Feuchtgebiet Vögel (plus einige Limikolen, die man momentan am Flachsee beobachtet) in taxonomischer Hierarchie

Vögel in der Systematik

Klasse aves (Vögel / Birds):

Ordnung Pelecaniformes (Ibis, herons and pelicans):

Familie Ardeidae (Reiher / Herons):

Gattung Ardea (Great herons):
Graureiher / Grey heron (Ardea cinerea)
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Graureiher mit Zöpfchen am Meteorwasserkanal Pfäffikersee Source: OWN 2021-02-15 09.08.30 Pfäffikersee
Ein häufiger Besucher in Fehraltorf. Auch Fischreiher genannt.
Zumeist auf den Feldern (wo er Wühlmäuser und Molche frisst) oder am Bach
Vokalisierung: Quite vocal. At breeding ground a varied repertoire of harsh and clattering sounds. [Link]
Rufe: Most common call a short, far reaching and extremely harsh, rasping sound. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=90-98 cm, Flügelspanne=175-195 cm, Gewicht=1020-2073 g

Silberreiher / Great egret (Ardea alba)
Alternative Klassifikation: Egretta albus
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Silberreiher in Deutschland, von WikiCommons Von Andreas Eichler, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=59954907
Auf dem Heimweg von Schwanden haben wir bei Benken ganz weisse Reiher gesehen. Laut ornitho.ch waren sie Silberreiher.
Bei den meisten Quellen heisst es, sie sind in der Schweiz nur Durchzüger oder Wintergäste. Aber laut Balzari und Gygax, brüten auch einige Voegel am Lac Neuchatel seit 2013.
Vokalisierung: Silent outside breeding ground. [Link]
Rufe: In colonies various harsh calls like a dry, and mechanical "kerrrrrrr", and a very nasal "geet" or "ga-geet ga-geet" are heard. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=85-102 cm, Flügelspanne=140-170 cm, Gewicht=960-1030 g

Purpurreiher / Purple heron (Ardea purpurea)
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Wikipedia: Purple heron
Allgemein: The purple heron (Ardea purpurea) is a wide-ranging species of wading bird in the heron family, Ardeidae. The scientific name comes from Latin ardea "heron", and purpureus, "coloured purple".[2] It breeds in Africa, central and southern Europe, and southern and eastern Asia. The Western Palearctic populations migrate between breeding and wintering habitats whereas the African and tropical-Asian populations are primarily sedentary, except for occasional dispersive movements. [more]
Vokalisierung: Quite similar to Grey Heron, but not so vocal. [Link]
Rufe: Pitch slightly higher and remains stable throughout the short call. Volume muffled and timbre drier. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=78-90 cm, Flügelspanne=120-150 cm, Gewicht=525-1218 g

Gattung Nycticorax (Night herons):
Nachtreiher / Black-crowned night-heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
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Wikipedia: Black-crowned night-heron
Allgemein: The black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), or black-capped night heron, commonly shortened to just night heron in Eurasia, is a medium-sized heron found throughout a large part of the world, except in the coldest regions and Australasia (where it is replaced by the closely related nankeen night heron, with which it has hybridized in the area of contact). [more]
Rufe: Most commonly hear call is a nasal, soft croaking "roack", like cross between Raven and frog. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=58-65 cm, Flügelspanne=105-112 cm, Gewicht=500-800 g

Gattung Egretta (Plumed egrets):
Seidenreiher / Little egret (Egretta garzetta)
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Wikipedia: Little egret
Allgemein: The little egret (Egretta garzetta) is a species of small heron in the family Ardeidae. The genus name comes from the Provençal French Aigrette, "egret", a diminutive of Aigron," heron". The species epithet garzetta is from the Italian name for this bird, garzetta or sgarzetta.[2] [more]
Vokalisierung: Sometimes utters a dry, rasping "kerrr" when flushed, but is mostly silent away from breeding ground. In colonies a peculiar gurgling and vibrating sound is heard; "ghala-la-la-la". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=55-65 cm, Flügelspanne=88-95 cm, Gewicht=350-550 g

Gattung Botaurus (Brown bitterns):
Rohrdommel / Great bittern (Botaurus stellaris)
Alternative Klassifikation: Ardea stellaris
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Wikipedia: Great bittern
Allgemein: The Eurasian bittern or great bittern (Botaurus stellaris) is a wading bird in the bittern subfamily (Botaurinae) of the heron family Ardeidae. There are two subspecies, the northern race (B. s. stellaris) breeding in parts of Europe and across the Palearctic, as well as on the northern coast of Africa, while the southern race (B. s. capensis) is endemic to parts of southern Africa. It is a secretive bird, seldom seen in the open as it prefers to skulk in reed beds and thick vegetation near water bodies. Its presence is apparent in the spring, when the booming call of the male during the breeding season can be heard. It feeds on fish, small mammals, fledgling birds, amphibians, crustaceans and insects. [more]
Gesang: Song unmistakable and far reaching (up to 5 km). Pitch very deep, with timbre similar to blowing on a big empty bottle. At close range an "inbreath" is also audible (1-3 dampened, higher pitched introductory notes). [Link]
Rufe: Flight call a deep croaking "graat". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=70-80 cm, Flügelspanne=125-135 cm, Gewicht=867-1940 g

