Birds of Central America in taxonomic hierarchy

Birds as they appear in the taxonomic classification. A total of 944 species is included.

Class aves (Birds / Vögel):

Order Anseriformes (Ducks, geese and swans / Vögel):

Family anatidae (Anatidae / Entenvögel):

Subfamily Anatinae (Dabbling ducks plus extinct):
Tribe Anatini (Dabbling ducks / Schwimmenten):
Genus Anas (Ducks):
Mallard / Stockente (Anas platyrhynchos)
Alternate classification: Anas platyrhynchos f. domestica
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Mother and 4 of 9 babies on the Pfäffikersee 2020-05-20 09.12.44 Pfäffikersee
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Common waterbird at Pfäffikersee
Etymology: Der heutige Name kann als Hinweis auf ihre Brutplätze verstanden werden, zu denen auf Stock gesetzte Weiden, Weidengebüsch oder auch Reisighaufen gehören. ['Stock' wird weiter erklärt: Als Stockausschlag bezeichnet man bei Bäumen und Sträuchern Triebe, die nach dem Verlust der primären Sprossachse neu aus dem Stumpf oder Stubben (der dann „Stock“ genannt wird) austreiben.] [Link]
The name 'was derived from the Old French malart or mallart for "wild drake"' [Link]
Vocalization: Female: A distinct coarse, laughing quacking; "haaa ha ha ha ha ha", with first note accented and then descending in pitch. Male: a more silent, very nasal "rriib". [Link]
Calls: Display call a high-pitched short whistle. [Link]
Physical details: length=50-65 cm, wingspan=81-98 cm, weight=750-1450 g

Eurasian teal / Krickente (Anas crecca)
Alternate classification: Nettion crecca
Also known as: Green-winged teal
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Krickente am Aa-Bach beim Südende des Pfäffikersee 2021-01-26 15.41.54 Pfäffikersee
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Wintergast am Teich am Aa-Bach beim Südende des Pfäffikersee
Etymology: Die hellen «krrik»-Rufe der stimmfreudigen Erpel verhalfen dieser Art zu ihrem deutschen Namen. [Link]
Vocalization: Male: characteristic, short, highly resonant and metallic "plytt". A bit similar to Pintail, but higher pitched and lacking accompanying whistling sound. Female: various quacking sounds generally quicker paced, more nasal and noticeably higher pitched than Mallard. [Link]
Physical details: length=34-38 cm, wingspan=58-64 cm, weight=200-450 g

Call: Blup blup, fast wie vom Computer generiert, fur mich nohe Noten (obwohl Sonogram nur 2.5 KHz zeigt)
Krickente Ruf von XenoCanto

Krickente Ruf von XenoCanto Source: XENOCANTO (call)


Call attributes: Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz),

Northern pintail / Spiessente (Anas acuta)
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Wikipedia: Northern pintail
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The pintail or northern pintail (Anas acuta) is a duck with wide geographic distribution that breeds in the northern areas of Europe and across the Palearctic and North America. It is migratory and winters south of its breeding range to the equator. Unusually for a bird with such a large range, it has no geographical subspecies if the possibly conspecific duck Eaton's pintail is considered to be a separate species. [more]
Vocalization: Female: similar to Mallards coarse laughing sound, but with a more emphasized first "haaa", and a more silent accelerating subsequent "laugh". Male: Pleasant, resonant "plop" similar to Teal, but lower pitched, richer, mellower and not so metallic. Accompanied by a higher pitched, slightly raspy whistling "aiiooo" rising and falling in pitch. [Link]
Physical details: length=51-66 cm, wingspan=51-66 cm, weight=500-1100 g

Blue-winged teal (Spatula discors)
Alternate classification: Anas discors
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Wikipedia: Blue-winged teal
General: The blue-winged teal (Spatula discors) is a species of bird in the duck, goose, and swan family Anatidae. One of the smaller members of the dabbling duck group, it occurs in North America, where it breeds from southern Alaska to Nova Scotia, and south to northern Texas. It winters along the Pacific and Atlantic coasts and south into the Caribbean islands and Central America. [more]

Genus Mareca:
American wigeon / Nordamerikanische Pfeifente (Mareca americana)
Alternate classification: Anas americana
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Wikipedia: American wigeon
The American wigeon (Mareca americana), also known as the baldpate, is a species of dabbling duck found in North America. Formerly assigned to Anas, this species is classified with the other wigeons in the dabbling duck genus Mareca. It is the New World counterpart of the Eurasian wigeon. Mareca is from the Brazilian-Portuguese word Marréco for a small duck and americana refers to America.[2][3] [more]

Tribe Aythyini (Diving ducks / Tauchenten):
Genus Aythya:
Ring-necked duck / Ringschnabelente (Aythya collaris)
Alternate classification: Anas collaris
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Wikipedia: Ring-necked duck
The ring-necked duck (Aythya collaris) is a diving duck from North America commonly found in freshwater ponds and lakes.[2] The scientific name is derived from Greek aithuia, an unidentified seabird mentioned by authors including Hesychius and Aristotle, and Latin collaris, "of the neck" from collum, "neck".[3] [more]

Lesser scaup (Aythya affinis)
Alternate classification: Fuligula affinis
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Wikipedia: Lesser scaup
The lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) is a small North American diving duck that migrates south as far as Central America in winter. It is colloquially known as the little bluebill or broadbill because of its distinctive blue bill. The origin of the name scaup may stem from the bird's preference for feeding on scalp—the Scottish word for clams, oysters, and mussels; however, some credit it to the female's discordant scaup call as the name's source.[2] It is apparently a very close relative of the Holarctic greater scaup or "bluebill" (A. marila), with which it forms a superspecies.[3][4] The scientific name is derived from Ancient Greek aithuia an unidentified seabird mentioned by authors including Hesychius and Aristotle, and Latin, affinis "related to", from its resemblance to the greater scaup.[5] [more]

Genus Cairina:
Muscovy duck / Moschusente (Cairina moschata)
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Wikipedia: Muscovy duck
The Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) is a large duck native to Mexico and Central and South America. Small wild and feral breeding populations have established themselves in the United States, particularly in Florida, Louisiana, Massachusetts, and the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas, the Big Island of Hawaii, as well as in many other parts of North America, including southern Canada. Feral Muscovy ducks are found in New Zealand, Australia, and in parts of Europe. [more]

Genus Nomonyx:
Masked duck (Nomonyx dominicus)
Alternate classification: Oxyura dominica
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Wikipedia: Masked duck
The masked duck (Nomonyx dominicus) is a tiny stiff-tailed duck ranging through the tropical Americas. They are found from Mexico to South America and also in the Caribbean. Primarily not migratory, masked ducks are reported as very uncommon vagrants in the southernmost United States, along the Mexican border and in Florida. As of 2000, the conservation status for masked ducks in Texas is 3,800 birds.[2] On April 1, 1962, it was recorded from Lowndes County, Georgia, where it was photographed by Alexander Wetmore.[3] [more]

Family Anatidae (Waterfowl):

Subfamily Dendrocygninae:
Genus Dendrocygna:
Black-billed whistling duck / Kubapfeifgans (Dendrocygna arborea)
Also known as: West indian whistling-duck
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Black billed whistling duck. 2020-02-19 07.35.22 Central America
We saw this on the Pipeline Road near Gamboa, Panama - see tiger heron for more on that.
General: Anas arborea Linnaeus, 1758 [more]

Fulvous whistling-duck / Gelbe Pfeifgans (Dendrocygna bicolor)
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Wikipedia: Fulvous whistling-duck
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The fulvous whistling duck or fulvous tree duck (Dendrocygna bicolor) is a species of whistling duck that breeds across the world's tropical regions in much of Mexico and South America, the West Indies, the southern United States, sub-Saharan Africa and the Indian subcontinent. It has plumage that is mainly reddish brown, long legs and a long grey bill, and shows a distinctive white band across its black tail in flight. Like other members of its ancient lineage, it has a whistling call which is given in flight or on the ground. Its preferred habitat consists of wetlands with plentiful vegetation, including shallow lakes and paddy fields. The nest, built from plant material and unlined, is placed among dense vegetation or in a tree hole. The typical clutch is around ten whitish eggs. The breeding adults, which pair for life, take turns to incubate, and the eggs hatch in 24–29 days. The downy grey ducklings leave the nest within a day or so of hatching, but the parents continue to protect them until they fledge around nine weeks later. [more]

White-faced whistling-duck / Witwenpfeifgans (Dendrocygna viduata)
Alternate classification: Dendrocygna viduata viduata
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Wikipedia: White-faced whistling-duck
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: South America, Africa.
Anas viduata Linnaeus, 1766 [more]

Black-bellied whistling-duck / Herbstpfeifgans (Dendrocygna autumnalis)
Alternate classification: Anas autumnalis
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Wikipedia: Black-bellied whistling-duck
The black-bellied whistling duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis), formerly called the black-bellied tree duck, is a whistling duck that breeds from the southernmost United States, Mexico, and tropical Central to south-central South America. In the US, it can be found year-round in peninsular Florida, parts of southeast Texas, coastal Alabama and seasonally in southeast Arizona, and Louisiana's Gulf Coast. It is a rare breeder in such disparate locations as Arkansas, Georgia, Tennessee, and South Carolina, though it is now a common breeder in parts of central Florida. There is a large population of several hundred that winter each year in Audubon Park in uptown New Orleans, Louisiana. Since it is one of only two whistling duck species native to North America, it is occasionally just known as the "whistling duck" or "Mexican squealer" in the southern USA. [more]

Order Suliformes:

Family Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and shags / Kormorane):

Genus Phalacrocorax:
Neotropic cormorant / Olivenscharbe (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
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Wikipedia: Neotropic cormorant
The neotropic cormorant or olivaceous cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus) is a medium-sized cormorant found throughout the American tropics and subtropics, from the middle Rio Grande and the Gulf and Californian coasts of the United States south through Mexico and Central America to southern South America, where it is called by the Indian name of biguá. It also breeds on the Bahamas, Cuba and Trinidad. It can be found both at coasts (including some mangrove areas) and on inland waters. There are at least two subspecies: P. b. mexicanus from Nicaragua northwards and P. b. brasilianus further south. In Peru the neotropic cormorant is used by the Uru people for fishing. [more]

Order Pelecaniformes (Ibis, herons and pelicans):

Family Ardeidae (Herons / Reiher):

Genus Ardea (Great herons):
Great egret / Silberreiher (Ardea alba)
Alternate classification: Egretta albus
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Silberreiher in Deutschland, von WikiCommons Von Andreas Eichler, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=59954907
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Auf dem Heimweg von Schwanden haben wir bei Benken ganz weisse Reiher gesehen. Laut ornitho.ch waren sie Silberreiher.
Bei den meisten Quellen heisst es, sie sind in der Schweiz nur Durchzüger oder Wintergäste. Aber laut Balzari und Gygax, brüten auch einige Voegel am Lac Neuchatel seit 2013.
Vocalization: Silent outside breeding ground. [Link]
Calls: In colonies various harsh calls like a dry, and mechanical "kerrrrrrr", and a very nasal "geet" or "ga-geet ga-geet" are heard. [Link]
Physical details: length=85-102 cm, wingspan=140-170 cm, weight=960-1030 g

Great blue heron / Kanadareiher (Ardea herodias)
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Great blue heron, apparently known as a predator of small birds and chased away, above Cherrywood Court. 2021-06-17 05.48.04 Maryland
General: The great blue heron (Ardea herodias) is a large wading bird in the heron family Ardeidae, common near the shores of open water and in wetlands over most of North America and Central America, as well as the Caribbean and the Galápagos Islands. It is a rare vagrant to coastal Spain, the Azores, and areas of far southern Europe. An all-white population found in south Florida and the Florida Keys is known as the great white heron. Debate exists about whether this represents a white color morph of the great blue heron, a subspecies of it, or an entirely separate species.[2][3] The status of white individuals known to occur elsewhere in the Caribbean, and very rarely elsewhere in eastern North America, is unclear.[3] [more]

Cocoi heron / Cocoireiher (Ardea cocoi)
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Wikipedia: Cocoi heron
The cocoi heron (Ardea cocoi) is a species of long-legged wading bird in the heron family Ardeidae found across South America. It has predominantly pale grey plumage with a darker grey crest. A carnivore, it hunts fish and crustaceans in shallow water. [more]

Genus Nycticorax (Night herons):
Black-crowned night-heron / Nachtreiher (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Also known as: Black-crowned night heron
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Wikipedia: Black-crowned night-heron
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), or black-capped night heron, commonly shortened to just night heron in Eurasia, is a medium-sized heron found throughout a large part of the world, except in the coldest regions and Australasia (where it is replaced by the closely related nankeen night heron, with which it has hybridized in the area of contact). [more]
Calls: Most commonly hear call is a nasal, soft croaking "roack", like cross between Raven and frog. [Link]
Physical details: length=58-65 cm, wingspan=105-112 cm, weight=500-800 g

Genus Egretta (Plumed egrets):
Snowy egret (Egretta thula)
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Wikipedia: Snowy egret
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
General: The snowy egret (Egretta thula) is a small white heron. The genus name comes from Provençal French for the little egret, aigrette, which is a diminutive of aigron, 'heron'. The species name thula is the Araucano term for the black-necked swan, applied to this species in error by Chilean naturalist Juan Ignacio Molina in 1782.[3] [more]

Little blue heron / Blaureiher (Egretta caerulea)
Alternate classification: Florida caerulea
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Wikipedia: Little blue heron
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The little blue heron (Egretta caerulea) is a small heron belonging to the family Ardeidae. [more]

Reddish egret / Rötelreiher (Egretta rufescens)
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Wikipedia: Reddish egret
The reddish egret (Egretta rufescens) is a medium-sized heron. It is a resident breeder in Central America, The Bahamas, the Caribbean, the Gulf Coast of the United States, and Mexico.[2] There is post-breeding dispersal to well north of the nesting range. In the past, this bird was a victim of the plume trade. [more]

Tricolored heron / Dreifarbenreiher (Egretta tricolor)
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Wikipedia: Tricolored heron
The tricolored heron (Egretta tricolor), formerly known as the Louisiana heron, is a small species of heron native to coastal parts of the Americas; in the Atlantic region, it ranges from the northeastern United States, south along the coast, through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, to northern South America as far south as Brazil. In the Pacific region, it ranges from Peru to California, but it is only a nonbreeding visitor to the far north. [more]

Genus Nyctanassa:
Yellow-crowned night heron / Krabbenreiher (Nyctanassa violacea)
Also known as: Yellow-crowned night-heron
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Juvenile Yellow-crowned night heron in Manzanillo, Costa Rica. 2020-03-13 08.59.00 Central America
The yellow-crowned night heron (Nyctanassa violacea), is one of two species of night herons found in the Americas, the other one being the black-crowned night heron. It is known as the "bihoreau violacé" in French and the "pedrete corona clara" in Spanish. [more]

Genus Botaurus (Brown bitterns):
American bittern / Nordamerikanische Rohrdommel (Botaurus lentiginosus)
Alternate classification: Ardea lentiginosa
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Wikipedia: American bittern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The American bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus) is a species of wading bird in the heron family. It has a Nearctic distribution, breeding in Canada and the northern and central parts of the United States, and wintering in the U.S. Gulf Coast states, all of Florida into the Everglades, the Caribbean islands and parts of Central America. [more]

Pinnated bittern / Südamerikanische Rohrdommel (Botaurus pinnatus)
Alternate classification: Ardea pinnata
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Wikipedia: Pinnated bittern
The pinnated bittern (Botaurus pinnatus), also known as the South American bittern, is a large member of the heron family (Ardeidae) found in the New World tropics. Like the other Botaurus bitterns, its plumage is mostly buffy-brown and cryptically patterned. Though it is a widespread species, it is rarely seen – presumably due to its skulking habits – and much about its life history remains little known. [more]

Genus Bubulcus (Cattle egrets):
Cattle egret / Kuhreiher (Bubulcus ibis)
Alternate classification: Egretta ibis
Also known as: Western cattle egret
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Arenal cattle w cattle egrets. 2018-02-27 16.42.14 Central America
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis) is a cosmopolitan species of heron (family Ardeidae) found in the tropics, subtropics, and warm-temperate zones. It is the only member of the monotypic genus Bubulcus, although some authorities regard two of its subspecies as full species, the western cattle egret and the eastern cattle egret. Despite the similarities in plumage to the egrets of the genus Egretta, it is more closely related to the herons of Ardea. Originally native to parts of Asia, Africa, and Europe, it has undergone a rapid expansion in its distribution and successfully colonised much of the rest of the world in the last century. [more]
Vocalization: Usually silent away from breeding ground. In the colonies a chorus of various coarse sounds can be heard. Most distinct is a disyllabic "rick-rack". Other sounds includes short, guttural utterings, or drawn, harsh shrieks. [Link]
Physical details: length=48-53 cm, wingspan=90-96 cm, weight=300-400 g

Genus Butorides (Green-backed herons):
Green-backed heron (Butorides striata)
Alternate classification: Butorides striatus
Also known as: Striated heron
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Wikipedia: Green-backed heron
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, South America, Africa.

Green heron / Grünreiher (Butorides virescens)
Alternate classification: Ardea virescens
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Wikipedia: Green heron
General: The green heron (Butorides virescens) is a small heron of North and Central America. Butorides is from Middle English butor "bittern" and Ancient Greek -oides, "resembling", and virescens is Latin for "greenish".[2] [more]

Genus Cochlearius:
Boat-billed heron / Kahnschnabel (Cochlearius cochlearius)
Alternate classification: Cochlearius cochlearia
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Boat billed heron in Cahuita, Costa Rica. 2020-03-17 16.57.49 Central America
The boat-billed heron (Cochlearius cochlearius), colloquially known as the boatbill, is an atypical member of the heron family, and was formerly placed in a monotypic family, the Cochlearidae. It lives in mangrove swamps from Mexico south to Peru and Brazil. It is a nocturnal bird, and breeds semicolonially in mangrove trees, laying two to four bluish-white eggs in a twig nest. [more]

Genus Ixobrychus (Least bitterns):
Least bittern / Amerikanische Zwergdommel (Ixobrychus exilis)
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Wikipedia: Least bittern
The least bittern (Ixobrychus exilis) is a small heron, the smallest member of the family Ardeidae found in the Americas. [more]

Genus Tigrisoma:
Fasciated tiger heron / Streifenreiher (Tigrisoma fasciatum)
Also known as: Fasciated tiger-heron
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Fasciated tiger heron. 2020-02-19 06.59.06 Central America
We saw this on a guided tour of the Pipeline Road near Gamboa, Panama, which is named after an oil pipeline built to ensure supply during World War II, but never actually put into service, and now providing access to Soberania National Park.
General: The fasciated tiger heron (Tigrisoma fasciatum) is a species of heron in the family Ardeidae. It is present in southern Central America and parts of northern and central South America, where its natural habitat is rivers. [more]

Bare-throated tiger-heron / Nacktkehlreiher (Tigrisoma mexicanum)
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Wikipedia: Bare-throated tiger-heron
The bare-throated tiger heron (Tigrisoma mexicanum) is a wading bird of the heron family, Ardeidae, found from Mexico to northwestern Colombia, with one recorded sighting from the United States in Hidalgo County, Texas.[2] It is 80 cm (31 in) in length and weighs 1,200 g (42 oz). [more]

Rufescent tiger-heron / Marmorreiher (Tigrisoma lineatum)
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Wikipedia: Rufescent tiger-heron
The rufescent tiger heron (Tigrisoma lineatum) is a species of heron in the family Ardeidae. It is found in wetlands from Central America through much of South America. [more]

Genus Agamia:
Agami heron (Agamia agami)
Alternate classification: Ardea agami
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Wikipedia: Agami heron
The agami heron (Agamia agami) is a medium-sized heron. It is a resident breeding bird from Central America south to Peru and Brazil. It is sometimes known as the chestnut-bellied heron, and is the only member of the genus Agamia (Reichenbach, 1853). In Brazil it is sometimes called Soco beija-flor, meaning 'hummingbird heron', thanks to its unique coloration pattern.[2] [more]

Genus Pilherodius:
Capped heron / Kappenreiher (Pilherodius pileatus)
Alternate classification: Nyctocorax pileatus
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Wikipedia: Capped heron
The capped heron (Pilherodius pileatus) is a water bird endemic to the neotropics, inhabiting rainforest from the center of Panama to the south of Brazil.[2] It is the only species of the genus Pilherodius, and one of the least known of the heron family, Ardeidae. It is superficially similar to the group of the night herons, but is active during daytime or at twilight.[3] [more]

Family Fregatidae (Frigatebirds):

Genus Fregata:
Great frigatebird / Bindenfregattvogel (Fregata minor)
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Wikipedia: Great frigatebird
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The great frigatebird (Fregata minor) is a large seabird in the frigatebird family. There are major nesting populations in the tropical Pacific (including the Galapagos Islands) and Indian Oceans, as well as a tiny population in the South Atlantic. [more]

Magnificent frigatebird / Prachtfregattvogel (Fregata magnificens)
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Wikipedia: Magnificent frigatebird
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The magnificent frigatebird (Fregata magnificens) or man o' war is a seabird of the frigatebird family Fregatidae. With a length of 89–114 centimetres (35–45 in) and wingspan of 2.17–2.44 m (7.1–8.0 ft) it is the largest species of frigatebird. It occurs over tropical and subtropical waters off America, between northern Mexico and Perú on the Pacific coast and between Florida and southern Brazil along the Atlantic coast.[1] There are also populations on the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific and the Cape Verde islands in the Atlantic. [more]

Family Pelecanidae (Pelicans):

Genus Pelecanus:
Brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)
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Brown pelican tentative ID. 2020-03-08 13.27.20 Central America
The brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a bird of the pelican family, Pelecanidae, one of three species found in the Americas and one of two that feed by diving into water. It is found on the Atlantic Coast from New Jersey to the mouth of the Amazon River, and along the Pacific Coast from British Columbia to northern Chile, including the Galapagos Islands. The nominate subspecies in its breeding plumage has a white head with a yellowish wash on the crown. The nape and neck are dark maroon–brown. The upper sides of the neck have white lines along the base of the gular pouch, and the lower fore neck has a pale yellowish patch. The male and female are similar, but the female is slightly smaller. The nonbreeding adult has a white head and neck. The pink skin around the eyes becomes dull and gray in the nonbreeding season. It lacks any red hue, and the pouch is strongly olivaceous ochre-tinged and the legs are olivaceous gray to blackish-gray. [more]

Family Phaethontidae (Tropicbirds):

Genus Phaethon:
Red-billed tropicbird / Rotschnabel-Tropikvogel (Phaethon aethereus)
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Wikipedia: Red-billed tropicbird
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The red-billed tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus) is a tropicbird, one of three closely related species of seabird of tropical oceans. Superficially resembling a tern in appearance, it has mostly white plumage with some black markings on the wings and back, a black mask and, as its common name suggests, a red bill. Most adults have tail streamers that are about two times their body length, with those in males being generally longer than those in females. The red-billed tropicbird itself has three subspecies recognized, including the nominate. The subspecies mesonauta is distinguished from the nominate by the rosy tinge of its fresh plumage, and the subspecies indicus can be differentiated by its smaller size, more restricted mask, and more orange bill. This species ranges across the tropical Atlantic, eastern Pacific, and Indian Oceans. The nominate is found in the southern Atlantic Ocean, the subspecies indicus in the waters off of the Middle East and in the Indian Ocean, and the subspecies mesonauta in the eastern portions of both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans and in the Caribbean. It was one of the many species described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1758 10th edition of Systema Naturae. [more]

Family Sulidae (Gannets and boobies / Tölpel):

