely related nankeen night heron, with which it has hybridized in the area of contact). [more]
Calls: Most commonly hear call is a nasal, soft croaking "roack", like cross between Raven and frog. [Link]
Physical details: length=58-65 cm, wingspan=105-112 cm, weight=500-800 g
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Northern wheatear / Steinschmätzer (Oenanthe oenanthe)


Classification: Genus Oenanthe; Family Old World flycatchers (Muscicapidae)
General: The northern wheatear or wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae. It is the most widespread member of the wheatear genus Oenanthe in Europe and North and Central Asia. [more]
Vocalization: Each phrase is often introduced by the "weet" sound, then followed by hastened, creaking, rattling and warbling sounds of 1-2 seconds duration. [Link]
Song: The Wheatear song consists of short phrases with marked pauses. The "check" sound is also often included in the song. [Link]
Calls: Contact and alarm call a high pitched, sharp "weet", followed by a hard "check", like hitting two rocks together. The "weet" sound is much sharper than the similar sound in Whinchat and Stonechat. Wheater usually repeats the "weet" sound more frequently than the "check" sound. The "check" of Stonechat is less pure and more gritty. [Link]
Physical details: length=14-15 cm, wingspan=26-32 cm, weight=18-29 g
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Eurasian hobby / Baumfalke (Falco subbuteo)


Wikipedia: Eurasian hobby
Classification: Genus Falcons (Falco); Family Falconidae
General: The Eurasian hobby (Falco subbuteo) or just simply hobby, is a small, slim falcon. It belongs to a rather close-knit group of similar falcons often considered a subgenus Hypotriorchis.[2][3][4] [more]
Vocalization: Varied, but not very vocal. [Link]
Calls: Calls when courting and at breeding ground. Most common sound a high-pitched "tew-tew-tew". Similar to Wryneck, but less pleading. Also a sneezing "ktcho". [Link]
Physical details: length=30-36 cm, wingspan=82-92 cm, weight=131-340 g
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European turtle-dove / Turteltaube (Streptopelia turtur)


Wikipedia: European turtle-dove
Classification: Genus Streptopelia; Family Pigeons (Columbidae)
General: The European turtle dove (Streptopelia turtur) is a member of the bird family Columbidae, the doves and pigeons. It breeds over a wide area of the south western Palearctic including north Africa but migrates to northern sub-Saharan Africa to winter. [more]
Song: Song: a deep, rolling, and slightly ascending cooing; "trrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr trrr-trrrr" with variations in rhythm. Sometimes birds sticks to a phrase, but phrases varies between individuals. [Link]
Physical details: length=26-28 cm, wingspan=47-53 cm, weight=100-180 g
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Western yellow wagtail / Wiesenschafstelze (Motacilla flava)


Wikipedia: Western yellow wagtail
Classification: Genus Motacilla; Family Motacillidae
General: The western yellow wagtail (Motacilla flava) is a small passerine in the wagtail family Motacillidae, which also includes the pipits and longclaws. [more]
Song: Song primitive and less striking. Beware differences in calls and songs between different subspecies. [Link]
Calls: Contact call characteristic and widely used; a sharp, drawn out "pseeeoo" with an accented ending falling in pitch. A variable phrase with two or three notes resembling the contact call in timbre. [Link]
Physical details: length=17 cm, wingspan=23-27 cm, weight=14-21 g
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Alpine swift / Alpensegler (Tachymarptis melba)

Alternate classification: Apus melba

Wikipedia: Alpine swift
Classification: Genus Tachymarptis; Subfamily Apodinae; Family Swifts (Apodidae)
General: The Alpine swift (Tachymarptis melba) formerly Apus melba, is a species of swift. The genus name is from the Ancient Greek takhus, "fast", and marptis, "seizer". The specific name melba comes from ‘melano-alba’ or ‘mel-alba’; Eigenhuis & Swaab (1992) posited that ‘melba’ might be a short form for ‘melano-alba’ or ‘mel-alba’ (Gr. melas, melanos = black; L. albus = white). Linnaeus certainly referred to these two colors in his diagnosis.[2] [more]
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Bank swallow / Uferschwalbe (Riparia riparia)


