Birds of The world in taxonomic hierarchy

Birds as they appear in the taxonomic classification. A total of 220 species is included.

Class aves (Birds / Vögel):

Order Anseriformes (Ducks, geese and swans / Vögel):

Family anatidae (Anatidae / Entenvögel):

Subfamily Anatinae (Dabbling ducks plus extinct):
Tribe Mergini (Seaducks / Meerenten und Säger):
Genus Bucephala:
Common goldeneye / Schellente (Bucephala clangula)
Alternate classification: Anas clangula
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Schellente am Südende des Pfäffikersee Ich hätte gern ein besseres Foto aber die Schellenten waren nur etwa 100 Meter vom Weg entfernt und dazu hinter Schilf. Auch mein 600mm Objektiv hat nicht gereicht, aber zugegeben, ein Stativ hätte geholfen. 2021-01-26 15.36.26 Pfäffikersee
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Wintergast am Pfäffikersee.
Etymology: Nabu: Schellenten verdanken ihren Namen dem pfeifenden und wie ein Klingeln («Schellen») tönenden Fluggeräusch. [Vogelwarte.ch erklärt: ]
Vocalization: Male display sound a dry nasal disyllabic "Ka-weerr". First note introductory and second longer and descending. Usually accompanied by back-throwing head motion. Female: dry harsh "aahrrrr aahrrrr aahrrrr ". Wings make a characteristic whistling sound. [Link]
Physical details: length=42-50 cm, wingspan=65-80 cm, weight=650-1200 g

Barrow's goldeneye / Spatelente (Bucephala islandica)
Alternate classification: Anas islandica
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Wikipedia: Barrow's goldeneye
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: Barrow's goldeneye (Bucephala islandica) is a medium-sized sea duck of the genus Bucephala, the goldeneyes. This bird was named after Sir John Barrow. The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek boukephalos, "bullheaded", from bous, "bull " and kephale, "head", a reference to the bulbous head shape of the bufflehead. The species name islandica means Iceland.[2] [more]

Genus Mergus:
Red-breasted merganser / Mittelsäger (Mergus serrator)
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Mittelsaeger auf Lago Maggiore in Locarno. 2021-04-06 12.12.52 Northern Lago Maggiore
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Zuerst gesehen in Lago Maggiore in Locarno

Goosander / Gänsesäger (Mergus merganser)
Also known as: Common merganser
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Gänsesäger am Nordende des Pfäffikersee 2021-01-26 17.02.58 Pfäffikersee
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Zuerst gesehen am Pfäffikersee.
Vocalization: Male: Mostly heard when courting. A twanging, disyllabic "whip-ooooo", first syllable ascending and second whistle-like and rapidly falling. Female: A coarse "ahrrr ahrrrr", or a raspy drawn "ah-ahrrrrrr ah-ahrrrrr", slightly rising, then falling in pitch. Also various cackling sounds. [Link]
Physical details: length=58-66 cm, wingspan=82-97 cm, weight=900-2100 g

Genus Somateria:
Common eider / Eiderente (Somateria mollissima)
Alternate classification: Somateria mollisima
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Eiderente, vom Steg aus gesehen in Rapperswil. 2021-02-12 13.42.20 Rapperswil
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Etymology: Nabu: Auch heute noch erinnert ihr wissenschaftlicher Name an die Bedeutung ihrer isolierenden Daunen für die Menschen. Übersetzt bedeutet ihr Name nämlich „die Allerweichste mit dem schwarzen Körper“. [Link]
Geography: Die im Norden Europas häufige und wegen ihren Daunenfedern bekannte Eiderente war in der Schweiz früher ein seltener Gast. Doch in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts erfolgten mehrere grosse Einflüge. Dank der Wandermuschelvermehrung war das Nahrungsangebot ausreichend und die Vögel verbrachten zunehmend den Sommer bei uns. Mittlerweile gehört die Eiderente sogar zu den Brutvögeln, was für einen ans Meer angepassten Vogel bemerkenswert ist. [Link]
Calls: Males call a typical, pleasant, clear, 2-3 second long "aaaooooooh". Starting on a low note, slowly ascending and ending on a descending note. Usually accompanied by the female "ga ga ga ga". [Link]
Physical details: length=50-71 cm, wingspan=80-108 cm, weight=1500-2800 g

Tribe Anatini (Dabbling ducks / Schwimmenten):
Genus Anas (Ducks):
Mallard / Stockente (Anas platyrhynchos)
Alternate classification: Anas platyrhynchos f. domestica
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Mother and 4 of 9 babies on the Pfäffikersee 2020-05-20 09.12.44 Pfäffikersee
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Common waterbird at Pfäffikersee
Etymology: Der heutige Name kann als Hinweis auf ihre Brutplätze verstanden werden, zu denen auf Stock gesetzte Weiden, Weidengebüsch oder auch Reisighaufen gehören. ['Stock' wird weiter erklärt: Als Stockausschlag bezeichnet man bei Bäumen und Sträuchern Triebe, die nach dem Verlust der primären Sprossachse neu aus dem Stumpf oder Stubben (der dann „Stock“ genannt wird) austreiben.] [Link]
The name 'was derived from the Old French malart or mallart for "wild drake"' [Link]
Vocalization: Female: A distinct coarse, laughing quacking; "haaa ha ha ha ha ha", with first note accented and then descending in pitch. Male: a more silent, very nasal "rriib". [Link]
Calls: Display call a high-pitched short whistle. [Link]
Physical details: length=50-65 cm, wingspan=81-98 cm, weight=750-1450 g

Eurasian teal / Krickente (Anas crecca)
Alternate classification: Nettion crecca
Also known as: Green-winged teal
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Krickente am Aa-Bach beim Südende des Pfäffikersee 2021-01-26 15.41.54 Pfäffikersee
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Wintergast am Teich am Aa-Bach beim Südende des Pfäffikersee
Etymology: Die hellen «krrik»-Rufe der stimmfreudigen Erpel verhalfen dieser Art zu ihrem deutschen Namen. [Link]
Vocalization: Male: characteristic, short, highly resonant and metallic "plytt". A bit similar to Pintail, but higher pitched and lacking accompanying whistling sound. Female: various quacking sounds generally quicker paced, more nasal and noticeably higher pitched than Mallard. [Link]
Physical details: length=34-38 cm, wingspan=58-64 cm, weight=200-450 g

Call: Blup blup, fast wie vom Computer generiert, fur mich nohe Noten (obwohl Sonogram nur 2.5 KHz zeigt)
Krickente Ruf von XenoCanto

Krickente Ruf von XenoCanto Source: XENOCANTO (call)


Call attributes: Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz),

Northern pintail / Spiessente (Anas acuta)
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Wikipedia: Northern pintail
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The pintail or northern pintail (Anas acuta) is a duck with wide geographic distribution that breeds in the northern areas of Europe and across the Palearctic and North America. It is migratory and winters south of its breeding range to the equator. Unusually for a bird with such a large range, it has no geographical subspecies if the possibly conspecific duck Eaton's pintail is considered to be a separate species. [more]
Vocalization: Female: similar to Mallards coarse laughing sound, but with a more emphasized first "haaa", and a more silent accelerating subsequent "laugh". Male: Pleasant, resonant "plop" similar to Teal, but lower pitched, richer, mellower and not so metallic. Accompanied by a higher pitched, slightly raspy whistling "aiiooo" rising and falling in pitch. [Link]
Physical details: length=51-66 cm, wingspan=51-66 cm, weight=500-1100 g

Genus Mareca:
Eurasian wigeon / Pfeifente (Mareca penelope)
Alternate classification: Anas penelope
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Pfeifente Erpel , Neeracher Ried. Die zehnte Entenart, die ich gefunden habe. 2021-02-24 14.05.08 Neeracherried
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Etymology: Es ist der Ruf des Männchens, der zu dem deutschen Namen der Art geführt hat. Das Männchen leitet seine kurzen, scharfen, zwei- bis dreisilbigen pfeifenden wiu-Rufe häufig mit einem krr krkrkrr ein. [Link]
Vocalization: Male: a pleasant high pitched whistle "piiiiuuu", rapidly rising in pitch and then falling. Quite vocal. Female: a harsh "kraaa kraaa kraa" more like female diving-ducks than other dabbling-ducks. [Link]
Physical details: length=45-51 cm, wingspan=75-86 cm, weight=500-1000 g

Call: Pfeifen, fast wie ein Rotmilan oder Maeusebussard. Ton steigt und faellt!
Pfeifente von XenoCanto

Pfeifente von XenoCanto Source: XENOCANTO (call)


Call attributes: Call melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz),

Gadwall / Schnatterente (Mareca strepera)
Alternate classification: Anas strepera, Chaulelasmus streperus
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Schnatterente am Greifensee bei Silberweide Es gab dutzende davon, dazwischen eine Krickente. 2021-02-08 15.45.18
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
In my mind this is the chocolate duck.
Etymology: The etymology of the word gadwall is not known, but the name has been in use since 1666.[9] [Link]
Nabu: Die Schnatterente fällt aber – wie ihr Name schon vermuten lässt – durch ihre Art der Nahrungssuche auf. Sie durchschnattert das Wasser mit ihrem Schnabel. [Link]
Appearance and identification: Nabu: Die Schnatterente ähnelt auf den ersten Blick so sehr der weiblichen Stockente, dass man diese schnell verwechseln kann. [Link]
Wintergast am Greifensee.
Calls: Males display-call a short dry rattling or croaking sound and some high whistling notes. Female quacking similar to Mallard, but drier and shriller. [Link]
Physical details: length=46-56 cm, wingspan=84-95 cm, weight=550-1000 g

Tribe Aythyini (Diving ducks / Tauchenten):
Genus Netta:
Southern pochard (Netta erythrophthalma)
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Wikipedia: Southern pochard
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: South America, Africa.
General: The southern pochard (Netta erythrophthalma) is a species of duck, and a member of the genus Netta. There are two subspecies, the South American (southern) pochard N. e. erythrophthalma (Wied-Neuwied, 1833) and the African (southern) pochard N. e. brunnea (Eyton, 1838). [more]

Genus Aythya:
Common pochard / Tafelente (Aythya ferina)
Alternate classification: Anas ferina
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Tafelente in Rapperswil. 2021-02-12 13.34.38 Rapperswil
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Wintergast am Greifensee.
Etymology: Die in der deutschen Sprache übliche Bezeichnung Tafelente ist ein Hinweis auf das als schmackhaft angesehene Fleisch dieses Entenvogels. [Link]
Vocalization: Female: a coarse "ahrrrrrrr-ahrrrrr-ahrrrr" with a vibrating quality. [Link]
Calls: Male courting call a pleasant, drawn out, nasal whistle "tweeeeep", rising in pitch, often followed by a falling "puuuh" (e.g a long disyllabic tweeepuuuuuuh). Also a sharper "ki-ki-ki" or "ki-ki-kiko". [Link]
Physical details: length=42-49 cm, wingspan=72-82 cm, weight=650-1200 g

Greater scaup / Bergente (Aythya marila)
Alternate classification: Anas marila
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Wikipedia: Greater scaup
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast RL R
Calls: Male call carries only a few meters: a whistling "po-ho" last syllable slowly descending. Female calls with harsh "harr-harrr-harrr". [Link]
Physical details: length=42-51 cm, wingspan=72-84 cm, weight=700-1300 g

Subfamily Tadorninae (Halbgänse):
Tribe Tadornini (Eigentliche Halbgänse):
Genus Alopochen:
Egyptian goose / Nilgans (Alopochen aegyptiaca)
Alternate classification: Anas aegyptiaca
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Nilgans am Südende des Greifensee 2021-02-08 15.21.56
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Wintergast am Greifensee. Invasiv. Nach Vogelwarte.ch: 'als Ziervogel im 18. Jahrhundert in Europa eingeführt... Ausgehend von einer in den 1970er Jahren in den Niederlanden und Belgien gebildeten Population breitete sich die Nilgans rasant dem Rhein und seinen Nebenflüssen entlang aus und hat inzwischen auch die Schweiz erreicht.
Vocalization: Quite vocal when interacting. [Link]
Calls: Female calls may resemble RS, but are coarser, harder and trills are more rolling. Single calls are longer, and falls markedly in pitch. Male calls quite different, with husky, wheezing or hissing "kaahhh", or with the same timbre in series lika a steam engine. [Link]
Physical details: length=63-73 cm, wingspan=134-154 cm, weight=1500-2250 g

Genus Aix:
Wood duck / Brautente (Aix sponsa)
Alternate classification: Anas sponsa
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Wikipedia: Wood duck
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The wood duck or Carolina duck (Aix sponsa) is a species of perching duck found in North America. It is one of the most colorful North American waterfowl.[2][3] [more]

Genus Oxyura:
Ruddy duck / Schwarzkopf-Ruderente (Oxyura jamaicensis)
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Wikipedia: Ruddy duck
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America.
Deutschland: eingebürgertes Neozoon, ausnahmsweise Brutvogel

Genus Histrionicus:
Harlequin duck (Histrionicus histrionicus)
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Wikipedia: Harlequin duck
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The harlequin duck (Histrionicus histrionicus) is a small sea duck. It takes its name from Harlequin (French Arlequin, Italian Arlecchino), a colourfully dressed character in Commedia dell'arte. The species name comes from the Latin word "histrio", meaning "actor".[2] In North America it is also known as lords and ladies. Other names include painted duck, totem pole duck, rock duck, glacier duck, mountain duck, white-eyed diver, squeaker and blue streak. [more]

Genus Clangula:
Long-tailed duck / Eisente (Clangula hyemalis)
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Wikipedia: Long-tailed duck
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast

Genus Melanitta:
Velvet scoter / Samtente (Melanitta fusca)
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Wikipedia: Velvet scoter
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast
Vocalization: Seldom heard. [Link]
Calls: Calls: Short accented "tup tup tup" and a shivering "gahhahahaha". [Link]
Physical details: length=51-58 cm, wingspan=90-99 cm, weight=1100-2000 g

White-winged scoter / Höckersamtente (Melanitta deglandi)
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Wikipedia: White-winged scoter
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: Melanitta fusca deglandi [more]

Subfamily Anserinae (Gänse):
Tribe Anserini (Echten Gänse):
Genus Anser (Geese / Feldgänse):
Taiga bean goose / Saatgans (Anser fabalis)
Alternate classification: Anser albifrons fabalis
Also known as: Bean goose
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Wikipedia: Taiga bean goose
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast Bruten gehen auf entflogene Tiere zurück
Calls: Do not call as much as other grey geese. Sounds similar to the lower sounds of Pink-footed goose, with various reedy calls, but harder, less nasal and more of a "sore throat". [Link]
Physical details: length=66-84 cm, wingspan=142-175 cm, weight=2220-4060 g

White-fronted goose / Blässgans (Anser albifrons)
Alternate classification: Branta albifrons
Also known as: Greater white-fronted goose
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Wikipedia: White-fronted goose
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast Bruten gehen auf entflogene Tiere zurück

Snow goose / Schneegans (Anser caerulescens)
Alternate classification: Chen caerulescens
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Wikipedia: Snow goose
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The snow goose (Anser caerulescens) is a species of goose native to North America. Both white and dark morphs exist, the latter often known as blue goose. Its name derives from the typically white plumage. The species was previously placed in the genus Chen, but is now typically included in the "gray goose" genus Anser.[2][3] [more]

Tundra bean goose (Anser serrirostris)
Alternate classification: Anser segetum serrirostris
Also known as: Tundra bean-goose
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Wikipedia: Tundra bean goose
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
The tundra bean goose (Anser serrirostris) is a goose that breeds in northern Siberia. This and the taiga bean goose are recognised as separate species by the American Ornithological Society and International Ornithologists' Union, but are considered a single species by other authorities (collectively called bean goose). It is migratory and winters further south in Asia. The taiga and tundra bean goose diverged about 2.5 million years ago and established secondary contact ca. 60,000 years ago, resulting in extensive gene flow.[1] [more]

Tribe Cygnini (Swans / Schwäne):
Genus Cygnus (Swans):
Mute swan / Höckerschwan (Cygnus olor)
Also known as: Höckerschwäne
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On the frozen Pfäffikersee with coots After a week of freezing temperatures, the lake developed a thin layer of ice. 2021-02-15 08.28.58
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Common waterbird at Pfäffikersee, very common on Lake Zurich.
Vocalization: Silent compared to other swans. A repertoire of snorting, grunting and hissing sound when interacting. No far carrying sounds. [Link]
Calls: Wings produce prominent singing sound which may function as a flight contact-call. [Link]
Physical details: length=145-160 cm, wingspan=208-238 cm, weight=7000-14000 g

Common whooper / Singschwan (Cygnus cygnus)
Also known as: Whooper swan
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Whooper swans, Iceland. 2015-06-03 16.01.12 Iceland
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast RL R
Vocalization: Quite vocal. Trumpet-like clear honks of half a second length most frequent in flight and take-off/landing. Often voiced with a register break. [Link]
Physical details: length=145-160 cm, wingspan=218-243 cm, weight=8500-10000 g

Tundra swan / Pfeifschwan (Cygnus columbianus)
Alternate classification: Olor columbianus
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Wikipedia: Tundra swan
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The tundra swan (Cygnus columbianus) is a small Holarctic swan. The two taxa within it are usually regarded as conspecific, but are also sometimes[2][3] split into two species: Bewick's swan (Cygnus bewickii) of the Palaearctic and the whistling swan (C. columbianus) proper of the Nearctic. Birds from eastern Russia (roughly east of the Taimyr Peninsula) are sometimes separated as the subspecies C. c. jankowskii, but this is not widely accepted as distinct, with most authors including them in C. c. bewickii. Tundra swans are sometimes separated in the subgenus Olor together with the other Arctic swan species. [more]
Vocalization: More vocal than other swans. Both higher pitched and deeper sounds. Birds on the water often gives crooning, crane-like notes with less defined pitch. [Link]
Calls: Tone is less full-bodied in these calls. Flight call a deep, yelping, soft barking sound. Each call short, with a "helpless" quality. [Link]
Physical details: length=115-127 cm, wingspan=180-211 cm, weight=3400-7800 g