Genus Sula:
Brown booby / Weißbauchtölpel (Sula leucogaster)
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Wikipedia: Brown booby
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The brown booby (Sula leucogaster) is a large seabird of the booby family, Sulidae, of which it is perhaps the most common and widespread species.[3] It has a pantropical range, which overlaps with that of other booby species. The gregarious brown booby commutes and forages at low height over inshore waters. Flocks plunge-dive to take small fish, especially when these are driven near the surface by their predators. They only nest on the ground, and roost on solid objects rather than the water surface.[3] [more]

Red-footed booby / Rotfußtölpel (Sula sula)
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Wikipedia: Red-footed booby
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The red-footed booby (Sula sula) is a large seabird of the booby family, Sulidae. Adults always have red feet, but the colour of the plumage varies. They are powerful and agile fliers, but they are clumsy in takeoffs and landings. They are found widely in the tropics, and breed colonially in coastal regions, especially islands. The species faces few natural or man-made threats, although its population is declining; it is considered to be a least-concern species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). [more]

Masked booby (Sula dactylatra)
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Wikipedia: Masked booby
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The masked booby (Sula dactylatra), also called the masked gannet or the blue-faced booby, is a large seabird of the booby and gannet family, Sulidae. First described by the French naturalist René-Primevère Lesson in 1831, the masked booby is one of six species of booby in the genus Sula. It has a typical sulid body shape, with a long pointed yellowish bill, long neck, aerodynamic body, long slender wings and pointed tail. The adult is bright white with black wings, a black tail and a dark face mask; at 75–85 cm (30–33 in) long, it is the largest species of booby. The sexes have similar plumage. This species ranges across tropical oceans, except in the eastern Atlantic and eastern Pacific. In the latter, it is replaced by the Nazca booby (Sula granti), which was formerly regarded as a subspecies of masked booby. [more]

Nazca booby / Nazcatölpel (Sula granti)
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Wikipedia: Nazca booby
The Nazca booby (Sula granti) is a large seabird of the booby family, Sulidae, native to the eastern Pacific. First described by Walter Rothschild in 1902, it was long considered a subspecies of the masked booby until recognised as distinct genetically and behaviorally in 2002. It has a typical sulid body shape, with a long pointed orange-yellow bill, long neck, aerodynamic body, long slender wings and pointed tail. The adult is bright white with black and white wings, a black tail and a dark face mask. [more]

Blue-footed booby / Blaufußtölpel (Sula nebouxii)
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Wikipedia: Blue-footed booby
The blue-footed booby (Sula nebouxii) is a marine bird native to subtropical and tropical regions of the eastern Pacific Ocean. It is one of six species of the genus Sula – known as boobies. It is easily recognizable by its distinctive bright blue feet, which is a sexually selected trait. Males display their feet in an elaborate mating ritual by lifting them up and down while strutting before the female. The female is slightly larger than the male and can measure up to 90 cm (35 in) long with a wingspan up to 1.5 m (5 ft).[2] [more]

Peruvian booby / Guanotölpel (Sula variegata)
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Wikipedia: Peruvian booby
The Peruvian booby (Sula variegata) is an endemic bird of the Peruvian current, and an important predator of the marine community to which it belongs.[3] Its distribution is much less widespread than other closely related booby species. It is the most abundant seabird species that inhabits the Peruvian coast[4] and the second most important guano-producing seabird. During the mid-twentieth century, the Peruvian booby population reached 3 million birds.[5] [more]

Family Threskiornithidae:

Genus Plegadis:
Glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)
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Wikipedia: Glossy ibis
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) is a water bird in the order Pelecaniformes and the ibis and spoonbill family Threskiornithidae. The scientific name derives from Ancient Greek plegados and Latin, falcis, both meaning "sickle" and referring to the distinctive shape of the bill.[2] [more]
Vocalization: Generally silent away from breeding ground. Dry, crow-like "garr garr", may be heard occasionally in flight. At breeding ground various guttural grunts, and piping, hissing sounds. [Link]
Physical details: length=55-65 cm, wingspan=80-95 cm, weight=530-768 g

White-faced ibis / Brillensichler (Plegadis chihi)
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Wikipedia: White-faced ibis
General: The white-faced ibis (Plegadis chihi) is a wading bird in the ibis family, Threskiornithidae. [more]

Genus Platalea:
Roseate spoonbill / Rosalöffler (Platalea ajaja)
Alternate classification: Ajaia ajaja
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Wikipedia: Roseate spoonbill
The roseate spoonbill (Platalea ajaja) is a gregarious wading bird of the ibis and spoonbill family, Threskiornithidae. It is a resident breeder in South America mostly east of the Andes, and in coastal regions of the Caribbean, Central America, Mexico, the Gulf Coast of the United States,[2][3] and from central Florida's Atlantic coast[4] at Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge, adjoined with NASA Kennedy Space Center at least as far north as South Carolina's Myrtle Beach.[5] [more]

Genus Mesembrinibis:
Green ibis / Grünibis (Mesembrinibis cayennensis)
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Wikipedia: Green ibis
The green ibis (Mesembrinibis cayennensis), also known as the Cayenne ibis, is a wading bird in the ibis family Threskiornithidae. It is the only member of the genus Mesembrinibis. [more]

Order Passeriformes (Passerine / Singvögel):

Suborder Passeri (Sperlingsvögel):

Superfamily Sylvioidea:
Family Hirundinidae (Swallows / Schwalben):
Genus Hirundo:
Barn swallow / Rauchschwalbe (Hirundo rustica)
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Rauchschwalben schenkel farm, farbe betont für ID. 2020-04-16 10.09.16 Luppmen
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Seen every evening from spring to fall, need good picture.
Etymology: In früheren Jahrhunderten flogen sie vielfach durch die Öffnungen im Giebel ein und aus, durch die auch der Rauch des Herdfeuers abzog. So erhielten sie den Namen Rauchschwalben. [Link]
Song: Characteristic calls and song. Song a sparkling, squeaky energetic improvisation with interspersed contact calls, often with diagnostic ending; an electric and drawn-out "su-eerrrrrrrrrrrrrrr". [Link]
Calls: Contact call a short and sharp "weet" or "kee-weet". [Link]
Physical details: length=17-19 cm, wingspan=32-34 cm, weight=16-22 g

Genus Neochelidon:
White-thighed swallow (Neochelidon tibialis)
Alternate classification: Atticora tibialis
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Wikipedia: White-thighed swallow
General: The white-thighed swallow (Neochelidon tibialis) is a species of bird in the family Hirundinidae. Its genus, Neochelidon, is monotypic. [more]

Genus Tachycineta:
Tree swallow / Sumpfschwalbe (Tachycineta bicolor)
Alternate classification: Hirundo bicolor
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Tree swallow, Cromwell Valley Park, Maryland. 2021-06-14 15.15.38 Maryland
The tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) is a migratory bird of the family Hirundinidae. Found in the Americas, the tree swallow was first described in 1807 by French ornithologist Louis Vieillot as Hirundo bicolor. It has since been moved to its current genus, Tachycineta, within which its phylogenetic placement is debated. The tree swallow has glossy blue-green upperparts, with the exception of the blackish wings and tail, and white underparts. The bill is black, the eyes dark brown, and the legs and feet pale brown. The female is generally duller than the male, and the first-year female has mostly brown upperparts, with some blue feathers. Juveniles have brown upperparts, and a grey-brown-washed breast. The tree swallow breeds in the US and Canada. It winters along southern US coasts south, along the Gulf Coast, to Panama and the northwestern coast of South America, and in the West Indies. [more]

Violet-green swallow (Tachycineta thalassina)
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Wikipedia: Violet-green swallow
The violet-green swallow (Tachycineta thalassina) is a small North American passerine bird in the swallow family. These aerial insectivores are distributed along the west coast from Alaska to Mexico, extending as far east as Montana and Texas. With an appearance very similar to the tree swallow, these individuals can be identified by the white rump side-patches that appear to separate their green back and purple tail. Violet-green swallows are secondary cavity nesters, found in a number of habitats including deciduous and coniferous forest. In addition to nesting in tree holes within these habitats, they are also widely observed nesting in the cracks of large cliffs.[2] [more]

Mangrove swallow (Tachycineta albilinea)
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Wikipedia: Mangrove swallow
The mangrove swallow (Tachycineta albilinea) is a passerine bird in the swallow family that breeds in coastal regions from Mexico through Central America to Panama. It has blue-green upperparts, blackish flight feathers, a white rump, a black tail, and white underparts. It can be identified by the supraloral white streak, the white line near its eye, which only occurs in two other species of Tachycineta: the violet-green swallow and the white-rumped swallow. The sexes, although similar in plumage, differ slightly in size. The juveniles have grey-brown upperparts and white-washed underparts. This swallow's song is generally described as a soft trilling, with a rolled jeerrt call, and a sharp alarm note. [more]

Genus Progne:
Purple martin / Purpurschwalbe (Progne subis)
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Wikipedia: Purple martin
The purple martin (Progne subis) is the largest swallow in North America. Despite their name, purple martins are not truly purple. Their dark blackish-blue feathers have an iridescent sheen caused by the refraction of incident light[2] giving them a bright blue to navy blue or deep purple appearance. In some light they may even appear green in color. [more]

Brown-chested martin (Progne tapera)
Alternate classification: Phaeoprogne tapera
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Wikipedia: Brown-chested martin
The brown-chested martin (Progne tapera) is a species of passerine bird in the swallow family. [more]

Gray-breasted martin (Progne chalybea)
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Wikipedia: Gray-breasted martin
The grey-breasted martin (Progne chalybea) is a large swallow from Central and South America. [more]

Genus Stelgidopteryx:
Northern rough-winged swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)
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Wikipedia: Northern rough-winged swallow
The northern rough-winged swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis) is a small, migratory swallow. It is very similar to the southern rough-winged swallow, Stelgidopteryx ruficollis. [more]

Southern rough-winged swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
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Arenal hike southern rough-winged swallow tentative ID by Merlin. 2018-02-28 10.47.32 Central America
The southern rough-winged swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis) is a small swallow. It was first formally described as Hirundo ruficollis by French ornithologist Louis Vieillot in 1817 in his Nouveau Dictionnaire d'Histoire Naturelle.[2] [more]

Genus Riparia:
Bank swallow / Uferschwalbe (Riparia riparia)
Also known as: Sand martin
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Wikipedia: Bank swallow
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The sand martin (Riparia riparia) or European sand martin, bank swallow, and collared sand martin in India, is a migratory passerine bird in the swallow family. It has a wide range in summer, embracing practically the whole of Europe and the Mediterranean countries and across the Palearctic to the Pacific Ocean. It is a Holarctic species also found in North America. It winters in eastern and southern Africa, South America, and the Indian Subcontinent. [more]
Song: Song a primitive improvisation on the contact call. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a mono- or disyllabic "trrrrt". Similar to House Martin but more raucous and less crisp, with less rolling r's, and with stable pitch throughout. Alarm call similar to House Martin; a sharp plaintive "tseep", but somewhat purer and more drawn. [Link]
Physical details: length=12 cm, wingspan=26-29 cm, weight=11-16 g

Genus Petrochelidon:
Cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)
Alternate classification: Hirundo pyrrhonota
Also known as: American cliff swallow
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Wikipedia: Cliff swallow
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America.
General: The cliff swallow or American cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) is a member of the passerine bird family Hirundinidae, the swallows and martins.[2] The scientific name is derived from Ancient Greek; Petrochelidon originates from the petros meaning "rock" and khelidon "swallow", pyrrhonota comes from purrhos meaning "flame-coloured" and -notos "-backed".[3] [more]

Genus Pygochelidon:
Blue-and-white swallow (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca)
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Wikipedia: Blue-and-white swallow
The blue-and-white swallow (Notiochelidon cyanoleuca) is a passerine bird that breeds from Nicaragua south throughout South America, except in the deserts and the Amazon Basin. The southern race is migratory, wintering as far north as Trinidad, where it is a regular visitor. The nominate northern race may have bred on that island.[2] [more]

Superfamily Passeroidea:
Family Passeridae (Sparrows / Sperlinge):
Genus Passer:
House sparrow / Haussperling (Passer domesticus)
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Pair of house sparrows in a tree near Zürichstrasse, Fehraltorf 2020-04-11 07.54.30 Luppmen
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America (introduced), South America, Africa.
One of the most common birds anywhere in Europe and North America. In Fehraltorf there are 5 house sparrows for every one tree sparrow. Eugene Schieffelin brought house sparrows and starlings to North Ameria. As a Shakespeare fan, it is often claimed that he wanted to introduce all species to North America that are mentioned in Shakespeare, but apparently this is not supported by any records
Found practically everywhere. Often on the ground or on your table in a cafe (they're very bold) or in groups in bushes and hedges
Song: Song a primitive, monosyllabic, or slightly disyllabic "chilp", hard to distinguish from Tree Sparrow. [Link]
Calls: Most calls very similar to Tree Sparrow, but lacks said species' distinct high pitched call (chew-itt), and alarm call is less dry and raucous. [Link]
Physical details: length=14-15 cm, wingspan=21-25 cm, weight=24-38 g

Song: An monotone chirping. Mainly 2-5 KHz with higher overtones.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: 2-5 KHz Singing season: 01-01 - 08-31 Dawn chorus start, 30 minutes before dawn.

Family Fringillidae (Finken):
Subfamily Carduelinae:
Genus Spinus (Siskins):
Lesser goldfinch / Mexikozeisig (Spinus psaltria)
Alternate classification: Carduelis psaltria
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Wikipedia: Lesser goldfinch
General: The lesser goldfinch (Spinus psaltria) is a very small songbird of the Americas. Together with its relatives the American goldfinch and Lawrence's goldfinch, it forms the American goldfinches clade in the genus Spinus sensu stricto. [more]

Yellow-bellied siskin (Spinus xanthogastra)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-bellied siskin
The yellow-bellied siskin (Spinus xanthogastrus) is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. It breeds from Costa Rica south to southern Ecuador, central Bolivia and the highlands of northwestern Venezuela. [more]

Yellow-bellied siskin (Spinus xanthogastrus)
Alternate classification: Sporagra xanthogastra
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Wikipedia: Yellow-bellied siskin
The yellow-bellied siskin (Spinus xanthogastrus) is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. It breeds from Costa Rica south to southern Ecuador, central Bolivia and the highlands of northwestern Venezuela. [more]

Subfamily Emberizinae:
Genus Cyanerpes:
Red-legged honeycreeper / Türkisnaschvogel (Cyanerpes cyaneus)
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Red-legged honeycreeper. 2020-02-21 07.42.10 Central America
We saw this on the grounds of Gamboa Rainforest Resort, a hotel at the old U.S. administrative center for the Panama Canal. You can spend hours watching birds and wildlife just around the hotel.
General: The red-legged honeycreeper (Cyanerpes cyaneus) is a small songbird species in the tanager family (Thraupidae). It is found in the tropical New World from southern Mexico south to Peru, Bolivia and central Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago, and on Cuba, where possibly introduced. It is also rarely found in southern Texas.[2] [more]

Shining honeycreeper (Cyanerpes lucidus)
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Wikipedia: Shining honeycreeper
The shining honeycreeper (Cyanerpes lucidus) is a small bird in the tanager family. It is found in the tropical New World in Central America from southern Mexico to Panama and northwest Colombia. It is sometimes considered to be conspecific with the purple honeycreeper (C. caeruleus), but the two species breed sympatrically in eastern Panama and northwest Colombia. [more]

Purple honeycreeper / Purpurnaschvogel (Cyanerpes caeruleus)
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Wikipedia: Purple honeycreeper
The purple honeycreeper (Cyanerpes caeruleus) is a small Neotropical bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It is found in the tropical New World from Colombia and Venezuela south to Brazil, and on Trinidad. A few, possibly introduced birds have been recorded on Tobago. [more]

Genus Tersina:
Swallow tanager / Schwalbentangare (Tersina viridis)
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Wikipedia: Swallow tanager
The swallow tanager (Tersina viridis) is a species of Neotropic bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It is the only member of the genus Tersina. It is found widely throughout South America, from eastern Panama to far northern Argentina. The species is sexually dimorphic: the female is a yellow-green and the male a turquoise blue with a small deep black face and upper throat patch. [more]

Tribe Cardinalini:
Genus Passerina:
Painted bunting (Passerina ciris)
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Wikipedia: Painted bunting
The painted bunting (Passerina ciris) is a species of bird in the cardinal family, Cardinalidae, that is native to North America. The bright plumage of the male only comes in the second year of life; in the first year they can only be distinguished from the female by close inspection. [more]

Blue grosbeak (Passerina caerulea)
Alternate classification: Guiraca caerulea
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Wikipedia: Blue grosbeak
The blue grosbeak (Passerina caerulea), is a medium-sized North American passerine bird in the cardinal family Cardinalidae. It is mainly migratory, wintering in Central America and breeding in northern Mexico and the southern United States. The male is blue with two brown wing bars. The female is mainly brown with scattered blue feathers on the upperparts and two brown wing bars. [more]

Indigo bunting / Indigofink (Passerina cyanea)
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Wikipedia: Indigo bunting
The indigo bunting (Passerina cyanea) is a small seed-eating bird in the cardinal family, Cardinalidae. It is migratory, ranging from southern Canada to northern Florida during the breeding season, and from southern Florida to northern South America during the winter.[2] It often migrates by night, using the stars to navigate.[3] Its habitat is farmland, brush areas, and open woodland.[4] The indigo bunting is closely related to the lazuli bunting and interbreeds with the species where their ranges overlap. [more]

Genus Spiza:
Dickcissel / Dickzissel (Spiza americana)
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Wikipedia: Dickcissel
Emberiza townsendi
Emberiza townsendii (lapsus)
Spiza townsendi
Spiza townsendii (lapsus)
(see text)
[more]

Genus Pheucticus:
Rose-breasted grosbeak / Rosenbrust-Kernknacker (Pheucticus ludovicianus)
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Wikipedia: Rose-breasted grosbeak
The rose-breasted grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus) is a large, seed-eating grosbeak in the cardinal family (Cardinalidae). It is primarily a foliage gleaner.[2] Males have black heads, wings, backs, and tails, and a bright rose colored patch on their white breast. Males and females exhibit marked sexual dimorphism. [more]

Black-thighed grosbeak (Pheucticus tibialis)
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Wikipedia: Black-thighed grosbeak
The black-thighed grosbeak (Pheucticus tibialis) is a large seed-eating bird in the cardinal family, which is endemic to the mountains of Costa Rica and western Panama. [more]

Genus Caryothraustes:
Black-faced grosbeak (Caryothraustes poliogaster)
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Wikipedia: Black-faced grosbeak
The black-faced grosbeak (Caryothraustes poliogaster) is a large seed-eating bird in the cardinal family (Cardinalidae), which is a resident breeding species from south-eastern Mexico to eastern Panama. [more]

Yellow-green grosbeak (Caryothraustes canadensis)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-green grosbeak
The yellow-green grosbeak (Caryothraustes canadensis) is a species of grosbeak in the family Cardinalidae. [more]

Genus Cyanoloxia:
Blue-black grosbeak (Cyanoloxia cyanoides)
Alternate classification: Passerina cyanoides
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Wikipedia: Blue-black grosbeak
The blue-black grosbeak (Cyanoloxia cyanoides) is a species of songbird in the family Cardinalidae. [more]

Genus Peucaea:
Botteri's sparrow (Peucaea botterii)
Alternate classification: Aimophila botteri
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Wikipedia: Botteri's sparrow
Botteri's sparrow (Peucaea botterii) is a medium-sized sparrow. [more]

Stripe-headed sparrow (Peucaea ruficauda)
Alternate classification: Chondestes ruficauda
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Wikipedia: Stripe-headed sparrow
The stripe-headed sparrow (Peucaea ruficauda) is an American sparrow which breeds from Pacific coastal south-western Mexico, including the transverse ranges, Cordillera Neovolcanica to Pacific coastal northern Costa Rica. [more]

Genus Chlorophonia:
Golden-browed chlorophonia (Chlorophonia callophrys)
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Wikipedia: Golden-browed chlorophonia
The golden-browed chlorophonia (Chlorophonia callophrys) is a species of bird in the family Fringillidae. It is found in Costa Rica and Panama. It is uncommon in subtropical or tropical moist montane forest above 750 m (2,460 ft) elevation. [more]

Genus Euphonia:
White-vented euphonia (Euphonia minuta)
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Wikipedia: White-vented euphonia
The white-vented euphonia (Euphonia minuta) is a species of bird in the family Fringillidae. [more]

Thick-billed euphonia / Dickschnabelorganist (Euphonia laniirostris)
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Wikipedia: Thick-billed euphonia
The thick-billed euphonia (Euphonia laniirostris) is a species of bird in the family Fringillidae, formerly placed in the Thraupidae. [more]

Yellow-throated euphonia (Euphonia hirundinacea)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-throated euphonia
The yellow-throated euphonia (Euphonia hirundinacea) is a species of songbird in the family Fringillidae. It is found in southeastern Mexico and throughout Central America with its range stretching from Belize south to western Panama. It inhabits primarily both humid and dry regions where it prefers the forest edge, open woodland, and shaded plantations. It has two subspecies, the nominate subspecies Euphonia hirundinacea hirundinacea and Euphonia hirundinacea gnatho. This finch is a small bird with pointed wings and a short bill and short tail. Males of this species have dark glossy blue-black upperparts excluding a yellow forecrown, and bright yellow underparts, while females have olive green upperparts and whitish-gray breast and lower parts. It has a shrill song that alternates between high-pitched and moderately pitched and appears to be able to mimic some calls of other birds. [more]

Elegant euphonia (Euphonia elegantissima)
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Wikipedia: Elegant euphonia
The elegant or blue-hooded euphonia (Euphonia elegantissima) is a species of bird in the family Fringillidae. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. [more]

Tawny-capped euphonia (Euphonia anneae)
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Wikipedia: Tawny-capped euphonia
The tawny-capped euphonia (Euphonia anneae) is a species of bird in the family Fringillidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Olive-backed euphonia / Olivrückenorganist (Euphonia gouldi)
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Wikipedia: Olive-backed euphonia
The olive-backed euphonia (Euphonia gouldi) is a small passerine bird in the finch family. It is a resident breeder in the Caribbean lowlands and foothills from southern Mexico to western Panama. [more]

Yellow-crowned euphonia (Euphonia luteicapilla)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-crowned euphonia
The yellow-crowned euphonia (Euphonia luteicapilla) is a species of bird in the family Fringillidae. It is found in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama, and is perhaps the most common euphonia in its range.[2] Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and heavily degraded former forest. It can be found on occasion in the canopy of small forests.[3] [more]

Scrub euphonia (Euphonia affinis)
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Wikipedia: Scrub euphonia
The scrub euphonia (Euphonia affinis) is a species of bird in the family Fringillidae. [more]

Spot-crowned euphonia (Euphonia imitans)
Alternate classification: Tanagra imitans
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Wikipedia: Spot-crowned euphonia
The spot-crowned euphonia (Euphonia imitans) is a species of bird in the family Fringillidae. It is found in Costa Rica and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Orange-bellied euphonia (Euphonia xanthogaster)
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Wikipedia: Orange-bellied euphonia
The orange-bellied euphonia (Euphonia xanthogaster) is a species of bird in the finch family, Fringillidae. They were formerly considered tanagers (Thraupidae). It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. [more]

Fulvous-vented euphonia (Euphonia fulvicrissa)
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Wikipedia: Fulvous-vented euphonia
The fulvous-vented euphonia (Euphonia fulvicrissa) is a species of bird in the family Fringillidae, formerly placed in the Thraupidae [more]

Family Motacillidae (Stelzenverwandte):
Genus Anthus:
Yellowish pipit (Anthus lutescens)
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Wikipedia: Yellowish pipit
The yellowish pipit (Anthus lutescens) is a species of bird in the family Motacillidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are temperate grassland, subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, and pastureland. [more]