Gattung Ixobrychus (Least bitterns):
Zwergdommel / Little bittern (Ixobrychus minutus)
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Wikipedia: Little bittern
Allgemein: The little bittern or common little bittern (Ixobrychus minutus) is a wading bird in the heron family, Ardeidae. Ixobrychus is from Ancient Greek ixias, a reed-like plant and brukhomai, to bellow, and minutus is Latin for "small".[2] [more]
Vokalisierung: Mostly silent except in breeding season. [Link]
Gesang: Song is a series of short, deep, frog-like "gorrk", repeated every 2 seconds. Tone is muffled and hollow, but far-carrying. [Link]
Rufe: Flight-call a sharp "ki-ke-ke" or a nasal "ke". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=33-38 cm, Flügelspanne=52-58 cm, Gewicht=140-150 g

Ordnung Passeriformes (Singvögel / Passerine):

Unterordnung Passeri (Sperlingsvögel):

Überfamilie Sylvioidea:
Familie Sylviidae (Grasmücken / Old World warblers):
Unterfamilie Acrocephalinae:
Gattung Acrocephalus:
Schilfrohrsänger / Sedge warbler (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus)
Alternative Klassifikation: Acrocephalus schoenobaenus, Motacilla schoenobaenus
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Plainish brown-white bird with black accents usually hidden in the reeds. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Allgemein: Der Schilfrohrsänger (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus) ist ein Singvogel aus der Gattung der Rohrsänger (Acrocephalus) und der Familie der Rohrsängerartigen (Acrocephalidae). Es werden keine Unterarten unterschieden. [more]
Gesang: Gesang sehr ähnlich dem Teichrohrsänger. Aber nicht so im Takt. Bevorzugte Tongebilde werden mehrmals wiederholt. Des öftern Singflug über dem Schilf. [Link]
Song vigorous and varied. [Link]
Rufe: Rufe:“zäck“, „zieck“, „err“. [Link]
Alarm call a hard "check". Anxiety call a dry and rolling "rrrrr". A mixture of musical sounds, expert mimicry and characteristic harsh and strident calls. Not as rhythmic and evenly paced as Reed Warbler, but varies tempo a lot. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=13 cm, Flügelspanne=17-21 cm, Gewicht=9-15 g

Gesang: Eventuell eine falsche analyse durch BirdNet, da BirdLife-Zürich meint es gibt keine hier. Das Beispiel auf vogelwarte.ch ist eher ein knarren und trillern, ähnlicher Rhythmus und Klänge wie der Teichrohrsänger.
Gesang Eigenschaften: Melody: improvised melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz)

Teichrohrsänger / Eurasian reed warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus)
Alternative Klassifikation: Turdus scirpaceus
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Teichrohrsaenger wahrscheinlich. Source: OWN 2021-05-04 09.21.14
Allgemein: Der Teichrohrsänger (Acrocephalus scirpaceus), im Volksmund auch Rohrspatz genannt, ist eine Vogelart der Gattung der Rohrsänger (Acrocephalus) aus der Familie der Rohrsängerartigen (Acrocephalidae). [more]
Gesang: Gleichmässiges Tempo! Man kann den Takt schlagen dazu.( Metronomsänger) Oft 2-3x wiederholte kurze Motive. Viele schnarrende Töne. [Link]
By far easiest to identify by song: Characteristic, almost metric and even rhythm, very different from Sedge Warbler. Squeaky timbre with many, almost bizarre, harmonics. Phrases generally repeated 2-3 times. [Link]
Rufe: Rufe:“tsche, tschkt , schreeh, tschrä“,“err“ [Link]
Alarm call a harsh, dry and rolling "kraaaat". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=13 cm, Flügelspanne=17-21 cm, Gewicht=10-16 g

Gesang: Weird, squeaky, urgent.
Gesang Eigenschaften: Melody: stereotype melodic, fast, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: weird

Sumpfrohrsänger / Marsh warbler (Acrocephalus palustris)
Alternative Klassifikation: Notiocichla palustris
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Wikipedia Teichrohrsaenger. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Allgemein: Der Sumpfrohrsänger (Acrocephalus palustris) ist ein Singvogel aus der Gattung der Rohrsänger (Acrocephalus) und der Familie der Rohrsängerartigen (Acrocephalidae). Es werden keine Unterarten beschrieben. [more]
Gesang: Der Virtuose unter den Rohrsängern! Meisterhafter Imitator anderer Vogelstimmen. Viele wirbelnde und zwirlende Laute, wenig schnarrende. Variable Tempi. [Link]
Song extremely varied and full of mimicry of both European and African species. Up to 75 species imitated by the same bird. Phrases often repeated 2-4 times, and different phrases may overlap. Nevertheless, clearly defined phrases with marked pauses. Sometimes more flowing streams of notes, but less so than Icterine Warbler. Most similar to Icterine and Blyth's Reed Warbler. Softer timbre than Icterine, and not so loud. [Link]
Rufe: Sehr ähnlich der Obigen Art. [Link]
More defined pauses and staccato tempo, and lacks Icterine Warbler's nasal high-pitched calls. Differs from Blyth's Reed Warbler in fewer repetitions of each phrase, and lack of said species' whistling, arpeggio-like calls. Typical sequence is a hoarse, drawn "ti-chaaa". Alarm call a short "chepp" with clipped ending. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=13 cm, Flügelspanne=18-21 cm, Gewicht=10-15 g