Wikipedia: Bank swallow
Classification: Genus Riparia; Family Swallows (Hirundinidae)
The sand martin (Riparia riparia) or European sand martin, bank swallow, and collared sand martin in India, is a migratory passerine bird in the swallow family. It has a wide range in summer, embracing practically the whole of Europe and the Mediterranean countries and across the Palearctic to the Pacific Ocean. It is a Holarctic species also found in North America. It winters in eastern and southern Africa, South America, and the Indian Subcontinent. [more]
Song: Song a primitive improvisation on the contact call. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a mono- or disyllabic "trrrrt". Similar to House Martin but more raucous and less crisp, with less rolling r's, and with stable pitch throughout. Alarm call similar to House Martin; a sharp plaintive "tseep", but somewhat purer and more drawn. [Link]
Physical details: length=12 cm, wingspan=26-29 cm, weight=11-16 g
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Common whitethroat / Dorngrasmücke (Sylvia communis)

Also known as: Greater whitethroat

Wikipedia: Common whitethroat
Classification: Genus Sylvia; Subfamily Sylviinae; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
General: The common whitethroat (Curruca communis) is a common and widespread typical warbler which breeds throughout Europe and across much of temperate western Asia. This small passerine bird is strongly migratory, and winters in tropical Africa, Arabia, and Pakistan. [more]
Vocalization: Variable. Usually recognized by fairly concise phrase, usually with three ascending and descending parts. [Link]
Song: Often ends with more indistinct mimicry, or subsong. May omit characteristic phrase and sing more cryptic for periods of time, and may be more difficult to identify. [Link]
Calls: Warning call a harsh, drawn "weeet", usually with accented ending, sometimes rising abruptly in pitch. [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=18-23 cm, weight=13-18 g
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Common quail / Wachtel (Coturnix coturnix)


Classification: Genus Coturnix; Subfamily Perdicinae; Family Turkeys (Phasianidae)
General: The common quail (Coturnix coturnix), or European quail, is a small ground-nesting game bird in the pheasant family Phasianidae. It is mainly migratory, breeding in the western Palearctic and wintering in Africa and southern India. [more]
Vocalization: Other sounds: A nasal disyllabic mewing "mau-au", and a wader-like rolling "wreee". [Link]
Song: Song a very characteristic, short, tri-syllabic whistling, with each syllable ending with a sharp rise in pitch "weet weet-weet". The two last syllable linked together. [Link]
Physical details: length=16-18 cm, wingspan=32-35 cm, weight=75-135 g
Details Wikipedia Xeno-Canto Bird was but not recorded. null

Common greenshank / Grünschenkel (Tringa nebularia)


Wikipedia: Common greenshank
Classification: Genus Tringa; Family Shorebirds (Scolopacidae)
General: The common greenshank (Tringa nebularia) is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae, the typical waders. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle. The specific nebularia is from Latin nebula "mist". Like the Norwegian Skoddefoll, this refers to the greenshank's damp marshy habitat.[2] [more]
Vocalization: Most heard is a characteristic, trisyllabic "tew-tew-tew" (sometimes two or four syllables). Can resemble redshank, but pitch more stable, and not falling notably. Each syllable is clearly separated and equally emphasized. [Link]
Song: Song a clear disyllabic "cloo-eeee", repeated in cycles but each phrase clearly separated. At close range a short creaky sound is audible (between each phrase). Redshank may sing in a slightly similar way, but in continuous, linked phrases. [Link]
Physical details: length=30-33 cm, wingspan=68-70 cm, weight=130-270 g
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Black stork / Schwarzstorch (Ciconia nigra)