Family Estrildidae:
Subfamily Estrildinae:
Genus Lonchura (Mannikins):
Tricolored munia / Schwarzbauchnonne (Lonchura malacca)
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Wikipedia: Tricolored munia
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, South America.
The tricoloured munia (Lonchura malacca) is an estrildid finch, native to Bangladesh,[2] India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and southern China. The species has also introduced to the Caribbean, in Trinidad, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Venezuela. This species, like the chestnut munia has been known as the black-headed munia. Immature birds have pale brown upperparts, lack the dark head found in adults, and have uniform buff underparts that can be confused with immatures of other munias such as the scaly-breasted munia. [more]

Family Icteridae (New world blackbirds, orioles and allies):
Genus Agelaius:
Red-winged blackbird / Rotflügelstärling (Agelaius phoeniceus)
Alternate classification: Oriolus phoeniceus
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Red-winged blackbird, Cromwell Valley Park, Marylan. 2021-06-14 16.09.06 Maryland
The red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) is a passerine bird of the family Icteridae found in most of North America and much of Central America. It breeds from Alaska and Newfoundland south to Florida, the Gulf of Mexico, Mexico, and Guatemala, with isolated populations in western El Salvador, northwestern Honduras, and northwestern Costa Rica. It may winter as far north as Pennsylvania and British Columbia, but northern populations are generally migratory, moving south to Mexico and the southern United States. Claims have been made that it is the most abundant living land bird in North America, as bird-counting censuses of wintering red-winged blackbirds sometimes show that loose flocks can number in excess of a million birds per flock and the full number of breeding pairs across North and Central America may exceed 250 million in peak years. It also ranks among the best-studied wild bird species in the world.[2][3][4][5][6] The red-winged blackbird is sexually dimorphic; the male is all black with a red shoulder and yellow wing bar, while the female is a nondescript dark brown. Seeds and insects make up the bulk of the red-winged blackbird's diet. [more]

Genus Sturnella:
Eastern meadowlark (Sturnella magna)
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Wikipedia: Eastern meadowlark
The eastern meadowlark (Sturnella magna) is a medium-sized icterid bird, very similar in appearance to the western meadowlark. It occurs from eastern North America to South America, where it is also most widespread in the east. [more]

Red-breasted meadowlark (Leistes militaris)
Alternate classification: Sturnella militaris
Also known as: Red-breasted blackbird
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Wikipedia: Red-breasted meadowlark
The red-breasted meadowlark (Leistes militaris) is a passerine bird in the New World family Icteridae. It was formerly named red-breasted blackbird but is not closely related to the red-winged blackbird group.[2] [more]

Genus Quiscalus:
Great-tailed grackle / Dohlengrackel (Quiscalus mexicanus)
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Monteverde great tailed grackle female. 2018-02-12 16.47.52 Central America
The great-tailed grackle or Mexican grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus) is a medium-sized, highly social passerine bird native to North and South America. A member of the family Icteridae, it is one of 10 extant species of grackle and is closely related to the boat-tailed grackle and the extinct slender-billed grackle.[2] In the southern United States, it is sometimes simply referred to as "blackbird" or (erroneously) "crow"[3] due to its glossy black plumage, and similarly it is often called cuervo ("crow") in some parts of Mexico, although it is not a member of the crow genus Corvus, nor even of the family Corvidae. [more]

Nicaraguan grackle (Quiscalus nicaraguensis)
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Wikipedia: Nicaraguan grackle
The Nicaraguan grackle (Quiscalus nicaraguensis) is a species of passerine bird belonging to the genus Quiscalus, a genus of grackles in the New World blackbird family, Icteridae. It is found only in Nicaragua and northernmost Costa Rica. [more]

Genus Cacicus:
Scarlet-rumped cacique (Cacicus uropygialis)
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Wikipedia: Scarlet-rumped cacique
The scarlet-rumped cacique (Cacicus uropygialis) is a passerine bird species in the New World family Icteridae. It breeds from eastern Honduras to Panama and in the Pacific lowlands of South America from western Colombia south to Ecuador, and in the lower reaches of the northern Andes. There are several subspecies, some of which have been proposed for elevation to full species status. [more]

Yellow-rumped cacique / Gelbbürzelkassike (Cacicus cela)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-rumped cacique
The yellow-rumped cacique (Cacicus cela) is a passerine bird in the New World family Icteridae. It breeds in much of northern South America from Panama and Trinidad south to Peru, Bolivia and central Brazil. However, they have been sighted as far north as Nayarit state in Mexico. [more]

Genus Amblycercus:
Yellow-billed cacique (Amblycercus holosericeus)
Alternate classification: Sturnus holosericeus
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Wikipedia: Yellow-billed cacique
The yellow-billed cacique (Amblycercus holosericeus) is a species of cacique in the family Icteridae. It is monotypic within the genus Amblycercus.[2] There is some question as to whether or not it is a true cacique.[3][4] [more]

Genus Dives:
Melodious blackbird (Dives dives)
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Wikipedia: Melodious blackbird
The melodious blackbird (Dives dives) is a New World tropical bird. [more]

Genus Dolichonyx:
Bobolink / Reisstärling (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)
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Wikipedia: Bobolink
The bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) is a small New World blackbird and the only member of the genus Dolichonyx. An old name for this species is the "Rice Bird", from its tendency to feed on cultivated grains. Adults are 16–18 cm (6.3–7.1 in) long with short finch-like bills and weigh about 1 oz (28 g). Adult males are mostly black with creamy napes and white scapulars, lower backs, and rumps. Adult females are mostly light brown with black streaks on the back and flanks, and dark stripes on the head; their wings and tails are darker. The bobolink breeds in the summer in North America and southern Canada, often wintering in South America. Considered a pest by some farmers, the numbers of these birds are declining and are a species at risk throughout Canada. [more]

Genus Icterus:
Black-cowled oriole / Gelbschultertrupial (Icterus prosthemelas)
Alternate classification: Icterus dominicensis prosthemelas
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Black-cowled oriole in Manzanillo, Costa Rica. 2020-03-12 09.34.56 Central America
The black-cowled oriole (Icterus prosthemelas) is a species of bird in the family Icteridae. It is common and widespread in the Caribbean lowlands and foothills from southern Mexico to western Panama. It lives primarily in humid or semihumid forest, as well as in clearings, along forest edges, in plantations, in semi-open areas with scattered trees and bushes, and in gardens. The adult male is black, with yellow on the belly, shoulder, rump, wing lining, and crissum. The female's plumage varies depending on location. In the south of its range, it is similar to that of the male. In the north, its crown and upperparts are olive-yellow, while its face, throat, upper breast, wings, and tail are black. [more]

Baltimore oriole / Baltimoretrupial (Icterus galbula)
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Seldom seen Baltimore Oriole, Cromwell Valley Park. 2021-06-18 11.34.42 Maryland
The Baltimore oriole (Icterus galbula) is a small icterid blackbird common in eastern North America as a migratory breeding bird. It received its name from the resemblance of the male's colors to those on the coat-of-arms of Lord Baltimore. Observations of interbreeding between the Baltimore oriole and the western Bullock's oriole, Icterus bullockii, led to both being classified as a single species, called the northern oriole, from 1973 to 1995. Research by James Rising, a professor of zoology at the University of Toronto, and others showed that the two birds actually did not interbreed significantly.[2] [more]

Orchard oriole / Gartentrupial (Icterus spurius)
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Wikipedia: Orchard oriole
The orchard oriole (Icterus spurius) is the smallest species of icterid. The subspecies of the Caribbean coast of Mexico, I. s. fuertesi, is sometimes considered a separate species, the ochre oriole or Fuertes's oriole. [more]

Spot-breasted oriole / Tropfentrupial (Icterus pectoralis)
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Wikipedia: Spot-breasted oriole
The spot-breasted oriole (Icterus pectoralis) is a species of bird in the family Icteridae. [more]

Streak-backed oriole (Icterus pustulatus)
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Wikipedia: Streak-backed oriole
The streak-backed oriole (Icterus pustulatus) is a medium-sized species of passerine bird from the icterid family (the same family as many blackbirds, meadowlarks, cowbirds, grackles, and others, including the New World orioles). It is native to Central America and Mexico and is an occasional visitor to the United States.[1] [more]

Yellow-tailed oriole (Icterus mesomelas)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-tailed oriole
The yellow-tailed oriole (Icterus mesomelas) is a passerine bird in the New World family Icteridae. It breeds from southern Mexico to western Peru and northwestern Venezuela; in Peru it also lives in a river valley corridor. [more]

Orange-crowned oriole (Icterus auricapillus)
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Wikipedia: Orange-crowned oriole
The orange-crowned oriole (Icterus auricapillus) is a species of bird in the family Icteridae. It is found in eastern Panama, Colombia and Venezuela. [more]

Yellow-backed oriole (Icterus chrysater)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-backed oriole
The yellow-backed oriole (Icterus chrysater) is a species of bird in the family Icteridae. [more]

Genus Molothrus:
Shiny cowbird / Seidenkuhstärling (Molothrus bonariensis)
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Wikipedia: Shiny cowbird
The shiny cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) is a passerine bird in the New World family Icteridae. It breeds in most of South America except for dense forests and areas of high altitude such as mountains.[1] Since 1900 the shiny cowbirds' range has shifted northward, and it was recorded in the Caribbean islands as well as the United States, where it is found breeding in southern Florida.[2] It is a bird associated with open habitats, including disturbed land from agriculture and deforestation.[1] [more]

Bronzed cowbird (Molothrus aeneus)
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Wikipedia: Bronzed cowbird

The bronzed cowbird (once known as the red-eyed cowbird, Molothrus aeneus) is a small icterid.
[more]

Giant cowbird (Molothrus oryzivorus)
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Wikipedia: Giant cowbird
The giant cowbird (Molothrus oryzivorus) is a large passerine bird in the New World family Icteridae. It breeds from southern Mexico south to northern Argentina, and on Trinidad and Tobago. It may have relatively recently colonised the latter island. [more]

Genus Psarocolius:
Montezuma oropendola / Montezumastirnvogel (Psarocolius montezuma)
Alternate classification: Gymnostinops montezuma
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Arenal feeder montezuma oropendola landing. 2018-02-27 12.51.44 Central America
The Montezuma Oropendola (Psarocolius montezuma) is a New World tropical icterid bird. It is a resident breeder in the Caribbean coastal lowlands from southeastern Mexico to central Panama, but is absent from El Salvador and southern Guatemala. It also occurs on the Pacific slope of Nicaragua and Honduras and northwestern and southwestern Costa Rica. It is among the oropendola species sometimes separated in the genus Gymnostinops. The English and scientific names of this species commemorate the Aztec emperor Moctezuma II. [more]

Crested oropendola (Psarocolius decumanus)
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Wikipedia: Crested oropendola
The crested oropendola also known as the Suriname crested oropendola or the cornbird (Psarocolius decumanus) is a New World tropical icterid bird. It is a resident breeder in lowland South America east of the Andes, from Panama and Colombia south to northern Argentina, as well as on Trinidad and Tobago. If the genus Gymnostinax for the Montezuma oropendola and its closest relatives were considered valid, this species would probably belong in that genus (Price & Lanyon 2002). [more]

Chestnut-headed oropendola (Psarocolius wagleri)
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Wikipedia: Chestnut-headed oropendola
Psarocolius waglerii (lapsus) [more]

Black oropendola (Psarocolius guatimozinus)
Alternate classification: Psarocolus guatimozinus
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Wikipedia: Black oropendola
The black oropendola (Psarocolius guatimozinus) is a species of bird in the family Icteridae (New World blackbirds). It is found in Colombia and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Family Parulidae (New world warblers):
Genus Vermivora:
Golden-winged warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera)
Alternate classification: Motacilla chrysoptera
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Wikipedia: Golden-winged warbler
The golden-winged warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera) is a New World warbler. It breeds in southeastern and south-central Canada and in the Appalachian Mountains in northeastern to north-central United States. The majority (~70%) of the global population breeds in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Manitoba. Golden-winged warbler populations are slowly expanding northwards, but are generally declining across its range, most likely as a result of habitat loss and competition/interbreeding with the very closely related blue-winged warbler, Vermivora cyanoptera. [more]

Blue-winged warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera)
Alternate classification: Vermivora pinus
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Wikipedia: Blue-winged warbler
The blue-winged warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera) is a fairly common New World warbler, 11.5 cm (4.5 in) long and weighing 8.5 g (0.30 oz). It breeds in eastern North America in southern Ontario and the eastern United States. Its range is extending northwards, where it is replacing the very closely related golden-winged warbler, Vermivora chrysoptera. [more]

Genus Basileuterus:
Rufous-capped warbler / Rotkappen-Waldsänger (Basileuterus rufifrons)
Alternate classification: Setophaga rufifrons
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Wikipedia: Rufous-capped warbler
The rufous-capped warbler (Basileuterus rufifrons) is a New World warbler native from Mexico south to much of Central America, rarely occurring as far north as southeastern Arizona and south Texas. [more]

Golden-crowned warbler / Goldhähnchen-Waldsänger (Basileuterus culicivorus)
Alternate classification: Sylvia culicivora
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Wikipedia: Golden-crowned warbler
The golden-crowned warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus) is a small New World warbler. [more]

Costa Rican warbler (Basileuterus melanotis)
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Wikipedia: Costa Rican warbler
The black-eared warbler or Costa Rican warbler (Basileuterus melanotis) is a species of bird in the family Parulidae. It was previously considered conspecific with the three-striped warbler and the Tacarcuna warbler. [more]

Black-cheeked warbler (Basileuterus melanogenys)
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Wikipedia: Black-cheeked warbler
The black-cheeked warbler (Basileuterus melanogenys) is a New World warbler, resident breeding bird endemic to the Talamancan montane forests of Costa Rica and western Panama. [more]

Pirre warbler / Pirrewaldsänger (Basileuterus ignotus)
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Wikipedia: Pirre warbler
The Pirre warbler (Basileuterus ignotus) is a species of bird in the family Parulidae. It is found in the borderline area of Panama and Colombia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. [more]

Genus Geothlypis:
Kentucky warbler / Kentuckywaldsänger (Geothlypis formosa)
Alternate classification: Oporornis formosus
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Wikipedia: Kentucky warbler
The Kentucky warbler (Geothlypis formosa) is a small species of New World warbler. It is a sluggish and heavy warbler with a short tail, preferring to spend most of its time on or near the ground, except when singing. [more]

Mourning warbler / Graukopf-Waldsänger (Geothlypis philadelphia)
Alternate classification: Oporornis philadelphia
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Wikipedia: Mourning warbler
The mourning warbler (Geothlypis philadelphia) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. Mourning warblers are native to eastern and central North America as well as some countries in Central America.[2] They are neotropical migrants and tend to be found in dense second growth forests.[3] They are under the Wood-warbler category, which consists of arboreal and terrestrial colorful passerines. Wood warblers are in the order Passeriformes, which are perching birds including more than half of all bird species, and the family Parulidae which also includes the Common Yellowthroat, Black and White Warbler, Nashville Warbler, ovenbird, and American Redstart. They are very similar to the MacGillivray's Warbler in appearance, especially in females and immature birds, but their breeding range does not overlap into the west.[4] [more]

Macgillivray's warbler (Geothlypis tolmiei)
Alternate classification: Oporornis tolmiei
Also known as: Macgillivray's warbler
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Wikipedia: Macgillivray's warbler
MacGillivray's warbler (Geothlypis tolmiei) is a species of New World warbler. These birds are sluggish and heavy warblers, preferring to spend most of their time on, or near the ground, except when singing. [more]

Common yellowthroat / Weiden-Gelbkehlchen (Geothlypis trichas)
Alternate classification: Geothlypis trichas (Linnaeus, 1766)
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Wikipedia: Common yellowthroat
The common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas) is a New World warbler. It is an abundant breeder in North America, ranging from southern Canada to central Mexico. The genus name Geothlypis is from Ancient Greek geo, "ground", and thlupis, an unidentified small bird; thlypis is often used in the scientific names of New World warblers. The specific trichas is also from Greek; trikhas is a kind of thrush, the word being derived from trikhos, "hair".[2] [more]

Gray-crowned yellowthroat / Wiesen-Gelbkehlchen (Geothlypis poliocephala)
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Wikipedia: Gray-crowned yellowthroat
The grey-crowned yellowthroat (Geothlypis poliocephala) is a species of bird in the family Parulidae. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and the United States. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist shrubland and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Olive-crowned yellowthroat / Olivscheitel-Gelbkehlchen (Geothlypis semiflava)
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Wikipedia: Olive-crowned yellowthroat
The olive-crowned yellowthroat (Geothlypis semiflava) is a species of bird in the family Parulidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist shrubland and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Genus Icteria:
Yellow-breasted chat (Icteria virens)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-breasted chat
The yellow-breasted chat (Icteria virens) is a large songbird found in North America, and is the only member of the family Icteriidae. It was once a member of the New World warbler family, but in 2017, the American Ornithological Society moved it to its own family. Its placement is not definitely resolved. [more]

Genus Cardellina:
Wilson's warbler / Mönchswaldsänger (Cardellina pusilla)
Alternate classification: Wilsonia pusilla
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Wikipedia: Wilson's warbler
Wilson's warbler (Cardellina pusilla) is a small New World warbler. It is greenish above and yellow below, with rounded wings and a long, slim tail. The male has a black crown patch; depending on the subspecies, that mark is reduced or absent in the female. It breeds across Canada and south through the western United States, and winters from Mexico south through much of Central America. It is a very rare vagrant to western Europe. [more]

Canada warbler / Kanadawaldsänger (Cardellina canadensis)
Alternate classification: Wilsonia canadensis
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Wikipedia: Canada warbler
The Canada warbler (Cardellina canadensis) is a small boreal songbird of the New World warbler family (Parulidae). It summers in Canada and northeastern United States and winters in northern South America. [more]

Genus Helmitheros:
Worm-eating warbler / Haldenwaldsänger (Helmitheros vermivorum)
Alternate classification: Helmitheros vermivorus
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Wikipedia: Worm-eating warbler
The worm-eating warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum) is a small New World warbler that breeds in the Eastern United States and migrates to southern Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central America for the winter. [more]

Genus Mniotilta:
Black-and-white warbler / Kletterwaldsänger (Mniotilta varia)
Alternate classification: Motacilla varia
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Wikipedia: Black-and-white warbler
The black-and-white warbler (Mniotilta varia) is a species of New World warbler, and the only member of its genus, Mniotilta.[2] It breeds in northern and eastern North America and winters in Florida, Central America, and the West Indies down to Peru. This species is a very rare vagrant to western Europe.[2] [more]

Genus Myioborus:
Collared redstart / Halsband-Waldsänger (Myioborus torquatus)
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Wikipedia: Collared redstart
The collared whitestart (Myioborus torquatus), also known as the collared redstart, is a tropical New World warbler endemic to the mountains of Costa Rica and western-central Panama.[2] [more]

Slate-throated redstart / Larven-Waldsänger (Myioborus miniatus)
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Wikipedia: Slate-throated redstart
The slate-throated whitestart or slate-throated redstart (Myioborus miniatus) is a species of bird in the family Parulidae native to Central and South America.[1][2] [more]

Genus Protonotaria:
Prothonotary warbler / Zitronenwaldsänger (Protonotaria citrea)
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Wikipedia: Prothonotary warbler
The prothonotary warbler (Protonotaria citrea) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. It is the only member of the genus Protonotaria.[2] [more]

Genus Seiurus:
Ovenbird / Pieperwaldsänger (Seiurus aurocapilla)
Alternate classification: Seiurus aurocapillus
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Wikipedia: Ovenbird
The ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family (Parulidae). This migratory bird breeds in eastern North America and winters in Central America, many Caribbean islands, Florida and northern Venezuela.[2][3] [more]

Genus Setophaga:
Blackburnian warbler / Fichtenwaldsänger (Setophaga fusca)
Alternate classification: Dendroica fusca
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Wikipedia: Blackburnian warbler
The Blackburnian warbler (Setophaga fusca) is a small New World warbler. They breed in eastern North America, from southern Canada, westwards to the southern Canadian Prairies, the Great Lakes region and New England, to North Carolina. [more]

Hermit warbler (Setophaga occidentalis)
Alternate classification: Dendroica occidentalis
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Wikipedia: Hermit warbler
The hermit warbler (Setophaga occidentalis) is a small perching bird. It is a species of New World warbler. [more]

American redstart / Schnäpperwaldsänger (Setophaga ruticilla)
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Wikipedia: American redstart
The American redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) is a New World warbler. It is unrelated to the Old World (common) redstart. [more]

Pine warbler / Kiefernwaldsänger (Setophaga pinus)
Alternate classification: Dendroica pinus
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Wikipedia: Pine warbler
The pine warbler (Setophaga pinus) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. [more]

Cape May warbler / Tigerwaldsänger (Setophaga tigrina)
Alternate classification: Dendroica tigrina
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Wikipedia: Cape May warbler
The Cape May warbler (Setophaga tigrina) is a species of New World warbler. It breeds in northern North America. Its breeding range spans all but the westernmost parts of southern Canada, the Great Lakes region, and New England. It is migratory, wintering in the West Indies. This species is a very rare vagrant to western Europe, with two records in Britain as of October 2013. The English name refers to Cape May, New Jersey, where George Ord collected the specimen later described by Alexander Wilson. This species was not recorded again in Cape May for another 100 years, although it is now known as an uncommon migrant there.[2] [more]

Blackpoll warbler / Streifenwaldsänger (Setophaga striata)
Alternate classification: Dendroica striata
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Wikipedia: Blackpoll warbler
The blackpoll warbler (Setophaga striata) is a New World warbler. Breeding males are mostly black and white. They have a prominent black cap, white cheeks and white wing bars. The blackpoll breeds in forests of northern North America, from Alaska throughout most of Canada, to the mountains of New York and New England. They are a common migrant through much of North America. In fall, they fly south to the Greater Antilles and the northeastern coasts of South America in a non-stop long-distance migration over open water, averaging 2500 km, one of the longest distance non-stop overwater flights ever recorded for a migratory songbird. Rare vagrants to western Europe, they are one of the more frequent transatlantic passerine wanderers. [more]

Yellow-throated warbler / Goldkehl-Waldsänger (Setophaga dominica)
Alternate classification: Dendroica dominica
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Wikipedia: Yellow-throated warbler
The yellow-throated warbler (Setophaga dominica) is a small migratory songbird species breeding in temperate North America. It belongs to the New World warbler family (Parulidae).[2] [more]

Hooded warbler / Kapuzenwaldsänger (Setophaga citrina)
Alternate classification: Wilsonia citrina
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Wikipedia: Hooded warbler
The hooded warbler (Setophaga citrina) is a New World warbler. It breeds in eastern North America and across the eastern United States and into southernmost Canada (Ontario). It is migratory, wintering in Central America and the West Indies. Hooded warblers are very rare vagrants to western Europe. [more]

Prairie warbler / Rostscheitel-Waldsänger (Setophaga discolor)
Alternate classification: Dendroica discolor
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Wikipedia: Prairie warbler
The prairie warbler (Setophaga discolor) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. [more]

Magnolia warbler / Magnolienwaldsänger (Setophaga magnolia)
Alternate classification: Dendroica magnolia
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Wikipedia: Magnolia warbler
The magnolia warbler (Setophaga magnolia) is a member of the wood warbler family Parulidae. [more]

Black-throated green warbler (Setophaga virens)
Alternate classification: Dendroica virens
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Wikipedia: Black-throated green warbler
The black-throated green warbler (Setophaga virens) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. [more]