Gesang: Weird, squeaky, urgent, more variable than reed warbler, with imitations of European and African birds.
Gesang Eigenschaften: Melody: stereotype melodic, fast, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: weird, mimicry

Drosselrohrsänger / Great reed warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus)
Alternative Klassifikation: Turdus arundinaceus
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Brown-white bird usually hidden in the reeds. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Zuerst in Bolle Magadino gesehen und gehoert.
50% groesser als der ähnlich aussehende Teichrohrsänger
Verhalten: In der Sonntagszeitung von 23. Mai 2021 wurde über neue Erkenntnisse zum Zug von Drosselrohrsängern geschrieben. Durch neue, leichte Messgeräte konnte man sehen, dass die Vögel in der Nacht auf 2 km Höhe fliegen, beim Sonnenaufgang über eine Stunde hoch bis 5.5 km fliegen. Da sie das Mittlemeer und die Saharawüste überfliegen, wo sie nicht landen können, fliegen sie bis 34 Stunden non-stop. Das Fliegen erzeugt viel Körperwärme und die Höhe hilft ihnen abzukühlen. [(Abo erforderlich)]
Gesang: Gesang ähnlich Teichrohrsänger, aber viel lauter, Tonhöhenunterschiede 2-3 Oktaven. Karre-Kit-Sänger.. Sehr taktmässig. [Link]
Song similar to Reed Warbler in timbre, but much deeper and slower. [Link]
Rufe: Rufe:“kerr“ (tief), „ tek“ [Link]
Contact call a grating, dry "kirrrat", where each rolling r is discernable. Fairly concise motifs typically consisting of two deep mono- or disyllabic notes followed by a few higher tones. I.e: "kerek kerek, trii trii trii". Clamorous Reed Warbler differs in more diffuse motifs. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=19-20 cm, Flügelspanne=24-29 cm, Gewicht=29-36 g

Gesang: Klingt für mich wie krächz pieps pieps. Vogelarten der Schweiz sieht das anders: 'Laute und auffällig knarrende, rau tönende Strophe ''karre-kiet karre karre-keit.'' '
Gesang Eigenschaften: Melody: improvised melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: rasp

Gattung Panurus:
Bartmeise / Bearded reedling (Panurus biarmicus)
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Wikipedia: Bearded reedling
Brut-, Jahres-, Zugvogel
Vokalisierung: More often heard than seen. [Link]
Gesang: Song a primitive, 3-syllable phrase, consisting of contact call-like sounds. [Link]
Rufe: Usually identified by contact call; a ringing, explosive "tschin" with a characteristic "dirty" timbre. Also a hard and very short "pit", often mixed with the previous. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=12 cm, Flügelspanne=16-18 cm, Gewicht=12-18 g

Familie Hirundinidae (Schwalben / Swallows):
Gattung Riparia:
Uferschwalbe / Bank swallow (Riparia riparia)
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Wikipedia: Bank swallow
Allgemein: The sand martin (Riparia riparia) or European sand martin, bank swallow, and collared sand martin in India, is a migratory passerine bird in the swallow family. It has a wide range in summer, embracing practically the whole of Europe and the Mediterranean countries and across the Palearctic to the Pacific Ocean. It is a Holarctic species also found in North America. It winters in eastern and southern Africa, South America, and the Indian Subcontinent. [more]
Gesang: Song a primitive improvisation on the contact call. [Link]
Rufe: Contact call a mono- or disyllabic "trrrrt". Similar to House Martin but more raucous and less crisp, with less rolling r's, and with stable pitch throughout. Alarm call similar to House Martin; a sharp plaintive "tseep", but somewhat purer and more drawn. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=12 cm, Flügelspanne=26-29 cm, Gewicht=11-16 g

Familie Locustellidae:
Gattung Locustella:
Feldschwirl / Common grasshopper warbler (Locustella naevia)
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Wikipedia: Common grasshopper warbler
Brut-, Zugvogel
Gesang: Song insect-like and high-pitched. A monotonous stream of even clicks similar to a running fishing line. Maintained for seemingly endless periods, and often hard to locate. Song most similar to Savi's Warbler but is slower (each click more separated), and higher pitched with a metallic, ringing quality. Short sequences of song also functions as contact call. Also a Robin-like "tick". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=12-13 cm, Flügelspanne=15-19 cm, Gewicht=11-16 g

Rohrschwirl / Savi's warbler (Locustella luscinioides)
Alternative Klassifikation: Locustella luscinoides
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Wikipedia: Savi's warbler
Brut-, Zugvogel