Genus Branta:
Brant goose / Ringelgans (Branta bernicla)
Alternate classification: Anas bernicla
Also known as: Brant
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Wikipedia: Brant goose
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast
Vocalization: A bubbling, trembling, ascending, three syllable "ahrahrrhit", quite different from other geese. [Link]
Physical details: length=56-61 cm, wingspan=110-120 cm, weight=1300-1600 g

Canada goose / Kanadagans (Branta canadensis)
Alternate classification: Anser canadensis
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Wikipedia: Canada goose
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: etabliertes Neozoon, Brut-, Jahresvogel, Wintergast
Vocalization: Trumpet like, resonant, honking sounds. Closer to Whooper Swans than many of the other geese. [Link]
Physical details: length=80-105 cm, wingspan=160-175 cm, weight=3670-5410 g

Family Anatidae (Waterfowl):

Subfamily Dendrocygninae:
Genus Dendrocygna:
Fulvous whistling-duck / Gelbe Pfeifgans (Dendrocygna bicolor)
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Wikipedia: Fulvous whistling-duck
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
General: The fulvous whistling duck or fulvous tree duck (Dendrocygna bicolor) is a species of whistling duck that breeds across the world's tropical regions in much of Mexico and South America, the West Indies, the southern United States, sub-Saharan Africa and the Indian subcontinent. It has plumage that is mainly reddish brown, long legs and a long grey bill, and shows a distinctive white band across its black tail in flight. Like other members of its ancient lineage, it has a whistling call which is given in flight or on the ground. Its preferred habitat consists of wetlands with plentiful vegetation, including shallow lakes and paddy fields. The nest, built from plant material and unlined, is placed among dense vegetation or in a tree hole. The typical clutch is around ten whitish eggs. The breeding adults, which pair for life, take turns to incubate, and the eggs hatch in 24–29 days. The downy grey ducklings leave the nest within a day or so of hatching, but the parents continue to protect them until they fledge around nine weeks later. [more]

White-faced whistling-duck / Witwenpfeifgans (Dendrocygna viduata)
Alternate classification: Dendrocygna viduata viduata
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Wikipedia: White-faced whistling-duck
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: South America, Africa.
Anas viduata Linnaeus, 1766 [more]

Order Suliformes:

Family Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and shags / Kormorane):

Genus Phalacrocorax:
Great cormorant / Kormorane (Phalacrocorax carbo)
Also known as: Kormoran
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Cormorant Cormorants' feathers lack the waterproofing that ducks have, so you often see them drying their wings on a convenient perch. 2021-01-26 15.56.30 Pfäffikersee
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Seasonal Behavior: Lokaler Brutvogel, regelmässiger, häufiger Durchzügler und Wintergast.[Brutpaare am Zuerichsee und Greifensee bei Moenchaltorf] [Link]
Vocalization: Mostly heard at breeding ground. Also deep, rattling and creaking sounds. [Link]
Calls: Coarse, vibrating calls "hahahahaharo". [Link]
Physical details: length=80-100 cm, wingspan=130-160 cm, weight=1700-3000 g

Double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)
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Wikipedia: Double-crested cormorant
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) is a member of the cormorant family of water birds. Its habitat is near rivers and lakes as well as in coastal areas, and is widely distributed across North America, from the Aleutian Islands in Alaska down to Florida and Mexico. Measuring 70–90 cm (28–35 in) in length, it is an all-black bird which gains a small double crest of black and white feathers in breeding season. It has a bare patch of orange-yellow facial skin. Five subspecies are recognized. It mainly eats fish and hunts by swimming and diving. Its feathers, like those of all cormorants, are not waterproof and it must spend time drying them out after spending time in the water. Once threatened by the use of DDT, the numbers of this bird have increased markedly in recent years. [more]

Order Pelecaniformes (Ibis, herons and pelicans):

Family Ardeidae (Herons / Reiher):

Genus Ardea (Great herons):
Great egret / Silberreiher (Ardea alba)
Alternate classification: Egretta albus
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Silberreiher in Deutschland, von WikiCommons Von Andreas Eichler, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=59954907
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Auf dem Heimweg von Schwanden haben wir bei Benken ganz weisse Reiher gesehen. Laut ornitho.ch waren sie Silberreiher.
Bei den meisten Quellen heisst es, sie sind in der Schweiz nur Durchzüger oder Wintergäste. Aber laut Balzari und Gygax, brüten auch einige Voegel am Lac Neuchatel seit 2013.
Vocalization: Silent outside breeding ground. [Link]
Calls: In colonies various harsh calls like a dry, and mechanical "kerrrrrrr", and a very nasal "geet" or "ga-geet ga-geet" are heard. [Link]
Physical details: length=85-102 cm, wingspan=140-170 cm, weight=960-1030 g

Genus Nycticorax (Night herons):
Black-crowned night-heron / Nachtreiher (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Also known as: Black-crowned night heron
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Wikipedia: Black-crowned night-heron
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), or black-capped night heron, commonly shortened to just night heron in Eurasia, is a medium-sized heron found throughout a large part of the world, except in the coldest regions and Australasia (where it is replaced by the closely related nankeen night heron, with which it has hybridized in the area of contact). [more]
Calls: Most commonly hear call is a nasal, soft croaking "roack", like cross between Raven and frog. [Link]
Physical details: length=58-65 cm, wingspan=105-112 cm, weight=500-800 g

Genus Egretta (Plumed egrets):
Snowy egret (Egretta thula)
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Wikipedia: Snowy egret
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
General: The snowy egret (Egretta thula) is a small white heron. The genus name comes from Provençal French for the little egret, aigrette, which is a diminutive of aigron, 'heron'. The species name thula is the Araucano term for the black-necked swan, applied to this species in error by Chilean naturalist Juan Ignacio Molina in 1782.[3] [more]

Little blue heron / Blaureiher (Egretta caerulea)
Alternate classification: Florida caerulea
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Wikipedia: Little blue heron
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The little blue heron (Egretta caerulea) is a small heron belonging to the family Ardeidae. [more]

Genus Botaurus (Brown bitterns):
American bittern / Nordamerikanische Rohrdommel (Botaurus lentiginosus)
Alternate classification: Ardea lentiginosa
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Wikipedia: American bittern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The American bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus) is a species of wading bird in the heron family. It has a Nearctic distribution, breeding in Canada and the northern and central parts of the United States, and wintering in the U.S. Gulf Coast states, all of Florida into the Everglades, the Caribbean islands and parts of Central America. [more]

Genus Bubulcus (Cattle egrets):
Cattle egret / Kuhreiher (Bubulcus ibis)
Alternate classification: Egretta ibis
Also known as: Western cattle egret
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Arenal cattle w cattle egrets. 2018-02-27 16.42.14 Central America
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis) is a cosmopolitan species of heron (family Ardeidae) found in the tropics, subtropics, and warm-temperate zones. It is the only member of the monotypic genus Bubulcus, although some authorities regard two of its subspecies as full species, the western cattle egret and the eastern cattle egret. Despite the similarities in plumage to the egrets of the genus Egretta, it is more closely related to the herons of Ardea. Originally native to parts of Asia, Africa, and Europe, it has undergone a rapid expansion in its distribution and successfully colonised much of the rest of the world in the last century. [more]
Vocalization: Usually silent away from breeding ground. In the colonies a chorus of various coarse sounds can be heard. Most distinct is a disyllabic "rick-rack". Other sounds includes short, guttural utterings, or drawn, harsh shrieks. [Link]
Physical details: length=48-53 cm, wingspan=90-96 cm, weight=300-400 g

Genus Butorides (Green-backed herons):
Green-backed heron (Butorides striata)
Alternate classification: Butorides striatus
Also known as: Striated heron
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Wikipedia: Green-backed heron
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, South America, Africa.

Family Fregatidae (Frigatebirds):

Genus Fregata:
Great frigatebird / Bindenfregattvogel (Fregata minor)
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Wikipedia: Great frigatebird
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
General: The great frigatebird (Fregata minor) is a large seabird in the frigatebird family. There are major nesting populations in the tropical Pacific (including the Galapagos Islands) and Indian Oceans, as well as a tiny population in the South Atlantic. [more]

Magnificent frigatebird / Prachtfregattvogel (Fregata magnificens)
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Wikipedia: Magnificent frigatebird
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The magnificent frigatebird (Fregata magnificens) or man o' war is a seabird of the frigatebird family Fregatidae. With a length of 89–114 centimetres (35–45 in) and wingspan of 2.17–2.44 m (7.1–8.0 ft) it is the largest species of frigatebird. It occurs over tropical and subtropical waters off America, between northern Mexico and Perú on the Pacific coast and between Florida and southern Brazil along the Atlantic coast.[1] There are also populations on the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific and the Cape Verde islands in the Atlantic. [more]

Family Phaethontidae (Tropicbirds):

Genus Phaethon:
Red-tailed tropicbird / Rotschwanz-Tropikvogel (Phaethon rubricauda)
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Wikipedia: Red-tailed tropicbird
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
The red-tailed tropicbird (Phaethon rubricauda) is a seabird native to tropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. One of three closely related species of tropicbird (Phaethontidae), it was described by Pieter Boddaert in 1783. Superficially resembling a tern in appearance, it has almost all-white plumage with a black mask and a red bill. The sexes have similar plumage. As referenced in the common name, adults have red tail streamers that are about twice their body length. Four subspecies are recognised, but there is evidence of clinal variation in body size—with smaller birds in the north and larger in the south—and hence no grounds for subspecies. [more]

Red-billed tropicbird / Rotschnabel-Tropikvogel (Phaethon aethereus)
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Wikipedia: Red-billed tropicbird
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The red-billed tropicbird (Phaethon aethereus) is a tropicbird, one of three closely related species of seabird of tropical oceans. Superficially resembling a tern in appearance, it has mostly white plumage with some black markings on the wings and back, a black mask and, as its common name suggests, a red bill. Most adults have tail streamers that are about two times their body length, with those in males being generally longer than those in females. The red-billed tropicbird itself has three subspecies recognized, including the nominate. The subspecies mesonauta is distinguished from the nominate by the rosy tinge of its fresh plumage, and the subspecies indicus can be differentiated by its smaller size, more restricted mask, and more orange bill. This species ranges across the tropical Atlantic, eastern Pacific, and Indian Oceans. The nominate is found in the southern Atlantic Ocean, the subspecies indicus in the waters off of the Middle East and in the Indian Ocean, and the subspecies mesonauta in the eastern portions of both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans and in the Caribbean. It was one of the many species described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1758 10th edition of Systema Naturae. [more]

White-tailed tropicbird / Weißschwanz-Tropikvogel (Phaethon lepturus)
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Wikipedia: White-tailed tropicbird
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
The white-tailed tropicbird (Phaethon lepturus) is a species of tropicbird. It is the smallest of three closely related seabirds of the tropical oceans and smallest member of the order Phaethontiformes. It is found in the tropical Atlantic, western Pacific and Indian Oceans. It also breeds on some Caribbean islands, and a few pairs have started nesting recently on Little Tobago, joining the red-billed tropicbird colony. In addition to the tropical Atlantic, it nests as far north as Bermuda, where it is locally called a "longtail".[2] [more]

Family Sulidae (Gannets and boobies / Tölpel):

Genus Sula:
Brown booby / Weißbauchtölpel (Sula leucogaster)
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Wikipedia: Brown booby
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The brown booby (Sula leucogaster) is a large seabird of the booby family, Sulidae, of which it is perhaps the most common and widespread species.[3] It has a pantropical range, which overlaps with that of other booby species. The gregarious brown booby commutes and forages at low height over inshore waters. Flocks plunge-dive to take small fish, especially when these are driven near the surface by their predators. They only nest on the ground, and roost on solid objects rather than the water surface.[3] [more]

Red-footed booby / Rotfußtölpel (Sula sula)
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Wikipedia: Red-footed booby
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The red-footed booby (Sula sula) is a large seabird of the booby family, Sulidae. Adults always have red feet, but the colour of the plumage varies. They are powerful and agile fliers, but they are clumsy in takeoffs and landings. They are found widely in the tropics, and breed colonially in coastal regions, especially islands. The species faces few natural or man-made threats, although its population is declining; it is considered to be a least-concern species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). [more]

Masked booby (Sula dactylatra)
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Wikipedia: Masked booby
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The masked booby (Sula dactylatra), also called the masked gannet or the blue-faced booby, is a large seabird of the booby and gannet family, Sulidae. First described by the French naturalist René-Primevère Lesson in 1831, the masked booby is one of six species of booby in the genus Sula. It has a typical sulid body shape, with a long pointed yellowish bill, long neck, aerodynamic body, long slender wings and pointed tail. The adult is bright white with black wings, a black tail and a dark face mask; at 75–85 cm (30–33 in) long, it is the largest species of booby. The sexes have similar plumage. This species ranges across tropical oceans, except in the eastern Atlantic and eastern Pacific. In the latter, it is replaced by the Nazca booby (Sula granti), which was formerly regarded as a subspecies of masked booby. [more]

Genus Morus:
Northern gannet / Basstölpel (Morus bassanus)
Alternate classification: Sula bassana
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Wikipedia: Northern gannet
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast RL R
Vocalization: Heard mostly at breeding ground. Even, rhythmical series of harsh "harrr, harrr, harrr,". [Link]
Physical details: length=87-100 cm, wingspan=165-180 cm, weight=2400-3600 g

Family Threskiornithidae:

Genus Plegadis:
Glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)
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Wikipedia: Glossy ibis
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) is a water bird in the order Pelecaniformes and the ibis and spoonbill family Threskiornithidae. The scientific name derives from Ancient Greek plegados and Latin, falcis, both meaning "sickle" and referring to the distinctive shape of the bill.[2] [more]
Vocalization: Generally silent away from breeding ground. Dry, crow-like "garr garr", may be heard occasionally in flight. At breeding ground various guttural grunts, and piping, hissing sounds. [Link]
Physical details: length=55-65 cm, wingspan=80-95 cm, weight=530-768 g

Order Passeriformes (Passerine / Singvögel):

Suborder Passeri (Sperlingsvögel):

Superfamily Sylvioidea:
Family Hirundinidae (Swallows / Schwalben):
Genus Hirundo:
Barn swallow / Rauchschwalbe (Hirundo rustica)
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Rauchschwalben schenkel farm, farbe betont für ID. 2020-04-16 10.09.16 Luppmen
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Seen every evening from spring to fall, need good picture.
Etymology: In früheren Jahrhunderten flogen sie vielfach durch die Öffnungen im Giebel ein und aus, durch die auch der Rauch des Herdfeuers abzog. So erhielten sie den Namen Rauchschwalben. [Link]
Song: Characteristic calls and song. Song a sparkling, squeaky energetic improvisation with interspersed contact calls, often with diagnostic ending; an electric and drawn-out "su-eerrrrrrrrrrrrrrr". [Link]
Calls: Contact call a short and sharp "weet" or "kee-weet". [Link]
Physical details: length=17-19 cm, wingspan=32-34 cm, weight=16-22 g

Genus Riparia:
Bank swallow / Uferschwalbe (Riparia riparia)
Also known as: Sand martin
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Wikipedia: Bank swallow
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The sand martin (Riparia riparia) or European sand martin, bank swallow, and collared sand martin in India, is a migratory passerine bird in the swallow family. It has a wide range in summer, embracing practically the whole of Europe and the Mediterranean countries and across the Palearctic to the Pacific Ocean. It is a Holarctic species also found in North America. It winters in eastern and southern Africa, South America, and the Indian Subcontinent. [more]
Song: Song a primitive improvisation on the contact call. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a mono- or disyllabic "trrrrt". Similar to House Martin but more raucous and less crisp, with less rolling r's, and with stable pitch throughout. Alarm call similar to House Martin; a sharp plaintive "tseep", but somewhat purer and more drawn. [Link]
Physical details: length=12 cm, wingspan=26-29 cm, weight=11-16 g

Genus Petrochelidon:
Cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)
Alternate classification: Hirundo pyrrhonota
Also known as: American cliff swallow
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Wikipedia: Cliff swallow
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America.
General: The cliff swallow or American cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) is a member of the passerine bird family Hirundinidae, the swallows and martins.[2] The scientific name is derived from Ancient Greek; Petrochelidon originates from the petros meaning "rock" and khelidon "swallow", pyrrhonota comes from purrhos meaning "flame-coloured" and -notos "-backed".[3] [more]

Family Alaudidae (Larks / Lerchen):
Genus Alauda:
Eurasian skylark / Feldlerche (Alauda arvensis)
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Wikipedia Eurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis). Source: WIKIPEDIA
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America (introduced), Africa.
Geography: Introduced population in North America is gradually declining. [Link]
Stark gefährdet durch Verlust von geeignetem Lebensraum. Eine Massnahme ist die Erstellung von Lerchenfenstern auf den Feldern - eine kleine Fläche mitten im Feld, die nicht bepflanzt oder gemäht wird. So was sieht man bei uns, z.B. zwischen Freudwil und Gutenswil, wobei ich nicht genau weiss, ob Feldlerchen das Ziel davon sind. Die Infos habe ich vom FOK Kurs 2021-2022 von Christina Ebneter.
Song: Song a pleasing energetic stream of chirping, merry trills, interspersed with mimicry. Trills quite resonant with fairly full tone. Song usually given in flight high in the air. Less characteristic, shorter, weaker and more varied song when given from ground. [Link]
Calls: Most typical flight call a short trilling "chirrup", with the end note noticeably lower pitched than the start. Also several other more cryptic calls. [Link]
Physical details: length=18-19 cm, wingspan=30-36 cm, weight=26-50 g

Genus Eremophila:
Horned lark / Ohrenlerche (Eremophila alpestris)
Alternate classification: Chionophila alpestris
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Wikipedia: Horned lark
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: Wintergast
Song: Song a stream of thin and tinkling, squeaking notes with a recurring, drawn, ringing and slightly ascending chirp. Timbre resemblant to Lapland Bunting. Often given from high in the air, being difficult to locate. More hesitantly when given from the ground with a stumbling introduction. [Link]
Calls: Flight call quite similar to Meadow Pipit's "tseep" call, but less anxious. [Link]
Physical details: length=14-17 cm, wingspan=30-35 cm, weight=26-46 g