Yellow-rumped warbler / Kronenwaldsänger (Setophaga coronata)
Alternate classification: Motacilla coronata
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Wikipedia: Yellow-rumped warbler
The yellow-rumped warbler (Setophaga coronata) is a regular North American bird species that can be commonly observed all across the continent. Its extensive distribution range connects both the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of the U.S. as well as Canada and Central America, with the population concentrating in the continent's northern parts during the breeding season and migrating southwards to southern North and Central America in Winter. The species generally prefers coniferous forests or mixed coniferous-deciduous forests as its breeding habitat, while during the winter it can be found inhabiting more open areas such as shrublands that offer food resources. The diet of the yellow-rumped warbler is based primarily on insects, though the species does eat fruits such as juniper berries as well, especially in winter. [more]

Black-throated blue warbler / Blaurücken-Waldsänger (Setophaga caerulescens)
Alternate classification: Motacilla caerulescens
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Wikipedia: Black-throated blue warbler
The black-throated blue warbler (Setophaga caerulescens) is a small passerine bird of the New World warbler family. Its breeding ranges are located in the interior of deciduous and mixed coniferous forests in eastern North America. Over the cooler months, it migrates to islands in the Caribbean and Central America. It is very rarely found in western Europe, where it is considered to be a non-indigenous species. The black-throated blue warbler is sexually dimorphic; the adult male has a black face and cheeks, deep blue upperparts and white underparts, while the adult female is olive-brown above and light yellow below. [more]

Cerulean warbler / Pappelwaldsänger (Setophaga cerulea)
Alternate classification: Dendroica cerulea
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Wikipedia: Cerulean warbler
The cerulean warbler (Setophaga cerulea) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. Adult males have pale cerulean blue and white upperparts with a black necklace across the breast and black streaks on the back and flanks. Females and immature birds have greyer or greenish upperparts, a pale stripe over the eye, and no streaking on the back and no neck. All of these birds have wing bars and a thin pointed bill. They are found in deciduous forests of eastern North America during the breeding season and then migrate to forested mountain areas in South America. The species is considered threatened with an IUCN status of near threatened, indicating it does not face any imminent threat of extinction in the wild. [more]

Chestnut-sided warbler / Gelbscheitel-Waldsänger (Setophaga pensylvanica)
Alternate classification: Dendroica pensylvanica
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Wikipedia: Chestnut-sided warbler
The chestnut-sided warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica) is a New World warbler. They breed in eastern North America and in southern Canada westwards to the Canadian Prairies. They also breed in the Great Lakes region and in the eastern United States. [more]

Townsend's warbler (Setophaga townsendi)
Alternate classification: Dendroica townsendi
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Wikipedia: Townsend's warbler
Townsend's warbler (Setophaga townsendi) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. [more]

Northern parula / Meisenwaldsänger (Setophaga americana)
Alternate classification: Parula americana
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Wikipedia: Northern parula
The northern parula (Setophaga americana) is a small New World warbler. It breeds in eastern North America from southern Canada to Florida.[2] [more]

Palm warbler / Palmenwaldsänger (Setophaga palmarum)
Alternate classification: Dendroica palmarum
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Wikipedia: Palm warbler
The palm warbler (Setophaga palmarum) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. [more]

Tropical parula / Elfenwaldsänger (Setophaga pitiayumi)
Alternate classification: Parula pitiayumi
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Wikipedia: Tropical parula
The tropical parula (Setophaga pitiayumi) is a small New World warbler. It breeds from southernmost Texas and northwest Mexico (Sonora) south through Central America to northern Argentina, including Trinidad and Tobago. This widespread and common species is not considered threatened by the IUCN.[1] [more]

Bay-breasted warbler (Setophaga castanea)
Alternate classification: Sylvia castanea
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Wikipedia: Bay-breasted warbler
The Bay-breasted Warbler (Setophaga castanea) is a small species of songbird in the New World warbler family, Parulidae. It is one of thirty-four species in the diverse genus Setophaga.[2] Like all songbirds, or passerines, the species is classified in the order Passeriformes. [more]

Yellow warbler / Goldwaldsänger (Setophaga petechia)
Alternate classification: Dendroica petechia
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Wikipedia: Yellow warbler
About 35 (but see text) [more]

Magnolia warbler / Magnolienwaldsänger (Setophaga magnolia )
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Wikipedia: Magnolia warbler
The magnolia warbler (Setophaga magnolia) is a member of the wood warbler family Parulidae. [more]

Golden-cheeked warbler (Setophaga chrysoparia )
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Wikipedia: Golden-cheeked warbler
The golden-cheeked warbler (Setophaga chrysoparia [formerly Dendroica chrysoparia]), also known as the gold finch of Texas, is an endangered species of bird that breeds in Central Texas, from Palo Pinto County southwestward along the eastern and southern edge of the Edwards Plateau to Kinney County. The golden-cheeked warbler is the only bird species with a breeding range confined to Texas. [more]

Genus Zeledonia:
Wrenthrush (Zeledonia coronata)
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Wikipedia: Wrenthrush
The wrenthrush or zeledonia (Zeledonia coronata) is a species of nine-primaried oscine which is endemic to Costa Rica and western Panama. The species was first described by Robert Ridgway in 1907.[2] Neither a wren nor a thrush (and unrelated to both), it has a short tail, rounded wings and elongated tarsi. [more]

Genus Parkesia:
Northern waterthrush / Uferwaldsänger (Parkesia noveboracensis)
Alternate classification: Seiurus noveboracensis
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Wikipedia: Northern waterthrush
The northern waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis[2]) is one of the larger New World warblers and one of the Nearctic-Neotropical migratory songbirds.[3] It breeds in the northern part of North America in Canada and the northern United States including Alaska. This bird is migratory, wintering in Central America, the West Indies and Florida, as well as in Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador. It is a very rare vagrant to other South American countries and to western Europe. [more]

Genus Leiothlypis:
Nashville warbler / Rubinfleck-Waldsänger (Leiothlypis ruficapilla)
Alternate classification: Oreothlypis ruficapilla (Wilson, 1811)
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Wikipedia: Nashville warbler
The Nashville warbler (Leiothlypis ruficapilla) is a small songbird in the New World warbler family, found in North and Central America. It breeds in parts of the northern and western United States and southern Canada, and migrates to winter in southern California and Texas, Mexico, and the north of Central America. It has a gray head and a green back, and its underparts are yellow and white. [more]

Orange-crowned warbler (Leiothlypis celata)
Alternate classification: Vermivora celata
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Wikipedia: Orange-crowned warbler
The orange-crowned warbler (Leiothlypis celata) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family. [more]

Tennessee warbler (Leiothlypis peregrina)
Alternate classification: Vermivora peregrina
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Wikipedia: Tennessee warbler
The Tennessee warbler (Leiothlypis peregrina) is a New World warbler that breeds in eastern North America and winters in southern Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America. The specific name peregrina is from Latin peregrinus "wanderer".[2] [more]

Flame-throated warbler (Leiothlypis gutturalis)
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Wikipedia: Flame-throated warbler
The flame-throated warbler (Oreothlypis gutturalis) is a small New World warbler. It is sometimes placed in the genera Vermivora and Parula. [more]

Genus Myiothlypis:
Buff-rumped warbler / Schmätzerwaldsänger (Myiothlypis fulvicauda)
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Wikipedia: Buff-rumped warbler
The buff-rumped warbler (Myiothlypis fulvicauda) is a New World warbler that is resident from Honduras south to northwestern Peru and disjunctly in the western Amazon. It is found in forests at up to 1500 m altitude, always near water. [more]

Family Cotingidae:

Genus Carpodectes:
Yellow-billed cotinga (Carpodectes antoniae)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-billed cotinga
The yellow-billed cotinga (Carpodectes antoniae) is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is found in the Pacific lowlands of Costa Rica and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical mangrove forest, and subtropical or tropical moist shrubland. It is threatened by habitat destruction. [more]

Black-tipped cotinga (Carpodectes hopkei)
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Wikipedia: Black-tipped cotinga
The black-tipped cotinga (Carpodectes hopkei), also known as the white cotinga, is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is found in the Chocó region, from southeastern Panama to northwestern Ecuador ; its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. The male, being white, is conspicuous, but in general it is an uncommon species. [more]

Genus Cephalopterus:
Bare-necked umbrellabird (Cephalopterus glabricollis)
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Wikipedia: Bare-necked umbrellabird
The bare-necked umbrellabird (Cephalopterus glabricollis) is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is found in the Talamancan montane forests of Costa Rica and Panama. Umbrellabird populations moved from highlands to lowlands and vice versa, as was proposed by Stiles (1985, 1988), and supported previous observations that male umbrellabirds return to the same breeding area every year. Bare-necked umbrellabirds live only in forests and their diet consists mainly of fruits. [more]

Genus Cotinga:
Lovely cotinga (Cotinga amabilis)
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Wikipedia: Lovely cotinga
The lovely cotinga (Cotinga amabilis) is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is found in North and Central America from southern Mexico through Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and Nicaragua to Costa Rica with reports from western Panama. Its natural habitats are tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest. The male is a bright turquoise blue while the female is greyish-brown with pale underparts. Because of its total population size and wide range, this species is not yet considered vulnerable.[2] [more]

Turquoise cotinga (Cotinga ridgwayi)
Alternate classification: Colinus ridgwayi
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Wikipedia: Turquoise cotinga
The turquoise cotinga or Ridgway's cotinga (Cotinga ridgwayi) is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is found in Costa Rica and western Panama. Its natural habitats are tropical moist forests and plantations from the lowlands into lower mountain regions. It is threatened by deforestation. [more]

Blue cotinga / Nördliche Prachtkotinga (Cotinga nattererii)
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Wikipedia: Blue cotinga
The blue cotinga (Cotinga nattererii) is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is found in Colombia, north-west Ecuador, eastern and central Panama and western Venezuela in tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest. In relation to range and population size this species is not considered to be vulnerable.[2] [more]

Genus Lipaugus:
Rufous piha (Lipaugus unirufus)
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Wikipedia: Rufous piha
The rufous piha (Lipaugus unirufus) is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.[1] [more]

Genus Oxyruncus:
Sharpbill / Flammenkopfbekarde (Oxyruncus cristatus)
Alternate classification: Oxyruncus cristata
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Wikipedia: Sharpbill
The sharpbill (Oxyruncus cristatus) is a small passerine bird in the family Tityridae. Its range is from the mountainous areas of tropical South America and southern Central America (Panama and Costa Rica). [more]

Genus Procnias:
Three-wattled bellbird (Procnias tricarunculatus)
Alternate classification: Procnias tricarunculata
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Wikipedia: Three-wattled bellbird
The three-wattled bellbird (Procnias tricarunculatus) is a Central American migratory bird of the cotinga family. The sexes are very dis-similar in appearance. The male has a white head and throat and the remaining plumage is chestnut brown. From the base of his beak dangle three long, slender, black wattles that he uses in display. The female has olive plumage with yellowish streaked underparts and a yellow vent area. [more]

Genus Querula:
Purple-throated fruitcrow (Querula purpurata)
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Wikipedia: Purple-throated fruitcrow
The purple-throated fruitcrow (Querula purpurata) is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae, the cotingas. It is the only species of the genus Querula.[2] It is native to Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama and most of the northern half of South America, its habitat being humid lowland forest where it feeds mainly on insects and fruit. It is a glossy black, medium-sized bird and the male has a purple-red throat patch. It nests in close vicinity with other birds of its species. Its population is in decline, but it is a common species with a very wide range, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being of "least concern". [more]

Family Furnariidae:

Genus Cranioleuca:
Red-faced spinetail (Cranioleuca erythrops)
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Wikipedia: Red-faced spinetail
The red-faced spinetail (Cranioleuca erythrops) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. [more]

Genus Synallaxis:
Slaty spinetail (Synallaxis brachyura)
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Wikipedia: Slaty spinetail
The slaty spinetail or slaty castlebuilder, (Synallaxis brachyura), is a passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from northern Honduras to western Ecuador and east-central Brazil. [more]

Pale-breasted spinetail (Synallaxis albescens)
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Wikipedia: Pale-breasted spinetail
The pale-breasted spinetail (Synallaxis albescens), is a passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from Costa Rica to Uruguay,[2] and in Trinidad. [more]

Genus Glyphorynchus:
Wedge-billed woodcreeper (Glyphorynchus spirurus)
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Wikipedia: Wedge-billed woodcreeper
The wedge-billed woodcreeper (Glyphorynchus spirurus), is a passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from southern Mexico to northern Bolivia, central Brazil and the Guianas; it is absent from the Pacific coastal areas except between Costa Rica and Ecuador. It is the only member of the genus Glyphorynchus. [more]

Genus Lochmias:
Sharp-tailed streamcreeper (Lochmias nematura)
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Wikipedia: Sharp-tailed streamcreeper
The sharp-tailed streamcreeper (Lochmias nematura) is a passerine bird of South America belonging to the family Furnariidae, the ovenbirds. It is the only member of the genus Lochmias. The species is also known as the streamside streamcreeper.[2] [more]

Genus Thripadectes:
Streak-breasted treehunter (Thripadectes rufobrunneus)
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Wikipedia: Streak-breasted treehunter
The streak-breasted treehunter (Thripadectes rufobrunneus) is a passerine bird in the ovenbird family Furnariidae. It is endemic to the Talamancan montane forests of Costa Rica and western Panama in Central America. [more]

Genus Philydor:
Slaty-winged foliage-gleaner (Philydor fuscipenne)
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Wikipedia: Slaty-winged foliage-gleaner
The slaty-winged foliage-gleaner (Philydor fuscipenne) is a perching bird species in the ovenbird family (Furnariidae). [more]

Genus Sclerurus:
Tawny-throated leaftosser (Sclerurus mexicanus)
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Wikipedia: Tawny-throated leaftosser
The tawny-throated leaftosser (Sclerurus mexicanus) is a tropical American bird species in the ovenbird family Furnariidae. It is also known as the tawny-throated leafscraper, Mexican leaftosser or Mexican leafscraper. This bird might be a cryptic species complex.[2] [more]

Scaly-throated leaftosser (Sclerurus guatemalensis)
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Wikipedia: Scaly-throated leaftosser
The scaly-throated leaftosser (Sclerurus guatemalensis) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. [more]

Gray-throated leaftosser (Sclerurus albigularis)
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Wikipedia: Gray-throated leaftosser
The grey-throated leaftosser (Sclerurus albigularis) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. [more]

Genus Automolus:
Chiriqui foliage-gleaner (Automolus exsertus)
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Wikipedia: Chiriqui foliage-gleaner
The Chiriqui foliage-gleaner (Automolus exsertus) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. [more]

Striped woodhaunter (Automolus subulatus)
Alternate classification: Sphenura subulata
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Wikipedia: Striped woodhaunter
The eastern woodhaunter (Automolus subulatus), also known as the Amazonian woodhaunter, is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It was formerly treated as conspecific with the western woodhaunter and when lumped had the name "striped woodhaunter". It is found in the western part of the Amazon rainforest: west Brazil, southeast Colombia, east Ecuador, northeast Peru, south Venezuela and north Bolivia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. The species nests in earth tunnels.[3] [more]

Buff-throated foliage-gleaner (Automolus ochrolaemus)
Alternate classification: Anabates ochrolaemus
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Wikipedia: Buff-throated foliage-gleaner
The buff-throated foliage-gleaner (Automolus ochrolaemus) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. [more]

Genus Xenops:
Streaked xenops (Xenops rutilans)
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Wikipedia: Streaked xenops
The streaked xenops (Xenops rutilans) is a passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from Costa Rica and Trinidad south to Bolivia and northern Argentina. Like the closely related true woodcreepers, it is a member of the South American bird family Furnariidae. [more]

Plain xenops (Xenops minutus)
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Wikipedia: Plain xenops
The plain xenops (Xenops minutus) is a passerine bird which breeds in moist lowland forests in the tropical New World from southern Mexico south to western Ecuador, northeastern Argentina and central Brazil. [more]

Genus Premnoplex:
Spotted barbtail (Premnoplex brunnescens)
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Wikipedia: Spotted barbtail
The spotted barbtail (Premnoplex brunnescens) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. [more]

Genus Pseudocolaptes:
Buffy tuftedcheek (Pseudocolaptes lawrencii)
Alternate classification: Pseudocolaptes lawrencei
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Wikipedia: Buffy tuftedcheek
The buffy tuftedcheek or Lawrence's tuftedcheek (Pseudocolaptes lawrencii) is a passerine bird in the ovenbird family, which breeds in the tropical New World in Costa Rica, western Panama and the Andes of Colombia and Ecuador. It is sometimes considered conspecific with the streaked tuftedcheek, P. boissonneautii, of South America. Birds from Colombia and Ecuador are sometimes considered a separate species, the Pacific tuftedcheek (P. johnsoni). [more]

Genus Anabacerthia:
Scaly-throated foliage-gleaner (Anabacerthia variegaticeps)
Alternate classification: Anabazenops variegaticeps
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Wikipedia: Scaly-throated foliage-gleaner
The scaly-throated foliage-gleaner (Anabacerthia variegaticeps), also known as the spectacled foliage-gleaner, is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. [more]

Genus Syndactyla:
Lineated foliage-gleaner (Syndactyla subalaris)
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Wikipedia: Lineated foliage-gleaner
The lineated foliage-gleaner (Syndactyla subalaris) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. [more]

Genus Xenerpestes:
Double-banded graytail (Xenerpestes minlosi)
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Wikipedia: Double-banded graytail
The double-banded greytail (Xenerpestes minlosi) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. [more]

Genus Clibanornis:
Ruddy foliage-gleaner (Clibanornis rubiginosus)
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Wikipedia: Ruddy foliage-gleaner
The ruddy foliage-gleaner (Clibanornis rubiginosus) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. Its range is highly disjunct, with populations in the highlands of Mexico and Central America, and lowlands and foothills in the Chocó, eastern Andes, and western and northeastern Amazon Basin. It is found in forest. There are distinct vocal variations throughout its range, suggesting that more than one species is involved, and one such population has recently been split from the ruddy foliage-gleaner as the Santa Marta foliage-gleaner.[2] The ruddy foliage-gleaner has recently been reclassified into the genus Clibanornis.[3] [more]

Family Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos):

Genus Scytalopus:
Silvery-fronted tapaculo (Scytalopus argentifrons)
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Wikipedia: Silvery-fronted tapaculo
The silvery-fronted tapaculo (Scytalopus argentifrons) is a species of bird in the family Rhinocryptidae. It is found in the Talamancan montane forests. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. [more]

Choco tapaculo (Scytalopus chocoensis)
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Wikipedia: Choco tapaculo
The Chocó tapaculo (Scytalopus chocoensis) is a species of bird in the family Rhinocryptidae. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama. [more]

Family Turdidae (Thrushes / Drosseln):

Genus Catharus:
Swainson's thrush (Catharus ustulatus)
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Wikipedia: Swainson's thrush
Swainson's thrush (Catharus ustulatus), also called olive-backed thrush and russet-backed thrush, is a medium-sized thrush. It is a member of genus Catharus and is typical of it in terms of its subdued coloration and beautiful, ascending flute-like voice. Swainson's thrush was named after William Swainson, an English ornithologist. [more]

Gray-cheeked thrush / Grauwangendrossel (Catharus minimus)
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Wikipedia: Gray-cheeked thrush
The grey-cheeked thrush (Catharus minimus) is a medium-sized thrush. This species is 15–17 cm (5.9–6.7 in) in length, and has the white-dark-white underwing pattern characteristic of Catharus thrushes. It is a member of a close-knit group of migrant species together with the veery and Bicknell's thrush;[2] it forms a cryptic species pair with the latter. The grey-cheeked thrush is all but indistinguishable from Bicknell's thrush except by its slightly larger size and different song. The two were formerly considered conspecific.[3] Of all the American spotted thrushes, the grey-cheeked has the most northern breeding range.[4] [more]

Veery / Wilson-Drossel (Catharus fuscescens)
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Wikipedia: Veery
The veery (Catharus fuscescens) is a small North American thrush species, a member of a group of closely related and similar species in the genus Catharus, also including the gray-cheeked thrush (C. minimus), Bicknell's thrush (C. bicknelli), Swainson's thrush (C. ustulatus), and Hermit thrush (C. guttatus).[2][3] Alternate names for this species include Wilson's thrush (named so after Alexander Wilson[4]) and tawny thrush.[5] Up to six subspecies exist, which are grouped into the eastern Veery (C. fuscescens fuscescens), the western Veery or Willow Thrush (C. fuscescens salicicolus), and the Newfoundland Veery (C. fuscescens fuliginosus).[6] [more]

Ruddy-capped nightingale-thrush (Catharus frantzii)
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Wikipedia: Ruddy-capped nightingale-thrush
The ruddy-capped nightingale-thrush (Catharus frantzii) is a small thrush which is a resident breeder in mountain forests from central Mexico to western Panama. A predominantly brown-plumaged bird, it has a rich song. [more]

Slaty-backed nightingale-thrush (Catharus fuscater)
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Wikipedia: Slaty-backed nightingale-thrush
The slaty-backed nightingale-thrush (Catharus fuscater) is a species of bird in the family Turdidae. It is found in Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. [more]

Black-billed nightingale-thrush (Catharus gracilirostris)
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Wikipedia: Black-billed nightingale-thrush
The black-billed nightingale-thrush (Catharus gracilirostris) is a small thrush endemic to the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama. Its position in the genus Catharus is somewhat equivocal, but it is apparently closer to the hermit thrush than to the other nightingale-thrushes except the russet nightingale-thrush and/or the ruddy-capped nightingale-thrush (Winker & Pruett, 2006).[2] [more]

Orange-billed nightingale-thrush (Catharus aurantiirostris)
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Wikipedia: Orange-billed nightingale-thrush
The orange-billed nightingale-thrush (Catharus aurantiirostris) is a species of bird in the family Turdidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Black-headed nightingale-thrush (Catharus mexicanus)
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Wikipedia: Black-headed nightingale-thrush
The black-headed nightingale-thrush (Catharus mexicanus) is a species of bird in the family Turdidae. It is found in Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. [more]

Genus Turdus:
Clay-colored robin (Turdus grayi)
Alternate classification: Turdus grayii
Also known as: Clay-colored thrush
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Lava hike clay colored thrush? national bird. 2018-03-01 17.09.44 Central America
The clay-colored thrush (Turdus grayi) is a common Middle American bird of the thrush family (Turdidae). It is the national bird of Costa Rica, where it is well known as the yigüirro (Spanish: [ʝi'ɣwiro]). Other common names include clay-colored robin.[1] [more]

White-throated thrush (Turdus assimilis)
Alternate classification: Turdus albicollis assimilis
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Wikipedia: White-throated thrush
The white-throated thrush (Turdus assimilis) is a species of bird in the family Turdidae. It is found in Mexico and Central America, ranging south to central Panama.[2] Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is common in its range and an extremely rare vagrant into Texas and Arizona; 3 sightings have been recorded (1990 and 1998 in Texas and 2019 in Arizona).[3][4] [more]

Sooty thrush / Rußdrossel (Turdus nigrescens)
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Wikipedia: Sooty thrush
The sooty thrush (Turdus nigrescens) is a large thrush endemic to the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama. It was formerly known as the sooty robin. [more]

Mountain thrush (Turdus plebejus)
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Wikipedia: Mountain thrush
The mountain thrush (Turdus plebejus) is a large thrush which is found in Central America. It was formerly known as the mountain robin. Some authorities refer to it as the American mountain thrush to differentiate it from the Abyssinian thrush (Turdus abyssinicus), known in their taxonomy as the African mountain thrush.[2] [more]

Pale-vented thrush (Turdus obsoletus)
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Wikipedia: Pale-vented thrush
The pale-vented thrush (Turdus obsoletus) is a species of bird in the family Turdidae. [more]

Genus Myadestes:
Black-faced solitaire (Myadestes melanops)
Alternate classification: Myadestes ralloides melanops
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Cloud forest black faced solitaire. 2018-02-17 13.24.56 Central America
The black-faced solitaire (Myadestes melanops) is a bird in the thrush family endemic to highlands in Costa Rica and western Panama. [more]