Überfamilie Passeroidea:
Familie Fringillidae (Finken):
Unterfamilie Carduelinae:
Gattung Carpodacus:
Karmingimpel / Common rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus)
Alternative Klassifikation: Erythrina erythrina
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Brut-, Zugvogel
Gesang: Song very characteristic. A melodious, pure and short whistle, often rendered as "pleased to meet you". Each note with a smooth gliding change of pitch. Number of syllables may vary. [Link]
Rufe: Contact call a short ascending "hueet" resembling Siskin in timbre. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=14-15 cm, Flügelspanne=24-26 cm, Gewicht=19-27 g

Unterfamilie Emberizinae:
Tribus Emberizini:
Gattung Emberiza (Buntings):
Rohrammer / Common reed bunting (Emberiza schoeniclus)
Alternative Klassifikation: Schoeniclus schoeniclus
Auch bekannst als: Reed bunting
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Wikipedia Common_reed_bunting_(emberiza_schoeniclus)_m. By Charles J. Sharp - Own work, from Sharp Photography, sharpphotography, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31607772 Source: WIKIPEDIA
Allgemein: Die Rohrammer (Emberiza schoeniclus), auch Rohrspatz genannt, ist eine Vogelart aus der Familie der Ammern (Emberizidae). Sie ist ein Brutvogel von Europa und Nordafrika bis Ostasien und fehlt nur auf einigen Mittelmeerinseln. Sie ist besonders häufig in Schilf- und Seggengebieten anzutreffen. Sie ist in Mitteleuropa ein Teilzieher. Die meisten Vögel verlassen im Oktober/November Mitteleuropa und kehren im Februar und März zurück. Ihr Winterquartier reicht bis nach Nordafrika. [more]
Gesang: Song variable between individuals and breeding status: A short sequence of 3-5 brittle and buzzing sounds, repeated consistently with marked pauses. Last sound in phrase often has a conclusive feel, but not always. Paired males sing slower than unpaired. Unpaired male song also more contracted, making the pauses between each phrase stand out. [Link]
Rufe: Contact call a sharp, descending and drawn "tseeeoo". A bit similar to Yellow Wagtail, but not as sharp and explosive. In migration a thick, and unmusical "chong" is often heard. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=15-16 cm, Flügelspanne=21-28 cm, Gewicht=16-25 g

Familie Motacillidae (Stelzenverwandte):
Gattung Motacilla:
Wiesenschafstelze / Western yellow wagtail (Motacilla flava)
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Wikipedia: Western yellow wagtail
Allgemein: The western yellow wagtail (Motacilla flava) is a small passerine in the wagtail family Motacillidae, which also includes the pipits and longclaws. [more]
Gesang: Song primitive and less striking. Beware differences in calls and songs between different subspecies. [Link]
Rufe: Contact call characteristic and widely used; a sharp, drawn out "pseeeoo" with an accented ending falling in pitch. A variable phrase with two or three notes resembling the contact call in timbre. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=17 cm, Flügelspanne=23-27 cm, Gewicht=14-21 g

Gebirgsstelze / Grey wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)
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Wikipedia: Grey wagtail
Allgemein: The grey wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) is a member of the wagtail family, Motacillidae, measuring around 18–19 cm overall length. The species looks somewhat similar to the yellow wagtail but has the yellow on its underside restricted to the throat and vent. Breeding males have a black throat. The species is widely distributed, with several populations breeding in Eurosiberia and migrating to tropical regions in Asia and Africa. The species is always associated with running water when breeding, although they may use man-made structures near streams for the nest. Outside the breeding season, they may also be seen around lakes, coasts and other watery habitats. Like other wagtails, they frequently wag their tail and fly low with undulations and they have a sharp call that is often given in flight. [more]
Gesang: Song simple but variable. Sometimes with more elaborate song-flight like White Wagtail. [Link]
Rufe: Contact call short, metallic and with a clipped ending. Often disyllabic, "tzeet-tzeet", with each syllable more separated than in White Wagtail, and timbre more "dirty". Often starts with the contact call, followed by short melodic phrases. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=18-19 cm, Flügelspanne=25-27 cm, Gewicht=14-22 g

Familie Paridae (Meisen / Titmice):

Gattung Remiz:
Beutelmeise / Eurasian penduline-tit (Remiz pendulinus)
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Wikipedia: Eurasian penduline-tit
Brut-, Zugvogel
Rufe: Call a sharp clear high pitched whistle "pju-eee-uu", with the middle part accented and with a raised pitch Or just an all descending whistle "pjuuuuuuu". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=11 cm, Flügelspanne=16-17 cm, Gewicht=8-10 g

Familie Turdidae (Drosseln / Thrushes):

Gattung Luscinia:
Blaukehlchen / Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica)
Alternative Klassifikation: Erithacus svecius
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Wikipedia: Bluethroat
Brut-, Zugvogel
Gesang: Song: Structure slightly similar to Nightingale, but tone much thinner and less full-bodied. A good impersonator and various imitations are interwoven among metallic, ringing sounds to form a complex, intriguing song. [Link]
Rufe: Call: "pju-check". Double syllable starting as a descending whistle, and ending on a short "check". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=14 cm, Flügelspanne=20-22 cm, Gewicht=15-25 g