Family Phylloscopidae (Laubsänger):
Genus Phylloscopus:
Arctic warbler / Wanderlaubsänger (Phylloscopus borealis)
Alternate classification: Seicercus borealis
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Wikipedia: Arctic warbler
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The Arctic warbler (Phylloscopus borealis) is a widespread leaf warbler in birch or mixed birch forest near water throughout its breeding range in Fennoscandia and the northern Palearctic. It has established a foothold in North America, breeding in Alaska. This warbler is strongly migratory; the entire population winters in southeast Asia. It therefore has one of the longest migrations of any Old World insectivorous bird. [more]
Song: Call and song diagnostic. Song a rattling series of 20-30 single syllables. Repeated as a monotonous phrase in stable pitch, lasting 2-4 seconds. Starts more softly with volume rising throughout each phrase. Often given as introductory part of song. [Link]
Calls: Contact call equally unique. A hard and short "tsrrt", recalling contact call of Dipper. [Link]
Physical details: length=10-11 cm, wingspan=16-22 cm, weight=8-12 g

Family Leiothrichidae:
Genus Leiothrix:
Red-billed leiothrix / Sonnenvogel (Leiothrix lutea)
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Wikipedia: Red-billed leiothrix
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The red-billed leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea) is a member of the family Leiothrichidae, native to southern China and the Himalayas. Adults have bright red bills and a dull yellow ring around their eyes. Their backs are dull olive green, and they have a bright yellow-orange throat with a yellow chin; females are somewhat duller than males, and juveniles have black bills. It has also been introduced in various parts of the world, with small populations of escapees having existed in Japan since the 1980s. It has become a common cagebird and amongst aviculturists it goes by various names: Pekin robin, Pekin nightingale, Japanese nightingale, and Japanese (hill) robin, the last two being misnomers as it is not native to Japan (although it has been introduced and naturalised there).[2] [more]

Superfamily Passeroidea:
Family Passeridae (Sparrows / Sperlinge):
Genus Passer:
House sparrow / Haussperling (Passer domesticus)
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Pair of house sparrows in a tree near Zürichstrasse, Fehraltorf 2020-04-11 07.54.30 Luppmen
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America (introduced), South America, Africa.
One of the most common birds anywhere in Europe and North America. In Fehraltorf there are 5 house sparrows for every one tree sparrow. Eugene Schieffelin brought house sparrows and starlings to North Ameria. As a Shakespeare fan, it is often claimed that he wanted to introduce all species to North America that are mentioned in Shakespeare, but apparently this is not supported by any records
Found practically everywhere. Often on the ground or on your table in a cafe (they're very bold) or in groups in bushes and hedges
Song: Song a primitive, monosyllabic, or slightly disyllabic "chilp", hard to distinguish from Tree Sparrow. [Link]
Calls: Most calls very similar to Tree Sparrow, but lacks said species' distinct high pitched call (chew-itt), and alarm call is less dry and raucous. [Link]
Physical details: length=14-15 cm, wingspan=21-25 cm, weight=24-38 g

Song: An monotone chirping. Mainly 2-5 KHz with higher overtones.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: 2-5 KHz Singing season: 01-01 - 08-31 Dawn chorus start, 30 minutes before dawn.

Eurasian tree sparrow / Feldsperling (Passer montanus)
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In tree by First, ZH. 2020-05-04 17.33.32 Luppmen
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America (introduced), Africa.
Similar to the house sparrow, but with the black cheek patch seen here. in Fehraltorf there are 5 times as many house sparrows as tree sparrows.
Geography: Brought from Germany, about 20 of these birds were released in St. Louis in 1870. The population took hold there, and they might have spread except that the House Sparrow, seemingly more aggressive and adaptable, reached the St. Louis area at about the same time. Eurasian Tree Sparrows are still found in parts of Missouri and Illinois, and have reached southeastern Iowa, but they are fairly local in farmland and suburbs. The tougher House Sparrow may keep them out of other areas. [Link]
Vocalization: Most other sounds similar to House Sparrow, and may be difficult to identify. [Link]
Song: Chattering sounds are generally harder, and song slightly higher pitched than House Sparrow. [Link]
Calls: Distinct, high-pitched and explosive contact-call; "che-witt" typically given in flight. Second syllable rising rapidly in pitch. [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=20-22 cm, weight=18-29 g

Song: Monotone chirping, rougher than that of the house sparrow. Most 2-7 KHz mit many overtones, i.e. somewhat higher than the house sparrow.
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: 2-7 KHz

Family Fringillidae (Finken):
Subfamily Fringillinae:
Genus Fringilla:
Brambling / Bergfink (Fringilla montifringilla)
Also known as: Mountain finch
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Wikipedia Bergfink. Foto: Source: WIKIPEDIA
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Geography: the Brambling appears regularly in small numbers in Alaska during migration, straying the short distance across the Bering Sea. Some of those that stray across in autumn apparently then continue south on the American side, and there have been winter records for numerous states and provinces east to the Atlantic Coast and south to Colorado. Many of these vagrant Bramblings have been found visiting bird feeders. [Link]
Vocalization: Large repertoire of mostly characteristic sounds. [
Link]
Song: Song very distinct; a soft, wheezing, drawn-out single note. Repeated at the same pitch in a monotonous manner. [Link]
Calls: Contact calls include a short, nasal, ascending "keeaa", a short high-pitched, piercing "tzeet" and a linnet-like "chepp". May be mistaken for Greenfinch, but note softer timbre and stable pitch throughout the call. [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=25-26 cm, weight=17-30 g
Habitats: forest

Song: General: Bergfink - call cheep plus two ascending Grünfink squawks. Song? Grünfink squawk but not descending, every 3-4 seconds.
Song: Song very distinct; a soft, wheezing, drawn-out single note. Repeated at the same pitch in a monotonous manner. [Link]
Song attributes: Melody: simple rhythmic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: rasp Singing season: 04-14 - 09-15

Subfamily Carduelinae:
Genus Acanthis (Redpolls):
Common redpoll (Acanthis flammea)
Alternate classification: Fringilla flammea
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Wikipedia: Common redpoll
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The common redpoll or mealy redpoll (Acanthis flammea) is a species of bird in the finch family. It breeds somewhat further south than the Arctic redpoll, also in habitats with thickets or shrubs. [more]
Song: Song an improvised chattering on various contact calls with no apparent phrasing. [Link]
Calls: Contact call diagnostic. A chattering "Chutt-utt-utt", with a more metallic and nasal timbre than Linnet and Twite. Other sound includes plaintive call mostly given when perched. Uttered as a continuous sound, but with a disyllabic feel. First part ascending slowly, then faster before it is cut off "tsooeet". [Link]
Physical details: length=11-14 cm, wingspan=20-25 cm, weight=9-16 g

Arctic redpoll (Acanthis hornemanni)
Alternate classification: Linota hornemanni
Also known as: Hoary redpoll
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Wikipedia: Arctic redpoll
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The Arctic redpoll or hoary redpoll (Acanthis hornemanni) is a bird species in the finch family Fringillidae. It breeds in tundra birch forest. It has two subspecies, A. h. hornemanni (Greenland or Hornemann's Arctic redpoll) of Greenland and neighbouring parts of Canada, and A. h. exilipes (Coues' Arctic redpoll), which breeds in the tundra of northern North America and the Palearctic. Many birds remain in the far north; some birds migrate short distances south in winter, sometimes travelling with common redpolls. [more]
Vocalization: Very similar to Common Redpoll, but possibly with a softer tone and slightly longer pauses between each syllable. See Common Redpoll. [Link]
Physical details: length=13-15 cm, wingspan=21-27 cm, weight=10-16 g

Genus Loxia:
Red crossbill / Fichtenkreuzschnabel (Loxia curvirostra)
Alternate classification: Loxia curvirostris
Also known as: Common crossbill
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Wikimedia Red Crossbills (Male). Source: WIKIPEDIA
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Forests with conifers. Some spend the winter in Switzerland, others are here year-round.
Appearance and identification: Nabu.de: das Männchen schon von weitem durch seine ziegelrote Farbe auf. Das Weibchen dagegen ist unscheinbar graugrün gefärbt.Größe: 15 bis 17 Zentimeter Zugtyp: Teilzieher Beobachtungszeitraum: Oktober bis April, im Mittelgebirge und Alpenraum ganzjährig. [Link]
New research suggests that there may be as many as eight different full species of Red Crossbills on [North America]. [Link]
Behavior: Wikipedia: a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae, also known as the Common Crossbill in Eurasia. Crossbills have distinctive mandibles, crossed at the tips, which enable them to extract seeds from conifer cones and other fruits. [Link]
Song: The song consist of improvised, resonant twittering, and series of contact calls with no apparent phrases. It is generally faster, with less marked pauses than in Parrot Crossbill, and the phrasing seems more random. [Link]
Calls: Contact call similar to Parroy Crossbill's "tupp", but is on average higher and less powerful, with a "cut-off" ending. In sum: Parrot Crossbill; hard attack, soft ending, Crossbill: softer attack, cut-off ending. Beware regional variations and overlap in pitch of calls with Parrot. [Link]
Physical details: length=16 cm, wingspan=27-30 cm, weight=35-50 g

Song: Repeated hi-low pattern...well, doesn't always sound like that. The very short beginning of my Stazersee recording before the static sets in does, as well as a song found online. One recording reminds me of cicada sounds.
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, slow, Frequency: 2-10 KHz

Two-barred crossbill / Bindenkreuzschnabel (Loxia leucoptera)
Also known as: White-winged crossbill
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Wikipedia: Two-barred crossbill
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The two-barred crossbill or white-winged crossbill (Loxia leucoptera) is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. [more]

Genus Pinicola:
Pine grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator)
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Wikipedia: Pine grosbeak
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
The pine grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator) (this scientific name roughly translates to "the bird that lives in the pines and shells the seeds") is a large member of the true finch family, Fringillidae. It is the only species in the genus Pinicola. It is found in coniferous woods across Alaska, the western mountains of the United States, Canada, and in subarctic Fennoscandia and across the Palearctic to Siberia. The species is a frugivore, especially in winter, favoring small fruits, such as rowans (mountain-ashes in the New World). With fruit-crop abundance varying from year to year, pine grosbeak is one of many subarctic-resident bird species that exhibit irruptive behavior. In irruption years, individuals can move long distances in search of suitable food supplies, bringing them farther south and/or downslope than is typical of years with large fruit crops. [more]
Song: Song a soft, flowing, melodic yodeling in clear, flute-like tones. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a melodic, plaintive "cliu-wee", with both syllables falling in pitch. Analogoues to Siskin, but much more full-bodied and lower pitched (like a mix of Siskin and Bullfinch). [Link]
Physical details: length=18 cm, wingspan=30-35 cm, weight=47-64 g

Genus Leucosticte:
Grey-crowned rosy-finch (Leucosticte tephrocotis)
Also known as: Gray-crowned rosy finch
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Wikipedia: Grey-crowned rosy-finch
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The gray-crowned rosy finch, or gray-crowned rosy-finch, (Leucosticte tephrocotis) is a species of passerine bird in the family Fringillidae native to Alaska, western Canada, and the north-western United States. Due to its remote and rocky alpine habitat it is rarely seen. There are currently six recognized subspecies. It is one of four species of rosy finches. [more]

Subfamily Emberizinae:
Tribe Emberizini:
Genus Calcarius:
Lapland longspur / Spornammer (Calcarius lapponicus)
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Wikipedia: Lapland longspur
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast
Song: Song: a short, creaky, brittle phrase, rich in harmonics; "kril-trrlrtt-ti-trlllkrlltrrt". Somewhat reminiscent of Horned Lark, but without its hesitating intro. In form a bit like Snow Bunting, but much less clear tones. [Link]
Calls: Call: A Snow Bunting-like "prrrrit", but tone harder. Also a Snow Bunting-like "pjuu". Other sounds: soft, whistling calls reminiscent of Bullfinch, but with richer harmonics. [Link]
Physical details: length=15-16 cm, wingspan=25-28 cm, weight=20-28 g

Genus Plectrophenax:
Snow bunting / Schneeammer (Plectrophenax nivalis)
Alternate classification: Calcarius nivalis
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Wikipedia: Snow bunting
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Wintergast
Song: Song simple and melodic. 2-5 syllable motifs with fairly wide tonal range. Can be confused with Lapland Bunting, but is much purer in tone with a less jingling timbre. Local dialects. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a short, melodic and rapidly descending "peeuu". Often alternating with a rattling "trrreet". "Peeuu"-call quite similar to Lapland Bunting, but harder, purer in tone and less nasal. [Link]
Physical details: length=16-17 cm, wingspan=32-38 cm, weight=28-50 g

Genus Crithagra:
Yellow-fronted canary / Mosambikgirlitz (Crithagra mozambica)
Alternate classification: Serinus mozambicus
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Wikipedia: Yellow-fronted canary
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The yellow-fronted canary (Crithagra mozambica), also called the yellow-eyed canary, is a small passerine bird in the finch family. It is known elsewhere and in aviculture as the green singing finch. [more]

Family Motacillidae (Stelzenverwandte):
Genus Anthus:
Red-throated pipit / Rotkehlpieper (Anthus cervinus)
Alternate classification: Motacilla cervina
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Wikipedia: Red-throated pipit
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The red-throated pipit (Anthus cervinus) is a small passerine bird which breeds in the far north of Europe and the Palearctic, with a foothold in northern Alaska. It is a long-distance migrant moving in winter to Africa, south and east Asia and west coast United States. It is a vagrant to western Europe. [more]

Genus Motacilla:
White wagtail / Bachstelze (Motacilla alba)
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White wagtail at edge of field near Mesikon 2020-04-25 07.21.02 Luppmen
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The white wagtail (Motacilla alba) is a small passerine bird in the family Motacillidae, which also includes pipits and longclaws. The species breeds in much of Europe and the Asian Palearctic and parts of North Africa. It has a toehold in Alaska as a scarce breeder. It is resident in the mildest parts of its range, but otherwise migrates to Africa. In Ireland and Great Britain, the darker subspecies, the pied wagtail or water wagtail[2] (M. a. yarrellii) predominates. In total, there are between 9 and 11 subspecies. [more]
Song: Song either slow and primitive, consisting of sharp falling notes given by perched birds, or longer fast and energic bursts in excited song-flight. [Link]
Calls: Contact calls short and sharp. Usually with disyllabic, "bouncing" quality, and with each syllable only accented, not clearly separated from the other (see Grey Wagtail). [Link]
Physical details: length=18 cm, wingspan=25-30 cm, weight=17-25 g
Presence: 03-01 - 10-28

Eastern yellow wagtail (Motacilla tschutschensis)
Alternate classification: Motacilla flava tschutschensis
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Wikipedia: Eastern yellow wagtail
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The eastern yellow wagtail (Motacilla tschutschensis) is a small passerine in the wagtail family Motacillidae, which also includes the pipits and longclaws. It was often classified as a subspecies of the Western yellow wagtail. [more]

Family Estrildidae:
Subfamily Viduinae:
Genus Vidua:
Pin-tailed whydah / Dominikanerwitwe (Vidua macroura)
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Wikipedia: Pin-tailed whydah
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
The pin-tailed whydah (Vidua macroura) is a small songbird with a conspicuous pennant-like tail in breeding males. It is a resident breeding bird in most of Africa south of the Sahara Desert. [more]

Subfamily Estrildinae:
Genus Lonchura (Mannikins):
African silverbill / Afrikanischer Silberschnabel (Euodice cantans)
Alternate classification: Lonchura cantans
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Wikipedia: African silverbill
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
The African silverbill (Euodice cantans) is a small passerine bird formerly considered conspecific with the Asian species Indian silverbill, (Euodice malabarica). This estrildid finch is a common resident breeding bird in dry savanna habitat, south of the Sahara Desert. This species has also been introduced to other countries such as Portugal, Qatar and United States. [more]

Java sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora)
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Wikipedia: Java sparrow
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
The Java sparrow (Padda oryzivora), also known as Java finch, Java rice sparrow or Java rice bird, is a small passerine bird.[2] This estrildid finch is a resident breeding bird in Java, Bali and Bawean in Indonesia. It is a popular cage bird, and has been introduced into many other countries. Some taxonomists place this and the Timor sparrow in their own genus Padda. [more]

Scaly-breasted munia / Muskatbronzemännchen (Lonchura punctulata)
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Wikipedia: Scaly-breasted munia
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
The scaly-breasted munia or spotted munia (Lonchura punctulata), known in the pet trade as nutmeg mannikin or spice finch, is a sparrow-sized estrildid finch native to tropical Asia. A species of the genus Lonchura, it was formally described and named by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. Its name is based on the distinct scale-like feather markings on the breast and belly. The adult is brown above and has a dark conical bill. The species has 11 subspecies across their range and differ slightly in size and color. [more]

Chestnut munia / Schwarzkopfnonne (Lonchura atricapilla)
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Wikipedia: Chestnut munia
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
The chestnut munia or black-headed munia (Lonchura atricapilla) is a small passerine. It was formerly considered conspecific with the closely related tricoloured munia, but is now widely recognized as a separate species. This estrildid finch is a resident breeding bird in Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Burma, Nepal, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam and Hawaii. It also has been introduced to all the Greater Antilles and Martinique in the Caribbean. [more]

Tricolored munia / Schwarzbauchnonne (Lonchura malacca)
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Wikipedia: Tricolored munia
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, South America.
The tricoloured munia (Lonchura malacca) is an estrildid finch, native to Bangladesh,[2] India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and southern China. The species has also introduced to the Caribbean, in Trinidad, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Venezuela. This species, like the chestnut munia has been known as the black-headed munia. Immature birds have pale brown upperparts, lack the dark head found in adults, and have uniform buff underparts that can be confused with immatures of other munias such as the scaly-breasted munia. [more]

Genus Spermestes:
Bronze mannikin (Spermestes cucullata)
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Wikipedia: Bronze mannikin
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
The bronze mannikin or bronze munia (Spermestes cucullata) is a small passerine (i.e. perching) bird of the Afrotropics. This very social estrildid finch is an uncommon to locally abundant bird in much of Africa south of the Sahara Desert, where it is resident, nomadic or irruptive in mesic savanna or forest margin habitats.[5][6] It has an estimated global extent of occurrence of 8,100,000 km2. It is the smallest and most widespread of four munia species on the African mainland, the other being black-and-white, red-backed and magpie mannikin. It co-occurs with the Madagascan mannikin on the Comoro Islands, and was introduced to Puerto Rico. Especially in the West Africa, it is considered a pest in grain and rice fields. It is locally trapped for the pet bird trade.[4] [more]