Varied solitaire (Myadestes coloratus)
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Wikipedia: Varied solitaire
The varied solitaire (Myadestes coloratus) is a species of bird in the family Turdidae. It is found in Colombia and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. [more]

Genus Hylocichla:
Wood thrush / Walddrossel (Hylocichla mustelina)
Alternate classification: Hylocichla mustelinus
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Wood thrush, one of the few birds at Oregon Ridge we saw for the first time, unforunately out of focus. 2021-06-19 09.31.42 Maryland
The wood thrush (Hylocichla mustelina) is a North American passerine bird. It is closely related to other thrushes such as the American robin and is widely distributed across North America, wintering in Central America and southern Mexico. The wood thrush is the official bird of the District of Columbia.[2] [more]

Family Tyrannidae:

Genus Empidonax:
Least flycatcher / Gartentyrann (Empidonax minimus)
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Wikipedia: Least flycatcher
The least flycatcher (Empidonax minimus), (also called chebec, or chebecker, after the sound it makes), is a small insect-eating bird. It is the smallest Empidonax flycatcher in eastern North America. [more]

Yellow-bellied flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-bellied flycatcher
The yellow-bellied flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris) is a small insect-eating bird of the tyrant flycatcher family. [more]

Acadian flycatcher / Buchentyrann (Empidonax virescens)
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Wikipedia: Acadian flycatcher
The Acadian flycatcher (Empidonax virescens) is a small insect-eating bird of the tyrant flycatcher family. [more]

Alder flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum)
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Wikipedia: Alder flycatcher
The alder flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum) is a small insect-eating bird of the tyrant flycatcher family. The genus name Empidonax is from Ancient Greek empis, "gnat", and anax, "master". The specific alnorum is Latin and means "of the alders".[2] [more]

Willow flycatcher (Empidonax traillii)
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Wikipedia: Willow flycatcher
The willow flycatcher (Empidonax traillii) is a small insect-eating, neotropical migrant bird of the tyrant flycatcher family. There are four subspecies of the willow flycatcher currently recognized, all of which breed in North America (including three subspecies that breed in California).[2] Empidonax flycatchers are almost impossible to tell apart in the field so biologists use their songs to distinguish between them.[3] The binomial commemorates the Scottish zoologist Thomas Stewart Traill. [more]

Yellowish flycatcher / Gilbufertyrann (Empidonax flavescens)
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Wikipedia: Yellowish flycatcher
The yellowish flycatcher (Empidonax flavescens) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds in highlands from southeastern Mexico south to western Panama.[2] [more]

White-throated flycatcher (Empidonax albigularis)
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Wikipedia: White-throated flycatcher
The white-throated flycatcher (Empidonax albigularis) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist shrubland and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Black-capped flycatcher (Empidonax atriceps)
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Wikipedia: Black-capped flycatcher
The black-capped flycatcher (Empidonax atriceps) is a very small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It is endemic to the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama. [more]

Genus Tyrannus:
Tropical kingbird / Trauertyrann (Tyrannus melancholicus)
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Tropical kingbird. 2018-02-16 16.18.52 Central America
The tropical kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus) is a large tyrant flycatcher. This bird breeds from southern Arizona and the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas in the United States through Central America, South America as far as south as central Argentina and eastern Peru, and on Trinidad and Tobago. Birds from the northernmost and southern breeding areas migrate to warmer parts of the range after breeding. [more]

Eastern kingbird / Königstyrann (Tyrannus tyrannus)
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Eastern kingbird, Cromwell Valley Park, Maryland. 2021-06-14 16.00.42 Maryland
Lanius tyrannus Linnaeus, 1758 [more]

Gray kingbird / Grauer Königstyrann (Tyrannus dominicensis)
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Wikipedia: Gray kingbird
The gray kingbird or grey kingbird, also known as pitirre, petchary, or white-breasted kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis) is a passerine bird. [more]

Fork-tailed flycatcher (Tyrannus savana)
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Wikipedia: Fork-tailed flycatcher
The fork-tailed flycatcher (Tyrannus savana) is a passerine bird of the tyrant flycatcher family, and is the member of a genus typically referred to as kingbirds. Named for their distinguishingly long forked tail, fork-tailed flycatchers are seen in lightly-forested or grassland areas; ranging from southern Mexico, to south past Argentina. They are most frequently observed sitting on conspicuous perches waiting for flying arthropods to fly past, they then sally out, eat their prey, and return to their perch. Northern populations near southern Mexico tend to be permanent residents, while fork-tailed flycatchers that live further south are migrants with a reputation to wander as far north as the eastern seaboard of the United States. [more]

Scissor-tailed flycatcher / Scherenschwanz-Königstyrann (Tyrannus forficatus)
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Wikipedia: Scissor-tailed flycatcher
The scissor-tailed flycatcher (Tyrannus forficatus), also known as the Texas bird-of-paradise and swallow-tailed flycatcher, is a long-tailed bird of the genus Tyrannus, whose members are collectively referred to as kingbirds. The kingbirds are a group of large insectivorous (insect-eating) birds in the tyrant flycatcher (Tyrannidae) family. The scissor-tailed flycatcher is found in North and Central America. [more]

Western kingbird / Arkansaskönigstyrann (Tyrannus verticalis)
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Wikipedia: Western kingbird
The western kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis) is a large tyrant flycatcher found throughout western environments of North America and as far as Mexico. [more]

Genus Sayornis:
Black phoebe / Schwarzkopf-Phoebetyrann (Sayornis nigricans)
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Wikipedia: Black phoebe
The black phoebe (Sayornis nigricans) is a passerine bird in the tyrant-flycatcher family. It breeds from southwest Oregon and California south through Central and South America. It occurs year-round throughout most of its range and migrates less than the other birds in its genus, though its northern populations are partially migratory. Six subspecies are commonly recognized, although two are occasionally combined as a separate species, the white-winged phoebe. [more]

Genus Elaenia:
Yellow-bellied elaenia (Elaenia flavogaster)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-bellied elaenia
The yellow-bellied elaenia (Elaenia flavogaster) is a small bird of the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds from southern Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula through Central and South America as far as northern Argentina, and on Trinidad and Tobago. [more]

Mountain elaenia (Elaenia frantzii)
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Wikipedia: Mountain elaenia
The mountain elaenia (Elaenia frantzii) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds in highlands from Guatemala to Colombia and western Venezuela. The scientific name celebrates the German physician and naturalist, Alexander von Frantzius. [more]

Lesser elaenia (Elaenia chiriquensis)
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Wikipedia: Lesser elaenia
The lesser elaenia (Elaenia chiriquensis) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae, the tyrant flycatchers. [more]

Genus Pachyramphus:
Rose-throated becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae)
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Wikipedia: Rose-throated becard
The rose-throated becard (Pachyramphus aglaiae) is a medium-sized member of the family Tityridae. Its genus, Pachyramphus, has traditionally been placed in Cotingidae or Tyrannidae, but evidence strongly suggest it is better placed in Tityridae.[2] This species was named in honour of Aglaé Brelay.[3] [more]

Cinnamon becard (Pachyramphus cinnamomeus)
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Wikipedia: Cinnamon becard
The cinnamon becard (Pachyramphus cinnamomeus) is a passerine bird found in Latin America. [more]

Barred becard (Pachyramphus versicolor)
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Wikipedia: Barred becard
The barred becard (Pachyramphus versicolor) is a small passerine bird which is a resident breeding species in highlands from Costa Rica to northwestern Ecuador and northern Bolivia. It has traditionally been placed in Cotingidae or Tyrannidae, but evidence strongly suggests it belongs in Tityridae, where it is now placed by the South American Classification Committee.[2] [more]

White-winged becard (Pachyramphus polychopterus)
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Wikipedia: White-winged becard
The white-winged becard (Pachyramphus polychopterus) is a species of bird in the family Tityridae. It has traditionally been placed in Cotingidae or Tyrannidae, but evidence strongly suggest it is better placed in Tityridae,[2] where it is now placed by the South American Classification Committee. The species contains 8 subspecies that vary markedly in plumage and voice, and it has been suggested that they represent more than one species. [more]

Black-and-white becard (Pachyramphus albogriseus)
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Wikipedia: Black-and-white becard
The black-and-white becard (Pachyramphus albogriseus) is a species of bird in the family Tityridae. It has traditionally been placed in Cotingidae or Tyrannidae, but evidence strongly suggest it is better placed in Tityridae,[2] where it is now placed by the South American Classification Committee. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. [more]

One-colored becard (Pachyramphus homochrous)
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Wikipedia: One-colored becard
The one-colored becard (Pachyramphus homochrous) is a species of bird in the family Tityridae. It has traditionally been placed in Cotingidae or Tyrannidae, but evidence strongly suggest it is better placed in Tityridae,[2] where it is now placed by the South American Classification Committee. [more]

Cinereous becard (Pachyramphus rufus)
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Wikipedia: Cinereous becard
The cinereous becard (Pachyramphus rufus) is a species of bird in the family Tityridae. The term cinereous describes its colouration. It has traditionally been placed in Cotingidae or Tyrannidae, but evidence strongly suggest it is better placed in Tityridae,[2] where it is now placed by the South American Classification Committee. [more]

Genus Tityra:
Black-crowned tityra (Tityra inquisitor)
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Wikipedia: Black-crowned tityra
The black-crowned tityra (Tityra inquisitor) is a medium-sized passerine bird. It has traditionally been placed in the cotinga or the tyrant flycatcher family, but evidence strongly suggest it is better placed in Tityridae. [more]

Masked tityra (Tityra semifasciata)
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Cahal pech resort masked tityra tentative ID by Merlin. 2018-02-05 17.22.32 Central America
The masked tityra (Tityra semifasciata) is a medium-sized passerine bird. It has traditionally been placed in the cotinga or the tyrant flycatcher family, but evidence strongly suggests that it is better placed in Tityridae,[2] where it is now placed by the South American Classification Committee. [more]

Genus Mionectes:
Olive-striped flycatcher (Mionectes olivaceus)
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Wikipedia: Olive-striped flycatcher
The olive-striped flycatcher (Mionectes olivaceus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. [more]

Ochre-bellied flycatcher (Mionectes oleagineus)
Alternate classification: Mionectes oleaginous
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Wikipedia: Ochre-bellied flycatcher
The ochre-bellied flycatcher (Mionectes oleagineus) is a small bird of the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds from southern Mexico through Central America, and South America east of the Andes as far as southern Brazil, and on Trinidad and Tobago. [more]

Genus Terenotriccus:
Ruddy-tailed flycatcher (Terenotriccus erythrurus)
Alternate classification: Myiobius erythrurus
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Wikipedia: Ruddy-tailed flycatcher
The ruddy-tailed flycatcher (Terenotriccus erythrurus) is a small passerine bird in the family Tityridae. It breeds in lowlands from southeastern Mexico to northern Bolivia, north-central Brazil and the Guianas. This flycatcher ranges east of the Andes cordillera into the entire Amazon Basin of northern Brazil and the Guianas; to the west of the Andes in Colombia and Ecuador into Central America. It is the only member of the genus Terenotriccus, but some authorities place it in genus Myiobius. However, it differs in voice, behaviour, and structure from members of that group. [more]

Genus Contopus:
Western wood-pewee (Contopus sordidulus)
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Arenal western wood-pewee tentative ID by Merlin. 2018-03-01 07.50.38 Central America
The western wood pewee (Contopus sordidulus) is a small tyrant flycatcher. Adults are gray-olive on the upperparts[2] with light underparts, washed with olive on the breast. They have two wing bars and a dark bill with yellow at the base of the lower mandible. This bird is very similar in appearance to the eastern wood pewee; the two birds were formerly considered to be one species. The call of C. sordidulus is a loud buzzy peeer; the song consists of three rapid descending tsees ending with a descending peeer. [more]

Eastern wood-pewee (Contopus virens)
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Eastern wood pewee, last new bird we discovered - at the parking lot shortly before leaving, Oregon Ridge. 2021-06-19 09.34.10 Maryland
The eastern wood pewee (Contopus virens) is a small tyrant flycatcher from North America. This bird and the western wood pewee (C. sordidulus) were formerly considered to be a single species. The two species are virtually identical in appearance, and can be distinguished most easily by their calls. [more]

Olive-sided flycatcher / Fichtentyrann (Contopus cooperi)
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Wikipedia: Olive-sided flycatcher
The olive-sided flycatcher (Contopus cooperi) is a passerine bird. It is a medium-sized tyrant flycatcher. [more]

Tropical pewee (Contopus cinereus)
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Wikipedia: Tropical pewee
The tropical pewee or southern tropical pewee (Contopus cinereus) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds from southern Mexico and Trinidad south to Bolivia and Argentina. The taxon punensis, found in south-western Ecuador and western Peru, is usually included as a subspecies of the tropical pewee, but it has been suggested it should be considered a separate species, the Tumbes pewee (Contopus punensis) . [more]

Dark pewee (Contopus lugubris)
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Wikipedia: Dark pewee
The dark pewee (Contopus lugubris) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It is endemic to the Talamancan montane forests of Costa Rica and western Panama. [more]

Ochraceous pewee (Contopus ochraceus)
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Wikipedia: Ochraceous pewee
The ochraceous pewee (Contopus ochraceus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Costa Rica and western Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. [more]

Genus Aphanotriccus:
Tawny-chested flycatcher (Aphanotriccus capitalis)
Alternate classification: Myiobius capitalis
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Wikipedia: Tawny-chested flycatcher
The tawny-chested flycatcher (Aphanotriccus capitalis) or Salvin's flycatcher, is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds in Caribbean lowlands and foothills up to 1000 m altitude from eastern Nicaragua to northern Costa Rica, although all Nicaraguan records are historical specimens collected near Lake Nicaragua or its outflow. [more]

Black-billed flycatcher (Aphanotriccus audax)
Alternate classification: Praedo audax
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Wikipedia: Black-billed flycatcher
The black-billed flycatcher (Aphanotriccus audax) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It was first described by American naturalist Edward William Nelson in 1912 as Praedo audax.[2] It is found in Colombia and Panama[3] and its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.[1] [more]

Genus Mitrephanes:
Tufted flycatcher (Mitrephanes phaeocercus)
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Wikipedia: Tufted flycatcher
The northern tufted flycatcher or simply tufted flycatcher (Mitrephanes phaeocercus) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds in highlands from northwestern Mexico to northwestern Ecuador. The olive flycatcher (Mitrephanes olivaceus) of Peru and Bolivia is now considered a separate species. [more]

Genus Sublegatus:
Northern scrub-flycatcher (Sublegatus arenarum)
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Wikipedia: Northern scrub-flycatcher
The northern scrub flycatcher (Sublegatus arenarum) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Aruba, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guyana, Netherlands Antilles, Panama, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical mangrove forest, and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland. [more]

Genus Myiobius:
Black-tailed flycatcher (Myiobius atricaudus)
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Wikipedia: Black-tailed flycatcher
The black-tailed myiobius or black-tailed flycatcher (Myiobius atricaudus) is a species of passerine bird in the family Tityridae. It was previously placed in the family Tyrannidae.[2] Black-tailed flycatchers are found in Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.[3] Their natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest. They are usually found alone or in pairs, but may join flocks of several species.[3] [more]

Sulphur-rumped flycatcher (Myiobius sulphureipygius)
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Wikipedia: Sulphur-rumped flycatcher
The sulphur-rumped myiobius or sulphur-rumped flycatcher (Myiobius sulphureipygius) is a species of passerine bird in the family Tityridae. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Genus Myiarchus:
Great crested flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)
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Wikipedia: Great crested flycatcher
The great crested flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus) is a large insect-eating bird of the tyrant flycatcher family. It is the most widespread member of the genus Myiarchus in North America, and is found over most of the eastern and mid-western portions of the continent.[2] It dwells mostly in the treetops and rarely is found on the ground.[3] [more]

Nutting's flycatcher (Myiarchus nuttingi)
Alternate classification: Myiarchus cinerascens nuttingi
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Wikipedia: Nutting's flycatcher
Nutting's flycatcher (Myiarchus nuttingi) is a passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds in semi-arid desert scrub and tropical deciduous forest from western Mexico to northwest Costa Rica. It is normally a year-round resident, but has been known as an occasional vagrant to southern California and Arizona–(southeastern, central, and western), in the United States. It is named for the zoologist Charles Cleveland Nutting. [more]

Brown-crested flycatcher (Myiarchus tyrannulus)
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Wikipedia: Brown-crested flycatcher
The brown-crested flycatcher (Myiarchus tyrannulus) is a passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. [more]

Dusky-capped flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
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Wikipedia: Dusky-capped flycatcher
The dusky-capped flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer) is a passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds in forest and other woodland from southern Arizona, as well as the Chisos Mountains, Texas, south to northern Argentina and on Trinidad. It is resident in most of its range, but American breeders retreat to Mexico in winter. [more]

Panama flycatcher (Myiarchus panamensis)
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Wikipedia: Panama flycatcher
The Panamanian flycatcher (Myiarchus panamensis) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical mangrove forest, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Genus Fluvicola:
Pied water-tyrant (Fluvicola pica)
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Wikipedia: Pied water-tyrant
The pied water tyrant (Fluvicola pica) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds in tropical South America from Panama and Trinidad south to Bolivia and Argentina. [more]

Genus Leptopogon:
Slaty-capped flycatcher (Leptopogon superciliaris)
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Wikipedia: Slaty-capped flycatcher
The slaty-capped flycatcher (Leptopogon superciliaris) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It is found in northern Bolivia to Costa Rica and in Trinidad. [more]

Sepia-capped flycatcher (Leptopogon amaurocephalus)
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Wikipedia: Sepia-capped flycatcher
The sepia-capped flycatcher (Leptopogon amaurocephalus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. [more]

Genus Myiopagis:
Greenish elaenia (Myiopagis viridicata)
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Wikipedia: Greenish elaenia
The greenish elaenia (Myiopagis viridicata) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae, the tyrant flycatchers. It is found in Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Gray elaenia (Myiopagis caniceps)
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Wikipedia: Gray elaenia
The grey elaenia (Myiopagis caniceps) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. [more]

Forest elaenia (Myiopagis gaimardii)
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Wikipedia: Forest elaenia
The forest elaenia (Myiopagis gaimardii) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds from Panama through Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas to Bolivia and Brazil. It also occurs on Trinidad. [more]

Genus Todirostrum:
Common tody flycatcher (Todirostrum cinereum)
Also known as: Common tody-flycatcher
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Wikipedia: Common tody flycatcher
The common tody-flycatcher or black-fronted tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum cinereum) is a very small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds from southern Mexico to northwestern Peru, eastern Bolivia and southern, eastern and northeast Brazil. [more]

Black-headed tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum nigriceps)
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Wikipedia: Black-headed tody-flycatcher
The black-headed tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum nigriceps) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Genus Rhytipterna:
Rufous mourner (Rhytipterna holerythra)
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Wikipedia: Rufous mourner
The rufous mourner (Rhytipterna holerythra) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds from southwestern Mexico to northwestern Ecuador. It was formerly believed to be a cotinga, but well-supported anatomical evidence has shown it to be related to tyrant flycatchers of the genera Myiarchus, Sirystes and Casiornis.[2] [more]

Genus Sapayoa:
Broad-billed sapayoa / Tyrannenbreitrachen (Sapayoa aenigma)
Also known as: Sapayoa
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Wikipedia: Broad-billed sapayoa
The sapayoa or broad-billed sapayoa (Sapayoa aenigma) is a suboscine passerine found in lowland rainforests in Panama and north-western South America. As the epithet aenigma ("the enigma") implies, its relationships have long been elusive. It is easy to overlook, but appears to be common in a wide range and is not considered threatened by the IUCN.[1][2] [more]

Genus Laniocera:
Speckled mourner (Laniocera rufescens)
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Wikipedia: Speckled mourner
The speckled mourner (Laniocera rufescens) is a species of bird in the family Tityridae. It has traditionally been placed in the family Cotingidae, but evidence strongly suggest it is better placed in Tityridae,[2] where it is now placed by the SACC. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. [more]

Genus Colonia:
Long-tailed tyrant (Colonia colonus)
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Wikipedia: Long-tailed tyrant
The long-tailed tyrant (Colonia colonus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae, the only member of genus Colonia. [more]

Genus Lophotriccus:
Scale-crested pygmy-tyrant (Lophotriccus pileatus)
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Wikipedia: Scale-crested pygmy-tyrant
The scale-crested pygmy tyrant (Lophotriccus pileatus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. [more]

Pale-eyed pygmy-tyrant (Lophotriccus pilaris)
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Wikipedia: Pale-eyed pygmy-tyrant
The pale-eyed pygmy tyrant (Atalotriccus pilaris) is a species of bird in the tyrant flycatcher family, Tyrannidae, where it makes up the monotypic genus Atalotriccus.[2] [more]

Genus Myiornis:
Black-capped pygmy-tyrant (Myiornis atricapillus)
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Wikipedia: Black-capped pygmy-tyrant
The black-capped pygmy tyrant (Myiornis atricapillus) is the smallest passerine bird in its range, though larger than its cousin, the short-tailed pygmy tyrant. This tyrant flycatcher occurs from Costa Rica to north-western Ecuador. [more]

Genus Cnipodectes:
Brownish twistwing (Cnipodectes subbrunneus)
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Wikipedia: Brownish twistwing
The brownish twistwing (Cnipodectes subbrunneus), also known as the brownish flycatcher, is a species of bird in the Tyrannidae. It was the only member of the genus Cnipodectes until the description of Cnipodectes superrufus in 2007. [more]

Genus Oncostoma:
Northern bentbill (Oncostoma cinereigulare)
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Wikipedia: Northern bentbill
The northern bentbill (Oncostoma cinereigulare) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Southern bentbill (Oncostoma olivaceum)
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Wikipedia: Southern bentbill
The southern bentbill (Oncostoma olivaceum) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Colombia and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Genus Onychorhynchus:
Royal flycatcher (Onychorhynchus coronatus)
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Wikipedia: Royal flycatcher
The royal flycatchers are a genus, Onychorhynchus, of passerine birds in the family Tityridae[1][2] according to the IOC. Other taxonomic authorities including the AOU, Clements, and the IUCN, include it in Onychorhynchidae. Depending on authority, it includes a single widespread,[1] or four more localized species.[2] The specific epithet of the type species, coronatus, and the common name of all the species in this genus, royal flycatcher, refer to the striking, colourful crest,[3] which is seen displayed very rarely,[3] except after mating, while preening, in courtship as well as being handled.[3] [more]

Royal flycatcher (Onychorhynchus mexicanus)
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Wikipedia: Royal flycatcher
The royal flycatchers are a genus, Onychorhynchus, of passerine birds in the family Tityridae[1][2] according to the IOC. Other taxonomic authorities including the AOU, Clements, and the IUCN, include it in Onychorhynchidae. Depending on authority, it includes a single widespread,[1] or four more localized species.[2] The specific epithet of the type species, coronatus, and the common name of all the species in this genus, royal flycatcher, refer to the striking, colourful crest,[3] which is seen displayed very rarely,[3] except after mating, while preening, in courtship as well as being handled.[3] [more]

Genus Capsiempis:
Yellow tyrannulet (Capsiempis flaveola)
Alternate classification: Capsiempis flaveolus
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Wikipedia: Yellow tyrannulet
The yellow tyrannulet (Capsiempis flaveola) is a very small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds from Nicaragua south to northeastern Argentina and southeastern Brazil. It is the only member of the genus Capsiempis, but its taxonomy is uncertain, and it has been allocated to at least three other genera in the past. [more]

