Bird song classifiers

Decision table for identifying birdsong
Pitch Melody Speed Mnemonic Features Name Description
low (0-1 KHz) stereotypeMelodic slow Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) A soft, lowish whistling.
low (1-3 KHz) nonMusical slow cawing Carrion crow (Corvus corone) Graak!
low (1-3 KHz) nonMusical slow cawing Common raven (Corvus corax) Graak!
low (1-3 KHz) nonMusical slow rattle Eurasian magpie (Pica pica) Familiar rattle
low (1-3 KHz) nonMusical slow rattle White stork (Ciconia ciconia) The famous Klappern.
low (1-3 KHz) nonMusical fast drumming Great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) Call: Nabu: Das bekannteste Geräusch des schwarz-weißen Spechtes ist aber wohl sein kurzes, aber häufiges Trommeln. [Link]
In a sonogram I can see about 13 taps in just over half a second, but you can never distinguish so many. It's short but intense, and the second half trails off, especially contrasted with the constant drumming of the three-toed woodpecker. [[Listen here.]]
Song: Other: ‘Drumming’ is the sound that Great Spotted Woodpeckers make by hammering their bills against dead wood 10-20 times over 2-3 seconds. The sound resonates in the dead wood and can be heard over large distances. This drumming acts as an advert and is used by Great spotted Woodpeckers and other woodpecker species instead of a song. [From the GardenBird web site]
low (1-3 KHz) simpleRhythmic fast drumming Eurasian three-toed woodpecker (Picoides tridactylus) Fast drumming, constant volume, longer than great spotted woodpecker's.
medium (0-4 KHz) simpleRhythmic fast drumming Lesser spotted woodpecker (Dryobates minor) Drumming in lieu of song. Fast, constant.
medium (0-4 KHz) simpleRhythmic fast drumming Grey-headed woodpecker (Picus canus) Drumming in lieu of song. Fast, constant, somehow less harsh than great and middle spotted woodpeckers.
medium (1-5 KHz) nonMusical fast cawing Eurasian jay (Garrulus glandarius) Harsh crow-like call, or quiet questioning, 'grumbling', or plaintive cries.
medium (1-5 KHz) simpleRhythmic slow European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster) BirdID says multi-syllabic, rolling phrases, although it often seems to be one syllable as well. Hope to hear it and especially see it in Maienfeld.
medium (1-5 KHz) simpleRhythmic slow Great tit (Parus major) Said to have a repertoire as a species of 50 or more different songs, albeit simple ones, up to 10 per individual. Females prefer a male with a large repertoire. One two-note song sounds like a squeaky bed.
medium (1-5 KHz) simpleRhythmic slow rasp Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla) General: Bergfink - call cheep plus two ascending Grünfink squawks. Song? Grünfink squawk but not descending, every 3-4 seconds.
Song: Song very distinct; a soft, wheezing, drawn-out single note. Repeated at the same pitch in a monotonous manner. [Link]
medium (1-5 KHz) stereotypeMelodic slow Eurasian treecreeper (Certhia familiaris) Wikipedia says: The contact call is a very quiet, thin and high-pitched sit, but the most distinctive call is a penetrating tsree, with a vibrato quality, sometimes repeated as a series of notes. The male's song begins with srrih, srrih followed in turn by a few twittering notes, a longer descending ripple, and a whistle that falls and then rises.
medium (1-5 KHz) stereotypeMelodic slow Common chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) General: A medium long phrase that slowly descends (I think of it bouncing down a staircase), then usually takes a jump up before a final descent.
Song: In Bavaria the mnemonic for the typical chaffinch song is: „Ich hätte gerne ein Weizenbier“, i.e. "I'd like another Weizenbier". [DasHaus]
medium (1-5 KHz) stereotypeMelodic fast weird Eurasian reed warbler (Acrocephalus scirpaceus) Weird, squeaky, urgent.
medium (1-5 KHz) stereotypeMelodic fast weird, mimicry Marsh warbler (Acrocephalus palustris) Weird, squeaky, urgent, more variable than reed warbler, with imitations of European and African birds.