Nachtigall / Common nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos)
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Luscinia_megarhynchos - common nightingale in Wikipedia. Source: WIKIPEDIA
Allgemein: Die Nachtigall (Luscinia megarhynchos) ist eine Vogelart aus der Ordnung der Sperlingsvögel (Passeriformes), Unterordnung Singvögel (Passeres). Nach neueren molekularbiologischen Erkenntnissen zur Phylogenese der Singvögel wird sie heute meist zur Familie der Fliegenschnäpper (Muscicapidae) gestellt. Manchmal findet man sie aber auch heute noch bei den Drosseln (Turdidae) eingeordnet. Die nordöstliche Schwesterart der Nachtigall ist der Sprosser. [more]
Vokalisierung: It consists of extremely resonant, full-bodied notes and lacks the, dry, rolling, rattling sounds of T.N. Most distinct species specific sound is the interwoven series of slightly ascending, plaintive notes (0.04 - 0.10 in recording). May mimic Thrush Nightningale!. [Link]
Gesang: The song is the best characteristic to separate it from T. Nightingale. [Link]
Rufe: Alarm call either a thin, flycatcher-like "weeet", or a Chiff-chaff-like "piuu". Also a characteristic (but similar to Thrush Nighitingale) dry, rattling, frog-like "rrrrr". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=16 cm, Flügelspanne=23-26 cm, Gewicht=17-24 g

Gesang: Can be a sequence of unrelated weird but musical sounds - trills, churrs, human-like whistles - very amusing.
Gesang Eigenschaften: Melody: improvised melodic, slow, Frequency: medium (1-5 KHz) Special sounds: whoop, trill, weird, repetitions Singing season: 04-15 - 06-30

Familie Muscicapidae (Schnäpperverwandte / Old World flycatchers):

Gattung Oenanthe:
Steinschmätzer / Northern wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe)
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Allgemein: The northern wheatear or wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae. It is the most widespread member of the wheatear genus Oenanthe in Europe and North and Central Asia. [more]
Vokalisierung: Each phrase is often introduced by the "weet" sound, then followed by hastened, creaking, rattling and warbling sounds of 1-2 seconds duration. [Link]
Gesang: The Wheatear song consists of short phrases with marked pauses. The "check" sound is also often included in the song. [Link]
Rufe: Contact and alarm call a high pitched, sharp "weet", followed by a hard "check", like hitting two rocks together. The "weet" sound is much sharper than the similar sound in Whinchat and Stonechat. Wheater usually repeats the "weet" sound more frequently than the "check" sound. The "check" of Stonechat is less pure and more gritty. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=14-15 cm, Flügelspanne=26-32 cm, Gewicht=18-29 g

Familie Cinclidae (Wasseramseln):

Gattung Cinclus:
Wasseramsel / White-throated Dipper (Cinclus cinclus)
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Wikipedia - Cinclus_cinclus, Wasseramsel. Source: WIKIPEDIA
I saw a bird in Meride on a tree limb that showed three bands of strong colors that I recall as black, white and red-brown. Unfortunately I discovered that my camera battery was dead, so I can only rely on a very shaky memory. I've speculatively identified it as a White-throated Dipper (German Wasseramsel), which are present in that area, though are most expected at water (there's a river nearby though). At least I'll have this bird on my radar now.
Expected near rivers and streams.
Gesang: Song a mid tempo, staccato improvisation on contact call-like sounds. Not unlike a budgerigar. Both sexes sing, the female less melodic and more staccato than the male. [Link]
Rufe: Contact call a short, metallic and explosive "zrreet", often betraying its presence perched among boulders or when flying up and down a stream. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=18 cm, Flügelspanne=25-30 cm, Gewicht=49-84 g

Gesang: Wonderfully weird sequence of chirps, cheeps, growls. Elements often repeated twice. In a quiz, I mistook it for a starling.
Gesang Eigenschaften: Melody: improvised melodic, fast, Frequency: 1-7 KHz Special sounds: weird, rasp, repetitions
Ruf: Chirp repeated 1-2s.
Ruf Eigenschaften: Ruf Melodie: one note, slow, Frequenz: 4-7 KHz,

Ordnung Charadriiformes (Regenpfeiferartige / Shorebirds and others):

Familie Charadriidae (Regenpfeifer):

Gattung Vanellus:
Kiebitz / Northern lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)
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Kiebitz, Neeracher Ried. Source: OWN 2021-02-24 12.46.02 Neeracherried
Etymologie: The name lapwing has been variously attributed to the "lapping" sound its wings make in flight, from the irregular progress in flight due to its large wings (the Oxford English Dictionary derives this from an Old English word meaning "to totter"),[4] or from its habit of drawing potential predators away from its nest by trailing a wing as if broken. [Link]
Vokalisierung: Quite vocal, especially in flight at breeding ground. [Link]
Rufe: Territorial call: Dry, introductory phrases followed by drawn-out mewing sounds; "wyrrr-peeeoo-weeep". Alarm call "pee-wit". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=28-31 cm, Flügelspanne=82-87 cm, Gewicht=140-320 g

