Common chaffinch / Buchfink (Fringilla coelebs)

Wikipedia eBird Vogelwarte BirdLife ZH Xeno-Canto BirdID NABU

In tree by First, ZH. 2020-05-04 17.33.36 Luppmen
Classification: Genus Fringilla; Subfamily Fringillinae; Family Fringillidae
Heard everywhere locally but less often seen. In winter 2020-2021 it often accompanied tits to our feeder. While they grabbed sunflower seeds, the chaffinch would hunt for food on the ground or in bushes.
I've caught it on stubby branches of an evergreen, in a lone tree in a farmyard, and in Brittany even on a lightpost. And I seem to see one every time I go to Zurich, so they're happy in an urban setting.
Etymology: Als Kontakt- und Alarmruf dient «pink», von dem wahrscheinlich die deutsche Bezeichnung «Fink» herkommt. [Von BirdLifes Schweizer 'bird song' Website]
Appearance and identification: Interesting tidbit: the chaffinch is one bird that can change colors without molting. Its new feathers in autumn are grayish, but by late spring the edges of the feathers have worn away, revealing the chaffinch's brightest colors of the year. [Lovette and Fitzpatrick's Handbook of Bird Biology]
Song: Song a falling 5 sec. phrase "zitt-zitt-chep-chepp-chu-chu-churrurrwitt". Structurally similar to Willow Warbler, but with a conclusive, ascending and accented ending, and with a much harder, finch-like, timbre. [Link]
Physical details: length=14 cm, wingspan=24-28 cm, weight=18-29 g
Song: General: A medium long phrase that slowly descends (I think of it bouncing down a staircase), then usually takes a jump up before a final descent.
Song: In Bavaria the mnemonic for the typical chaffinch song is: „Ich hätte gerne ein Weizenbier“, i.e. "I'd like another Weizenbier". [DasHaus]
Song attributes: Melody: stereotype melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Singing season: 02-01 - 07-31 Dawn chorus start, 10 minutes before dawn.
Calls: 1: General: Repeated ascending note, faster than the long starling whoops, but compare with the black redstart. There are many different calls, the Marler book describes the 'chink' call as functioning as a mobbing and separation call. At XenoCanto I find calls described as "ping", "pik" (same thing?), "pchew", "duit", "huit", "ti-huit".
Call: Der sogenannte Regenruf der Männchen, „schrrüt“, der selbst in benachbarten Ortsteilen deutlich variieren kann, erklingt nur während der Brutzeit. Als Regenruf wird er bezeichnet, weil er kurz vor oder sogar während des Regens zu hören ist, wenn die anderen Vögel verstummen. [DasHaus]
Rain call from XenoCanto

Rain call from XenoCanto Recorded by Paul Driver in Mundford, Norfolk, UK Source: XENOCANTO (rain call)


2: Call: Als Alarmsignal dient ein mehrsilbiges „pink“. [DasHaus]
Ping call from XenoCanto

Ping call from XenoCanto Source: XENOCANTO (alarm call)


Call attributes: rain call Call melody: one note, slow, Frequency: 3-5 KHz, Special sounds: whoop
Presence: 01-01 - 12-31
Breeding: 04-01 - 07-31
Migration in: 02-20 - 04-15
Migration out: 09-10 - 11-15
First documented observation : 2019-06-04

Media


Buchfink weiblich gezoomt in wald Fehraltorf. 2020-04-09 16.52.58 Wald Fehraltorf

Buchfink im Wald bei Fehraltorf Siehe Spectogram um die Beschreibung oben besser zu verstehen. Diese Phrase geht 3.3 Sekunden und umfasst 1.4-7.6 KHz, F#6 bis A#8, oder mehr als 2 Oktave. 2019-06-04 12.45.05 Luppmen (song)

Additional Images


Buchfink, Sils-Maria. 2020-06-10 12.20.00 Sils

Buchfink silsersee. 2020-06-09 10.32.18 Sils

Buchfink. 2020-04-25 08.18.40 Luppmen

Buchfink. 2020-04-25 08.18.34 Luppmen

Buchfink weiblich gezoomt in wald Fehraltorf. 2020-04-09 16.52.58 Luppmen

Additional Audio


♫ Source: BirdNet 2021-08-14 08.10.41 (call)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2021-07-03 07.46.17 Uster (call)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2021-04-19 14.29.22 Fehraltorf (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2021-04-15 14.30.37 (call)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2021-02-21 13.42.25 Adelboden (song?)

♫ 2021-02-15 08.20.03 Pfäffikersee (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-09-21 14.32.59 Fehraltorf (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-07-14 20.38.42 Luppmen (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-07-01 07.07.33 Alpweg (call)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-06-14 12.55.18 Locarno (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-06-11 13.26.39 Sils (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-06-10 12.45.37 Sils (song?)

♫ 2020-06-09 11.56.54 Sils (song?)

♫ 2020-06-05 10.43.02 Luppmen (song?)

♫ 2020-06-05 06.46.54 Luppmen (song?)

♫ 2020-06-03 09.48.15 Hungerseeli (song?)

♫ 2020-06-03 09.48.15 Hungerseeli (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-05-29 08.12.19 Luppmen (song?)

♫ 2020-05-26 17.27.25 Hungerseeli (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-05-26 17.27.08 Hungerseeli (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-05-19 15.54.54 Luppmen (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-05-19 15.54.42 Luppmen (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-05-07 11.59.04 Hungerseeli (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-05-07 11.59.04 Hungerseeli (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-05-07 11.34.55 Hungerseeli (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-05-01 09.15.08 Luppmen (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-04-27 13.27.06 Luppmen (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-04-25 08.20.16 Luppmen (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-04-23 08.50.21 Luppmen (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-04-23 08.50.21 Luppmen (song?)

♫ Source: BirdNet 2020-04-16 08.11.18 Hungerseeli (song?)

♫ 2020-04-06 15.26.11 Luppmen (song?)

♫ 2019-06-04 12.45.05 Luppmen (song?)

♫ 2019-06-04 12.45.05 Luppmen (song?)

♫ 2019-06-04 12.45.05 Luppmen (song?)


♫ Source: XENOCANTO (call)


♫ Source: XENOCANTO (call)

♫ Source: XENOCANTO (rain call)