Wikipedia: Black stork
Classification: Genus Ciconia; Family Storks (Ciconiidae)
General: The black stork (Ciconia nigra) is a large bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. It was first described by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae. Measuring on average 95 to 100 cm (37 to 39 in) from beak tip to end of tail with a 145-to-155 cm (57-to-61 in) wingspan, the adult black stork has mainly black plumage, with white underparts, long red legs and a long pointed red beak. A widespread but uncommon species, it breeds in scattered locations across Europe (predominantly in Portugal and Spain, and central and eastern parts), and east across the Palearctic to the Pacific Ocean. It is a long-distance migrant, with European populations wintering in tropical Sub-Saharan Africa, and Asian populations in the Indian subcontinent. When migrating between Europe and Africa, it avoids crossing the Mediterranean Sea and detours via the Levant in the east or the Strait of Gibraltar in the west. An isolated, non-migratory, population occurs in Southern Africa. [more]
Vocalization: Thin, disyllabic "ahhh-li" heard at nest and when courting. One syllable sounds like gasping intake of air, the other is a thin, piping sound. A bit like a cheap, manual, air-mattress pump. Bill-clattering used by juveniles in alarm. [Link]
Physical details: length=95-100 cm, wingspan=145-155 cm, weight=3000 g
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Western marsh harrier / Rohrweihe (Circus aeruginosus)

Also known as: Eurasian marsh-harrier

Wikipedia: Western marsh harrier
Classification: Genus Harriers (Circus); Subfamily True hawks (Accipitrinae); Family Accipitridae
General: The western marsh harrier (Circus aeruginosus) is a large harrier, a bird of prey from temperate and subtropical western Eurasia and adjacent Africa. It is also known as the Eurasian marsh harrier. The genus name Circus is derived from the Ancient Greek kirkos, referring to a bird of prey named for its circling flight (kirkos, "circle"), probably the hen harrier. The specific aeruginosus is Latin for "rusty".[3] [more]
Calls: Call: A sharp "kwii-uuu" of about a seconds length, rapidly ascending in pitch, and ending on a falling tone. [Link]
Physical details: length=48-56 cm, wingspan=115-130 cm, weight=405-800 g
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Barn owl / Schleiereule (Tyto alba)

Alternate classification: Strix alba

Wikipedia: Barn owl
Classification: Genus Tyto; Family Barn owls (Tytonidae)
General: The barn owl (Tyto alba) is the most widely distributed species of owl in the world and one of the most widespread of all species of birds, being found almost everywhere in the world except for the polar and desert regions, Asia north of the Himalayas, most of Indonesia, and some Pacific Islands. It is also known as the common barn owl, to distinguish it from the other species in its family, Tytonidae, which forms one of the two main lineages of living owls, the other being the typical owls (Strigidae). [more]
Vocalization: Large repertoire of mainly hissing and screeching sounds. [Link]
Song: Song consists of a single, drawn screech, lasting about a second and is often performed in flight. Starting in a very hoarse tone, then progressing with a rising pitch into a more burbling sound, before suddenly ending. [Link]
Physical details: length=33-35 cm, wingspan=80-95 cm, weight=240-350 g
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Icterine warbler / Gelbspötter (Hippolais icterina)

Alternate classification: Hippolais hippolais

Wikipedia: Icterine warbler
Classification: Genus Hippolais; Subfamily Acrocephalinae; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
General: The icterine warbler (Hippolais icterina) is an Old World warbler in the tree warbler genus Hippolais. It breeds in mainland Europe except the southwest, where it is replaced by its western counterpart, melodious warbler. It is migratory, wintering in sub-Saharan Africa. [more]
Song: Song very virtuous and varied. Most similar to Marsh Warbler, but timbre and attack harder and more powerful. Tempo varied with many pauses, but includes longer, and more flowing sequences than Marsh Warbler. Song frequently interrupted by characteristic, nasal, high-pitched squeaks unlike Marsh Warbler. Master of mimicry. Imitations are often repeated several times before changing to melodious motifs or more "noisy" phrases. [Link]
Calls: Contact call distinct. A hard, trisyllabic "che-che-fink" , or "che-che-weet" with upward inflection. [Link]
Physical details: length=13 cm, wingspan=20-24 cm, weight=10-15 g
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Ruff / Kampfläufer (Calidris pugnax)

Alternate classification: Philomachus pugnax
Also known as: Ruff_(bird)