Gattung Charadrius:
Flussregenpfeifer / Little ringed plover (Charadrius dubius)
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Wikipedia: Little ringed plover
Allgemein: The little ringed plover (Charadrius dubius) is a small plover. The genus name Charadrius is a Late Latin word for a yellowish bird mentioned in the fourth-century Vulgate. It derives from Ancient Greek kharadrios a bird found in river valleys (kharadra, "ravine"). The specific dubius is Latin for doubtful, since Sonnerat, writing in 1776, thought this bird might be just a variant of common ringed plover.[2] [more]
Vokalisierung: Quite different from Ringed Plover. Sharper sounding, lacking Ringed's soft tone. Often starts with a rolling "r". [Link]
Rufe: Common calls are a two syllable "krrll-uuit" with a rising pitch or just a sharp, rolling "krrri-krrri". Also a longer rolling "krree-looo" with pitch rising in first syllable and falling in the second. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=14-15 cm, Flügelspanne=42-48 cm, Gewicht=32-48 g

Familie Scolopacidae (Schnepfenvögel / Shorebirds):

Gattung Calidris:
Kampfläufer / Ruff (Calidris pugnax)
Alternative Klassifikation: Philomachus pugnax
Auch bekannst als: Ruff_(bird)
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Wikipedia: Ruff
Allgemein: Der Kampfläufer (Calidris pugnax,[1] Syn.: Philomachus pugnax) ist ein streng geschützter, knapp 30 cm großer Schnepfenvogel der Paläarktis, der in der nördlichen Tundra, aber auch in feuchten Niederungswiesen und Mooren in ganz Eurasien brütet. Kampfläufer sind Zugvögel. Brutvögel aus Nordwesteuropa überwintern zumeist im westafrikanischen Binnenland, z. B. im inneren Nigerdelta in Mali. Auf dem Durchzug in die Brutgebiete kann man Kampfläufer auf feuchten Niederungen oder auch auf Schlammflächen beobachten. [more]
Vokalisierung: Generally silent. Short, muted, nasal, mono or disyllabic grunts sometimes heard. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=26-30 cm, Flügelspanne=54-58 cm, Gewicht=75-230 g

Gattung Gallinago:
Bekassine / Common snipe (Gallinago gallinago)
Alternative Klassifikation: Capella gallinago
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Wikipedia: Common snipe
Brut-, Zugvogel, Wintergast
Vokalisierung: Quite vocal, especially at breeding ground. [Link]
Gesang: Song an unmistakable bleating, drumming sound produced by vibrating tail feathers in sky-dives. [Link]
Rufe: Almost always give diagnostic hoarse and nasal "kaaat" call when flushed. Another territorial call is a rhythmic, mechanical and sharp "tika-tika-tka", or "ika-ka-ka". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=25-27 cm, Flügelspanne=44-47 cm, Gewicht=80-140 g

Gattung Tringa:
Bruchwasserläufer / Wood sandpiper (Tringa glareola)
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Wikipedia: Wood sandpiper
Allgemein: The wood sandpiper (Tringa glareola) is a small wader. This Eurasian species is the smallest of the shanks, which are mid-sized long-legged waders of the family Scolopacidae. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle. The specific glareola is from Latin glarea, " gravel".[2] [more]
Vokalisierung: Totally different from Green Sandpiper. [Link]
Rufe: Flight call a soft, but explosive "whiff whiff" , sometimes with only one syllable. Display call similar to redshank but with only two accented beats; a fast melodious "dee-loo", repeated in cycles. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=19-21 cm, Flügelspanne=56-57 cm, Gewicht=50-80 g

Grünschenkel / Common greenshank (Tringa nebularia)
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Wikipedia: Common greenshank
Allgemein: The common greenshank (Tringa nebularia) is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae, the typical waders. The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle. The specific nebularia is from Latin nebula "mist". Like the Norwegian Skoddefoll, this refers to the greenshank's damp marshy habitat.[2] [more]
Vokalisierung: Most heard is a characteristic, trisyllabic "tew-tew-tew" (sometimes two or four syllables). Can resemble redshank, but pitch more stable, and not falling notably. Each syllable is clearly separated and equally emphasized. [Link]
Gesang: Song a clear disyllabic "cloo-eeee", repeated in cycles but each phrase clearly separated. At close range a short creaky sound is audible (between each phrase). Redshank may sing in a slightly similar way, but in continuous, linked phrases. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=30-33 cm, Flügelspanne=68-70 cm, Gewicht=130-270 g

Familie Recurvirostridae:

Gattung Himantopus:
Stelzenläufer / Black-winged stilt (Himantopus himantopus)
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Wikipedia: Black-winged stilt
Allgemein: The black-winged stilt (Himantopus himantopus) is a widely distributed very long-legged wader in the avocet and stilt family (Recurvirostridae). The scientific name H. himantopus was formerly applied to a single, almost cosmopolitan species. It is now normally applied to the form that is widespread in Eurosiberia and Africa and which was formerly regarded as the nominate subspecies of Himantopus himantopus sensu lato. The scientific name Himantopus comes from the Greek meaning "strap foot" or "thong foot".[2] Most sources today accept 2–4 species.[3][4][5][6][7][8] It is sometimes called pied stilt, but that name is now reserved for the Australian species, Himantopus leucocephalus. [more]