medium (1-5 KHz) improvisedMelodic slow Sedge warbler (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus) Constant stream of equally spaced sounds. Possibly a false analysis by BirdNet, as BirdLife Zürich says there are none here. ...so what is it? vogelwarte.ch has a sample that churrs and trills, similar rhythm to reed warbler / Teichrohrsänger, so maybe that's what it was. Listening on YouTube videos, you'd call it percussion rather than song!
medium (1-5 KHz) improvisedMelodic slow mimicry Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio) Reminds me a bit of a Rohrsaenger with its short, varied bits. BirdID says Song surprisingly varied with many expert imitations of small passerines, interwoven with bell-like ringing and dry chirping sounds. May be confusing and hard to identify if bird not seen. Song not very loud, but phrases can be very long. 'May be confusing' - tell me about it! What's not confusing about trying to tell apart 422 species of Swiss birds! Similar to Marsh warbler (Acrocephalus palustris) (Sounds like a more melodic, less staccato marsh warbler to me, see above.).
medium (1-5 KHz) improvisedMelodic slow rasp Great reed warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) Sounds to me like croak cheep cheep! Listening on YouTube videos, you'd call it percussion rather than song!
medium (1-5 KHz) improvisedMelodic slow weird, trill, whoop, repetitions Common nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) Can be a sequence of unrelated weird but musical sounds - trills, churrs, human-like whistles - very amusing.
medium (1-5 KHz) improvisedMelodic slow weird, whoop, mimicry Common starling (Sturnus vulgaris) I find their individual song amusing, with its (long) whoops and weird noises. As a group, they're just noisy!
medium (1-5 KHz) improvisedMelodic fast Garden warbler (Sylvia borin) Hard to distinguish from mönchsgrasmücke/black cap.
medium (1-5 KHz) oneNote fast European Nuthatch (Sitta europaea) Song: Song a simple series of loud notes [Link]
medium (2-5 KHz) simpleRhythmic slow House sparrow (Passer domesticus) An monotone chirping. Mainly 2-5 KHz with higher overtones.
medium (2-5 KHz) improvisedMelodic fast mimicry Black cap warbler (Sylvia atricapilla) They sometimes sing like a blackbird on speed - also non-stereotypic, seemingly improvised, in short bursts. Our local guy ends most of his songs with the same seven notes. Similar to Common blackbird (Turdus merula) (So say I - similar tone, less inventive with motifs it uses most of the time (though regionally different), no high bits at end).
low-high (1-7 KHz) improvisedMelodic slow flourish Common blackbird (Turdus merula) Other: Gut zu erkennen ist die Amsel. Sie singt melodiös, erklärt Heller, «zuerst flötend und dann gegen Schluss so schnirpslig». Die Amsel singe gerne dort, wo sie gut gehört werde, etwa vor Hauswänden, die den Schall nicht schlucken. Ich wollte schauen was schnirpslig heisst, aber diese ist diese einzige Verwendung, die Google kennt! Der flötende Teil ist relativ tief, 1.5-3 KHz, der schnirpslige aber 2.5-7 KHz. (Schnirpslig ist ein schones Wort das der Redner erfunden hat - Google findet nur diese eine Webseite mit dem Wort!) [Von der SRF Webseite:]
low-high (1-7 KHz) improvisedMelodic fast weird, rasp, repetitions White-throated Dipper (Cinclus cinclus) Wonderfully weird sequence of chirps, cheeps, growls. Elements often repeated twice. In a quiz, I mistook it for a starling.
low-high (2-7 KHz) simpleRhythmic slow Eurasian tree sparrow (Passer montanus) Monotone chirping, rougher than that of the house sparrow. Most 2-7 KHz mit many overtones, i.e. somewhat higher than the house sparrow.
low-high (2-7 KHz) stereotypeMelodic fast fluting, rattle European Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) General: Hectic sing-song, quite chaotic in feeding groups. But kept as songbird, so I guess more melodic when singing solo. Similar to European greenfinch (Chloris chloris).
low-high (2-7 KHz) stereotypeMelodic fast trill, rasp European greenfinch (Chloris chloris) General: Sequence of 4-6 rhythmic elements at different pitches. A sort of trill is often start or end of the sequence, there are slides. Similar to Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla) (Greenfinch also occasionally utters rising squawks like the brambling).