Genus Platyrinchus:
Stub-tailed spadebill (Platyrinchus cancrominus)
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Wikipedia: Stub-tailed spadebill
The stub-tailed spadebill (Platyrinchus cancrominus) is a passerine bird in the Tyrannidae family. It is commonly found in tropical dry rainforests or tropical moist lowlands throughout Central America.[2] First scientifically described in 1860, it was originally thought to be the same as Platyrinchus mystaceus but was later reclassified as a sympatric species. The stub-tailed spadebill may grow up to 9.5 cm (3.74 in) long and may weigh up to 12 g (0.42 oz). It has a white throat, yellow breast, and brown mantle and wings. The stub-tailed spadebill is most easily recognizable due to its stubby tail, broad bill, and its distinctive bird song. Some morphological differences like its greatly reduced crown differentiate it from other related species. [more]

Golden-crowned spadebill (Platyrinchus coronatus)
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Wikipedia: Golden-crowned spadebill
The golden-crowned spadebill (Platyrinchus coronatus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

White-throated spadebill (Platyrinchus mystaceus)
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Wikipedia: White-throated spadebill
The white-throated spadebill (Platyrinchus mystaceus) is a tiny passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It lives in the tropical Americas. [more]

Genus Phyllomyias:
Rough-legged tyrannulet (Phyllomyias burmeisteri)
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Wikipedia: Rough-legged tyrannulet
The rough-legged tyrannulet (Phyllomyias burmeisteri) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. [more]

Sooty-headed tyrannulet (Phyllomyias griseiceps)
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Wikipedia: Sooty-headed tyrannulet
The sooty-headed tyrannulet (Phyllomyias griseiceps) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. [more]

Genus Tolmomyias:
Yellow-margined flycatcher (Tolmomyias assimilis)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-margined flycatcher
Zimmer's flatbill (Tolmomyias assimilis) or the yellow-margined flatbill is a species of bird in the tyrant flycatcher family Tyrannidae. It is found in humid forest in southern Central America, and the Chocó and Amazon in South America. [more]

Yellow-olive flycatcher (Tolmomyias sulphurescens)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-olive flycatcher
The yellow-olive flatbill or yellow-olive flycatcher (Tolmomyias sulphurescens) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in tropical and subtopical forest and woodland in Central and South America, but over its range there are significant variations in plumage, iris-colour and voice, leading to speculations that more than one species is involved. Its plumage is overall greenish-yellow, the lores are whitish, the crown is often greyish and some subspecies have a dusky patch on the auriculars. The flat bill is black above and pale pinkish or greyish below; similar to the yellow-margined flatbill, but unlike the grey-crowned flatbill. [more]

Yellow-breasted flycatcher (Tolmomyias flaviventris)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-breasted flycatcher
The ochre-lored flatbill (Tolmomyias flaviventris) or yellow-breasted flycatcher, is a passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It is found in South America, ranging from Colombia and Venezuela south to Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil, and on both Trinidad and Tobago. There are significant variations in its voice and plumage, with western birds duller and more olive, and eastern and northern birds brighter and more ochre-yellow. The two are sometimes considered separate species, the western olive-faced flatbill (or flycatcher), T. viridiceps, and the eastern and northern ochre-lored flatbill (or flycatcher), T. flaviventris.[2] [more]

Genus Poecilotriccus:
Slate-headed tody-flycatcher (Poecilotriccus sylvia)
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Wikipedia: Slate-headed tody-flycatcher
The slaty-headed tody-flycatcher (Poecilotriccus sylvia) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae, and one of twelve in the genus Poecilotriccus. [more]

Genus Pseudotriccus:
Bronze-olive pygmy-tyrant (Pseudotriccus pelzelni)
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Wikipedia: Bronze-olive pygmy-tyrant
The bronze-olive pygmy tyrant (Pseudotriccus pelzelni) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. [more]

Genus Rhynchocyclus:
Eye-ringed flatbill (Rhynchocyclus brevirostris)
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Wikipedia: Eye-ringed flatbill
The eye-ringed flatbill (Rhynchocyclus brevirostris) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama, with a slight incursion into Colombia at the south end of its range. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. [more]

Olivaceous flatbill (Rhynchocyclus olivaceus)
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Wikipedia: Olivaceous flatbill
The olivaceous flatbill (Rhynchocyclus olivaceus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. [more]

Genus Myiodynastes:
Streaked flycatcher / Südlicher Fleckenmaskentyrann (Myiodynastes maculatus)
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Streaked flycatcher. 2020-02-20 14.53.44 Central America
We saw this at Los Lagartos Restaurant on the grounds of Gamboa Rainforest Resort in Panama.
General: The streaked flycatcher (Myiodynastes maculatus) is a passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. [more]

Sulphur-bellied flycatcher (Myiodynastes luteiventris)
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Wikipedia: Sulphur-bellied flycatcher
The sulphur-bellied flycatcher (Myiodynastes luteiventris) is a large tyrant flycatcher. This bird breeds from southeasternmost Arizona of the United States (the Madrean sky islands region of Arizona, southwestern New Mexico, and northern Sonora, Mexico) to Costa Rica. They are short distance migrants, spending winters in the eastern Andean foothills of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil, and are passage migrants over the southern portions of Central America. [more]

Golden-bellied flycatcher (Myiodynastes hemichrysus)
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Wikipedia: Golden-bellied flycatcher
The golden-bellied flycatcher (Myiodynastes hemichrysus) is a passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It is an endemic resident breeder in Costa Rica and western Panama. [more]

Golden-crowned flycatcher (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
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Wikipedia: Golden-crowned flycatcher
The golden-crowned flycatcher (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. [more]

Genus Pitangus:
Great kiskadee / Schwefelmaskentyrann (Pitangus sulphuratus)
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La fortuna Great kiskadee tenatative ID w wings spread. 2018-02-26 10.15.18 Central America
The great kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus), called bem-te-vi in Brazil, is a passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family Tyrannidae. It is the only member of the genus Pitangus. [more]

Genus Camptostoma:
Northern beardless-tyrannulet (Camptostoma imberbe)
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Wikipedia: Northern beardless-tyrannulet
The northern beardless tyrannulet (Camptostoma imberbe) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds from southeasternmost Arizona and Texas of the United States through Mexico and Central America to northwestern Costa Rica. [more]

Southern beardless-tyrannulet (Camptostoma obsoletum)
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Wikipedia: Southern beardless-tyrannulet
The southern beardless tyrannulet (Camptostoma obsoletum) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds from Costa Rica through South America south to Paraguay, Bolivia, and Argentina. [more]

Genus Serpophaga:
Torrent tyrannulet (Serpophaga cinerea)
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Wikipedia: Torrent tyrannulet
The torrent tyrannulet (Serpophaga cinerea) is a small bird of the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds from Costa Rica south to northern Bolivia and northwestern Venezuela. [more]

Genus Myiophobus:
Bran-colored flycatcher (Myiophobus fasciatus)
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Wikipedia: Bran-colored flycatcher
The bran-colored flycatcher (Myiophobus fasciatus) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds from Costa Rica through South America to Bolivia, Uruguay, and Argentina. It also occurs on Trinidad. [more]

Genus Ornithion:
Brown-capped tyrannulet (Ornithion brunneicapillus)
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Wikipedia: Brown-capped tyrannulet
The brown-capped tyrannulet (Ornithion brunneicapillus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Yellow-bellied tyrannulet (Ornithion semiflavum)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-bellied tyrannulet
The yellow-bellied tyrannulet (Ornithion semiflavum) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Genus Phylloscartes:
Rufous-browed tyrannulet (Phylloscartes superciliaris)
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Wikipedia: Rufous-browed tyrannulet
The rufous-browed tyrannulet (Phylloscartes superciliaris) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. [more]

Genus Tyrannulus:
Yellow-crowned tyrannulet (Tyrannulus elatus)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-crowned tyrannulet
The yellow-crowned tyrannulet (Tyrannulus elatus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is monotypic within the genus Tyrannulus.[2] It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela, where its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical swamps, and heavily degraded former forest.[1] [more]

Genus Zimmerius:
Mistletoe tyrannulet (Zimmerius parvus)
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Wikipedia: Mistletoe tyrannulet
The mistletoe tyrannulet (Zimmerius parvus) is a very small bird, a passerine in family Tyrannidae, the tyrant flycatchers. [more]

Genus Attila:
Bright-rumped attila (Attila spadiceus)
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Wikipedia: Bright-rumped attila
The bright-rumped attila or polymorphic attila (Attila spadiceus) is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family (Tyrannidae). It breeds from northwestern Mexico to western Ecuador, Bolivia and southeastern Brazil, and on Trinidad. [more]

Genus Legatus:
Piratic flycatcher (Legatus leucophaius)
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Wikipedia: Piratic flycatcher
The piratic flycatcher (Legatus leucophaius) is a passerine bird, the only member of the genus Legatus. It is a resident breeder from southern Mexico and Trinidad south to Bolivia and Argentina. At least some birds from Central America and Trinidad are migratory, and this species also visits Tobago. [more]

Genus Megarynchus:
Boat-billed flycatcher (Megarynchus pitangua)
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Wikipedia: Boat-billed flycatcher
The boat-billed flycatcher (Megarynchus pitangua) is a passerine bird. It is a large tyrant flycatcher, the only member of the monotypic genus Megarynchus. [more]

Genus Myiozetetes:
Gray-capped flycatcher (Myiozetetes granadensis)
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La tarde last morning gray-capped flycatcher. 2018-03-11 10.56.34 Central America
The grey-capped flycatcher (Myiozetetes granadensis) is a passerine bird, a member of the large tyrant flycatcher family. [more]

Social flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis)
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Wikipedia: Social flycatcher
The social flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) is a passerine bird from the Americas, a member of the large tyrant flycatcher family (Tyrannidae). [more]

Rusty-margined flycatcher (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
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Wikipedia: Rusty-margined flycatcher
The rusty-margined flycatcher (Myiozetetes cayanensis) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae, the tyrant flycatchers. [more]

Genus Sirystes:
Choco sirystes (Sirystes albogriseus)
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Wikipedia: Choco sirystes
The western sirystes or Chocó sirystes (Sirystes albogriseus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It was formerly considered conspecific with the sibilant sirystes. [more]

Genus Philohydor:
Lesser kiskadee (Philohydor lictor)
Alternate classification: Pitangus lictor
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Wikipedia: Lesser kiskadee
The lesser kiskadee (Philohydor lictor) is a species of passerine bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is the only species in the genus Philohydor. It is found in Argentina, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad, Guatemala, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist shrubland and swamps. [more]

Genus Conopias:
White-ringed flycatcher (Conopias albovittatus)
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Wikipedia: White-ringed flycatcher
The white-ringed flycatcher (Conopias albovittatus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. [more]

Genus Nesotriccus:
Mouse-colored tyrannulet (Nesotriccus murinus)
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Wikipedia: Mouse-colored tyrannulet
The mouse-colored tyrannulet (Phaeomyias murina) is a species of bird in the tyrant flycatcher family Tyrannidae. It occurs in a wide range of scrubby and wooded habitats in tropical and subtropical South America, being absent from the southernmost part of the continent, the high Andes and dense rainforest. It also occurs in Panama and Costa Rica. It is generally common, but its small size and dull plumage results in it often being overlooked – or at least not identified, as it resembles several other tyrant flycatchers. [more]

Cocos flycatcher (Nesotriccus ridgwayi)
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Wikipedia: Cocos flycatcher
The Cocos flycatcher (Nesotriccus ridgwayi) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae, and the only species in the genus Nesotriccus.[3] [more]

Family Mimidae (Spottdrosseln):

Genus Mimus:
Tropical mockingbird (Mimus gilvus)
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Wikipedia: Tropical mockingbird
The tropical mockingbird (Mimus gilvus) is a resident breeding bird from southern Mexico south to northern Brazil, and in the Lesser Antilles and other Caribbean islands. The birds in Panama and Trinidad may have been introduced. The northern mockingbird (M. polyglottos) is its closest living relative, but the critically endangered Socorro mockingbird (M. graysoni) is also much closer to these two than previously believed .[2] [more]

Genus Dumetella:
Grey catbird / Katzendrossel (Dumetella carolinensis)
Alternate classification: Muscicapa carolinensis
Also known as: Gray catbird
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Catbird with cicada, Cherrywood Court, Hunt Valley, Maryland. 2021-06-12 17.11.36 Maryland
The gray catbird (Dumetella carolinensis), also spelled grey catbird, is a medium-sized North American and Central American perching bird of the mimid family. It is the only member of the "catbird" genus Dumetella. Like the black catbird (Melanoptila glabrirostris), it is among the basal lineages of the Mimidae, probably a closer relative of the Caribbean thrasher and trembler assemblage than of the mockingbirds and Toxostoma thrashers.[2][3] In some areas it is known as the slate-colored mockingbird.[4] [more]

Genus Donacobius:
Black-capped donacobius / Rohrspotter (Donacobius atricapilla)
Alternate classification: Donacobius atricapillus
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Wikipedia: Black-capped donacobius
The black-capped donacobius (Donacobius atricapilla) is a conspicuous, vocal South American bird. It is found in tropical swamps and wetlands in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela; also Panama of Central America.[1] [more]

Family Certhiidae (Baumläufer):

Subfamily Troglodytinae:
Genus Troglodytes:
House wren (Troglodytes aedon)
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Wikipedia: House wren
The house wren (Troglodytes aedon) is a very small songbird of the wren family, Troglodytidae. It occurs from Canada to southernmost South America, and is thus the most widely distributed native bird in the Americas.[2] It occurs in most suburban areas in its range and it is the single most common wren. Its taxonomy is highly complex and some subspecies groups are often considered separate species. [more]

Ochraceous wren / Fahlstreif-Zaunkönig (Troglodytes ochraceus)
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Wikipedia: Ochraceous wren
The ochraceous wren (Troglodytes ochraceus) is a small songbird of the wren family. It is an endemic resident breeding species in Costa Rica and Panama. It is sometimes considered to be conspecific with the mountain wren, Troglodytes solstitialis, of South America. [more]

Genus Campylorhynchus:
Band-backed wren / Tigerzaunkönig (Campylorhynchus zonatus)
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Wikipedia: Band-backed wren
The band-backed wren (Campylorhynchus zonatus) is a small songbird of the wren family. [more]

White-headed wren / Weißkopf-Zaunkönig (Campylorhynchus albobrunneus)
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Wikipedia: White-headed wren
The white-headed wren (Campylorhynchus albobrunneus) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Colombia and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Genus Henicorhina:
Grey-breasted wood-wren / Einsiedlerzaunkönig (Henicorhina leucophrys)
Also known as: Gray-breasted wood-wren
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Wikipedia: Grey-breasted wood-wren
The grey-breasted wood wren (Henicorhina leucophrys) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found at low levels in wooded montane areas of Mexico, Central America and the northern Andes. [more]

White-breasted wood-wren (Henicorhina leucosticta)
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Wikipedia: White-breasted wood-wren
The white-breasted wood wren (Henicorhina leucosticta) is a small songbird of the wren family. It is a resident breeding species from central Mexico to northeastern Peru and Suriname. [more]

Genus Thryorchilus:
Timberline wren / Bergzaunkönig (Thryorchilus browni)
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Wikipedia: Timberline wren
The timberline wren (Thryorchilus browni) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is monotypic within the genus Thryorchilus.[2] It is found in Costa Rica and western Panama, where its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.[1] [more]

Genus Cyphorhinus:
Song wren / Brillenzaunkönig (Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus)
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Wikipedia: Song wren
The song wren (Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. [more]

Genus Cistothorus:
Sedge wren / Seggenzaunkönig (Cistothorus platensis)
Also known as: Grass wren
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Wikipedia: Sedge wren
The sedge wren (Cistothorus stellaris) is a small and secretive passerine bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is widely distributed in North America. It is often found in wet grasslands and meadows where it nests in the tall grasses and sedges and feeds on insects. The sedge wren was formerly considered as conspecific with the non-migratory grass wren of central and South America. [more]

Genus Microcerculus:
Southern nightingale-wren / Schuppenbrust-Zaunkönig (Microcerculus marginatus)
Also known as: Scaly-breasted wren
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Wikipedia: Southern nightingale-wren
The southern nightingale-wren (Microcerculus marginatus), also known as the scaly-breasted wren, is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. Its rich song varies locally over its range, suggesting that more than one species is included in the taxonomic complex currently called the southern nightingale-wren. [more]

Nightingale wren / Nachtigallzaunkönig (Microcerculus philomela)
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Wikipedia: Nightingale wren
Microcerculus is a genus of birds in the wren family Troglodytidae that are endemic to Central America and tropical regions of South America. [more]

Genus Salpinctes:
Rock wren (Salpinctes obsoletus)
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Wikipedia: Rock wren
The rock wren (Salpinctes obsoletus) is a small songbird of the wren family native to South America and western North America. It is the only species in the genus Salpinctes. [more]

Genus Pheugopedius:
Spot-breasted wren / Fleckenbrust-Zaunkönig (Pheugopedius maculipectus)
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Wikipedia: Spot-breasted wren
The spot-breasted wren (Pheugopedius maculipectus) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua.[2] [more]

Rufous-breasted wren (Pheugopedius rutilus)
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Wikipedia: Rufous-breasted wren
The rufous-breasted wren (Pheugopedius rutilus) is a small songbird of the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela.[2] [more]

Black-bellied wren / Bindenbauch-Zaunkönig (Pheugopedius fasciatoventris)
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Wikipedia: Black-bellied wren
The black-bellied wren (Pheugopedius fasciatoventris) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, and Panama.[2] [more]

Black-throated wren / Schwarzkehl-Zaunkönig (Pheugopedius atrogularis)
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Wikipedia: Black-throated wren
The black-throated wren (Pheugopedius atrogularis) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama.[2] [more]

Sooty-headed wren (Pheugopedius spadix)
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Wikipedia: Sooty-headed wren
The sooty-headed wren (Pheugopedius spadix) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Colombia and Panama.[2] [more]

Genus Thryophilus:
Rufous-and-white wren / Rotrückenzaunkönig (Thryophilus rufalbus)
Alternate classification: Thryothorus rufalbus
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Wikipedia: Rufous-and-white wren
Thryothorus rufalbus [more]

Banded wren / Akazienzaunkönig (Thryophilus pleurostictus)
Alternate classification: Thryothorus pleurostictus
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Wikipedia: Banded wren
The banded wren (Thryophilus pleurostictus) is a small songbird of the wren family. It is a resident breeding species from central Mexico to Costa Rica. It was formerly placed in the genus Thryothorus (Mann et al., 2006). [more]

Genus Cantorchilus:
Riverside wren (Cantorchilus semibadius)
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Wikipedia: Riverside wren
The riverside wren (Cantorchilus semibadius) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Costa Rica and Panama.[2] [more]

Canebrake wren (Cantorchilus zeledoni)
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Wikipedia: Canebrake wren
The canebrake wren (Cantorchilus zeledoni) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama.[2] [more]

Stripe-breasted wren (Cantorchilus thoracicus)
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Wikipedia: Stripe-breasted wren
The stripe-breasted wren (Cantorchilus thoracicus) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.[2] [more]

Cabanis's wren / Cabaniszaunkönig (Cantorchilus modestus)
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Wikipedia: Cabanis's wren
Cabanis's wren (Cantorchilus modestus) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua.[2] [more]

Isthmian wren (Cantorchilus elutus)
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Wikipedia: Isthmian wren
The isthmian wren (Cantorchilus elutus) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Costa Rica and Panama.[1] [more]

Bay wren / Kastanienzaunkönig (Cantorchilus nigricapillus)
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Wikipedia: Bay wren
The bay wren (Cantorchilus nigricapillus) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is native to southern Central America and northwestern South America.[2] [more]

Stripe-throated wren / Streifenkehl-Zaunkönig (Cantorchilus leucopogon)
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Wikipedia: Stripe-throated wren
The stripe-throated wren (Cantorchilus leucopogon) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama.[2] [more]

Buff-breasted wren (Cantorchilus leucotis)
Alternate classification: Thryothorus leucotis (Lafresnaye, 1845)
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Wikipedia: Buff-breasted wren
The buff-breasted wren (Cantorchilus leucotis) is a species of bird in the family Troglodytidae, the wrens. It is found in the Amazon Basin of northern Brazil and Amazonian Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and northern-border Bolivia; also the Guianan countries Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana. It occurs in non-Amazonian regions of Venezuela and Colombia and its range extends into eastern Panama. [more]

Subfamily Polioptilinae:
Genus Polioptila:
Tropical gnatcatcher (Polioptila plumbea)
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Wikipedia: Tropical gnatcatcher
The tropical gnatcatcher (Polioptila plumbea) is a small active insectivorous songbird, which is a resident species throughout a large part of the Neotropics. There are large geographical variations in its voice and plumage, resulting in some populations sometimes being considered separate species, notably the bilineata group as the white-browed gnatcatcher, and the taxon maior as the Marañón gnatcatcher.[2] [more]

White-lored gnatcatcher (Polioptila albiloris)
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Wikipedia: White-lored gnatcatcher
The white-lored gnatcatcher (Polioptila albiloris) is a species of bird in the family Polioptilidae. It is found in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland. [more]

Slate-throated gnatcatcher (Polioptila schistaceigula)
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Wikipedia: Slate-throated gnatcatcher
The slate-throated gnatcatcher (Polioptila schistaceigula) is a species of bird in the family Polioptilidae. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Genus Ramphocaenus:
Long-billed gnatwren (Ramphocaenus melanurus)
Also known as: Trilling gnatwren
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Wikipedia: Long-billed gnatwren
The trilling gnatwren (Ramphocaenus melanurus), formerly long-billed gnatwren, is a very small bird in the gnatcatcher family. It found from southeast Mexico south to Ecuador and Amazonia. [more]

Genus Microbates:
Tawny-faced gnatwren (Microbates cinereiventris)
Also known as: Half-collared gnatwren
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Wikipedia: Tawny-faced gnatwren
The tawny-faced gnatwren or half-collared gnatwren (Microbates cinereiventris) is a species of bird in the family Polioptilidae. [more]

Family Dendrocolaptidae:

Genus Xiphorhynchus:
Black-striped woodcreeper / Tränen-Baumsteiger (Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus)
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Black-striped woodcreeper in Manzanillo, Costa Rica. 2020-03-12 09.50.48 Central America
The black-striped woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus) is a species of bird in the Dendrocolaptinae subfamily. [more]

Cocoa woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)
Alternate classification: Xiphorhynchus sussurans
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Wikipedia: Cocoa woodcreeper
The cocoa woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus susurrans) is a passerine bird in the woodcreeper subfamily of the ovenbird family. It was formerly considered a subspecies of the buff-throated woodcreeper (X. guttatus). [more]

Ivory-billed woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus flavigaster)
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Wikipedia: Ivory-billed woodcreeper
The ivory-billed woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus flavigaster) is a species of bird of the order of Passerformes, which are perching birds. It is in the family Furnariidae (ovenbirds) and the subfamily Dendrocolaptinae (woodcreepers). [more]

Spotted woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus erythropygius)
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Wikipedia: Spotted woodcreeper
The spotted woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus erythropygius) is a species of bird in the Dendrocolaptinae subfamily. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. [more]

Straight-billed woodcreeper (Dendroplex picus)
Alternate classification: Xiphorhynchus picus (Gmelin, 1788)
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Wikipedia: Straight-billed woodcreeper
The straight-billed woodcreeper (Dendroplex picus) is a species of bird in the woodcreeper subfamily (Dendrocolaptinae). Its genus, Dendroplex, was recently confirmed to be distinct from Xiphorhynchus. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Genus Lepidocolaptes:
Spot-crowned woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes affinis)
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Wikipedia: Spot-crowned woodcreeper
The spot-crowned woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes affinis), is a passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from central Mexico in the east, the Sierra Madre Orientals, to northern Panama. [more]

Streak-headed woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)
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Wikipedia: Streak-headed woodcreeper
The streak-headed woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii) is a passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from southern Mexico to northwestern Peru, northern Brazil and Guyana, and also on Trinidad. [more]