Ordnung Gruiformes (Kranichvögel / Terrestrial and marshbirds):

Familie Rallidae (Rallen / Rails):

Gattung Rallus:
Wasserralle / Water rail (Rallus aquaticus)
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Wasserralle im schilf am pfaeffikersee. Source: OWN 2021-02-15 08.33.30 Pfäffikersee
Im Schilf an einem See.
Aussehen und Identifizierung: Die Wasserralle hat einen kurzen Schwanz und einen leicht nach unten gebogenen, rötlichen Schnabel. Kopfseiten, Kehle, Hals und Brust sind schiefergrau bis graublau. Die Augen sind rötlich und die mittellangen Beine mit den recht langen Zehen sind fleischfarbig gefärbt. Das Gefieder am Bauch, an der Brust und im Gesicht ist hellblau. Der Rücken ist dunkelbraun mit schwarzen Streifen gekennzeichnet. An den Seiten ist eine schwarz-weiße Musterung zu finden. Männchen und Weibchen haben die gleiche Färbung. [Link]
Vokalisierung: Varied but distinct. [Link]
Gesang: Most heard is the territorial song consisting of short, nasal, sharp grunts "tuck- tuck-tuck", ending with a drawn-out trill rising and falling in pitch "kiiiieeerrrr". [Link]
Rufe: Another diagnostic call is heard from excited birds; a longer pig-like shrilling squeal, with waning repetitions. A bit like someone squeezing a rubber toy. Also short and sharp calls "kvii". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=23-28 cm, Flügelspanne=38-45 cm, Gewicht=80-180 g

Gattung Gallinula:
Teichhuhn / Common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
Auch bekannst als: Teichralle, Eurasian moorhen
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Teichhuhn bei Rapperswil Source: OWN 2021-02-12 12.54.22 Rapperswil
Gesehen auf dem Weg am Pfäffikersee nahe Wetzikon, als einer vom Schilf zu Schilf gelaufen ist. Spaeter hat eine Praktikantin vom Naturzentrum dies als Teichhuhn identifiziert. Da unser Vogel den farbigen Schnabel nicht hatte, hat sie gemeint, es war wahrscheinlich ein Jungvogel. Ich haette gesagt, die Beine waren kuerzer, aber der Teichhuhn hat auf jeden Fall auch der kurze aufrecht gehaltene Schwanz den wir gesehen haben.
Habitat: Teichhühner nisten am liebsten im Dickicht am Rand von Teichen, Seen oder Flüssen und verraten sich meist nur durch ihre gutturalen Rufe. Im Winter sind sie leichter zu beobachten, da sie ihren deckungsreichen Lebensraum verlassen und auf Wiesen, in Parks oder an offenen Gewässern erscheinen. [Link]
Gesang: Most typical is the territorial call (song); a sharp, loud and resonant "krrrr-ook" or "krrrk". [Link]
Rufe: Rich repertoire of loud calls and softer sounds. Other calls; a sharp, three or four-syllable "kekeke", and a soft "wep" sometimes drawn-out in a more mewing version. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=32-35 cm, Flügelspanne=50-55 cm, Gewicht=240-420 g

Gattung Porzana:
Tüpfelsumpfhuhn / Spotted crake (Porzana porzana)
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Wikipedia: Spotted crake
Allgemein: The spotted crake (Porzana porzana) is a small waterbird of the family Rallidae. The scientific name is derived from Venetian terms for small rails.[2] [more]
Gesang: Loud and far reaching song uttered with relentless stamina for hours on end. A monosyllabic, resonant and drawn-out "huiiit". [Link]
Rufe: The pith rises towards the emphasized end of the call, which is repeated about once a second. Often compared to the dripping of water. Mostly heard at night, and often i duet with mate. The female answers the male with a slightly deeper and softer call, giving the impression of one bird giving a disyllabic call. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=22-24 cm, Flügelspanne=37-42 cm, Gewicht=70-110 g

Infraklasse Neognathae:

Ordnung Ciconiiformes (Storchenvögel / Storks and others):

Familie Ciconiidae (Storks):
Gattung Ciconia:
Weissstorch / White stork (Ciconia ciconia)
Alternative Klassifikation: Ardea ciconia
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Stork in field towards Mesikon Source: OWN 2020-04-25 07.19.22 Luppmen
New as frequent visitor in Fehraltorf area in the 2010's. It actually died out in Switzerland in the 1950's, but has reestablished itself.
Either in the fields looking for food, or on a high output like a lamppost (the soccer field has especially high ones) or the chimneys at the RAV/Electrosuisse building or occasinally a rooftop.
Vokalisierung: Mostly silent. Loud, modulated bill-clattering from both sexes is heard during courtship/display. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=100-115 cm, Flügelspanne=155-165 cm, Gewicht=2275-4400 g