Genus Amandava:
Red avadavat (Amandava amandava)
Alternate classification: Fringilla amandava
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Wikipedia: Red avadavat
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The red avadavat (Amandava amandava), red munia or strawberry finch, is a sparrow-sized bird of the family Estrildidae. It is found in the open fields and grasslands of tropical Asia and is popular as a cage bird due to the colourful plumage of the males in their breeding season. It breeds in the Indian Subcontinent in the monsoon season. The species name of amandava and the common name of avadavat are derived from the city of Ahmedabad in Gujarat, India, from where these birds were exported into the pet trade in former times.[2][3] [more]

Genus Estrilda:
Common waxbill (Estrilda astrild)
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Wikipedia: Common waxbill
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The common waxbill (Estrilda astrild), also known as the St Helena waxbill, is a small passerine bird belonging to the estrildid finch family. It is native to sub-Saharan Africa but has been introduced to many other regions of the world and now has an estimated global extent of occurrence of 10,000,000 km2. It is popular and easy to keep in captivity. [more]

Family Ploceidae:
Genus Euplectes:
Yellow-crowned bishop (Euplectes afer)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-crowned bishop
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The yellow-crowned bishop (Euplectes afer) is a species of passerine bird in the family Ploceidae native to Africa south of the Sahara.[2] It is highly sexually dimorphic in its breeding season, during which the male adopts a distinctive yellow and black plumage, contrasting with the female's predominantly brown coloration. Three subspecies are recognised. [more]

Orange bishop / Feuerwida (Euplectes franciscanus)
Also known as: Northern red bishop
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Wikipedia: Orange bishop
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
The northern red bishop or orange bishop (Euplectes franciscanus) is a small passerine bird in the family Ploceidae. It is part of the largest genus in the family with over 60 different species.[2] Its sister species is the Southern red bishop (Euplectes orix). This species is most recognizable by the bright reddish orange with contrasting black plumage displayed by the breeding male. It is most common throughout the northern African continent but has also been introduced to areas in the western hemisphere. [more]

Family Paridae (Titmice / Meisen):

Genus Poecile:
Siberian tit / Lapplandmeise (Poecile cinctus)
Alternate classification: Poecile cincta
Also known as: Gray-headed chickadee
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Wikipedia: Siberian tit
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
The grey-headed chickadee or Siberian tit (Poecile cinctus, formerly Parus cinctus) is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is a widespread resident breeder throughout subarctic Scandinavia and the northern Palearctic, and also into North America in Alaska and the far northwest of Canada. It is a conifer specialist. It is resident, and most birds do not migrate. Curiously (with respect to its name), the bird has no grey on its head, which is black, white, and brown. [more]
Vocalization: Voice quite similar to Willow Tit. Other sounds: Chirping, bubbling sounds resembling Willow Tit, various other high pitched sounds. [Link]
Song: Song: Often vibrating or rasping notes repeated in Willow Tit-like structure, gradually falling in pitch "trrrrrr trrrrr trrrrr". [Link]
Calls: Call: Nasal Willow Tit-like "chee chee chee" , "ti ti chee". [Link]
Physical details: length=13 cm, wingspan=19-21 cm, weight=11-14 g

Family Sturnidae (Starlings / Stare):

Genus Sturnus:
Common starling / Star (Sturnus vulgaris)
Also known as: European starling
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Im richtigen Licht schimmern die Federn. 2020-04-11 07.54.52 Luppmen
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America (introduced), Africa.
In trees or in the fields by the cows.
Frequently seen here, for instance by their nests under the eaves of one of the Toblerone houses. Introduced to North America from Europe by Eugene Schieffelin.
Eine der Vogelarten, die gleichzeitig zwei Töne singen kann!
Vocalization: Among the best of imitators. Mimics birds, animals and mechanical noises. Often makes several sounds at the same time. [Link]
Song: Song a highly varied mix of falling whistles, bill-clappering and various masterful mimicry. [Link]
Calls: Other calls; a harsh "chaee" and a short sharp "tink". [Link]
Physical details: length=21 cm, wingspan=37-42 cm, weight=60-90 g

Song: I find their individual song amusing, with its (long) whoops and weird noises. As a group, they're just noisy!
Song attributes: Melody: improvised melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: whoop, weird, mimicry Singing season: 01-01 - 09-30 Dawn chorus start, 15 minutes before dawn.
Call: I hear this occasionally and really enjoy it - a long rising 'whoop', as I call it', starting low at 1 1/2 KHz and rising to 6 1/2 KHz!

♫ Source: BirdNet 2021-08-23 17.26.09 Fehraltorf (call)

Call attributes: Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 1-6 KHz, Special sounds: whoop

Genus Acridotheres:
Common myna (Acridotheres tristis)
Alternate classification: Sturnus tristis
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Wikipedia: Common myna
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The common myna or Indian myna (Acridotheres tristis), sometimes spelled mynah,[2] is a member of the family Sturnidae (starlings and mynas) native to Asia. An omnivorous open woodland bird with a strong territorial instinct, the common myna has adapted extremely well to urban environments. [more]

Family Muscicapidae (Old world flycatchers / Schnäpperverwandte):

Genus Oenanthe:
Northern wheatear / Steinschmätzer (Oenanthe oenanthe)
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Male northern wheatear, photo by Andreas Trepte - Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5 Source: WIKIPEDIA
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: I thought after seeing these at over 2700 meters that they must be a typical mountain bird (and in the FOK Zurich materials they were in the mountain section), however Wikipedia explains that such a stony landscape is the key, whether that is high or not:
Geography: The northern wheatear is a migratory insectivorous species breeding in open stony country in Europe and east across the Palearctic with footholds in northeastern Canada and Greenland as well as in northwestern Canada and Alaska. It nests in rock crevices and rabbit burrows. All birds spend most of their winter in Africa. ... Miniature tracking devices have recently shown that the northern wheatear has one of the longest migratory flights known - 30,000 km (18,640 miles), from sub-Saharan Africa to their Arctic breeding grounds.[15] [Link]
Strangely the residence and migration maps differ greatly by source: in Wikipedia the northern wheatear spends winter in subsaharan Africa, while the authoratitive Kosmos-Vogelführer shows some in northern Africa like Morocco. Most other sources agree with Wikipedia and Sub-Saharan Africa.
I thought the German name Steinschmätzer, presumably stone kisser (no one explains it, oddly enough) to be much more logical than the English northern wheatear. I was greatly amused to look it up and find it to be a 'folk etymology of "white" and "arse"' (Wikipedia).
Etymology: The genus name Oenanthe is derived from the Greek oenos (οίνος) "wine" and anthos (ανθός) "flower". It refers to the northern wheatear's return to Greece in the spring just as the grapevines blossom. [Link]
It has an evil-looking black eye stripe like the shrike. (I liked Nici Baiker's description of it in the FOK field ornithology course as 'Zorro look'.) I saw one flying on Muottas Muragl and thought the striking gray oval surrounded by dark feathers has to be typical and seems unique to the northern wheatear.
In den FOK Unterlagen werden die Zugrouten von Alaska und von nordosten Kanada gezeigt, die beide fuer Winter nach Afrika ziehen. Die aus Alaska fliegen ueber Asien unglaubliche 15000 Kilometer! Die in Kanada haben es auch nicht leicht, da sie zuerst ueber den Atlantik nach Spanien fliegen!
Vocalization: Each phrase is often introduced by the "weet" sound, then followed by hastened, creaking, rattling and warbling sounds of 1-2 seconds duration. [Link]
Song: Kurze, wechselvolle Strophe mit vielen unreinen Tönen. Meist von erhöhter Warte aus oder in kurzem Singflug vorgetragen. [Link]
The Wheatear song consists of short phrases with marked pauses. The "check" sound is also often included in the song. [Link]
Calls: „Tschack“ auch „hiit“ (saugend) [Link]
Contact and alarm call a high pitched, sharp "weet", followed by a hard "check", like hitting two rocks together. The "weet" sound is much sharper than the similar sound in Whinchat and Stonechat. Wheater usually repeats the "weet" sound more frequently than the "check" sound. The "check" of Stonechat is less pure and more gritty. [Link]
Physical details: length=14-15 cm, wingspan=26-32 cm, weight=18-29 g

Family Certhiidae (Baumläufer):

Subfamily Troglodytinae:
Genus Cistothorus:
Marsh wren / Sumpfzaunkönig (Cistothorus palustris)
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Wikipedia: Marsh wren
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The marsh wren (Cistothorus palustris) is a small North American songbird of the wren family. It is sometimes called the long-billed marsh wren to distinguish it from the sedge wren, also known as the short-billed marsh wren. [more]

Superfamily Corvoidea:

Family Corvidae (Krähenverwandte):
Genus Corvus (Crows):
Common raven / Kolkrabe (Corvus corax)
Also known as: Northern raven
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Kolkrabe am Aabach, Wetzikon. 2021-03-10 09.49.56 Wetzikon
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The raven is often mentioned in word puzzles as the largest songbird.
Good to know: Other: A flock of ravens may be called an unkindness [Literary names of groups and flocks]
Etymology: Kolk, die erste Silbe seines seit dem 16. Jahrhundert bezeugten deutschen Namens, ist vermutlich lautmalerischen Ursprungs, ahmt also den Ruf des Vogels nach. [Link]
Appearance and identification: It is one of the two largest corvids, alongside the thick-billed raven, and is possibly the heaviest passerine bird [Link]
Vocalization: Quite varied repertoire. Most heard sound a short, coarse, but resonant "korrk. Other sounds may be surprisingly resonant and pure, like a ringing "clong" etc. Shows even more variation when courting. [Link]
Physical details: length=64 cm, wingspan=120-150 cm, weight=800-1560 g

Song: Graak!
Song attributes: Melody: non-musical, slow, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz) Special sounds: cawing

Family Passerellidae:

Genus Junco (Juncos):
Dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis)
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Wikipedia: Dark-eyed junco
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis) is a species of junco, a group of small, grayish New World sparrows. This bird is common across much of temperate North America and in summer ranges far into the Arctic. It is a very variable species, much like the related fox sparrow (Passerella iliaca), and its systematics are still not completely untangled. [more]

Order Charadriiformes (Shorebirds and others / Regenpfeiferartige):

Family Laridae (Gulls / Reiher):

Subfamily Larinae (Möwen):
Genus Larus:
Common gull / Sturmmöwe (Larus canus)
Also known as: Mew gull
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Near Badi Auslikon at the Pfäffikersee. I thought I had only seen black-headed gulls, but on reviewing my photos, I noticed the yellow bill. Other typical characteristics: it's bigger than the black-headed gull next to it, it doesn't have the Charlie Brown half-ring around the eye, it has less gray and only a few shorter black tail feathers. 2021-02-05 11.34.30 Pfäffikersee
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Not so common in Switzerland (most common would be the black-headed gull as far as I can see
Appearance and identification: Nabu: NABU ueber das Aussehen der Sturmmoewe: 'Sturmmöwen sind etwas größer als Lachmöwen, jedoch deutlich kleiner als Silbermöwen. Sie sind überwiegend weiß mit grauem Rücken und grauen Flügeln. Die Flügelenden sind schwarz mit weißer Spitze. Der Kopf ist rundlich, die dunklen Augen dünn rot umrandet. Der schlanke Schnabel und die Beine sind grünlichgelb, ein Schnabelfleck fehlt.' [Portraet]
Vocalization: Various mewing sounds. Similar in form to Herring Gull, but much higher pitched. [Link]
Physical details: length=40-42 cm, wingspan=100-115 cm, weight=300-480 g

Kelp gull (Larus dominicanus)
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Wikipedia: Kelp gull
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: South America, Africa.
General: The kelp gull (Larus dominicanus), also known as the Dominican gull, is a gull that breeds on coasts and islands through much of the Southern Hemisphere. The nominate L. d. dominicanus is the subspecies found around South America, parts of Australia (where it overlaps with the Pacific gull), and New Zealand (where it is known as the black-backed gull, the southern black-backed gull, mollyhawk[2] – particularly the juveniles,[3] or by its Māori name karoro). L. d. vetula (known as the Cape gull) is a subspecies occurring around Southern Africa. [more]

Lesser black-backed gull / Heringsmöwe (Larus fuscus)
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Wikipedia: Lesser black-backed gull
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The lesser black-backed gull (Larus fuscus) is a large gull that breeds on the Atlantic coasts of Europe. It is migratory, wintering from the British Isles south to West Africa. It is a regular winter visitor to the east coast of North America, probably from the breeding population in Iceland. [more]

European herring gull / Silbermöwe (Larus argentatus)
Also known as: Herring gull
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Wikipedia: European herring gull
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast
Vocalization: Quite vocal. A long and strong "ay-kay-kay-kay-kay" with fading strength commonly heard. A deep "ga-ga-ga" heard from anxious birds. [Link]
Calls: All calls much deeper pitched than Common Gull. Difficult to distinguish from Lesser Black-backed Gull, but tone is less nasal. [Link]
Physical details: length=55-64 cm, wingspan=123-148 cm, weight=750-1440 g

Great black-backed gull / Mantelmöwe (Larus marinus)
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Wikipedia: Great black-backed gull
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast RL R

Iceland gull (Larus glaucoides)
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Wikipedia: Iceland gull
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The Iceland gull (Larus glaucoides) is a medium-sized gull that breeds in the Arctic regions of Canada and Greenland, but not in Iceland (as its name suggests), where it is only seen during winter. The genus name is from Latin larus, which appears to have referred to a gull or other large seabird. The specific name glaucoides denotes its resemblance to Larus glaucus, a synonym of Larus hyperboreus, the glaucous gull; -oides is Ancient Greek and means "resembling".[2] [more]
Vocalization: Like Herring Gull, but tone sharper. [Link]
Physical details: length=52-60 cm, wingspan=140-150 cm, weight=460-1039 g

Glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus)
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Wikipedia: Glaucous gull
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus) is a large gull, the second-largest gull in the world. It breeds in Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere and winters south to shores of the Holarctic. The genus name is from Latin larus, which appears to have referred to a gull or other large seabird. The specific name hyperboreus is Latin for "northern" from the Ancient Greek Huperboreoi people from the far north [2] "Glaucous" is from Latin glaucus and denotes the grey colour of the gull.[3] [more]
Vocalization: Like Herring Gull. [Link]
Physical details: length=62-68 cm, wingspan=150-165 cm, weight=964-2215 g

Genus Chroicocephalus:
Black-headed gull / Lachmöwe (Chroicocephalus ridibundus)
Alternate classification: Larus ridibundus
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On a canal feeding into the Pfäffikersee Paradoxically, they don't have to have a black head. 2020-10-30 16.51.58 Pfäffikersee
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Common waterbird at Pfäffikersee, that doesn't necessarily have the eponymous black head.

Grey-headed gull (Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus)
Alternate classification: Larus cirrocephalus
Also known as: Gray-hooded gull, Grey-hooded gull
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Wikipedia: Grey-headed gull
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: South America, Africa.
General: The grey-headed gull (Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus), also known as the grey-hooded gull, is a small gull which breeds patchily in South America and Africa south of the Sahara. It is not truly migratory, but is more widespread in winter. This species has occurred as a rare vagrant to North America, Italy and Spain. As is the case with many gulls, it has traditionally been placed in the genus Larus. [more]

Genus Rissa:
Black-legged kittiwake / Dreizehenmöwe (Rissa tridactyla)
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Wikipedia: Black-legged kittiwake
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) is a seabird species in the gull family Laridae. [more]
Vocalization: Highly vocal at breeding ground. A mewing "kitti-wake", with the pitch rising on the second drawn out syllable, and then falling. Generally silent elsewhere, except when squabbling over food. [Link]
Physical details: length=38-40 cm, wingspan=95-105 cm, weight=310-500 g

Genus Gelochelidon:
Gull-billed tern / Lachseeschwalbe (Gelochelidon nilotica)
Alternate classification: Sterna nilotica
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Wikipedia: Gull-billed tern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The gull-billed tern (Gelochelidon nilotica), formerly Sterna nilotica,[2] is a tern in the family Laridae. The genus name is from Ancient Greek gelao, "to laugh", and khelidon, "swallow". The specific niloticus is from Latin and means of the Nile.[3] The Australian gull-billed tern was previously considered a subspecies. [more]

Genus Xema:
Sabine's gull / Schwalbenmöwe (Xema sabini)
Alternate classification: Xema sabinii
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Wikipedia: Sabine's gull
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Sabine's gull (/ˈsbɪn/ SAY-bin; Xema sabini), also known as the fork-tailed gull or xeme, is a small gull. Its generic placement is disputed; some authors treat it as the sole species in the genus Xema as Xema sabini,[2] while others retain it in the genus Larus as Larus sabini.[3][4] [more]

Genus Rynchops:
Black skimmer / Schwarzmantel-Scherenschnabel (Rynchops niger)
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Wikipedia: Black skimmer
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: South America, Africa.
The black skimmer (Rynchops niger) is a tern-like seabird, one of three very similar birds species in the skimmer genus Rynchops in the gull family Laridae. It breeds in North and South America. Northern populations winter in the warmer waters of the Caribbean and the tropical and subtropical Pacific coasts, but the South American races make only shorter movements in response to annual floods which extend their feeding areas in the river shallows. [more]

Genus Chlidonias:
Black tern / Trauerseeschwalbe (Chlidonias niger)
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Wikipedia: Black tern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The black tern (Chlidonias niger) is a small tern generally found in or near inland water in Europe, Western Asia and North America. As its name suggests, it has predominantly dark plumage. In some lights it can appear blue in the breeding season, hence the old English name "blue darr".[2] The genus name is from Ancient Greek khelidonios, "swallow-like", from khelidon, "swallow": another old English name for the black tern is "carr (i.e. lake) swallow".[3] The species name is from Latin niger "shining black".[4] [more]
Vocalization: Moderately vocal. [Link]
Calls: Flight call a more or less clear "kleck, or a disyllabic "klee-ake" with accented first syllable. Sometimes slightly rolling "klirr-eke", but never as much as in White-winged Tern. Also a slightly harsher "kreek", but not as raspy as in Whiskered Tern. [Link]
Physical details: length=22-24 cm, wingspan=64-68 cm, weight=60-86 g