Genus Sittasomus:
Olivaceous woodcreeper (Sittasomus griseicapillus)
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Wikipedia: Olivaceous woodcreeper
The olivaceous woodcreeper (Sittasomus griseicapillus) is a passerine bird of the tropical Americas. It belongs to the true woodcreepers (tribe Dendrocolaptini) of the ovenbird family (Furnariidae). [more]

Genus Dendrocolaptes:
Northern barred-woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae)
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Wikipedia: Northern barred-woodcreeper
The northern barred woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae) is a species of bird in the subfamily Dendrocolaptinae. It was formerly included as a subspecies of the Amazonian barred woodcreeper (D. certhia). [more]

Black-banded woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptes picumnus)
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Wikipedia: Black-banded woodcreeper
The black-banded woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptes picumnus) is a species of bird in the Dendrocolaptinae subfamily, the woodcreepers. It is discontinuously spread from Chiapas to Paraguay and northern Argentina. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. [more]

Genus Xiphocolaptes:
Strong-billed woodcreeper (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus)
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Wikipedia: Strong-billed woodcreeper
The strong-billed woodcreeper (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus) is a species of bird in the Dendrocolaptinae subfamily. It is one of the largest woodcreepers and the largest furnariids, though the slender long-billed woodcreeper is longer and the great rufous woodcreeper is larger overall. There is some size variation across the range, with typical birds measuring 28–31 cm (11-12.5 in) long and weighing about 120 grams (4.2 oz). Large strong-billed woodcreepers can measure up to 35 cm (14 in) and weigh 169 grams (6 oz).[2] The most distinctive feature of this typically marked striped, brownish bird (other than its size) is its massive, semi-decurved bill, which may be brown or blackish. [more]

Genus Dendrocincla:
Plain-brown woodcreeper (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)
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Wikipedia: Plain-brown woodcreeper
The plain-brown woodcreeper (Dendrocincla fuliginosa), is a sub-oscine passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from Honduras through South America to northern Argentina, and in Trinidad and Tobago. Sometimes it is considered to include the plain-winged woodcreeper (D. turdina) as a subspecies. [more]

Ruddy woodcreeper (Dendrocincla homochroa)
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Wikipedia: Ruddy woodcreeper
The ruddy woodcreeper (Dendrocincla homochroa), is a passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from southern Mexico to northern Colombia and extreme northern Venezuela. [more]

Tawny-winged woodcreeper (Dendrocincla anabatina)
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Wikipedia: Tawny-winged woodcreeper
The tawny-winged woodcreeper (Dendrocincla anabatina) is a species of bird in the subfamily Dendrocolaptinae, the New World woodcreepers. It is found in Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Genus Campylorhamphus:
Brown-billed scythebill (Campylorhamphus pusillus )
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Wikipedia: Brown-billed scythebill
The brown-billed scythebill (Campylorhamphus pusillus) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. [more]

Red-billed scythebill / Rotrücken-Sensenschnabel (Campylorhamphus trochilirostris)
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Wikipedia: Red-billed scythebill
The red-billed scythebill (Campylorhamphus trochilirostris) is a species of bird in the Dendrocolaptinae subfamily. [more]

Brown-billed scythebill (Campylorhamphus pusillus)
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Wikipedia: Brown-billed scythebill
The brown-billed scythebill (Campylorhamphus pusillus) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. [more]

Genus Deconychura:
Long-tailed woodcreeper (Deconychura longicauda)
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Wikipedia: Long-tailed woodcreeper
The long-tailed woodcreeper (Deconychura longicauda) is a species of bird in the Dendrocolaptinae subfamily. It is monotypic within Deconychura, but formerly this genus also included the spot-throated woodcreeper.[2] [more]

Family Formicariidae:

Genus Formicarius:
Rufous-breasted antthrush (Formicarius rufipectus)
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Wikipedia: Rufous-breasted antthrush
The rufous-breasted antthrush (Formicarius rufipectus) is a species of bird in the family Formicariidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. [more]

Black-faced antthrush (Formicarius analis)
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Wikipedia: Black-faced antthrush
The black-faced antthrush (Formicarius analis), is a species of passerine bird in the family Formicariidae. [more]

Black-headed antthrush (Formicarius nigricapillus)
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Wikipedia: Black-headed antthrush
The black-headed antthrush (Formicarius nigricapillus) is a species of bird in the family Formicariidae. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. [more]

Genus Grallaria:
Scaled antpitta (Grallaria guatimalensis)
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Wikipedia: Scaled antpitta
The scaled antpitta (Grallaria guatimalensis) is a species of bird in the family Grallariidae. [more]

Genus Grallaricula:
Ochre-breasted antpitta (Grallaricula flavirostris)
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Wikipedia: Ochre-breasted antpitta
The ochre-breasted antpitta (Grallaricula flavirostris) is a species of bird placed in the family Grallariidae. [more]

Genus Hylopezus:
Streak-chested antpitta (Hylopezus perspicillatus)
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Wikipedia: Streak-chested antpitta
The streak-chested antpitta or spectacled antpitta (Hylopezus perspicillatus) is a species of bird in the family Grallariidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest.[2] [more]

Thicket antpitta (Hylopezus dives)
Alternate classification: Hylopezus fulviventris dives
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Wikipedia: Thicket antpitta
The thicket antpitta (Hylopezus dives) is a species of bird in the family Grallariidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, and perhaps Ecuador. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Genus Cercomacra:
Dusky antbird (Cercomacroides tyrannina)
Alternate classification: Cercomacra tyrannina (Sclater, 1855)
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Wikipedia: Dusky antbird
The dusky antbird or tyrannine antbird (Cercomacroides tyrannina) is a passerine bird in the antbird family. It is a resident breeder in tropical Central and South America from southeastern Mexico southwards to western Ecuador, and Amazonian Brazil. [more]

Jet antbird (Cercomacra nigricans)
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Wikipedia: Jet antbird
The jet antbird (Cercomacra nigricans) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Colombia, Venezuela, Panama and western Ecuador. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Genus Pittasoma:
Black-crowned antpitta (Pittasoma michleri)
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Wikipedia: Black-crowned antpitta
The black-crowned antpitta (Pittasoma michleri) is a species of bird in the gnateater family, Conopophagidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist foothill forests. [more]

Family Thamnophilidae:

Genus Thamnophilus:
Black-hooded antshrike / Kapuzen-Ameisenwürger (Thamnophilus bridgesi)
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Wikipedia: Black-hooded antshrike
The black-hooded antshrike (Thamnophilus bridgesi) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Costa Rica and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Barred antshrike / Binden-Ameisenwürger (Thamnophilus doliatus)
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Wikipedia: Barred antshrike
The barred antshrike (Thamnophilus doliatus) is a passerine bird in the antbird family. It is found in the Neotropics from Tamaulipas, Mexico, through Central America, Trinidad and Tobago, and a large part of South America east of the Andes as far south as northern Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. There is one accepted record from southern Texas.[2] It is found in a wide range of wooded habitats (even gardens and parks) in both humid and arid regions. Throughout a large part of its range, it is among the most common antbirds. [more]

Black-crowned antshrike (Thamnophilus atrinucha)
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Wikipedia: Black-crowned antshrike
The black-crowned antshrike or western slaty antshrike (Thamnophilus atrinucha) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in from western Ecuador, western Colombia, western Venezuela, and Central America as far north as Belize. [more]

Black antshrike (Thamnophilus nigriceps)
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Wikipedia: Black antshrike
The black antshrike (Thamnophilus nigriceps) is a species of insectivorous bird in the antbird family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Colombia and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Genus Formicivora:
White-fringed antwren (Formicivora grisea)
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Wikipedia: White-fringed antwren
The southern white-fringed antwren (Formicivora grisea) is an insectivorous bird in the antbird family Thamnophilidae. It is a resident breeder in tropical South America from Colombia southeast to the Guianas and Brazil. [more]

Genus Myrmotherula:
Slaty antwren (Myrmotherula schisticolor)
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Wikipedia: Slaty antwren
The slaty antwren (Myrmotherula schisticolor) is a small passerine bird in the antbird family. It is a resident breeder in tropical Central and South America from southern Mexico to western Ecuador and eastern Peru. [more]

Pacific antwren / Westlicher Strichelameisenschlüpfer (Myrmotherula pacifica)
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Wikipedia: Pacific antwren
The Pacific antwren, or Pacific streaked antwren, (Myrmotherula pacifica) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador and Panama, living in forests, clearings, woodland verges and gardens. [more]

Genus Myrmornis:
Wing-banded antbird (Myrmornis torquata)
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Wikipedia: Wing-banded antbird
The wing-banded antbird (Myrmornis torquata) is a species of passerine bird in the antbird family, Thamnophilidae. It is placed in the monotypic genus Myrmornis.[2] It is found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.[1] [more]

Genus Taraba:
Great antshrike (Taraba major)
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Wikipedia: Great antshrike
The great antshrike (Taraba major) is a passerine bird in the antbird family, Thamnophilidae. It is the only member of the genus Taraba. It is a resident breeder in the tropical New World in southern Mexico, Central America, Trinidad and South America down to northern Argentina and southeastern Brazil. [more]

Genus Thamnistes:
Russet antshrike (Thamnistes anabatinus)
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Wikipedia: Russet antshrike
The russet antshrike (Thamnistes anabatinus) is a passerine bird in the antbird family. [more]

Genus Dysithamnus:
Streak-crowned antvireo (Dysithamnus striaticeps)
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Wikipedia: Streak-crowned antvireo
The streak-crowned antvireo (Dysithamnus striaticeps) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Costa Rica, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Spot-crowned antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps)
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Wikipedia: Spot-crowned antvireo
The spot-crowned antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Plain antvireo (Dysithamnus mentalis)
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Wikipedia: Plain antvireo
The plain antvireo (Dysithamnus mentalis) is a passerine bird species in the antbird family (Thamnophilidae). It is a resident breeder in tropical Central and South America. [more]

Genus Myrmeciza:
Zeledon's antbird (Myrmeciza zeledoni)
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Wikipedia: Zeledon's antbird
Zeledon's antbird (Percnostola zeledoni) is a species of antbird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found at low levels in humid forests from Nicaragua to Panama, and in the Chocó of western Colombia and western Ecuador. Zeledon's antbird feeds on insects, and regularly follows swarms of army ants in order to catch prey flushed by the swarms, but it is not an obligate ant-follower like some species of antbirds. [more]

White-bellied antbird (Myrmeciza longipes)
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Wikipedia: White-bellied antbird
The white-bellied antbird (Myrmeciza longipes), is a passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from Panama to northern Brazil and in Trinidad. It is also called Swainson's antcatcher (usually in historical sources) after William John Swainson, who first described it scientifically. The genus is monotypic. [more]

Genus Phaenostictus:
Ocellated antbird (Phaenostictus mcleannani)
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Wikipedia: Ocellated antbird
The ocellated antbird (Phaenostictus mcleannani) is a species of antbird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is monotypic within the genus Phaenostictus and is found in southern Central America and the northwestern part of South America. Its natural habitat is the understory of tropical moist lowland forest, foothill forest, and tall secondary growth woodlands. [more]

Genus Gymnopithys:
Bicolored antbird (Gymnopithys bicolor)
Alternate classification: Gymnopithys leucaspis bicolor
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Wikipedia: Bicolored antbird
The bicolored antbird (Gymnopithys bicolor) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Honduras south to Panama, western Colombia and Ecuador. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. [more]

Bicolored antbird (Gymnopithys leucaspis)
Also known as: White-cheeked antbird
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Wikipedia: Bicolored antbird
The bicolored antbird (Gymnopithys bicolor) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Honduras south to Panama, western Colombia and Ecuador. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. [more]

Genus Microrhopias:
Dot-winged antwren (Microrhopias quixensis)
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Wikipedia: Dot-winged antwren
The dot-winged antwren (Microrhopias quixensis) is a passerine bird in the antbird family. In the past it was sometimes known as the velvety antwren, and some of its more distinctive subspecies have their own infrequently used English names. It is a resident in tropical Central and South America from southeastern Mexico south to western Ecuador, northern Bolivia, central Brazil and the Guianas. It is the only member of the genus Microrhopias. [more]

Genus Hylophylax:
Spotted antbird (Hylophylax naevioides)
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Wikipedia: Spotted antbird
The spotted antbird (Hylophylax naevioides) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. In southern Central America, it is found in Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama; also Colombia and Ecuador of northwestern South America. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Genus Gymnocichla:
Bare-crowned antbird (Gymnocichla nudiceps)
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Wikipedia: Bare-crowned antbird
The bare-crowned antbird (Gymnocichla nudiceps) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae in the monotypic genus Gymnocichla. [more]

Genus Cymbilaimus:
Fasciated antshrike / Zebra-Ameisenwürger (Cymbilaimus lineatus)
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Wikipedia: Fasciated antshrike
The fasciated antshrike (Cymbilaimus lineatus) is a species of bird in the antbird family Thamnophilidae. The species is found in Central and Southern America. [more]

Genus Epinecrophylla:
Checker-throated antwren (Epinecrophylla fulviventris)
Alternate classification: Myrmotherula fulviventris
Also known as: Checker-throated stipplethroat
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Wikipedia: Checker-throated antwren
The checker-throated stipplethroat (Epinecrophylla fulviventris), also called fulvous-bellied antwren or checker-throated antwren, is a small passerine bird in the antbird family. It has traditionally been placed in the genus Myrmotherula, but is, together with other members of the so-called "stipple-throated group", now placed in the new genus Epinecrophylla. This is supported by molecular work, behavior, voice and morphology. Now treated as monotypic, it includes the former subspecies E. f. costaricensis and E. f. salmoni. [more]

Genus Xenornis:
Spiny-faced antshrike (Xenornis setifrons)
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Wikipedia: Spiny-faced antshrike
The speckled antshrike or spiny-faced antshrike (Xenornis setifrons) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is the only member of the genus Xenornis. It is found in Panama and far northwestern Colombia. [more]

Genus Euchrepomis:
Rufous-rumped antwren (Euchrepomis callinota)
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Wikipedia: Rufous-rumped antwren
The rufous-rumped antwren (Euchrepomis callinota) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montanes. [more]

Genus Sipia:
Dull-mantled antbird (Sipia laemosticta)
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Wikipedia: Dull-mantled antbird
The dull-mantled antbird (Sipia laemosticta) is a perching bird species in the antbird family (Thamnophilidae). [more]

Genus Hafferia:
Zeledon's antbird (Hafferia zeledoni)
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Wikipedia: Zeledon's antbird
Zeledon's antbird (Percnostola zeledoni) is a species of antbird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found at low levels in humid forests from Nicaragua to Panama, and in the Chocó of western Colombia and western Ecuador. Zeledon's antbird feeds on insects, and regularly follows swarms of army ants in order to catch prey flushed by the swarms, but it is not an obligate ant-follower like some species of antbirds. [more]

Genus Poliocrania:
Chestnut-backed antbird (Poliocrania exsul)
Alternate classification: Myrmeciza exsul
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Wikipedia: Chestnut-backed antbird
The chestnut-backed antbird (Poliocrania exsul) is a passerine bird in the antbird family. It is found in humid forests in Central and South America (Chocó-Magdalena), ranging from eastern Nicaragua to western Ecuador. It mainly occurs in lowlands up to an altitude of 900 metres (3,000 ft) m, but locally it occurs higher. [more]

Family Pipridae:

Genus Piprites:
Gray-headed piprites (Piprites griseiceps)
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Wikipedia: Gray-headed piprites
The grey-headed piprites (Piprites griseiceps) is a species of bird which traditionally has been placed in the family Tyrannidae. It is found in Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. [more]

Genus Schiffornis:
Northern schiffornis (Schiffornis veraepacis)
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Wikipedia: Northern schiffornis
The northern schiffornis (Schiffornis veraepacis), is a species of Neotropical bird. [more]

Russet-winged schiffornis (Schiffornis stenorhyncha)
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Wikipedia: Russet-winged schiffornis
The russet-winged schiffornis (Schiffornis stenorhyncha), is a species of Neotropical bird. [more]

Genus Chiroxiphia:
Lance-tailed manakin (Chiroxiphia lanceolata)
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Wikipedia: Lance-tailed manakin
The lance-tailed manakin (Chiroxiphia lanceolata) is a small passerine bird which breeds in tropical Central and South America from Costa Rica to northern Venezuela. This manakin is a fairly common bird of dry and moist deciduous forests, but not rainforest. It is a small, compact bird about 13 centimetres (5 in) long and similar to the blue-backed manakin, but both sexes have the two central tail feathers elongated to form a spike. Males have black plumage with a blue back, a red crown and orange legs. Females and juveniles are olive-green with paler underparts. At breeding time, males are involved in a cooperative behaviour during which they jump up and down alternately. This is a fairly common species with a wide range, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern". [more]

Long-tailed manakin (Chiroxiphia linearis)
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Wikipedia: Long-tailed manakin
The long-tailed manakin (Chiroxiphia linearis) is a species of bird in the family Pipridae native to Central America where it inhabits both wet and dry tropical and subtropical forests. It is a small, plump bird about 10 centimetres (4 in) long. Males have black plumage with a blue back and a red crown, and the two central tail feathers are greatly elongated.. Females and juveniles are olive-green with paler underparts. At breeding time, males are involved in a cooperative lekking behaviour with a complex coordinated courtship dance. This is a fairly common species with a wide range, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern". [more]

Genus Manacus:
White-collared manakin (Manacus candei)
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Wikipedia: White-collared manakin
The white-collared manakin (Manacus candei) is a passerine bird in the manakin family. It is a resident breeder in the tropical New World from southeastern Mexico to Costa Rica and the extreme west of Panama. It typically inhabits thickets at the edges of moist forest, tall secondary growth and old cacao plantations. It is a small, plump bird about 11 centimetres (4.3 in) long. Males have a black crown, mid-back band, wings and tail, an olive-green rump and yellow belly. Females and juveniles are olive-green with yellow bellies and resemble female orange-collared manakins. At breeding time, males are involved in lekking behaviour on the forest floor during which they puff out their neck feathers. This is a fairly common species with a wide range, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern". [more]

Orange-collared manakin (Manacus aurantiacus)
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Wikipedia: Orange-collared manakin
The orange-collared manakin (Manacus aurantiacus) is a passerine bird in the manakin family. It is an endemic resident breeder in Costa Rica and western Panama, where it is found in forests, secondary growth and plantations. It is a small, plump bird about 10 centimetres (4 in) long. Males have a black crown, mid back, wings and tail and an olive-green rump. The rest of the head, neck, breast and upper back are orange, and the belly is yellow. Females are olive-green with yellow underparts and resemble female white-collared manakins. At breeding time, males are involved in lekking behaviour on the forest floor. This is a fairly common species with a somewhat restricted range, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern". [more]

Golden-collared manakin (Manacus vitellinus)
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Wikipedia: Golden-collared manakin
The golden-collared manakin (Manacus vitellinus) is a species of bird in the family Pipridae. [more]

Genus Lepidothrix:
Blue-crowned manakin (Lepidothrix coronata)
Alternate classification: Pipra coronata
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Wikipedia: Blue-crowned manakin
The blue-crowned manakin (Lepidothrix coronata) is a species of bird in the family Pipridae. The males have a brilliant blue cap; some have black, others have green body plumage, but the relationship between the subspecies is not well understood. [more]

Genus Corapipo:
White-ruffed manakin (Corapipo altera)
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Wikipedia: White-ruffed manakin
The white-ruffed manakin (Corapipo altera) is a sub-oscine (Tyranni), passerine bird in the manakin family. It is a resident breeder in the tropical New World from eastern Honduras to northwestern Colombia. Its typical habitat is wet forest, adjacent clearings and tall secondary growth. It is a small, plump bird about 10 centimetres (4 in) long. Males have glossy blue-black plumage with a white erectile ruff on the throat and females are green. At breeding time, males are involved in lekking behaviour on the forest floor during which they puff out their neck feathers. This is a fairly common species with a wide range. [more]

Genus Ceratopipra:
Red-capped manakin (Ceratopipra mentalis)
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Wikipedia: Red-capped manakin
The red-capped manakin (Ceratopipra mentalis) is a species of bird in the family Pipridae. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. [more]

Golden-headed manakin (Ceratopipra erythrocephala)
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Wikipedia: Golden-headed manakin
The golden-headed manakin (Ceratopipra erythrocephala) is a small passerine bird which breeds in tropical Central and South America in both wet and dry forests, secondary growth and plantations. It is a small mannakin, about 9.4 centimetres (3.7 in) long. Males are entirely black apart from a golden head, yellow bill, white and red thighs and pink legs. Females and juveniles are olive-green with pink legs. At breeding time, males are involved in a cooperative lekking behaviour during which they jump, slide and dart from perch to perch. This is a fairly common species with a wide range, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern". [more]

Genus Cryptopipo:
Green manakin (Cryptopipo holochlora)
Alternate classification: Xenopipo holochlora
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Wikipedia: Green manakin
Chloropipo holochlora
Xenopipo holochlora
[more]

Family Bombycillidae (Seidenschwänze):

Genus Bombycilla:
Cedar waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)
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Wikipedia: Cedar waxwing
The cedar waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum) is a member of the family Bombycillidae or waxwing family of passerine birds. It is a medium-sized, mostly brown, gray, and yellow. This bird is named for its wax-like wing tips. It is a native of North and Central America, breeding in open wooded areas in southern Canada and wintering in the southern half of the United States, Central America, and the far northwest of South America. Its diet includes cedar cones, fruit, and insects.[2] The cedar waxwing is not endangered. [more]

Genus Phainoptila:
Black-and-yellow silky-flycatcher (Phainoptila melanoxantha)
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Wikipedia: Black-and-yellow silky-flycatcher
The black-and-yellow phainoptila or black-and-yellow silky-flycatcher (Phainoptila melanoxantha) is a species of bird in the family Ptiliogonatidae. It is monotypic within the genus Phainoptila.[2] It is found in Costa Rica and Panama. [more]

Family Cinclidae (Wasseramseln):

Genus Cinclus:
American dipper / Grauwasseramsel (Cinclus mexicanus)
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Wikipedia: American dipper
The American dipper (Cinclus mexicanus), also known as a water ouzel, is a stocky dark grey bird with a head sometimes tinged with brown, and white feathers on the eyelids that cause the eyes to flash white as the bird blinks. It is 16.5 cm (6.5 in) long, has a wingspan of 23 cm,[2] and weighs on average 46 g (1.6 oz). It has long legs, and bobs its whole body up and down during pauses as it feeds on the bottom of fast-moving, rocky streams. It inhabits the mountainous regions of Central America and western North America from Panama to Alaska. [more]

Superfamily Corvoidea:

Family Corvidae (Krähenverwandte):
Genus Cyanolyca:
Silvery-throated jay (Cyanolyca argentigula)
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Wikipedia: Silvery-throated jay
The silvery-throated jay (Cyanolyca argentigula) is a species of bird in the family Corvidae. It is found in the Talamancan montane forests of Costa Rica and western Panama. The IUCN has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern". [more]

Azure-hooded jay (Cyanolyca cucullata)
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Wikipedia: Azure-hooded jay
The azure-hooded jay (Cyanolyca cucullata) is a species of bird in the family Corvidae. It is found in Middle America. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. This species is known to have four subspecies. It is 11 to 12 inches (28 to 30 cm) in length and is dark blue with a black head and upper chest. The back of the head and neck are sky blue with a white border. [more]

Genus Cyanocorax:
Black-chested jay (Cyanocorax affinis)
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Wikipedia: Black-chested jay
The black-chested jay (Cyanocorax affinis) is a species of bird in the family Corvidae. [more]