Gesang: Das berühmte Klappern. Im FOK-Kurs hat man erwähnt, dass dies ein Beispiel von einem 'Instrumentallaut' ist.
Gesang Eigenschaften: Melody: non musical, slow, Frequency: low (1-3 KHz) Special sounds: rattle

Schwarzstorch / Black stork (Ciconia nigra)
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Wikipedia: Black stork
Allgemein: The black stork (Ciconia nigra) is a large bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. It was first described by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae. Measuring on average 95 to 100 cm (37 to 39 in) from beak tip to end of tail with a 145-to-155 cm (57-to-61 in) wingspan, the adult black stork has mainly black plumage, with white underparts, long red legs and a long pointed red beak. A widespread but uncommon species, it breeds in scattered locations across Europe (predominantly in Portugal and Spain, and central and eastern parts), and east across the Palearctic to the Pacific Ocean. It is a long-distance migrant, with European populations wintering in tropical Sub-Saharan Africa, and Asian populations in the Indian subcontinent. When migrating between Europe and Africa, it avoids crossing the Mediterranean Sea and detours via the Levant in the east or the Strait of Gibraltar in the west. An isolated, non-migratory, population occurs in Southern Africa. [more]
Vokalisierung: Thin, disyllabic "ahhh-li" heard at nest and when courting. One syllable sounds like gasping intake of air, the other is a thin, piping sound. A bit like a cheap, manual, air-mattress pump. Bill-clattering used by juveniles in alarm. [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=95-100 cm, Flügelspanne=145-155 cm, Gewicht=3000 g

Ordnung Coraciiformes (Rackenvögel / Kingfishers and others):

Familie Alcedinidae (Kingfishers):
Gattung Alcedo:
Eisvogel / Common kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)
Alternative Klassifikation: Gracula atthis
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Eisvogel beim Pfaeffikersee Ein paar sind im Herbst und Winter am Meteorwasserkanal nahe Schellenberger Textil zu sehen. Source: OWN 2020-11-17 10.57.56 Pfäffikersee
Dies ist ein beliebter Vogel, weil es einerseits sehr bunt und aktiv ist, anderseits relativ selten - vergleiche die 400-500 Brutpaare mit 400'000-550'000 bei den Kohlmeisen
An apprentice for the nature center on Lake Pfaeffikon told us a bit about the kingfishers that hunt on a waterway that feeds into the lake. She said they spend the breeding season elsewhere in sandy areas and return to the lake in fall. I've read elsewhere that they watch for fish from convenient waterside branches. A classic motif for a picture is a branch sticking out of the water, and one photographer said he has actually placed a branch there, knowing the kingfisher would not be able to resist.
Etymologie: Nabu: Ob der Name des Eisvogels (Alcedo atthis) tatsächlich mit Eis zu tun hat oder das eisblaue Rückengefieder Pate stand, ist strittig. Manche Deutungen leiten den Namen vom althochdeutschen „eisan“ für „schillern“ oder „glänzen“ ab. Der „Schillervogel“ wäre eine gute Beschreibung für das flirrende Farbenspiel, das der Eisvogel im Sitzen und erst recht im Flug bietet. Wieder andere Autoren interpretieren den „Eisvogel“ als „Eisenvogel“ und vermuten einen Bezug auf das stahlblaue Rücken- oder das rostfarbene Bauchgefieder des Eisvogels. [Link]
Saisonal: Status (in CH): regelmässiger, spärlicher Brutvogel, Durchzügler und Wintergast. [Link]
Rufe: Wikipedia says 'The common kingfisher has no song. The flight call is a short, sharp whistle chee repeated two or three times. Anxious birds emit a harsh, shrit-it-it and nestlings call for food with a churring noise.' The NABU app only has calls, which seems to confirm this. Therefore I'm classifying all recordings as calls, even though some say Song at Xeno-Canto. [Link]
Most heard is the thin and penetrating contact call: A short "tzee", or disyllabic "tzee-tzu", with a ringing metallic quality. In excitement it is often alternated with ringing trills "tzeerrrrrrrrrr". [Link]
Körperlich: Länge=16-17 cm, Flügelspanne=24-26 cm, Gewicht=34-46 g

Rufe: 1: Common kingfisher call from Xeno-Canto, similar to one from NABU app. Fairly high pitched single chirps or occasional high-low pairs.
Call from Xeno-Canto

Call from Xeno-Canto Source: XENOCANTO

2: BirdNet says kingfisher, but this was in the woods, which doesn't sound typical. Sounded very high to me, but was perhaps more just faint - only to 7Khz
Birdnet 990 haldenholz - Common kingfisher - Fehraltorf.

Birdnet 990 haldenholz - Common kingfisher - Fehraltorf. Source: OWN 2020-10-12 14.35.44 Fehraltorf

3: (This was my song description:) High-pitched, quiet, single falling notes.
Birdnet 983 says almost certain but this is in woods - Common kingfisher - Fehraltorf.

Birdnet 983 says almost certain but this is in woods - Common kingfisher - Fehraltorf. Source: OWN 2020-10-08 15.58.38 Fehraltorf

Ruf Eigenschaften: Ruf Melodie: one note, slow, Frequenz: 5-7 KHz,