Wikipedia: Ruff
Classification: Genus Calidris; Family Shorebirds (Scolopacidae)
General: The ruff (Calidris pugnax) is a medium-sized wading bird that breeds in marshes and wet meadows across northern Eurasia. This highly gregarious sandpiper is migratory and sometimes forms huge flocks in its winter grounds, which include southern and western Europe, Africa, southern Asia and Australia. [more]
Vocalization: Generally silent. Short, muted, nasal, mono or disyllabic grunts sometimes heard. [Link]
Physical details: length=26-30 cm, wingspan=54-58 cm, weight=75-230 g
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Eurasian hoopoe / Wiedehopf (Upupa epops)


Wikipedia: Eurasian hoopoe
Classification: Genus Upupa; Family Upupidae
General: The Eurasian hoopoe (Upupa epops) is the most widespread species of the genus Upupa, native to Europe, Asia and the northern half of Africa. Some taxonomists still consider all three species conspecific. Some authorities also keep the African and Eurasian hoopoe together, but split the Madagascar hoopoe. [more]
Song: Song a characteristic, hollow, far-reaching and trisyllabic "hoop-hoop-hoop". Dove-like timbre and slightly ascending in pitch. Sometimes two or four syllables, depending on virility of male. [Link]
Calls: Other calls include a dry, hoarse and rasping "ehrrrrrr". [Link]
Physical details: length=26-28 cm, wingspan=42-46 cm, weight=55-87 g
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Spotted crake / Tüpfelsumpfhuhn (Porzana porzana)


Wikipedia: Spotted crake
Classification: Genus Porzana; Family Rails (Rallidae)
General: The spotted crake (Porzana porzana) is a small waterbird of the family Rallidae. The scientific name is derived from Venetian terms for small rails.[2] [more]
Song: Loud and far reaching song uttered with relentless stamina for hours on end. A monosyllabic, resonant and drawn-out "huiiit". [Link]
Calls: The pith rises towards the emphasized end of the call, which is repeated about once a second. Often compared to the dripping of water. Mostly heard at night, and often i duet with mate. The female answers the male with a slightly deeper and softer call, giving the impression of one bird giving a disyllabic call. [Link]
Physical details: length=22-24 cm, wingspan=37-42 cm, weight=70-110 g
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Montagu's harrier / Wiesenweihe (Circus pygargus)


Wikipedia: Montagu's harrier
Classification: Genus Harriers (Circus); Subfamily True hawks (Accipitrinae); Family Accipitridae
General: Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus) is a migratory bird of prey of the harrier family. Its common name commemorates the British naturalist George Montagu. [more]
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Little egret / Seidenreiher (Egretta garzetta)


Wikipedia: Little egret
Classification: Genus Plumed egrets (Egretta); Family Herons (Ardeidae)
The little egret (Egretta garzetta) is a species of small heron in the family Ardeidae. The genus name comes from the Provençal French Aigrette, "egret", a diminutive of Aigron," heron". The species epithet garzetta is from the Italian name for this bird, garzetta or sgarzetta.[2] [more]
Vocalization: Sometimes utters a dry, rasping "kerrr" when flushed, but is mostly silent away from breeding ground. In colonies a peculiar gurgling and vibrating sound is heard; "ghala-la-la-la". [Link]
Physical details: length=55-65 cm, wingspan=88-95 cm, weight=350-550 g
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Great bittern / Rohrdommel (Botaurus stellaris)

Alternate classification: Ardea stellaris

Wikipedia: Great bittern
Classification: Genus Brown bitterns (Botaurus); Family Herons (Ardeidae)
General: The Eurasian bittern or great bittern (Botaurus stellaris) is a wading bird in the bittern subfamily (Botaurinae) of the heron family Ardeidae. There are two subspecies, the northern race (B. s. stellaris) breeding in parts of Europe and across the Palearctic, as well as on the northern coast of Africa, while the southern race (B. s. capensis) is endemic to parts of southern Africa. It is a secretive bird, seldom seen in the open as it prefers to skulk in reed beds and thick vegetation near water bodies. Its presence is apparent in the spring, when the booming call of the male during the breeding season can be heard. It feeds on fish, small mammals, fledgling birds, amphibians, crustaceans and insects. [more]
Song: Song unmistakable and far reaching (up to 5 km). Pitch very deep, with timbre similar to blowing on a big empty bottle. At close range an "inbreath" is also audible (1-3 dampened, higher pitched introductory notes). [Link]
Calls: Flight call a deep croaking "graat". [Link]
Physical details: length=70-80 cm, wingspan=125-135 cm, weight=867-1940 g
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Bluethroat / Blaukehlchen (Luscinia svecica)