Genus Anous:
Brown noddy / Noddi (Anous stolidus)
Alternate classification: Sterna stolida
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Wikipedia: Brown noddy
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
General: The brown noddy or common noddy (Anous stolidus) is a seabird in the family Laridae. The largest of the noddies, it can be told from the closely related black noddy by its larger size and plumage, which is dark brown rather than black. The brown noddy is a tropical seabird with a worldwide distribution, ranging from Hawaii to the Tuamotu Archipelago and Australia in the Pacific Ocean, from the Red Sea to the Seychelles and Australia in the Indian Ocean and in the Caribbean to Tristan da Cunha in the Atlantic Ocean. The brown noddy is colonial, usually nesting on elevated situations on cliffs or in short trees or shrubs. It only occasionally nests on the ground. A single egg is laid by the female of a pair each breeding season. In India the brown noddy is protected in the PM Sayeed Marine Birds Conservation Reserve.[2] [more]

Black noddy / Weißkappennoddi (Anous minutus)
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Wikipedia: Black noddy
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The black noddy or white-capped noddy (Anous minutus) is a seabird from the family Laridae. It is a medium-sized species of tern with black plumage and a white cap. It closely resembles the lesser noddy (Anous tenuirostris) with which it was at one time considered conspecific. The black noddy has slightly darker plumage and dark rather than pale lores. [more]

Genus Gygis:
Common white-tern / Feenseeschwalbe (Gygis alba)
Also known as: White tern
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Wikipedia: Common white-tern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
The white tern (Gygis alba) is a small seabird found across the tropical oceans of the world. It is sometimes known as the fairy tern although this name is potentially confusing as it is also the common name of Sternula nereis. Other names for the species include angel tern and white noddy in English, and manu-o-Kū in Hawaiian. [more]

Genus Leucophaeus:
Franklin's gull / Präriemöwe (Leucophaeus pipixcan)
Alternate classification: Leucopheus pipixcan
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Wikipedia: Franklin's gull
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
Franklin's gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan) is a small (length 12.6–14.2 in, 32–36 cm) gull.[2] The genus name Leucophaeus is from Ancient Greek leukos, "white", and phaios, "dusky". The specific pipixcan is a Nahuatl name for a type of gull.[3][4] [more]

Genus Hydroprogne:
Caspian tern / Raubseeschwalbe (Hydroprogne caspia)
Alternate classification: Sterna caspia
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Wikipedia: Caspian tern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The Caspian tern (Hydroprogne caspia)[2] is a species of tern, with a subcosmopolitan but scattered distribution. Despite its extensive range, it is monotypic of its genus, and has no accepted subspecies.[3] The genus name is from Ancient Greek hudros, "water", and Latin progne, "swallow". The specific caspia is from Latin and, like the English name, refers to the Caspian Sea.[4] [more]
Calls: Easily recognized by its very harsh calls. Sometimes likened to the sound of a plate of steel being dragged across a concrete floor. Similar in harshness to Grey Heron, but more drawn, with an accented middle; "Kraaeeet", or with a double syllable start "ka-ha-kraaaeet". Immature birds begs with a penetrating, sharp whistle. [Link]
Physical details: length=47-54 cm, wingspan=130-145 cm, weight=500-750 g

Genus Onychoprion:
Sooty tern / Rußseeschwalbe (Onychoprion fuscatus)
Alternate classification: Sterna fuscata
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Wikipedia: Sooty tern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
General: The sooty tern (Onychoprion fuscatus) is a seabird in the family Laridae. It is a bird of the tropical oceans which sleeps on the wing, returning to land only to breed on islands throughout the equatorial zone. [more]

Bridled tern / Zügelseeschwalbe (Onychoprion anaethetus)
Alternate classification: Sterna anaethetus
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Wikipedia: Bridled tern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The bridled tern (Onychoprion anaethetus)[2] is a seabird of the family Laridae. It is a bird of the tropical oceans. The scientific name is from Ancient Greek. The genus comes from onux meaning "claw" or "nail", and prion, meaning "saw". The specific anaethetus means "senseless, stupid".[3] [more]

Genus Thalasseus:
Elegant tern (Thalasseus elegans)
Alternate classification: Sterna elegans
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Wikipedia: Elegant tern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: South America, Africa.
The elegant tern (Thalasseus elegans) is a tern in the family Laridae. It breeds on the Pacific coasts of the southern United States and Mexico and winters south to Peru, Ecuador and Chile. [more]

Sandwich tern / Brandseeschwalbe (Thalasseus sandvicensis)
Alternate classification: Sterna sandvicensis
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La tarde 5 sandwich terns tenative ID by Merlin. 2018-03-11 06.35.12 Central America
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, South America, Africa.
The Sandwich tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis)[2] is a tern in the family Laridae. It is very closely related to the lesser crested tern (T. bengalensis), Chinese crested tern (T. bernsteini), Cabot's tern (T. acuflavidus), and elegant tern (T. elegans) and has been known to interbreed with the lesser crested. It breeds in the Palearctic from Europe to the Caspian Sea wintering to South Africa, India and Sri Lanka. [more]
Calls: Contact call a sharp and grating "keeree-eek". Often compared to the pressing of amalgam into a tooth. [Link]
Physical details: length=36-41 cm, wingspan=95-105 cm, weight=215-275 g

Royal tern (Thalasseus maximus)
Alternate classification: Sterna maxima
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Wikipedia: Royal tern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The royal tern (Thalasseus maximus) is a tern in the family Laridae. [more]

Genus Hydrocoloeus:
Little gull / Zwergmöwe (Hydrocoloeus minutus)
Alternate classification: Larus minutus
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Wikipedia: Little gull
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: ausnahmsweise Brutvogel, Zugvogel RL R
Calls: Repertoire of short, tern-like, hard calls, uttered individually, or in series. E.g. "kep" or "krrk". Also a diagnostic, gull-like, sharp and bouncing "ka-tee,ka-tee,ka-tee", with second syllable rising in pitch. [Link]
Physical details: length=25-27 cm, wingspan=75-80 cm, weight=85-150 g

Family Charadriidae (Regenpfeifer):

Genus Charadrius:
Lesser sand-plover (Charadrius mongolus)
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Wikipedia: Lesser sand-plover
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The lesser sand plover (Charadrius mongolus) is a small wader in the plover family of birds. The spelling is commonly given as lesser sand-plover, but the official British Ornithologists' Union spelling is "lesser sand plover". The genus name Charadrius is a Late Latin word for a yellowish bird mentioned in the fourth-century Vulgate. It derives from Ancient Greek kharadrios a bird found in ravines and river valleys (kharadra, "ravine"). The specific mongolus is Latin and refers to Mongolia which at the time of naming referred to a larger area than the present country.[2] [more]

Common ringed plover / Sandregenpfeifer (Charadrius hiaticula)
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Wikipedia: Common ringed plover
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The common ringed plover or ringed plover (Charadrius hiaticula) is a small plover that breeds in Arctic Eurasia. The genus name Charadrius is a Late Latin word for a yellowish bird mentioned in the fourth-century Vulgate. It derives from Ancient Greek kharadrios a bird found in ravines and river valleys (kharadra, "ravine"). The specific hiaticula is Latin and has a similar meaning to the Greek term, coming from hiatus, "cleft" and -cola, "dweller" (colere, "to dwell").[2] [more]
Vocalization: Usually heard before seen. [Link]
Song: Song a cyclic repetition of the contact call. Sometimes with a shortened phrases and a more creaking timbre. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a short, soft "koo-eep", with the emphasised second part higher and rising in pitch. [Link]
Physical details: length=18-20 cm, wingspan=48-57 cm, weight=55-73 g

Kentish plover / Seeregenpfeifer (Charadrius alexandrinus)
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Wikipedia: Kentish plover
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: Brut-, Zugvogel RL 1
Song: Contact calls more frequently heard than song, with two distinct calls. A short and soft ascending whistle resembling chiff-chaff is often heard from the ground, and a hard and rolling "prrrrt" if flushed (or just a short "tip"). Song a hard and rolling sequence resembling Dunlin song, but less nasal and more pulsating. [Link]
Physical details: length=15-17 cm, wingspan=42-45 cm, weight=39-56 g

Genus Pluvialis:
American golden-plover (Pluvialis dominica)
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Wikipedia: American golden-plover
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
General: The American golden plover (Pluvialis dominica), or American golden-plover is a medium-sized plover. The genus name is Latin and means relating to rain, from pluvia, "rain". It was believed that golden plovers flocked when rain was imminent. The species name dominica refers to Santo Domingo, now Hispaniola, in the West Indies.[2] [more]

Black-bellied plover / Kiebitzregenpfeifer (Pluvialis squatarola)
Also known as: Grey plover
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Black-bellied plover on its nest. 2016-09-25 16.50.10 Botswana
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The grey plover or black-bellied plover (Pluvialis squatarola) is a medium-sized plover breeding in Arctic regions. It is a long-distance migrant, with a nearly worldwide coastal distribution when not breeding.[2] The genus name is Latin and means relating to rain, from pluvia, "rain". It was believed that golden plovers flocked when rain was imminent. The species name squatarola is a Latinised version of Sgatarola, a Venetian name for some kind of plover.[3] [more]
Calls: Contact call diagnostic. A plaintive, drawn and trisyllabic (but continuous) "kleeooowee". Pitch falls on second syllable and rises on last. [Link]
Physical details: length=27-30 cm, wingspan=71-83 cm, weight=190-280 g

Pacific golden plover / Sibirischer Goldregenpfeifer (Pluvialis fulva)
Also known as: Pacific golden-plover
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Wikipedia: Pacific golden plover
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The Pacific golden plover (Pluvialis fulva), or Pacific golden-plover is a medium-sized plover. The genus name is Latin and means relating to rain, from pluvia, "rain". It was believed that golden plovers flocked when rain was imminent. The species name fulva is Latin and refers to a tawny colour.[2] [more]

Family Scolopacidae (Shorebirds / Schnepfenvögel):

Genus Calidris:
Ruff / Kampfläufer (Calidris pugnax)
Alternate classification: Philomachus pugnax
Also known as: Ruff_(bird)
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Wikipedia: Ruff
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Etymology: Nabu: Der Name leitet sich vom Balzverhalten der Männchen ab: In Balzarenen tragen sie „Turniere“ aus, um die Weibchen zu beeindrucken, dabei herrscht eine komplizierte Rollenverteilung. [Link]
Vocalization: Generally silent. Short, muted, nasal, mono or disyllabic grunts sometimes heard. [Link]
Physical details: length=26-30 cm, wingspan=54-58 cm, weight=75-230 g

White-rumped sandpiper / Weißbürzelstrandläufer (Calidris fuscicollis)
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Wikipedia: White-rumped sandpiper
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
General: The white-rumped sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis) is a small shorebird that breeds in the northern tundra of Canada and Alaska. This bird can be difficult to distinguish from other similar tiny shorebirds; these are known collectively as "peeps" or "stints". [more]

Curlew sandpiper / Sichelstrandläufer (Calidris ferruginea)
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Wikipedia: Curlew sandpiper
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The curlew sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) is a small wader that breeds on the tundra of Arctic Siberia.[2] The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific ferruginea is from Latin ferrugo, ferruginis, "iron rust" referring to its colour in breeding plumage.[3] [more]
Calls: Flight call a soft, ringing and rolling "krrrrrt, with variations. Lacks the hoarse, nasal quality of similar call by Dunlin. [Link]
Physical details: length=18-19 cm, wingspan=42-46 cm, weight=50-65 g

Red knot / Knutt (Calidris canutus)
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Wikipedia: Red knot
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The red knot (Calidris canutus) (just knot in English-speaking Europe) is a medium-sized shorebird which breeds in tundra and the Arctic Cordillera in the far north of Canada, Europe, and Russia. It is a large member of the Calidris sandpipers, second only to the great knot.[2] Six subspecies are recognised. [more]
Song: Song an undulating, nasal mewing "poooor-mee", or "po-hor-mee". [Link]
Calls: Most commonly heard migratory call, a short "kut" or "knot". Sometimes given in stuttering series. [Link]
Physical details: length=23-25 cm, wingspan=57-61 cm, weight=110-160 g

Long-toed stint / Langzehenstrandläufer (Calidris subminuta)
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Wikipedia: Long-toed stint
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The long-toed stint, Calidris subminuta, is a small wader. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific subminuta is from Latin sub, "near to" and minuta, "small" from its similarity to the little stint, Calidris minuta.[2] [more]

Baird's sandpiper / Bairdstrandläufer (Calidris bairdii)
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Wikipedia: Baird's sandpiper
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
Baird's sandpiper (Calidris bairdii) is a small shorebird. It is among those calidrids which were formerly included in the genus Erolia, which was subsumed into the genus Calidris in 1973.[2] The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The English name and specific bairdii commemorate Spencer Fullerton Baird, 19th-century naturalist and assistant secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.[3] [more]

Buff-breasted sandpiper / Grasläufer (Calidris subruficollis)
Alternate classification: Tryngites subruficollis
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Wikipedia: Buff-breasted sandpiper
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The buff-breasted sandpiper (Calidris subruficollis) is a small shorebird. The species name subruficollis is from Latin subrufus, "reddish" (from sub, "somewhat", and rufus, "rufous") and collis, "-necked/-throated" (from collum, "neck").[2] It is a calidrid sandpiper. [more]

Sanderling / Sanderling (Calidris alba)
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Wikipedia: Sanderling
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The sanderling (Calidris alba) is a small wading bird. The name derives from Old English sand-yrðling, "sand-ploughman".[2] The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific alba is Latin for "white".[3] [more]
Calls: Call not very diagnostic; a short and soft "pleet" or "keek". [Link]
Physical details: length=20-21 cm, wingspan=40-45 cm, weight=44-70 g

Dunlin / Alpenstrandläufer (Calidris alpina)
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Wikipedia: Dunlin
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The dunlin (Calidris alpina) is a small wader, sometimes separated with the other "stints" in Erolia. The English name is a dialect form of "dunling", first recorded in 1531–2. It derives from dun, "dull brown", with the suffix -ling, meaning a person or thing with the given quality.[2] The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific alpina is from Latin and means "of high mountains", in this case referring to the Alps.[3] [more]
Song: Song: A drawn out, nasal "tweeet", and ringing variations on the contact call in decrescendo. Low chattering heard from feeding birds. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a diagnostic, very nasal "trrreeet" . Given throughout the year and in many situations, including when being flushed. [Link]
Physical details: length=16-20 cm, wingspan=38-43 cm, weight=35-60 g

Rufous-necked stint / Rotkehlstrandläufer (Calidris ruficollis)
Also known as: Red-necked stint
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Wikipedia: Rufous-necked stint
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The red-necked stint (Calidris ruficollis) is a small migratory wader. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. The specific ruficollis is from Latin rufus, "red" and collum, "neck".[2] [more]

Pectoral sandpiper / Graubrust-Strandläufer (Calidris melanotos)
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Wikipedia: Pectoral sandpiper
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The pectoral sandpiper (Calidris melanotos) is a small, migratory wader that breeds in North America and Asia, wintering in South America and Oceania. It eats small invertebrates. Its nest, a hole scraped in the ground and with a thick lining, is deep enough to protect its four eggs from the cool breezes of its breeding grounds. The pectoral sandpiper is 21 cm (8.3 in) long, with a wingspan of 46 cm (18 in). [more]

Purple sandpiper / Meerstrandläufer (Calidris maritima)
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Wikipedia: Purple sandpiper
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast
Song: Song quite varied with series of short, nasal, vibrating sounds, interspersed with drawn out, slower calls. [Link]
Calls: Contact call a hoarse and hard "weet". Sometimes in chattering series. [Link]
Physical details: length=20-22 cm, wingspan=42-46 cm, weight=52-80 g

Genus Arenaria (Turnstones):
Ruddy turnstone / Steinwälzer (Arenaria interpres)
Alternate classification: Tringa interpres
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Wikipedia: Ruddy turnstone
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres) is a small wading bird, one of two species of turnstone in the genus Arenaria. The scientific name is from Latin. The genus name arenaria derives from arenarius, "inhabiting sand, from arena, "sand". The specific interpres means "messenger"; when visiting Gotland in 1741, Linnaeus thought that the Swedish word Tolk "interpreter" applied to this species, but in the local dialect the word means "legs" and is used for the redshank.[2] [more]
Song: Alarm call/song more "wader-like", a staccato "kuvi-kuvi-vit-vit-vitua". [Link]
Calls: Characteristic call: An explosive, hard, resonant and short "koi" or "kott" with a peculiar timbre, usually given in rapid or accelerating series. [Link]
Physical details: length=22-24 cm, wingspan=50-57 cm, weight=85-150 g

Genus Gallinago:
Common snipe / Bekassine (Gallinago gallinago)
Alternate classification: Capella gallinago
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Wikipedia: Common snipe
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: Brut-, Zugvogel, Wintergast RL 1
Vocalization: Quite vocal, especially at breeding ground. [Link]
Song: Song an unmistakable bleating, drumming sound produced by vibrating tail feathers in sky-dives. [Link]
Calls: Almost always give diagnostic hoarse and nasal "kaaat" call when flushed. Another territorial call is a rhythmic, mechanical and sharp "tika-tika-tka", or "ika-ka-ka". [Link]
Physical details: length=25-27 cm, wingspan=44-47 cm, weight=80-140 g

Genus Limosa:
Hudsonian godwit / Hudsonschnepfe (Limosa haemastica)
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Wikipedia: Hudsonian godwit
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
General: The Hudsonian godwit (Limosa haemastica) is a large shorebird in the sandpiper family, Scolopacidae. The genus name Limosa is from Latin and means "muddy", from limus, "mud". The specific haemastica is from Ancient Greek and means "bloody". An 18th century name for this bird was red-breasted godwit.[2] The English term "godwit" was first recorded in about 1416–7 and is believed to imitate the bird's call.[3] [more]

Black-tailed godwit / Uferschnepfe (Limosa limosa)
Alternate classification: Scolopax limosa
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Wikipedia: Black-tailed godwit
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa) is a large, long-legged, long-billed shorebird first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. It is a member of the godwit genus, Limosa. There are three subspecies, all with orange head, neck and chest in breeding plumage and dull grey-brown winter coloration, and distinctive black and white wingbar at all times. [more]