Brown jay (Psilorhinus morio)
Alternate classification: Cyanocorax morio Wagler, 1829
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Arenal feeder 2 brown jays. 2018-02-27 13.24.36 Central America
The brown jay (Psilorhinus morio) is a large American jay which has the habitus of a magpie, but is slightly smaller and with a shorter tail, though the bill is larger. [more]

Genus Calocitta:
White-throated magpie-jay (Calocitta formosa)
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Wikipedia: White-throated magpie-jay
The white-throated magpie-jay (Calocitta formosa) is a large Central American species of magpie-jay. It ranges in Pacific-slope thorn forest from Jalisco, Mexico to Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Magpie-jays are noisy, gregarious birds, often traveling in easy-to-find flocks, mobbing their observers. [more]

Family Vireonidae (Vireos):
Subfamily Cyclarhinae (Peppershrikes):
Genus Cyclarhis:
Rufous-browed peppershrike / Rostbrauenvireo (Cyclarhis gujanensis)
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Wikipedia: Rufous-browed peppershrike
The rufous-browed peppershrike (Cyclarhis gujanensis) is a passerine bird in the vireo family. It is widespread and often common in woodland, forest edge, and cultivation with some tall trees from Mexico and Trinidad south to Argentina and Uruguay. [more]

Subfamily Vireoninae (Shrike-vireos):
Genus Vireo:
Yellow-green vireo (Vireo flavoviridis)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-green vireo
The yellow-green vireo (Vireo flavoviridis) is a small American passerine bird. It is migratory breeding from Mexico to Panama and wintering in the northern and eastern Andes and the western Amazon Basin. [more]

Warbling vireo / Sängervireo (Vireo gilvus)
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Wikipedia: Warbling vireo
The warbling vireo (Vireo gilvus) is a small North American songbird. [more]

White-eyed vireo (Vireo griseus)
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Wikipedia: White-eyed vireo
The white-eyed vireo (Vireo griseus) is a small songbird. It breeds in the southeastern United States from New Jersey west to northern Missouri and south to Texas and Florida, and also in eastern Mexico, northern Central America, Cuba and the Bahamas. [more]

Black-whiskered vireo (Vireo altiloquus)
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Wikipedia: Black-whiskered vireo
The black-whiskered vireo (Vireo altiloquus) is a small passerine bird, which breeds in southern Florida, USA, and the West Indies as far south as the offshore islands of Venezuela. It is a partial migrant, with northern birds wintering from the Greater Antilles to northern South America. This species has occurred as a rare vagrant to Costa Rica. [more]

Yellow-throated vireo / Gelbkehlvireo (Vireo flavifrons)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-throated vireo
The yellow-throated vireo (Vireo flavifrons) is a small American songbird. [more]

Red-eyed vireo / Rotaugenvireo (Vireo olivaceus)
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Wikipedia: Red-eyed vireo
The red-eyed vireo (Vireo olivaceus) is a small American songbird. It is somewhat warbler-like but not closely related to the New World warblers (Parulidae). Common across its vast range, this species is not considered threatened by the IUCN. [more]

Philadelphia vireo (Vireo philadelphicus)
Alternate classification: Vireosylvia philadelphica
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Wikipedia: Philadelphia vireo
The Philadelphia vireo (Vireo philadelphicus) is a small North American songbird in the vireo family (Vireonidae). "Vireo" is a Latin word referring to a green migratory bird, perhaps the female golden oriole, possibly the European greenfinch. The specific philadelphicus is for the city of Philadelphia.[2][3] [more]

Brown-capped vireo (Vireo leucophrys)
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Wikipedia: Brown-capped vireo
The brown-capped vireo (Vireo leucophrys) is a small passerine bird. It breeds in highlands from southern Mexico south to northwestern Bolivia. It is sometimes considered to be conspecific with the similar warbling vireo. [more]

Yellow-winged vireo (Vireo carmioli)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-winged vireo
The yellow-winged vireo (Vireo carmioli) is a small passerine bird. It is endemic to the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama. [more]

Mangrove vireo (Vireo pallens)
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Wikipedia: Mangrove vireo
The mangrove vireo (Vireo pallens) is a species of bird in the family Vireonidae. [more]

Subfamily Vireolaniinae (Vireos and greenlets):
Genus Vireolanius:
Green shrike-vireo (Vireolanius pulchellus)
Alternate classification: Smaragdolanius pulchellus
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Wikipedia: Green shrike-vireo
The green shrike-vireo (Vireolanius pulchellus) is a species of bird in the family Vireonidae. It is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Yellow-browed shrike-vireo (Vireolanius eximius)
Alternate classification: Vireolanius pulchellus eximius
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Wikipedia: Yellow-browed shrike-vireo
The yellow-browed shrike-vireo (Vireolanius eximius) is a species of bird in the family Vireonidae. [more]

Genus Hylophilus:
Tawny-crowned greenlet / Fuchsscheitelvireo (Hylophilus ochraceiceps)
Alternate classification: Tunchiornis ochraceiceps
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Wikipedia: Tawny-crowned greenlet
The tawny-crowned greenlet (Tunchiornis ochraceiceps) is a species of bird in the family Vireonidae. It is found in Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. It is monotypic in the genus Tunchiornis. [more]

Golden-fronted greenlet (Hylophilus aurantiifrons)
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Wikipedia: Golden-fronted greenlet
The golden-fronted greenlet (Pachysylvia aurantiifrons) is a small passerine bird in the vireo family. It breeds in Panama, Colombia, Venezuela and Trinidad. [more]

Lesser greenlet (Hylophilus decurtatus)
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Wikipedia: Lesser greenlet
The lesser greenlet (Pachysylvia decurtata) is a small passerine bird in the vireo family. It breeds from northeastern Mexico south to western Ecuador. [more]

Family Thraupidae (Tanagers):

Genus Ramphocelus:
Crimson-backed tanager / Scharlachbauchtangare (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)
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Crimson-backed tanager gamboa town. 2020-02-17 17.52.16 Central America
We saw this beautiful bird walking around Gamboa town in Panama. They were also common on the hotel grounds.
General: The crimson-backed tanager (Ramphocelus dimidiatus) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is found in Colombia, Panama, and Venezuela, and introduced to French Polynesia.[2] Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.[2] A nickname in Panama is sangre de toro ("Blood of the bull").[3] [more]

Passerini's tanager (Ramphocelus passerinii)
Also known as: Scarlet-rumped tanager
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La fortuna passerinis tanager pair. 2018-02-26 14.57.40 Central America
The scarlet-rumped tanager (Ramphocelus passerinii) is a medium-sized passerine bird. This tanager is a resident breeder in the Caribbean lowlands from southern Mexico to western Panama. This species was formerly known as the scarlet-rumped tanager, but was renamed when the distinctive form found on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and Panama was reclassified as a separate species, the Cherrie's tanager, Ramphocelus costaricensis. While most authorities have accepted this split, there are notable exceptions (e.g. the Howard and Moore checklist). It was renamed back to the scarlet-rumped tanager in 2018 when Cherrie's Tanager was lumped back into the species. [more]

Crimson-collared tanager / Flammentangare (Ramphocelus sanguinolentus)
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Crimson collared tanager. 2018-02-26 10.49.32 Central America
The crimson-collared tanager (Ramphocelus sanguinolentus) is a rather small Middle American songbird. It was first described by the French naturalist René-Primevère Lesson in 1831, its specific epithet from the Latin adjective sanguinolentus, "bloodied", referring to its red plumage. [more]

Flame-rumped tanager (Ramphocelus flammigerus)
Alternate classification: Ramphocelus flammigerus flammigerus
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Wikipedia: Flame-rumped tanager
The flame-rumped tanager (Ramphocelus flammigerus) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is found in semi-open forest and woodland. [more]

Genus Piranga:
Summer tanager (Piranga rubra)
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Arenal feeder summer tanager tenatative ID. 2018-02-27 12.58.26 Central America
The summer tanager (Piranga rubra) is a medium-sized American songbird. Formerly placed in the tanager family (Thraupidae), it and other members of its genus are now classified in the cardinal family (Cardinalidae).[2] The species's plumage and vocalizations are similar to other members of the cardinal family. [more]

Western tanager / Kieferntangare (Piranga ludoviciana)
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Wikipedia: Western tanager
The western tanager (Piranga ludoviciana), is a medium-sized American songbird. Formerly placed in the tanager family (Thraupidae), other members of its genus and it are classified in the cardinal family (Cardinalidae). The species's plumage and vocalizations are similar to other members of the cardinal family. [more]

Scarlet tanager (Piranga olivacea)
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Wikipedia: Scarlet tanager
The scarlet tanager (Piranga olivacea) is a medium-sized American songbird. Until recently, it was placed in the tanager family (Thraupidae), but it and other members of its genus are now classified as belonging to the cardinal family (Cardinalidae).[2] The species' plumage and vocalizations are similar to other members of the cardinal family, although the Piranga species lacks the thick conical bill (well suited to seed and insect eating) that many cardinals possess. The species resides in thick deciduous woodlands and suburbs. [more]

Hepatic tanager (Piranga flava)
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Wikipedia: Hepatic tanager
The hepatic tanager (Piranga flava) is a medium-sized American songbird. Formerly placed in the tanager family (Thraupidae), it and other members of the genus Piranga are now classified in the cardinal family (Cardinalidae).[2] The species's plumage and vocalizations are similar to other members of the cardinal family. [more]

Flame-colored tanager (Piranga bidentata)
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Wikipedia: Flame-colored tanager
The flame-colored tanager (Piranga bidentata), formerly known as the stripe-backed tanager, is a medium-sized American songbird. Formerly placed in the tanager family Thraupidae, other members of its genus and it are now classified in the cardinal family Cardinalidae.[2][3] The species's plumage and vocalizations are similar to other members of the cardinal family. [more]

White-winged tanager (Piranga leucoptera)
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Wikipedia: White-winged tanager
The white-winged tanager (Piranga leucoptera) is a medium-sized American songbird. Formerly placed in the tanager family (Thraupidae),other members of its genus and it are now classified in the cardinal family (Cardinalidae).[2] The species' plumage and vocalizations are similar to other members of the cardinal family. Along with the red-headed tanager and red-hooded tanager, it is sometimes placed in the genus Spermagra. [more]

Genus Rhodinocichla:
Rosy thrush-tanager (Rhodinocichla rosea)
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Wikipedia: Rosy thrush-tanager
The rosy thrush-tanager (Rhodinocichla rosea) or rose-breasted thrush-tanager, is a species of bird in the currently monotypic genus Rhodinocichla. It was formerly assigned to the family Thraupidae and more recently viewed as being of uncertain placement;[2] a 2015 molecular study places it closest to the Calcariidae.[3] Found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama, and Venezuela, its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and heavily degraded former forest.[1] [more]

Genus Chlorophanes:
Green honeycreeper (Chlorophanes spiza)
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Wikipedia: Green honeycreeper
The green honeycreeper (Chlorophanes spiza) is a small bird in the tanager family. It is found in the tropical New World from southern Mexico south to Brazil, and on Trinidad. It is the only member of the genus Chlorophanes. [more]

Genus Chlorothraupis:
Carmiol's tanager (Chlorothraupis carmioli)
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Wikipedia: Carmiol's tanager
The olive tanager (Chlorothraupis carmioli), also known as Carmiol's tanager, is a species of bird traditionally placed in the family Thraupidae (tanagers), though molecular evidence indicates it should be placed in Cardinalidae (cardinals).[1] This bird's natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Lemon-spectacled tanager (Chlorothraupis olivacea)
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Wikipedia: Lemon-spectacled tanager
The lemon-spectacled tanager (Chlorothraupis olivacea) is a species of bird in the family Cardinalidae. It is found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama where its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Genus Chrysothlypis:
Black-and-yellow tanager (Chrysothlypis chrysomelas)
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Wikipedia: Black-and-yellow tanager
The black-and-yellow tanager (Chrysothlypis chrysomelas) is a fairly small passerine bird. This tanager is an endemic resident in the hills of Costa Rica and Panama. In Panama it has been recorded as far east as the border-region with Colombia, but it has not yet been recorded in the latter country, though it almost certainly occurs.[2] [more]

Genus Dacnis:
Blue dacnis / Blaukopfpitpit (Dacnis cayana)
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Wikipedia: Blue dacnis
The blue dacnis or turquoise honeycreeper (Dacnis cayana) is a small passerine bird. This member of the tanager family is found from Nicaragua to Panama, on Trinidad, and in South America south to Bolivia and northern Argentina. It is widespread and often common, especially in parts of its South American range. [more]

Scarlet-thighed dacnis (Dacnis venusta)
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Wikipedia: Scarlet-thighed dacnis
The scarlet-thighed dacnis (Dacnis venusta) is a tanager 4¾" long. It is found in Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador and Panama. [more]

Viridian dacnis (Dacnis viguieri)
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Wikipedia: Viridian dacnis
The viridian dacnis (Dacnis viguieri) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is found in Colombia and Panama. [more]

Genus Diglossa:
Slaty flowerpiercer (Diglossa plumbea)
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Wikipedia: Slaty flowerpiercer
The slaty flowerpiercer, Diglossa plumbea, is a passerine bird endemic to the Talamancan montane forests. [more]

Genus Eucometis:
Gray-headed tanager (Eucometis penicillata)
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Wikipedia: Gray-headed tanager
The grey-headed tanager (Eucometis penicillata) is a widely distributed species of small Neotropical bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It is the only member of the genus Eucometis. [more]

Genus Habia:
Red-crowned ant-tanager (Habia rubica)
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Wikipedia: Red-crowned ant-tanager
The red-crowned ant tanager (Habia rubica) is a medium-sized passerine bird from tropical America. The genus Habia was long placed with the tanagers (Thraupidae), but it is actually closer to the cardinals (Cardinalidae). Consequently, it can be argued that referring to the members of this genus as ant-tanagers is misleading, but no other common name has gained usage. [more]

Red-throated ant-tanager (Habia fuscicauda)
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Red throated ant tanager maybe. 2020-02-19 07.46.46 Central America
The red-throated ant tanager (Habia fuscicauda) is a medium-sized passerine bird. This species is a resident breeder on the Caribbean slopes from southeastern Mexico to eastern Panama. It was usually considered an aberrant kind of tanager and placed in the Thraupidae, but is actually closer to the cardinals (Cardinalidae). Consequently, it can be argued that referring to the members of this genus as ant tanagers is misleading, but no other common name has gained usage. [more]

Black-cheeked ant-tanager (Habia atrimaxillaris)
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Wikipedia: Black-cheeked ant-tanager
The black-cheeked ant tanager (Habia atrimaxillaris) is a species of bird in the family Cardinalidae. It is endemic to the Osa Peninsula of Costa Rica. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist shrubland. It is threatened by habitat loss.[1] [more]

Genus Hemithraupis:
Yellow-backed tanager (Hemithraupis flavicollis)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-backed tanager
The yellow-backed tanager (Hemithraupis flavicollis) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae, the tanagers. [more]

Genus Heterospingus:
Sulphur-rumped tanager (Heterospingus rubrifrons)
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Wikipedia: Sulphur-rumped tanager
The sulphur-rumped tanager (Heterospingus rubrifrons) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is found in Costa Rica and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Scarlet-browed tanager (Heterospingus xanthopygius)
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Wikipedia: Scarlet-browed tanager
The scarlet-browed tanager (Heterospingus xanthopygius) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. [more]

Genus Lanio:
White-throated shrike-tanager (Lanio leucothorax)
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Wikipedia: White-throated shrike-tanager
The white-throated shrike-tanager (Lanio leucothorax) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is found in Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [more]

Genus Mitrospingus:
Dusky-faced tanager (Mitrospingus cassinii)
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Wikipedia: Dusky-faced tanager
The dusky-faced tanager (Mitrospingus cassinii) is a species of bird formerly in the family Thraupidae. [more]

Genus Tachyphonus:
Tawny-crested tanager (Tachyphonus delattrii)
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Wikipedia: Tawny-crested tanager
The tawny-crested tanager (Tachyphonus delatrii) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and heavily degraded former forest.[1] [more]

White-lined tanager (Tachyphonus rufus)
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Wikipedia: White-lined tanager
The white-lined tanager (Tachyphonus rufus) is a medium-sized passerine bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It is a resident breeder from Costa Rica south to northern Argentina, and on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. [more]

Tawny-crested tanager / Schwarzachseltangare (Tachyphonus delatrii)
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Wikipedia: Tawny-crested tanager
The tawny-crested tanager (Tachyphonus delatrii) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and heavily degraded former forest.[1] [more]

Genus Coereba:
Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola)
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Wikipedia: Bananaquit
The bananaquit (Coereba flaveola) is a species of passerine bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. Before the development of molecular genetics in the 21st century, its relationship to other species was uncertain and it was either placed with the buntings and New World sparrows in the family Emberizidae, with New World warblers in the family Parulidae or in its own monotypic family Coerebidae. This small, active nectarivore is found in warmer parts of the Americas, and is generally common. [more]

Genus Tiaris:
Yellow-faced grassquit (Tiaris olivaceus)
Alternate classification: Tiaris olivacea
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Wikipedia: Yellow-faced grassquit
The yellow-faced grassquit (Tiaris olivaceus) is a passerine bird in the tanager family Thraupidae and is the only member of the genus Tiaris. It is native to the Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. [more]

Genus Pinaroloxias:
Cocos finch (Pinaroloxias inornata)
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Wikipedia: Cocos finch
The Cocos finch or Cocos Island finch (Pinaroloxias inornata) is the only one of the Darwin's finches not native to the Galápagos Islands, and the only member of the genus Pinaroloxias. Sometimes classified in the family Emberizidae, more recent studies have shown it to belongs in the tanager family, Thraupidae. It is endemic to Cocos Island, which is approximately 360 miles (580 km) south of Costa Rica. [more]

Genus Haplospiza:
Slaty finch (Haplospiza rustica)
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Wikipedia: Slaty finch
The slaty finch (Haplospiza rustica) is a bird species in the family Thraupidae (formerly in Emberizidae). [more]

Genus Sporophila:
Morelet's seedeater (Sporophila morelleti)
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Wikipedia: Morelet's seedeater
Morelet's seedeater (Sporophila morelleti) is a passerine bird in the typical seedeater genus Sporophila. [more]

Slate-colored seedeater (Sporophila schistacea)
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Wikipedia: Slate-colored seedeater
The slate-coloured seedeater (Sporophila schistacea) is a bird species in the family Thraupidae. [more]

Thick-billed seed-finch (Sporophila funerea)
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Wikipedia: Thick-billed seed-finch
The thick-billed seed finch (Sporophila funerea) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae, but was until recently placed in Emberizidae. It is found widely in shrubby and grassy areas from southern Mexico, through Central America, to the Chocó in Colombia and Ecuador. It is replaced by the closely related chestnut-bellied seed finch in South America east of the Andes, as well as the valleys of Cauca and Magdalena in Colombia. The two have often been considered conspecific as the lesser seed-finch (Oryzoborus angolensis). [more]

Nicaraguan seed-finch (Sporophila nuttingi)
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Wikipedia: Nicaraguan seed-finch
The Nicaraguan seed finch (Sporophila nuttingi) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is found in Costa Rica, Nicaragua and northwestern Panama. [more]

Yellow-bellied seedeater / Gelbbauchpfäffchen (Sporophila nigricollis)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-bellied seedeater
The yellow-bellied seedeater (Sporophila nigricollis) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae, formerly placed with the American sparrows in the Emberizidae. [more]

Variable seedeater (Sporophila corvina)
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Wikipedia: Variable seedeater
The variable seedeater (Sporophila corvina) is a passerine bird which breeds from southern Mexico through Central America to the Chocó of northwestern South America. The taxonomy is confusing, and it was formerly considered a subspecies of Sporophila americana (see Taxonomy). Even within the variable seedeater as presently defined, there are great variations in plumage. [more]

Ruddy-breasted seedeater (Sporophila minuta)
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Wikipedia: Ruddy-breasted seedeater
The ruddy-breasted seedeater (Sporophila minuta) is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It is found in Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are dry savanna, subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, and heavily degraded former forest. [more]

Large-billed seed-finch (Sporophila crassirostris)
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Wikipedia: Large-billed seed-finch
The large-billed seed finch (Sporophila crassirostris) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. [more]

Genus Volatinia:
Blue-black grassquit (Volatinia jacarina)
Alternate classification: Volatina jacarina
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Wikipedia: Blue-black grassquit
Tanagra jacarina Linnaeus, 1766 [more]

Genus Sicalis:
Saffron finch (Sicalis flaveola)
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Wikipedia: Saffron finch
The saffron finch (Sicalis flaveola) is a tanager from South America that is common in open and semi-open areas in lowlands outside the Amazon Basin. They have a wide distribution in Colombia, northern Venezuela (where it is called "canario de tejado" or "roof canary"), western Ecuador, western Peru, eastern and southern Brazil (where it is called "canário-da-terra" or "native canary"), Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, northern Argentina, and Trinidad and Tobago. It has also been introduced to Hawaii, Puerto Rico and elsewhere. Although commonly regarded as a canary, it is not related to the Atlantic canary. Formerly, it was placed in the Emberizidae but it is close to the seedeaters. [more]

Grassland yellow-finch (Sicalis luteola)
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Wikipedia: Grassland yellow-finch
The grassland yellow finch (Sicalis luteola) is a small passerine bird. Despite its name, it is not a finch, but is a seedeater. These were formerly united with the buntings and American sparrows in the Emberizidae, but are now known to be tanagers. [more]

Genus Conirostrum:
White-eared conebill (Conirostrum leucogenys)
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Wikipedia: White-eared conebill
The white-eared conebill (Conirostrum leucogenys) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. [more]

Genus Acanthidops:
Peg-billed finch (Acanthidops bairdi)
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Wikipedia: Peg-billed finch
The peg-billed finch, Acanthidops bairdi, is a passerine bird endemic to the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama. Despite its name, it is not a true finch, but now recognized as a member of the tanager family (Thraupidae), after being long placed in the Emberizidae. It is the only member of the genus Acanthidops. The scientific name commemorates the American ornithologist Spencer Fullerton Baird. [more]

Genus Emberizoides:
Wedge-tailed grass-finch (Emberizoides herbicola)
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Wikipedia: Wedge-tailed grass-finch
The wedge-tailed grass finch (Emberizoides herbicola) is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae; it was formerly placed in the Emberizidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. [more]

Genus Amaurospiza:
Blue seedeater (Amaurospiza concolor)
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Wikipedia: Blue seedeater
The Cabanis's seedeater (Amaurospiza concolor) is a species of bird in the cardinal family Cardinalidae.[2] It is found in highland forest and woodland, mainly near bamboo, in southern Mexico and Central America. Due to its association with bamboo, it is often local and erratic in occurrence, but overall it is not considered threatened and therefore listed as Least Concern by BirdLife International and IUCN.[1] [more]

Subfamily Thraupinae:
Genus Saltator:
Grayish saltator (Saltator coerulescens)
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Wikipedia: Grayish saltator
The greyish saltator (Saltator coerulescens) is a passerine bird in the tanager family Thraupidae that is widespread in the tropical Americas. In El Salvador, it is well known as dichosofui after the "elaborate" version of its call, which sounds like a drawn-out ¡dichoso fui!, Spanish for "I was happy!" [more]

Black-headed saltator (Saltator atriceps)
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Wikipedia: Black-headed saltator
The black-headed saltator (Saltator atriceps) is a seed-eating bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It breeds from central Mexico to eastern Panama. [more]

Slate-colored grosbeak (Saltator grossus)
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Wikipedia: Slate-colored grosbeak
The slate-coloured grosbeak (Saltator grossus) is a species of grosbeak in the family Thraupidae. Most of its range is the Amazon in South America, but it is also found in forests of the Chocó in Ecuador and Colombia, and southern Central America from Panama to Honduras. [more]

Buff-throated saltator (Saltator maximus)
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