Alternate classification: Erithacus svecius

Wikipedia: Bluethroat
Classification: Genus Luscinia; Family Thrushes (Turdidae)
Brut-, Zugvogel
Song: Song: Structure slightly similar to Nightingale, but tone much thinner and less full-bodied. A good impersonator and various imitations are interwoven among metallic, ringing sounds to form a complex, intriguing song. [Link]
Calls: Call: "pju-check". Double syllable starting as a descending whistle, and ending on a short "check". [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=20-22 cm, weight=15-25 g
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Ortolan bunting / Ortolan (Emberiza hortulana)


Wikipedia: Ortolan bunting
Classification: Genus Buntings (Emberiza); Tribe Emberizini; Subfamily Emberizinae; Family Fringillidae
Brut-, Zugvogel
Vocalization: Distinct bunting-like timbre with very prominent harmonics. [Link]
Song: Song simple, but varies from region to region. Sometimes structurally similar to yellowhammer, but slower, more melancholic, and with more clearly audible harmonics f.ex. "tze-ti tze-ti tze-ti tweeeee". Beginning with repeated alternating notes (tze-ti) and ending on a lower note fading out with a rising pitch. Sometimes without the ending note (like yellowhammer). [Link]
Calls: Calls: a vaguely House Sparrow-like "chepp", with a ringing quality, and a sharper cut-off "zeep". [Link]
Physical details: length=16-17 cm, wingspan=23-29 cm, weight=81-96 g
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Long-eared owl / Waldohreule (Asio otus)

Alternate classification: Strix otus

Wikipedia: Long-eared owl
Classification: Genus Asio; Family Strigidae
Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast
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Corn bunting / Grauammer (Emberiza calandra)

Alternate classification: Miliaria calandra

Wikipedia: Corn bunting
Classification: Genus Buntings (Emberiza); Tribe Emberizini; Subfamily Emberizinae; Family Fringillidae
Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast
Vocalization: Repeated in a monotonous manner, to form a typical soundscape of fields where it is numerous. Often compared to the sound of a chain of small keys. The phrase starts with a few staccato, ticking sounds that progress into a dry trill, followed by a short ritardando. [Link]
Song: Song diagnostic. A brittle, jingling and accelerating phrase of about 2 seconds duration. [Link]
Calls: Calls with a dry "chep" or a brittle "vitt". [Link]
Physical details: length=17-18 cm, wingspan=26-32 cm, weight=35-63 g
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Black grouse / Birkhuhn (Lyrurus tetrix)

Alternate classification: Tetrao tetrix

Wikipedia: Black grouse
Classification: Genus Lyrurus; Subfamily Grouses (Tetraoninae); Family Turkeys (Phasianidae)
Brut-, Jahresvogel
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Grey partridge / Rebhuhn (Perdix perdix)


Wikipedia: Grey partridge
Classification: Genus Perdix; Subfamily Perdicinae; Family Turkeys (Phasianidae)
Brut-, Jahresvogel
Vocalization: Also various clucking sounds. [Link]
Song: Song a sharp, very raspy sound, e.g. "krii-uuu-ii", with middle part lowered in pitch. Often compared to the sound of a rusty gate. [Link]
Physical details: length=29-31 cm, wingspan=45-48 cm, weight=340-450 g
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Rook / Saatkrähe (Corvus frugilegus)