Bar-tailed godwit / Pfuhlschnepfe (Limosa lapponica)
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Wikipedia: Bar-tailed godwit
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The bar-tailed godwit (Limosa lapponica) is a large wader in the family Scolopacidae, which feeds on bristle-worms and shellfish on coastal mudflats and estuaries. It has distinctive red breeding plumage, long legs, and a long upturned bill. Bar-tailed godwits breed on Arctic coasts and tundra from Scandinavia to Alaska, and overwinter on coasts in temperate and tropical regions of the Old World, Australia and New Zealand. The migration of the subspecies Limosa lapponica baueri across the Pacific Ocean from Alaska to New Zealand is the longest known non-stop flight of any bird, and also the longest journey without pausing to feed by any animal. The round-trip migration for this subspecies is over 29,000 km (18,020 mi).[2] [more]

Genus Tringa:
Lesser yellowlegs / Kleiner Gelbschenkel (Tringa flavipes)
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Wikipedia: Lesser yellowlegs
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The lesser yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes) is a medium-sized shorebird. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle. The specific flavipes is from Latin flavus, "yellow", and pes, "foot".[2] [more]

Wood sandpiper / Bruchwasserläufer (Tringa glareola)
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Wikipedia: Wood sandpiper
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The wood sandpiper (Tringa glareola) is a small wader. This Eurasian species is the smallest of the shanks, which are mid-sized long-legged waders of the family Scolopacidae. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle. The specific glareola is from Latin glarea, " gravel".[2] [more]
Vocalization: Totally different from Green Sandpiper. [Link]
Calls: Flight call a soft, but explosive "whiff whiff" , sometimes with only one syllable. Display call similar to redshank but with only two accented beats; a fast melodious "dee-loo", repeated in cycles. [Link]
Physical details: length=19-21 cm, wingspan=56-57 cm, weight=50-80 g

Common greenshank / Grünschenkel (Tringa nebularia)
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Wikipedia: Common greenshank
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: The common greenshank (Tringa nebularia) is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae, the typical waders. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle. The specific nebularia is from Latin nebula "mist". Like the Norwegian Skoddefoll, this refers to the greenshank's damp marshy habitat.[2] [more]
Vocalization: Most heard is a characteristic, trisyllabic "tew-tew-tew" (sometimes two or four syllables). Can resemble redshank, but pitch more stable, and not falling notably. Each syllable is clearly separated and equally emphasized. [Link]
Song: Song a clear disyllabic "cloo-eeee", repeated in cycles but each phrase clearly separated. At close range a short creaky sound is audible (between each phrase). Redshank may sing in a slightly similar way, but in continuous, linked phrases. [Link]
Physical details: length=30-33 cm, wingspan=68-70 cm, weight=130-270 g

Genus Xenus:
Terek sandpiper / Terekwasserläufer (Xenus cinereus)
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Wikipedia: Terek sandpiper
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: The Terek sandpiper (Xenus cinereus) is a small migratory Palearctic wader species and is the only member of the genus Xenus. It is named after the Terek River which flows into the west of the Caspian Sea, as it was first observed around this area.[2] The genus name Xenus is from Ancient Greek xenos stranger, and cinereus is Latin for "ash-grey" from cinis, cineris, "ashes".[3] [more]

Genus Actitis:
Common sandpiper / Flussuferläufer (Actitis hypoleucos)
Alternate classification: Tringa hypoleucos
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Wikipedia: Common sandpiper
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The common sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) is a small Palearctic wader. This bird and its American sister species, the spotted sandpiper (A. macularia), make up the genus Actitis. They are parapatric and replace each other geographically; stray birds of either species may settle down with breeders of the other and hybridize. Hybridization has also been reported between the common sandpiper and the green sandpiper, a basal species of the closely related shank genus Tringa. [more]
Calls: Very vocal with characteristic repertoire of very high-pitched calls. Often heard is a disyllabic call, drawn out and slightly rising in pitch in the second part. This is often repeated in a series of rising tones in a cyclic manner, with approx 5 tones in each cycle. [Link]
Physical details: length=19-21 cm, wingspan=38-41 cm, weight=40-60 g

Genus Phalaropus:
Red phalarope / Thorshühnchen (Phalaropus fulicarius)
Alternate classification: Phalaropus fulicaria
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Wikipedia: Red phalarope
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The red phalarope or grey phalarope (Phalaropus fulicarius) is a small wader. This phalarope breeds in the Arctic regions of North America and Eurasia. It is migratory, and, unusually for a wader, migrating mainly on oceanic routes and wintering at sea on tropical oceans. [more]
Calls: Flight-call a short and sharp, Coot-like "kit". Cleaner and higher pitched than Red-necked Phalarope. Display sound a rolling cooing, at stable pitch. Other calls: a hissing like the squeezing of a rubber duck, rising quickly in pitch and ending abruptly. [Link]
Physical details: length=20-22 cm, wingspan=40-44 cm, weight=40-75 g

Wilson's phalarope / Wilson-Wassertreter (Phalaropus tricolor)
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Wikipedia: Wilson's phalarope
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
General: Wilson's phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor) is a small wader. This bird, the largest of the phalaropes, breeds in the prairies of North America in western Canada and the western United States. It is migratory, wintering in inland salt lakes near the Andes in Argentina.[2] They are passage migrants through Central America around March/April and again during September/October.[3] The species is a rare vagrant to western Europe. [more]

Red-necked phalarope / Odinshühnchen (Phalaropus lobatus)
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Wikipedia: Red-necked phalarope
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The red-necked phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus), also known as the northern phalarope and hyperborean phalarope,[2] is a small wader. This phalarope breeds in the Arctic regions of North America and Eurasia. It is migratory, and, unusually for a wader, winters at sea on tropical oceans. [more]

Subfamily Sterninae (Terns / Möwenverwandte):

Genus Sterna:
Common tern / Flussseeschwalbe (Sterna hirundo)
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Common tern pfaeffikersee. 2020-05-20 09.31.28 Pfäffikersee
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Seasonal Behavior: Die Flussseeschwalbe (Sterna hirundo) ist eine Vogelart aus der Familie der Seeschwalben (Sternidae). Sie ist in Mitteleuropa ein verbreiteter, aber nicht sehr häufiger Brut- und Sommervogel. Während der Zugzeiten können im mitteleuropäischen Raum außerdem viele Durchzügler beobachtet werden. [Link]
Vocalization: Similar to Arctic Tern but deeper. [Link]
Calls: Lacks latter's high pitched "tip-tip-tip" call, and the drawn out "kree-aaahh" call falls more distinctly in pitch. [Link]
Physical details: length=31-35 cm, wingspan=77-98 cm, weight=110-150 g

Roseate tern / Rosenseeschwalbe (Sterna dougallii)
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Wikipedia: Roseate tern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: The roseate tern (Sterna dougallii) is a tern in the family Laridae. The genus name Sterna is derived from Old English "stearn", "tern",[2] and the specific dougallii refers to Scottish physician and collector Dr Peter McDougall (1777–1814).[3] "Roseate" refers to the bird's pink breast in breeding plumage.[4] [more]
Calls: Extremely harsh calls. Like mix of Caspian and Arctic Tern. Very hard and raspy "kreeeet", harder and higher pitched than Caspian Tern, but equally harsh. Other calls include more Arctic/Common tern-like short "kek", and similar. [Link]
Physical details: length=33-38 cm, wingspan=72-80 cm, weight=92-133 g

Arctic tern / Küstenseeschwalbe (Sterna paradisaea)
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Wikipedia: Arctic tern
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The Arctic tern (Sterna paradisaea) is a tern in the family Laridae. This bird has a circumpolar breeding distribution covering the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America (as far south as Brittany and Massachusetts). The species is strongly migratory, seeing two summers each year as it migrates along a convoluted route from its northern breeding grounds to the Antarctic coast for the southern summer and back again about six months later. Recent studies have shown average annual roundtrip lengths of about 70,900 km (44,100 mi) for birds nesting in Iceland and Greenland[3] and about 90,000 km (56,000 mi) for birds nesting in the Netherlands.[4] These are by far the longest migrations known in the animal kingdom. The Arctic tern flies as well as glides through the air. It nests once every one to three years (depending on its mating cycle); once it has finished nesting it takes to the sky for another long southern migration. [more]
Vocalization: Similar to Common Tern but higher pitched. [Link]
Calls: Typical call a series of high pitched "tip-tip-tip", and longer, ringing, high-pitched "kriiiiii" calls. The drawn out "kree-aaahh" call falls less distinctly in pitch than Common Tern. [Link]
Physical details: length=33-35 cm, wingspan=75-85 cm, weight=95-120 g

Family Alcidae (Alke):

Genus Uria (Murres):
Common murre / Trottellumme (Uria aalge)
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Wikipedia: Common murre
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast RL R
Vocalization: Very coarse and deep voice. [Link]
Calls: Typically rising in pitch, then ending on a prolonged stable note with a laughing quality. Sometimes only the coarse beginning uttered like "ga-ga-ga". [Link]
Physical details: length=38-41 cm, wingspan=64-70 cm, weight=490-863 g

Thick-billed guillemot / Dickschnabellumme (Uria lomvia)
Also known as: Thick-billed murre
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Wikipedia: Thick-billed guillemot
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The thick-billed murre or Brünnich's guillemot (Uria lomvia) is a bird in the auk family (Alcidae). This bird is named after the Danish zoologist Morten Thrane Brünnich. The very deeply black North Pacific subspecies Uria lomvia arra is also called Pallas' murre after its describer. The genus name is from Ancient Greek ouria, a waterbird mentioned by Athenaeus. The species term lomvia is a Swedish word for an auk or diver.[2] The English "guillemot" is from French guillemot probably derived from Guillaume, "William".[3] "Murre" is of uncertain origins, but may imitate the call of the common guillemot.[4] [more]

Genus Alca:
Razorbill / Tordalk (Alca torda)
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Wikipedia: Razorbill
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahresvogel, Wintergast RL R
Vocalization: Very coarse and deep voice. Grunting or snore-like, with little phrasing. Mostly heard at breeding ground, but also sometimes at sea. [Link]
Physical details: length=37-39 cm, wingspan=63-68 cm, weight=524-890 g

Genus Alle:
Little auk / Krabbentaucher (Alle alle)
Alternate classification: Alca alle
Also known as: Dovekie
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Wikipedia: Little auk
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast
Vocalization: Voice higher pitched than other auks (except Black Guillemot). Trilling, rolling and chattering laughter "kreeee he he he he", or shorter, softer utterances; "ke ke" or "hup hup". [Link]
Physical details: length=17-19 cm, wingspan=40-48 cm, weight=140-190 g

Genus Cepphus:
Black guillemot / Gryllteiste (Cepphus grylle)
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Wikipedia: Black guillemot
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: seltener Wintergast
Calls: Call surprisingly high pitched. Quite pure, drawn out, plaintive whistling notes in same pitch range as Hazel Grouse. [Link]
Physical details: length=30-32 cm, wingspan=52-58 cm, weight=340-500 g

Pigeon guillemot / Taubenteiste (Cepphus columba)
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Wikipedia: Pigeon guillemot
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The pigeon guillemot (Cepphus columba) (/ˈɡɪlɪmɒt/) is a species of bird in the auk family, Alcidae. One of three species in the genus Cepphus, it is most closely related to the spectacled guillemot. There are five subspecies of the pigeon guillemot; all subspecies, when in breeding plumage, are dark brown with a black iridescent sheen and a distinctive wing patch broken by a brown-black wedge. Its non-breeding plumage has mottled grey and black upperparts and white underparts. The long bill is black, as are the claws. The legs, feet, and inside of the mouth are red. It closely resembles the black guillemot, which is slightly smaller and lacks the dark wing wedge present in the pigeon guillemot. Combined, the two form a superspecies. [more]

Genus Fratercula:
Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica)
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Puffin landing with waves. 2015-06-10 15.09.42 Iceland
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica), also known as the common puffin, is a species of seabird in the auk family. It is the only puffin native to the Atlantic Ocean; two related species, the tufted puffin and the horned puffin, are found in the northeastern Pacific. The Atlantic puffin breeds in Québec, Iceland, Norway, Greenland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia and the Faroe Islands, and as far south as Maine in the west and France in the east. The Atlantic Puffin is most commonly found on the Westman Islands, Iceland. Although it has a large population and a wide range, the species has declined rapidly, at least in parts of its range, resulting in it being rated as vulnerable by the IUCN. On land, it has the typical upright stance of an auk. At sea, it swims on the surface and feeds mainly on small fish, which it catches by diving under water, using its wings for propulsion. [more]
Vocalization: Deep, but not so coarse as Razorbill. Smoother and more gliding changes in pitch, like a "slow-motion" laugh or distant chainsaw; "aaaahrrr, aahr, ahr arh". [Link]
Physical details: length=26-29 cm, wingspan=47-63 cm, weight=320-480 g

Family Stercorariidae:

Genus Stercorarius:
South polar skua / Südpolarskua (Stercorarius maccormicki)
Alternate classification: Catharacta maccormicki
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Wikipedia: South polar skua
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The south polar skua (Stercorarius maccormicki) is a large seabird in the skua family, Stercorariidae. An older name for the bird is MacCormick's skua, after explorer and naval surgeon Robert McCormick, who first collected the type specimen. This species and the other large Southern Hemisphere skuas, such as the great skua, are sometimes placed in a separate genus Catharacta. [more]

Pomarine jaeger / Spatelraubmöwe (Stercorarius pomarinus)
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Wikipedia: Pomarine jaeger
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The pomarine jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus), pomarine skua, or pomatorhine skua,[2] is a seabird in the skua family Stercorariidae. It is a migrant, wintering at sea in the tropical oceans. [more]
Calls: Short "kea" or "ke", and various mewing calls, usually deeper pitched than Arctic Skua. Also a characteristic, laughing and vibrating "kayayayayaya", heard mostly on breeding ground. [Link]
Physical details: length=46-51 cm, wingspan=125-138 cm, weight=600-900 g

Long-tailed jaeger / Falkenraubmöwe (Stercorarius longicaudus)
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Wikipedia: Long-tailed jaeger
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: The long-tailed skua or long-tailed jaeger (Stercorarius longicaudus) is a seabird in the skua family Stercorariidae. [more]

Parasitic jaeger / Schmarotzerraubmöwe (Stercorarius parasiticus)
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Wikipedia: Parasitic jaeger
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The parasitic jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus), also known as the Arctic skua, Arctic jaeger or parasitic skua, is a seabird in the skua family Stercorariidae. The word "jaeger" is derived from the German word Jäger, meaning "hunter".[2] The English "skua" comes from the Faroese name skúgvur [ˈskɪkvʊər] for the great skua, with the island of Skúvoy known for its colony of that bird. The general Faroese term for skuas is kjógvi [ˈtʃɛkvə].[3] The genus name Stercorarius is Latin and means "of dung"; the food disgorged by other birds when pursued by skuas was once thought to be excrement. The specific parasiticus is from Latin and means "parasitic".[4] [more]
Vocalization: Mostly heard at breeding ground. [Link]
Calls: Most characteristic call is a mewing, kittiwake-like "aeeeee-ah". First syllable drawn-out and rising in pitch, and followed by a deeper conclusive second syllable "ah". Lacks the introductory double accent of Kittiwakes ("kitti-wake"). [Link]
Physical details: length=41-46 cm, wingspan=110-125 cm, weight=330-570 g

Great skua / Skua (Stercorarius skua)
Alternate classification: Stercorarius skua skua
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Arctic Skua, Ingólfshöfði Nature Reserve. 2015-06-10 14.25.36 Iceland
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: seltener Zugvogel, seltener Wintergast
Vocalization: Heard mostly at breeding ground. Short, and dry "kek", when agitated. Also a nasal, slightly mewing "kew". [Link]
Physical details: length=53-58 cm, wingspan=132-140 cm, weight=1210-1630 g

Order Gruiformes (Terrestrial and marshbirds / Kranichvögel):

Family Rallidae (Rails / Rallen):

Genus Gallinula:
Common moorhen / Teichhuhn (Gallinula chloropus)
Also known as: Eurasian moorhen, Teichralle
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Teichhuhn bei Rapperswil 2021-02-12 12.54.22 Rapperswil
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Seen at the Pfäffikersee walking across the path from one set of reeds to another. An apprentice at the nature center gave us the identification, presuming it was a juvenile because of the lack of color. I'd have said its legs were shorter, but the moorhen definitely has the main trait we saw, that it holds its short tail in the air.
Habitat: Common Moorhens prefer to nest in the thicket on the edge of ponds, lakes or rivers and mostly only give themselves away through their guttural calls. They are easier to observe in winter because then they leave their well-vegetated habitat and are seen in meadows, parks and on open waters. [Link]
Song: Most typical is the territorial call (song); a sharp, loud and resonant "krrrr-ook" or "krrrk". [Link]
Calls: Rich repertoire of loud calls and softer sounds. Other calls; a sharp, three or four-syllable "kekeke", and a soft "wep" sometimes drawn-out in a more mewing version. [Link]
Physical details: length=32-35 cm, wingspan=50-55 cm, weight=240-420 g

Class Accipitriformes (Hawks and eagles / Greifvögel):

Family Accipitridae (Habichtartige):

Subfamily Buteoninae (Bussardartige):
Genus Buteo (Hawks):
Common buzzard / Mäusebussard (Buteo buteo)
Alternate classification: Falco buteo
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Maeusebussard. 2020-04-17 08.14.46 Wald Fehraltorf
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: The common buzzard (Buteo buteo) is a medium-to-large bird of prey which has a large range. A member of the genus Buteo, it is a member of the family Accipitridae. The species lives in most of Europe and extends its breeding range across much of the Palearctic as far as the northwestern China (Tien Shan), far western Siberia and northwestern Mongolia.[1][2] Over much of its range, it is a year-round resident. However, buzzards from the colder parts of the Northern Hemisphere as well as those that breed in the eastern part of their range typically migrate south for the northern winter, many journeying as far as South Africa.[3] The common buzzard is an opportunistic predator that can take a wide variety of prey, but it feeds mostly on small mammals, especially rodents such as voles. It typically hunts from a perch.[4] Like most accipitrid birds of prey, it builds a nest, typically in trees in this species, and is a devoted parent to a relatively small brood of young.[2] The common buzzard appears to be the most common diurnal raptor in Europe, as estimates of its total global population run well into the millions.[2][5] [more]
Vocalization: Quite vocal. [Link]
Calls: Most typical call a wailing, mewing "peeoooo". Quite similar to Rough-legged Buzzard, but the pitch falls more rapidly and is then sustained for the last part of the call. [Link]
Physical details: length=51-57 cm, wingspan=113-128 cm, weight=550-1300 g