Wikipedia: Rook
Classification: Genus Crows (Corvus); Family Corvidae
Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast
Vocalization: Makes similar caws as Carrion Crow, but is harsher, softer, flatter with less rolling r's. [Link]
Song: Also gives a varied song of soft gurgling and rattling sounds, interwoven with calls at breeding ground. [Link]
Physical details: length=44-46 cm, wingspan=81-99 cm, weight=280-340 g
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Savi's warbler / Rohrschwirl (Locustella luscinioides)

Alternate classification: Locustella luscinoides

Wikipedia: Savi's warbler
Classification: Genus Locustella; Family Locustellidae
Brut-, Zugvogel
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Common snipe / Bekassine (Gallinago gallinago)

Alternate classification: Capella gallinago

Wikipedia: Common snipe
Classification: Genus Gallinago; Family Shorebirds (Scolopacidae)
Brut-, Zugvogel, Wintergast
Vocalization: Quite vocal, especially at breeding ground. [Link]
Song: Song an unmistakable bleating, drumming sound produced by vibrating tail feathers in sky-dives. [Link]
Calls: Almost always give diagnostic hoarse and nasal "kaaat" call when flushed. Another territorial call is a rhythmic, mechanical and sharp "tika-tika-tka", or "ika-ka-ka". [Link]
Physical details: length=25-27 cm, wingspan=44-47 cm, weight=80-140 g
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Lesser whitethroat / Klappergrasmücke (Sylvia curruca)

Also known as: Zaungrasmücke

Wikipedia: Lesser whitethroat Brut-, Zugvogel
Song: Song typically consists of two parts. An indistinct chattering and warbling, subsong-like part similar to Whitethroat, which is usually followed by a dry, fast and rattling trill. The trill carries much further than the chattering part. May be difficult to identify if trill is omitted. [Link]
Calls: Warning call a hard "check" similar to Blackcap but slightly softer. [Link]
Physical details: length=12-13 cm, wingspan=16-20 cm, weight=10-14 g
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Melodious warbler / Orpheusspötter (Hippolais polyglotta)


Wikipedia: Melodious warbler
Classification: Genus Hippolais; Subfamily Acrocephalinae; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
Brut-, Zugvogel
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Common grasshopper warbler / Feldschwirl (Locustella naevia)


Wikipedia: Common grasshopper warbler
Classification: Genus Locustella; Family Locustellidae
Brut-, Zugvogel
Song: Song insect-like and high-pitched. A monotonous stream of even clicks similar to a running fishing line. Maintained for seemingly endless periods, and often hard to locate. Song most similar to Savi's Warbler but is slower (each click more separated), and higher pitched with a metallic, ringing quality. Short sequences of song also functions as contact call. Also a Robin-like "tick". [Link]
Physical details: length=12-13 cm, wingspan=15-19 cm, weight=11-16 g
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Jackdaw / Dohle (Coloeus monedula)

Alternate classification: Corvus monedula

Wikipedia: Jackdaw
Classification: Genus Crows (Corvus); Family Corvidae
Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast
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Stock dove / Hohltaube (Columba oenas)


Hohltaube bei Maienfeld. Source: OWN 2021-05-29 11.42.52 Maienfeld
Classification: Genus Columba; Family Pigeons (Columbidae)
Brut-, Zugvogel
Song: Song a two-syllable, cooing. Much louder and more accentuated first syllable than in Feral Pigeon. First a short ascending "oooh", immediately followed by a short descending "oohh". Tone quite pure, mostly lacking the rolling quality of Feral Pigeon. [Link]
Physical details: length=32-34 cm, wingspan=63-69 cm, weight=250-350 g
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Wood warbler / Waldlaubsänger (Phylloscopus sibilatrix)


Wikipedia: Wood warbler
Classification: Genus Phylloscopus; Family Phylloscopidae
Brut-, Zugvogel
Song: Song distinct. An accelerating series of sharp, metallic "swee-swee-swee-swee". Alternative (piping) song a series of 4-6 piping, plaintive and descending "pew - pew" calls. Resembles Willow Tit's song, but is softer with each note more evenly pitched. Contact call similar to individual syllables of piping song, but with heavier accent on the ending. [Link]
Calls: Typically with a staccato beginning. Pitch drops as the speed increases and the syllables fuses into a continuous trill. Often described as the sound of a spinning coin coming to rest on a glass table. Some phrases may be given in an almost even tempo, and may recall Bonelli's Warbler. [Link]
Physical details: length=12 cm, wingspan=19-24 cm, weight=8-12 g
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Cirl bunting / Zaunammer (Emberiza cirlus)


Wikipedia: Cirl bunting
Classification: Genus Buntings (Emberiza); Tribe Emberizini; Subfamily Emberizinae; Family Fringillidae
Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel
Song: Song variable, but can generally be described as a Yellowhammer phrase with no ending, or an Arctic Warbler with bunting timbre. Tempo also variable, but rhythm always even. [Link]
Calls: Alarm call a thin "tseeep", similar to Rock Bunting, but more drawn out. [Link]
Physical details: length=15 cm, wingspan=22-25 cm, weight=21-29 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Northern shrike / Raubwürger (Lanius excubitor)


Wikipedia: Northern shrike
Classification: Genus Lanius; Family Shrikes (Laniidae)
Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast
Song: Song varied. During breeding season a varied subdued song is heard from both sexes. [Link]
Calls: Alarm call very harsh, nasal and noisy. Dry and not as deep or resonant as crows. Territorial call before breeding starts is simple, loud and resonant. Consisting of pleasant sounding single or double syllables, with well defined pauses and peculiar harmonics. [Link]
Physical details: length=24-25 cm, wingspan=30-35 cm, weight=48-81 g
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Eurasian linnet / Bluthänfling (Linaria cannabina)

Alternate classification: Carduelis cannabina

Wikipedia: Eurasian linnet
Classification: Genus Linaria; Subfamily Carduelinae; Family Fringillidae
Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast
Song: Song a varied, sweet stream of contact calls, mimicry and trills with a staccato feel. [Link]
Calls: Flight-call a quick and "bouncing" "gig-gig" or "tchett-tchett". Most often disyllabic utterances, while Twite seems to vary more the number of syllables. Tone harder and more bouncing. Most easily recognized by the frequently interwoven, disyllabic contact calls. [Link]
Physical details: length=13 cm, wingspan=21-25 cm, weight=15-22 g
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Eurasian wryneck / Wendehals (Jynx torquilla)


Classification: Genus Jynx; Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Brut-, Zugvogel
Vocalization: Normally silent when not breeding. Other sounds: a guttural "gru", and hissing sounds when threatened. [Link]
Song: Song (both sexes): an insisting, Merlin- or Lesser Spotted Woodpecker-like series of plaintive "kee kee kee kee kee ". First slightly ascending, then descending. [Link]
Physical details: length=16-17 cm, wingspan=25-27 cm, weight=30-45 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU Bird was but not recorded. null

Little owl / Steinkauz (Athene noctua)

Alternate classification: Strix noctua

Wikipedia: Little owl
Classification: Genus Athene; Family Strigidae
Brut-, Jahresvogel
Vocalization: Rich repertoire of social sounds: E.g. a clear "klewew", and sharp short "kek kek kek". [Link]
Song: Song a clear drawn "klooit" resembling Scops Owl, but with different intonation and longer single notes. [Link]
Calls: Tone rises slowly in pitch throughout the call and ends with marked raised pitch, often with a change in timbre to a coarse shriek. [Link]
Physical details: length=21-23 cm, wingspan=54-58 cm, weight=140-220 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Bearded reedling / Bartmeise (Panurus biarmicus)


Wikipedia: Bearded reedling
Classification: Genus Panurus; Family Old World warblers (Sylviidae)
Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel
Vocalization: More often heard than seen. [Link]
Song: Song a primitive, 3-syllable phrase, consisting of contact call-like sounds. [Link]
Calls: Usually identified by contact call; a ringing, explosive "tschin" with a characteristic "dirty" timbre. Also a hard and very short "pit", often mixed with the previous. [Link]
Physical details: length=12 cm, wingspan=16-18 cm, weight=12-18 g
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Common rosefinch / Karmingimpel (Carpodacus erythrinus)