Rough-legged hawk / Raufussbussard (Buteo lagopus)
Alternate classification: Falco lagopus
Also known as: Rough-legged buzzard
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Wikipedia: Rough-legged hawk
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: ausnahmsweise Brutvogel, Wintergast

Subfamily Accipitrinae (True hawks / Bussardartige):
Genus Accipiter:
Northern goshawk / Habicht (Accipiter gentilis)
Alternate classification: Falco gentilis
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Young goshawk in Fehraltorf. A young hawk has these thrush-style streaks on its breast. When grown, these become bars. 2021-01-17 10.19.26 Luppmen
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
A young northern goshawk appeared in a tree on the Bahnhofstrasse in Fehraltorf one snowy January day in 2021.
Appearance and identification: A medium-large raptor in the family Accipitridae, which also includes other extant diurnal raptors, such as eagles, buzzards and harriers. As a species in the genus Accipiter, the goshawk is often considered a "true hawk".[3] The scientific name is Latin; Accipiter is "hawk", from accipere, "to grasp", and gentilis is "noble" or "gentle" because in the Middle Ages only the nobility were permitted to fly goshawks for falconry. [Link]
Vocalization: Series of short "ke-ke-ke-ke-ke". [Link]
Calls: More resonant, both sharper and deeper pitched than similar call of Sparrowhawk, and much slower. Also a wailing "peeeaaaaw". [Link]
Physical details: length=48-62 cm, wingspan=135-165 cm, weight=600-2000 g

Genus Aquila:
Golden eagle / Steinadler (Aquila chrysaetos)
Alternate classification: Falco chrysaetos
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Wikipedia: Golden eagle
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahresvogel RL 2
Vocalization: Not very vocal. A short, clear, yelping "kew". Sometimes in series in mellow tempo. [Link]
Calls: Also mewing, Buzzard-like calls. [Link]
Physical details: length=75-88 cm, wingspan=204-220 cm, weight=2840-6665 g

Family Pandionidae (Fischadler):

Genus Pandion:
Osprey / Fischadler (Pandion haliaetus)
Also known as: Western osprey
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Wikipedia: Osprey
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: Falco haliaetus Linnaeus, 1758 [more]
Calls: Calls with sequences of short, soft and clear whistling notes. Often in series with rising pitch, then ending with a few lower pitched notes. [Link]
Physical details: length=55-58 cm, wingspan=145-170 cm, weight=1120-2050 g

Infraclass Neognathae:

Order Ciconiiformes (Storks and others / Storchenvögel):

Family Pteroclidae:
Genus Pterocles:
Chestnut-bellied sandgrouse (Pterocles exustus)
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Wikipedia: Chestnut-bellied sandgrouse
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The chestnut-bellied sandgrouse or common sandgrouse[citation needed] (Pterocles exustus) is a species of sandgrouse. It is a sedentary and nomadic species that ranges from northern and central Africa and further east towards western and southern Asia. There are six recognised subspecies.[2] [more]

Order Columbiformes (Pigeons and others / Taubenvögel):

Family Columbidae (Pigeons):
Genus Columba:
Rock dove / Felsentaube (Columba livia)
Alternate classification: Columba livia domestica
Also known as: Rock pigeon, Strassentaube
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Wikipedia: Rock dove
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The rock dove, rock pigeon, or common pigeon (/ˈpɪ.ən/ also /ˈpɪ.ɪn/; Columba livia) is a member of the bird family Columbidae (doves and pigeons).[3]:624 In common usage, this bird is often simply referred to as the "pigeon". [more]
Vocalization: Not loud. [Link]
Song: Song a two-syllable, but continuous cooing. First a rolling ascending "orrrrrr" immediately followed by a short descending "oohh". Wings produce a quite audible whistling sound. [Link]
Physical details: length=31-34 cm, wingspan=63-70 cm, weight=230-370 g

Genus Streptopelia:
Eurasian collared dove / Türkentaube (Streptopelia decaocto)
Also known as: Eurasian collared-dove
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Didn't recognize this collared dove ...so I annotated it with the characteristics I should have recognized 2021-02-01 13.14.42 Luppmen
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America (introduced), Africa, Asia (introduced).
General: The Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto) is a dove species native to Europe and Asia; it was introduced to Japan, North America and islands in the Caribbean. Because of its vast global range and increasing population trend, it has been listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2014.[1] [more]
Song: Gu-guh-gu, klingt wie „ Gross-mue-ti“ Dazu auch „chräi“ oder „chwii“ [Link]
Song a characteristic, rhythmic cooing, consisting of three syllables with emphasis on the second. The third lower pitched than the rest. Can be rendered as "su-do-ku" (or "deca-oc-to", latin name derived from song). [Link]
Calls: Excitement-call a nasal "wrrraa". [Link]
Physical details: length=31-33 cm, wingspan=47-55 cm, weight=170-240 g

African collared-dove / Nordafrikanische Lachtaube (Streptopelia roseogrisea)
Also known as: African collared dove
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Wikipedia: African collared-dove
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: The African collared dove (Streptopelia roseogrisea) is a small dove found in the Sahel, northern parts of the Horn of Africa and southwestern Arabia. Although it lives in arid lands, it is found around water sources. [more]

Order Coraciiformes (Kingfishers and others / Rackenvögel):

Family Alcedinidae (Kingfishers):
Genus Todiramphus:
Collared kingfisher / Halsbandliest (Todiramphus chloris)
Alternate classification: Halcyon chloris
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Wikipedia: Collared kingfisher
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
The collared kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris) is a medium-sized kingfisher belonging to the subfamily Halcyoninae, the tree kingfishers. It is also known as the white-collared kingfisher or mangrove kingfisher. It has a wide range extending from the Red Sea across southern Asia to Polynesia. A number of subspecies and subspecies groups have been split from this species including the Pacific kingfisher, the islet kingfisher, the Torresian kingfisher, the Mariana kingfisher, and the Melanesian kingfisher. [more]

Order Cuculiformes (Cuckoos and others / Kuckucke):

Family Cuculidae (Cuckoos):
Genus Cuculus:
Common cuckoo / Kuckuck (Cuculus canorus)
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Wikipedia Kuckuck, Cuculus canorus. Von Locaguapa - Eigenes Werk, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link Source: WIKIPEDIA
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Geography: A common migratory bird across most of Europe and Asia, it regularly strays to the western Alaskan islands in late spring and early summer. [Link]
Song: Männchen: Unverwechselbarer Ruf. Weibchen: im Frühling eine kichernde Rufreihe, [Link]
Song: the well known disyllabic "cuck-coo" with emphasis on first note, and the second note a third lower than the first one. Also a harsh "tchaa tchaa", and a bubbly trill, reminiscent of Little Grebe, uttered by the female. [Link]
Calls: wie „kwickkwickkwick“, 6-8 dicht gereihte, fast metallisch klingende Laute, von unten her angeschlagen. Jungkuckucke betteln durchdringend „ssrieb“ [Link]
Physical details: length=32-34 cm, wingspan=55-60 cm, weight=95-140 g

Order Falconiformes (Falcons and others / Falkenartige):

Family Falconidae:
Genus Falco (Falcons):
Peregrine falcon / Wanderfalke (Falco peregrinus)
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Wikipedia: Peregrine falcon
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), also known as the peregrine,[2] and historically as the duck hawk in North America,[3] is a widespread bird of prey (raptor) in the family Falconidae. A large, crow-sized falcon, it has a blue-grey back, barred white underparts, and a black head. The peregrine is renowned for its speed, reaching over 320 km/h (200 mph) during its characteristic hunting stoop (high-speed dive),[4] making it the fastest bird in the world, as well as the fastest member of the animal kingdom.[5][6][7] According to a National Geographic TV program, the highest measured speed of a peregrine falcon is 389 km/h (242 mph).[8][9] As is typical for bird-eating raptors, peregrine falcons are sexually dimorphic, with females being considerably larger than males.[10][11] [more]
Vocalization: A harsh, drawn out "kiaaaa" with emphasised endings repeated in series. Much slower than Merlin, but higher pitched than Gyrfalcon. [Link]
Calls: Also shorter, coarse warning-calls. [Link]
Physical details: length=36-48 cm, wingspan=95-110 cm, weight=582-1300 g

Merlin / Merlin (Falco columbarius)
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Night tour - sleeping trogon, tenative ID by Merlin collared trogon. 2018-02-14 18.46.34 Central America
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast
Vocalization: Series of harsh "kwik-wik wik". Coarseness similar to Peregrine, but pace much quicker. [Link]
Calls: Female call harsher than male. Lacking the clearer tones and attack of Kestrel. [Link]
Physical details: length=25-30 cm, wingspan=50-62 cm, weight=125-300 g

Gyrfalcon / Gerfalke (Falco rusticolus)
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Wikipedia: Gyrfalcon
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The gyrfalcon (/ˈɜːrfɔːlkən/ or /ˈɜːrfælkən/) (Falco rusticolus), the largest of the falcon species, is a bird of prey. The abbreviation gyr is also used.[2] It breeds on Arctic coasts and tundra, and the islands of northern North America and the Eurosiberian region. It is mainly a resident there also, but some gyrfalcons disperse more widely after the breeding season, or in winter. Individual vagrancy can take birds for long distances. Its plumage varies with location, with birds being coloured from all-white to dark brown. These colour variations are called morphs. Like other falcons, it shows sexual dimorphism, with the female much larger than the male. For centuries, the gyrfalcon has been valued as a hunting bird. Typical prey includes the ptarmigan and waterfowl, which it may take in flight; it also takes fish and mammals. [more]
Vocalization: A coarse, drawn out, Peregrine-like "kaaawt", with emphasis on ending, is repeated in series. Much slower paced than in small falcons, and deeper and with different attack than in Peregrine. [Link]
Calls: Also shorter, coarse warning-calls. [Link]
Physical details: length=50-60 cm, wingspan=130-160 cm, weight=805-2100 g

Order Phoenicopteriformes (Flamingos / Flamingos):

Family Phoenicopteridae (Flamingos):
Genus Phoenicopterus:
Chilean flamingo / Chileflamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis)
Alternate classification: Phoenicopterus ruber chilensis
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Wikipedia: Chilean flamingo
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, South America.
Deutschland: Brut-, seltener Zugvogel Bruten gehen auf ausgesetzte Tiere zurück; Population gilt als noch nicht eingebürgert

Order Psittaciformes (Parrots and others / Papageien):

Family Psittacidae (Parrots):
Genus Psittacula:
Rose-ringed parakeet / Halsbandsittich (Psittacula krameri)
Alternate classification: Psittacus krameri
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Wikipedia: Rose-ringed parakeet
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: The rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), also known as the ring-necked parakeet, is a medium-sized parrot in the genus Psittacula, of the family Psittacidae. It has disjunct native ranges in Africa and the Indian Subcontinent, and is now introduced into many other parts of the world where feral populations have established themselves and are bred for the exotic pet trade. [more]

Genus Amazona:
Yellow-headed parrot / Gelbkopfamazone (Amazona oratrix)
Alternate classification: Amazona ochrocephala oratrix
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Wikipedia: Yellow-headed parrot
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: etabliertes Neozoon, Brut-, Jahresvogel

Genus Agapornis:
Peach-faced lovebird / Rosenköpfchen (Agapornis roseicollis)
Alternate classification: Psittacus roseicollis
Also known as: Rosy-faced lovebird
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Wikipedia: Peach-faced lovebird
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The rosy-faced lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis), also known as the rosy-collared or peach-faced lovebird, is a species of lovebird native to arid regions in southwestern Africa such as the Namib Desert. A loud and constant chirper, these birds are very social animals and often congregate in small groups in the wild. They eat throughout the day and take frequent baths. Coloration can vary widely among populations. Plumage is identical in males and females. Lovebirds are renowned for their sleep position in which they sit side-by-side and turn their faces in towards each other. Also, females are well noted to tear raw materials into long strips, "twisty-tie" them onto their backs, and fly substantial distances back to make a nest. They are common in the pet industry. [more]

Genus Myiopsitta:
Monk parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus)
Alternate classification: Psittacus monachus
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Wikipedia: Monk parakeet
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The monk parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus), also known as the Quaker parrot, is a species of true parrot in the family Psittacidae. It is a small, bright-green parrot with a greyish breast and greenish-yellow abdomen. Its average lifespan is 20–30 years. It originates from the temperate to subtropical areas of Argentina and the surrounding countries in South America. Self-sustaining feral populations occur in many places, mainly in North America and Europe. [more]

Order Gaviiformes (Loons / Seetaucher):

Family Gaviidae (Loons):
Genus Gavia:
Red-throated loon / Sterntaucher (Gavia stellata)
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Wikipedia: Red-throated loon
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast

Great northern loon / Eistaucher (Gavia immer)
Alternate classification: Urinator imber
Also known as: Common loon
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Wikipedia: Great northern loon
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: seltener Wintergast
Song: Song: Like a slow Black-throated Diver. Pitch slowly rising with a register break, progressing into a cyclic, two to four syllable, motif. [Link]
Calls: Also various vibrating eerie descending calls. Often used as sound effect in horror movies. [Link]
Physical details: length=69-91 cm, wingspan=69-91 cm, weight=3600-4480 g

Black-throated loon / Prachttaucher (Gavia arctica)
Also known as: Arctic loon
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Wikipedia: Black-throated loon
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Zugvogel, Wintergast

Yellow-billed loon / Gelbschnabeltaucher (Gavia adamsii)
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Wikipedia: Yellow-billed loon
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The yellow-billed loon (Gavia adamsii), also known as the white-billed diver, is the largest member of the loon or diver family. Breeding adults have a black head, white underparts and chequered black-and-white mantle. Non-breeding plumage is drabber with the chin and foreneck white. The main distinguishing feature from great northern loon is the longer straw-yellow bill which, because the culmen is straight, appears slightly uptilted. [more]

Order Podicipediformes (Grebes / Lappentaucher):

Family Podicipedidae (Grebes):
Genus Podilymbus:
Pied-billed grebe / Bindentaucher (Podilymbus podiceps)
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Wikipedia: Pied-billed grebe
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, South America, Africa.
The pied-billed grebe (Podilymbus podiceps) is a species of the grebe family of water birds. Since the Atitlán grebe (Podilymbus gigas) has become extinct, it is the sole extant member of the genus Podilymbus.[2] The pied-billed grebe is primarily found in ponds throughout the Americas.[3] Other names of this grebe include American dabchick, rail, dabchick, Carolina grebe, devil-diver, dive-dapper, dipper, hell-diver, pied-billed dabchick, pied-bill, thick-billed grebe, and water witch.[4][5] [more]

Genus Podiceps:
Black-necked grebe / Schwarzhalstaucher (Podiceps nigricollis)
Also known as: Eared grebe
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Evtl Schwarzhalstaucher. 2021-03-07 11.13.08
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The black-necked grebe or eared grebe (Podiceps nigricollis) is a member of the grebe family of water birds. It was described in 1831 by Christian Ludwig Brehm. There are currently three accepted subspecies, including the nominate subspecies. Its breeding plumage features a distinctive ochre-coloured plumage which extends behind its eye and over its ear coverts. The rest of the upper parts, including the head, neck, and breast, are coloured black to blackish brown. The flanks are tawny rufous to maroon-chestnut, and the abdomen is white. When in its non-breeding plumage, this bird has greyish-black upper parts, including the top of the head and a vertical stripe on the back of the neck. The flanks are also greyish-black. The rest of the body is a white or whitish colour. The juvenile has more brown in its darker areas. The subspecies californicus can be distinguished from the nominate by the former's usually longer bill. The other subspecies, P. n. gurneyi, can be differentiated by its greyer head and upper parts and by its smaller size. P. n. gurneyi can also be told apart by its lack of a non-breeding plumage. This species is present in parts of Africa, Eurasia, and the Americas. [more]

Horned grebe / Ohrentaucher (Podiceps auritus)
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Horned grebe, Myvatn, Iceland. 2015-06-05 11.22.28 Iceland
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Brut-, Zugvogel, Wintergast RL 1
Vocalization: Varied. Vibrating, wailing, dry and cackling sequences. A mewing, falling and far-reaching "kiaa" and various rattling sounds. [Link]
Physical details: length=31-38 cm, wingspan=46-55 cm, weight=364-449 g

Red-necked grebe / Rothalstaucher (Podiceps grisegena)
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Wikipedia: Red-necked grebe
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Brut-, Zugvogel

Order Procellariiformes (Petrels and albatrosses / Röhrennasen):

Family Procellariidae (Shearwaters and petrels / Sturmvögel):
Genus Puffinus:
Manx shearwater / Atlantiksturmtaucher (Puffinus puffinus)
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Wikipedia: Manx shearwater
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: The Manx shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) is a medium-sized shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae. The scientific name of this species records a name shift: Manx shearwaters were called Manks puffins in the 17th century. Puffin is an Anglo-Norman word (Middle English pophyn) for the cured carcasses of nestling shearwaters. The Atlantic puffin acquired the name much later, possibly because of its similar nesting habits. [more]
Vocalization: Vocal at breeding ground. [Link]
Calls: The call is sharp and wailing, and consist of two parts. A drawn, "inhalation", is immediately followed by a trisyllabic "ka-ya-ya". [Link]
Physical details: length=31-36 cm, wingspan=76-88 cm, weight=375-459 g

Tropical shearwater (Puffinus bailloni)
Alternate classification: Puffinus lherminieri bailloni
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Wikipedia: Tropical shearwater
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The tropical shearwater (Puffinus bailloni) is a seabird in the family Procellariidae formerly considered conspecific with Audubon's shearwater (Puffinus lherminieri).[2] [more]