Alternate classification: Erythrina erythrina

Classification: Genus Carpodacus; Subfamily Carduelinae; Family Fringillidae
Brut-, Zugvogel
Song: Song very characteristic. A melodious, pure and short whistle, often rendered as "pleased to meet you". Each note with a smooth gliding change of pitch. Number of syllables may vary. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a short ascending "hueet" resembling Siskin in timbre. [Link]
Physical details: length=14-15 cm, wingspan=24-26 cm, weight=19-27 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU Bird was but not recorded. null

Water pipit / Bergpieper (Anthus spinoletta)

Alternate classification: Pipastes spinoletta

Wikipedia: Water pipit
Classification: Genus Anthus; Family Motacillidae
Zugvogel, Wintergast
Vocalization: Similar to Rock Pipit. [Link]
Song: Song slightly more melodious, often with Tree Pipit like glissandi at end of phrase. [Link]
Calls: Contact call sharper and more drawn. [Link]
Physical details: length=17 cm, wingspan=24-29 cm, weight=19-27 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Eurasian eagle-owl / Uhu (Bubo bubo)

Alternate classification: Strix bubo

Wikipedia: Eurasian eagle-owl
Classification: Genus Eagle owls (Bubo); Family Strigidae
Brut-, Jahresvogel
Song: Song a very deep "ooho". Continuous, but disyllabic. First syllable emphasized and second syllable rapidly falling in pitch. Quite similar to Long-eared Owl, but deeper and with more pronounced pitch change at end ("release"). [Link]
Calls: Frequency of calls also diagnostic: Typically 8-10 seconds between each "ooho" (2-3 seconds in Long-eared Owl ). Audible at 1 - 4 km distance. Both sexes sing. Has a rich repertoire of contact/alarm calls like a hoarse, heron-like "kreaaak", and an excited, bubbling "hohohohoh". [Link]
Physical details: length=60-75 cm, wingspan=160-188 cm, weight=1800-4200 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

Wood lark / Heidelerche (Lullula arborea)


Wikipedia: Wood lark
Classification: Genus Lullula; Family Larks (Alaudidae)
Brut-, Zugvogel
Song: Song: Distinct and quite slow for a lark. Consists mainly of varied, disyllabic elements, or single syllables repeated in descending, accelerated phrases. Starting soft and hesitantly, then gaining in strength and speed. [Link]
Physical details: length=15 cm, wingspan=27-30 cm, weight=25-35 g
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Eurasian penduline-tit / Beutelmeise (Remiz pendulinus)


Wikipedia: Eurasian penduline-tit
Classification: Genus Remiz; Family Titmice (Paridae)
Brut-, Zugvogel
Calls: Call a sharp clear high pitched whistle "pju-eee-uu", with the middle part accented and with a raised pitch Or just an all descending whistle "pjuuuuuuu". [Link]
Physical details: length=11 cm, wingspan=16-17 cm, weight=8-10 g
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Ring ouzel / Ringdrossel (Turdus torquatus)


Wikipedia: Ring ouzel
Classification: Genus Turdus; Family Thrushes (Turdidae)
Brut-, Zugvogel
Song: Song a primitive, plaintive series of short phrases. Often with only one or two syllables. Interspersed with eerie, higher pitched sounds, reminiscent of Song Thrush. [Link]
Calls: Alarm call a series of "chok-chok". Thicker and more resonant than Redwing. [Link]
Physical details: length=23-24 cm, wingspan=38-42 cm, weight=92-138 g
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Hawfinch / Kernbeisser (Coccothraustes coccothraustes)


Classification: Genus Coccothraustes; Subfamily Carduelinae; Family Fringillidae
Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast
Calls: Most typical call a sharp and explosive "tzek", with abrupt, emphasized, cut-off ending. Quite similar to Robin, but harder, with each syllable marginally longer with a slightly wheezing timbre. Repetitions are slower and more singular than Robin. Diagnostic when interspersed with high frequency notes. [Link]
Physical details: length=18 cm, wingspan=29-33 cm, weight=46-70 g
Details Wikipedia Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU Bird was but not recorded. null