Genus Fulmarus:
Northern fulmar / Eissturmvogel (Fulmarus glacialis)
Alternate classification: Fulmaris glacialis
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Wikipedia: Northern fulmar
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast RL R
Vocalization: Mostly heard on breeding ground. [Link]
Calls: Coarse, harsh, staccato calls when courting or quarrelling. [Link]
Physical details: length=45-50 cm, wingspan=102-112 cm, weight=610-1000 g

Genus Pterodroma:
Fea's petrel (Pterodroma feae)
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Wikipedia: Fea's petrel
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: The Fea's petrel (Pterodroma feae), is a small seabird in the gadfly petrel genus, Pterodroma. It was previously considered to be a subspecies of the soft-plumaged petrel (P. mollis), but they are actually not closely related at all. However, P. feae is very closely related to Zino's petrel and Desertas petrel, two other species recently split from P. mollis. The gadfly petrels are named for their speedy weaving flight, as if evading horseflies. The flight action is also reflected in the genus name Pterodroma, from Ancient Greek pteron, "wing" and dromos, " runner".[2] This species is named after the Italian zoologist Leonardo Fea (1852-1903).[3] [more]

Genus Bulweria:
Bulwer's petrel / Bulwersturmvogel (Bulweria bulwerii)
Alternate classification: Procellaria bulwerii
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Wikipedia: Bulwer's petrel
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Bulwer's petrel (Bulweria bulwerii) is a small petrel in the family Procellariidae, and found in the genus Bulweria (Bonaparte, 1843). This bird is named after the English naturalist James Bulwer. [more]

Genus Calonectris:
Scopoli's shearwater / Sepiasturmtaucher (Calonectris diomedea)
Also known as: Cory's shearwater
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Wikipedia: Scopoli's shearwater
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Scopoli's shearwater (Calonectris diomedea) is a bird in the family Procellariidae currently considered conspecific with Cory's shearwater (Calonectris borealis). It has no subspecies.[2] The genus name Calonectris comes from Ancient Greek kalos, "good" and nectris, "swimmer". The specific diomedea refers to Diomedes, the mythical king. His wife was serially unfaithful while he fought at Troy, so he left to found a city in Italy. After his death, his distraught friends were turned into white seabirds.[3] The English name is for Italian naturalist Giovanni Antonio Scopoli who first described the species. [more]

Genus Pseudobulweria:
Tahiti petrel / Tahiti-Sturmvogel (Pseudobulweria rostrata)
Alternate classification: Pterodroma rostrata
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Wikipedia: Tahiti petrel
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: South America, Africa.
The Tahiti petrel (Pseudobulweria rostrata) is a species of seabird in the family Procellariidae. It is found in American Samoa, Australia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Mexico, New Caledonia, New Zealand, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu, and possibly the Cook Islands. It is a pelagic bird of the open seas, but nests in subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, subtropical or tropical moist shrubland and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland. It has been recorded as a vagrant in Hawaii, Taiwan, Baja California, and, most surprisingly, in North Carolina. [more]

Genus Ardenna:
Great shearwater / Großer Sturmtaucher (Ardenna gravis)
Alternate classification: Puffinus gravis
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Wikipedia: Great shearwater
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
The great shearwater (Ardenna gravis) is a large shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae. Ardenna was first used to refer to a seabird by Italian naturalist Ulisse Aldrovandi in 1603, and gravis is Latin for "heavy".[3] [more]
Calls: Calls at breeding ground a deep, soft, moaning "oooh-aahh" ("surprised or shocked old lady"). Tone fairly clear, and pitch rising and falling. [Link]
Physical details: length=43-51 cm, wingspan=100-118 cm, weight=715-950 g

Sooty shearwater / Dunkler Sturmtaucher (Ardenna grisea)
Alternate classification: Puffinus griseus
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Wikipedia: Sooty shearwater
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, South America, Africa.
General: The sooty shearwater (Ardenna grisea) is a medium-large shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae. Ardenna was first used to refer to a seabird by Italian naturalist Ulisse Aldrovandi in 1603, and grisea is medieval Latin for "grey".[2] [more]
Vocalization: Mostly heard at breeding ground. A peculiar, rhythmic, coarse moaning, with a disyllabic attack, followed by a deeper, cooing "in-breath". [Link]
Physical details: length=40-51 cm, wingspan=94-109 cm, weight=666-978 g

Flesh-footed shearwater (Ardenna carneipes)
Alternate classification: Puffinus carneipes
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Wikipedia: Flesh-footed shearwater
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The flesh-footed shearwater (Ardenna carneipes; formerly Puffinus carneipes) is a medium-sized shearwater. Its plumage is black. It has pale pinkish feet, and a pale bill with a distinct black tip. Together with the equally light-billed pink-footed shearwater, it forms the Hemipuffinus group, a superspecies which may or may not have an Atlantic relative in the great shearwater.[2][3] These large shearwaters are among those that have been separated into the genus Ardenna.[4] Recent genetic analysis indicates evidence of strong divergence between Pacific colonies relative to those in South and Western Australia, thought to be explained by philopatry and differences in foraging strategies during the breeding season.[5] [more]

Wedge-tailed shearwater (Ardenna pacifica)
Alternate classification: Puffinus pacificus
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Wikipedia: Wedge-tailed shearwater
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: South America, Africa.
The wedge-tailed shearwater (Ardenna pacifica) is a medium-large shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae. It is one of the shearwater species that is sometimes referred to as a muttonbird, like the sooty shearwater of New Zealand and the short-tailed shearwater of Australia. It ranges throughout the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans, roughly between latitudes 35°N and 35°S. It breeds on islands off Japan, on the Islas Revillagigedo, the Hawaiian Islands, the Seychelles, the Northern Mariana Islands, and off Eastern and Western Australia. [more]

Family Diomedeidae (Albatrosse):
Genus Phoebastria:
Laysan albatross / Laysanalbatros (Phoebastria immutabilis)
Alternate classification: Diomedea immutabilis
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Wikipedia: Laysan albatross
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
The Laysan albatross (Phoebastria immutabilis) is a large seabird that ranges across the North Pacific. The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are home to 99.7% of the population. This small (for its family) gull-like albatross is the second-most common seabird in the Hawaiian Islands, with an estimated population of 2.5 million birds, and is currently expanding (or possibly re-expanding) its range to new islands. The Laysan albatross was first described as Diomedea immutabilis by Lionel Walter Rothschild, in 1893, on the basis of a specimen from Laysan Island.[3] [more]

Subfamily Hydrobatidae (Sturmschwalben):
Genus Pelagodroma:
White-faced storm-petrel / Fregattensturmschwalbe (Pelagodroma marina)
Alternate classification: Procellaria marina
Also known as: White-faced storm petrel
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Wikipedia: White-faced storm-petrel
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The white-faced storm petrel (Pelagodroma marina), also known as white-faced petrel is a small seabird of the austral storm petrel family Oceanitidae. It is the only member of the monotypic genus Pelagodroma. [more]

Genus Oceanodroma:
Matsudaira's storm-petrel (Oceanodroma matsudairae)
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Wikipedia: Matsudaira's storm-petrel
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
Matsudaira's storm petrel (Oceanodroma matsudairae) is a species of seabird in the family Hydrobatidae. [more]

Band-rumped storm-petrel / Madeirawellenläufer (Oceanodroma castro)
Alternate classification: Hydrobates castro
Also known as: Band-rumped storm petrel
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Wikipedia: Band-rumped storm-petrel
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The band-rumped storm petrel, Madeiran storm petrel, or Harcourt's storm petrel (Oceanodroma castro) is of the storm petrel family Hydrobatidae. [more]

Genus Oceanites:
Wilson's storm-petrel / Buntfuß-Sturmschwalbe (Oceanites oceanicus)
Alternate classification: Procellaria oceanica
Also known as: Wilson's storm petrel
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Wikipedia: Wilson's storm-petrel
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Wilson's storm petrel (Oceanites oceanicus), also known as Wilson's petrel, is a small seabird of the austral storm petrel family Oceanitidae. It is one of the most abundant bird species in the world and has a circumpolar distribution mainly in the seas of the southern hemisphere but extending northwards during the summer of the northern hemisphere. The world population has been estimated to be more than 50 million pairs.[2] The name commemorates the Scottish-American ornithologist Alexander Wilson. The genus name Oceanites refers to the mythical Oceanids, the three thousand daughters of Tethys. The species name is from Latin oceanus, "ocean".[3] [more]

Order Strigiformes (Owls / Eulen):

Family Strigidae:
Genus Bubo (Eagle owls):
Snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus)
Alternate classification: Strix scandiaca
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Wikipedia: Snowy owl
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
The snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus), also known as the polar owl, the white owl and the Arctic owl,[3] is a large, white owl of the true owl family.[4] Snowy owls are native to the Arctic regions of both North America and the Palearctic, breeding mostly on the tundra.[2] It has a number of unique adaptations to its habitat and lifestyle, which are quite distinct from other extant owls.[5] One of the largest species of owl, it is the only owl with largely white plumage.[4] Males tend to be a purer white overall while females tend to more have more extensive flecks of dark brown.[6] Juvenile male snowy owls have dark markings that may appear similar to females until maturity, at which point they typically turn whiter. The composition of brown markings about the wing, although not foolproof, is the most reliable technique to age and sex individual snowy owls.[7] [more]
Song: Song consists of single utterances or series of "aooo", recalling Great Black-backed Gull, and is far carrying. [Link]
Calls: Male warning call a deep and harsh "groat grat grat", with accented endings of each syllable. Female warning call higher pitched. Also various other high pitched calls. [Link]
Physical details: length=53-66 cm, wingspan=142-166 cm, weight=1200-2900 g

Genus Strix:
Great grey owl (Strix nebulosa)
Also known as: Great gray owl
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Wikipedia: Great grey owl
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The great grey owl or great gray owl (Strix nebulosa) is a very large owl, documented as the world's largest species of owl by length. It is distributed across the Northern Hemisphere, and it is the only species in the genus Strix found in both Eastern and Western Hemispheres. In some areas it is also called Phantom of the North, cinereous owl, spectral owl, Lapland owl, spruce owl, bearded owl, and sooty owl.[2] [more]
Song: Song: Cyclic, repetitive, very deep calls rising and falling in volume. Accented start and end of each "hooh". [Link]
Calls: As the call fades away in volume, the speed accelerates. Sometimes disyllabic "ho-ho,ho-ho,ho-ho,ho-ho". [Link]
Physical details: length=65-70 cm, wingspan=134-158 cm, weight=500-1500 g

Genus Aegolius (Saw-whet owls):
Boreal owl / Raufusskauz (Aegolius funereus)
Alternate classification: Strix funerea
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Wikipedia: Boreal owl
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahresvogel

Genus Asio:
Short-eared owl / Sumpfohreule (Asio flammeus)
Alternate classification: Strix flammea
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Wikipedia: Short-eared owl
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
Deutschland: Brut-, Zugvogel, Wintergast RL 1

Long-eared owl / Waldohreule (Asio otus)
Alternate classification: Strix otus
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Wikipedia: Long-eared owl
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel, Wintergast

Genus Surnia:
Northern hawk-owl / Sperbereule (Surnia ulula)
Also known as: Northern hawk owl
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Wikipedia: Northern hawk-owl
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: The northern hawk-owl or northern hawk owl (Surnia ulula) is a medium-sized true owl of the northern latitudes. It is non-migratory and usually stays within its breeding range, though it sometimes irrupts southward. It is one of the few owls that is neither nocturnal nor crepuscular, being active only during the day. This is the only living species in the genus Surnia of the family Strigidae, the "typical" owls (as opposed to barn owls, Tytonidae). The species is sometimes called simply the hawk owl; however, many species of owls in the genus Ninox are also called "hawk owls". [more]

Family Tytonidae (Barn owls):
Genus Tyto:
Barn owl / Schleiereule (Tyto alba)
Alternate classification: Strix alba
Also known as: Western barn owl
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Wikipedia: Barn owl
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
The barn owl (Tyto alba) is the most widely distributed species of owl in the world and one of the most widespread of all species of birds, being found almost everywhere in the world except for the polar and desert regions, Asia north of the Himalayas, most of Indonesia, and some Pacific Islands. It is also known as the common barn owl, to distinguish it from the other species in its family, Tytonidae, which forms one of the two main lineages of living owls, the other being the typical owls (Strigidae). [more]
Vocalization: Large repertoire of mainly hissing and screeching sounds. [Link]
Song: Song consists of a single, drawn screech, lasting about a second and is often performed in flight. Starting in a very hoarse tone, then progressing with a rising pitch into a more burbling sound, before suddenly ending. [Link]
Physical details: length=33-35 cm, wingspan=80-95 cm, weight=240-350 g

Superorder Galloanserae:

Order Galliformes (Landfowls / Hühnervögel):
Family Phasianidae (Turkeys):
Subfamily Phasianinae:
Genus Pavo (Peafowls):
Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus)
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Wikipedia: Indian peafowl
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
General: The Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus), also known as the common peafowl, and blue peafowl, is a peafowl species native to the Indian subcontinent. It has been introduced to many other countries. [more]

Genus Phasianus:
Ring-necked pheasant / Jagdfasan (Phasianus colchicus)
Also known as: Common pheasant
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Wikipedia: Ring-necked pheasant
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahresvogel; etabliertes Neozoon wurde im Mittelalter zur Jagd eingeführt
Vocalization: Diverse repertoire of harsh cackling sounds. [Link]
Calls: Male call can be heard for more than a kilometer away; a very harsh, staccato and explosive "kaa" or "ka-kaa", with last syllable falling in pitch. [Link]
Physical details: length=53-89 cm, wingspan=70-90 cm, weight=750-1700 g

Subfamily Perdicinae:
Genus Perdix:
Grey partridge / Rebhuhn (Perdix perdix)
Also known as: Gray partridge
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Wikipedia: Grey partridge
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahresvogel RL 2
Vocalization: Also various clucking sounds. [Link]
Song: Song a sharp, very raspy sound, e.g. "krii-uuu-ii", with middle part lowered in pitch. Often compared to the sound of a rusty gate. [Link]
Physical details: length=29-31 cm, wingspan=45-48 cm, weight=340-450 g

Genus Alectoris:
Chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar)
Alternate classification: Perdix chukar
Also known as: Chukar
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Wikipedia: Chukar partridge
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, Africa.
General: The chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar), or simply chukar, is a Palearctic upland gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae. It has been considered to form a superspecies complex along with the rock partridge, Philby's partridge and Przevalski's partridge and treated in the past as conspecific particularly with the first. This partridge has well marked black and white bars on the flanks and a black band running from the forehead across the eye and running down the head to form a necklace that encloses a white throat. Native to Asia, the species has been introduced into many other places and feral populations have established themselves in parts of North America and New Zealand. This bird can be found in parts of the Middle East and temperate Asia. [more]

Genus Pternistis:
Erckel's francolin (Pternistis erckelii)
Alternate classification: Francolinus erckelii (Ruppell, 1835)
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Wikipedia: Erckel's francolin
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: North America, Africa.
Erckel's spurfowl (Pternistis erckelii), also known as Erckel's francolin,[2] is a species of game bird in the family Phasianidae. [more]

Subfamily Tetraoninae (Grouses):
Genus Lagopus:
Rock ptarmigan / Alpenschneehuhn (Lagopus muta)
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Wikipedia: Rock ptarmigan
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
Deutschland: Brut-, Jahresvogel RL R
Vocalization: Female has similar sounds, but is higher pitched and not so coarse as male. [Link]
Calls: Call of male a very distinct "rrrrrrr", being a rattling rapid pulse of clicks, like running a stick along a picket fence. [Link]
Physical details: length=34-36 cm, wingspan=54-60 cm, weight=350-600 g

Willow ptarmigan / Moorschneehuhn (Lagopus lagopus)
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Wikipedia: Willow ptarmigan
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America.
General: The willow ptarmigan (/ˈtɑːrmɪɡən/) (Lagopus lagopus) is a bird in the grouse subfamily Tetraoninae of the pheasant family Phasianidae. It is also known as the willow grouse and in Ireland and Britain, where the subspecies L. l. scotica was previously considered to be a separate species, as the red grouse. It is a sedentary species, breeding in birch and other forests and moorlands in northern Europe, the tundra of Scandinavia, Siberia, Alaska and Canada, in particular in the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador and Quebec. It is the state bird of Alaska. In the summer the birds are largely brown, with dappled plumage, but in the winter they are white with some black feathers in their tails (British populations do not adopt a winter plumage). The species has remained little changed from the bird that roamed the tundra during the Pleistocene. Nesting takes place in the spring when clutches of four to ten eggs are laid in a scrape on the ground. The chicks are precocial and soon leave the nest. While they are young, both parents play a part in caring for them. The chicks eat insects and young plant growth while the adults are completely herbivorous, eating leaves, flowers, buds, seeds and berries during the summer and largely subsisting on the buds and twigs of willow and other dwarf shrubs and trees during the winter. [more]
Calls: Very characteristic calls: "Kuwa -Kuwa -Kuwa" (go back!) Also: "kauw kauwkkkrrrkekekekekeke" with a short pause after first "kauw", then a decelerating cackle, often followed by the "go back" call. [Link]
Physical details: length=37-42 cm, wingspan=55-66 cm, weight=450-750 g

Classification errors:

Northern shoveler / Löffelente (Spatula clypeata)

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Wikipedia: Northern shoveler
This bird appears across the great seas in the following continents: Europe, North America, South America, Africa.
General: The northern shoveler (/ˈʃʌvələr/; Spatula clypeata), known simply in Britain as the shoveller, is a common and widespread duck. It breeds in northern areas of Europe and across the Palearctic and across most of North America,[2] wintering in southern Europe, Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Central, the Caribbean, and northern South America. It is a rare vagrant to Australia. In North America, it breeds along the southern edge of Hudson Bay and west of this body of water, and as far south as the Great Lakes west to Colorado, Nevada, and Oregon.[3][4] [more]
Vocalization: Male is characteristic and most often heard: A hoarse nasal knocking sound "took took", often staccato or disyllabic. Female similar to Mallard but flatter and more creaking. [Link]
Physical details: length=44-52 cm, wingspan=70-84 cm, weight=470-800 g