high (3-7 KHz) simpleRhythmic slow Willow tit (Poecile montanus) Songs I've heard alternate two notes and look like a sine wave on the sonogram. Vogelwarte.ch: Apart from minor differences in diet and size, Alpine Tit and Willow Tit can only be identified by their song. The Willow Tit utters a series of long, descending notes («tyoo tyoo tyoo tyoo»), whereas the Alpine Tit’s territorial song consists of short notes on an even pitch («dee dee dee dee dee»). See more here.
high (4-8 KHz) simpleRhythmic fast Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella) High-pitched, two notes that sound like one, repeated 10-12 times, often followed by whistle that sounds higher to me but usually shows up on the sonogram as the same range. The mnemonic for the staccato song in German is: «Wie, wie, wie, wie hab ich dich lieb»
high (6-8 KHz) simpleRhythmic slow Spotted flycatcher (Muscicapa striata) High (6-8 KHz?) short sound repeated every half to 5 seconds.
high (6-8 KHz) simpleRhythmic fast Common firecrest (Regulus ignicapilla) Very high rhythmic repetition of about 3 seconds
low-high (2-9 KHz) nonMusical fast rattle Mistle thrush (Turdus viscivorus) General: I mistook this one for a woodpecker the first time I heard it, partly because BirdNet also did! Rattle generated in vocal tract, not with the beak! Similar to Common blackbird (Turdus merula).
low-high (2-9 KHz) improvisedMelodic slow swoop, repetitions Song thrush (Turdus philomelos) Paced like a blackbird, humorous mix of elements like a nightingale. Huge range, elements from 2-5 KHz, others 6.5-9 KHz
high (3-9 KHz) simpleRhythmic slow Common Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita) Seems to consist of 3 notes repeated randomly, occasionally just 2 notes. Though NABU.de says they stop singing at the end of July, I do hear their 3-note song occasionally in October, but just one or two repetitions.
high (3-9 KHz) simpleRhythmic fast slur European crested tit (Lophophanes cristatus) Higher-pitched than great tit - how distinguish from coal tit, etc?
high (3-9 KHz) stereotypeMelodic slow Common redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus) I though I had these guys figured out after hearing them in Locarno several times, but they're hard to get a handle on! At BirdID they are described the first two parts of a three-part song like this: 'an ascending single note, immediately followed by a trill', whereas in Locarno I heard an initial high-low-high-low, sometimes without the final low, perhaps also a quick middle note, and no trill. Then a relatively short blackbird-like tune of maybe 5-8 notes. Listening to more recordings at XenoCanto has completely confused me now! BirdID also says the song is similar to the black redstart, which I sometimes hear at XenoCanto, but never did in Locarno! They also note a similarity to the Lesser Whitethroat (Klappergrasmücke), which I hope to hear in Maienfeld. Similar to Lesser whitethroat (Sylvia curruca) (So says BirdID), Black redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros) (So says BirdID), Common blackbird (Turdus merula) (So say I - shorter, with stereotyped beginning).
high (3-9 KHz) stereotypeMelodic slow Goldcrest (Regulus regulus) Vogelwarte.ch says high-pitched song that gently rises and falls.
high (3-9 KHz) stereotypeMelodic slow churr Black redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros) The song is two parts and unvarying. If it were a pop song, you'd call it ABABAB... The second part starts with a sputtering trill. The RSPB in the UK says 'warble with crackling trills.' Vogelwarte.ch says 'Der gepresst knirschende Gesang setzt meist lange vor Sonnenaufgang ein und ist der Auftakt für das Vogelkonzert.' BirdLife-Zuerich.ch says 'Einziger Sänger morgens um drei in den Häuserschluchten'. Obwohl NABU.de meint, sie singen nicht mehr nach Juli, war ich angenehm überrascht sie in Oktober im Tessin zu hören.
high (3-9 KHz) stereotypeMelodic fast Willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus) Song similar to common chaffinch but higher, faster, tendency to descend but with more ups and downs. Similar to Common chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs).
high (3-9 KHz) stereotypeMelodic fast Dunnock (Prunella modularis) High-pitched, repetitive but complex little tune. Similar to Black cap warbler (Sylvia atricapilla), European Robin (Erithacus rubecula) (Dunnock song stays around same pitch, isn't cascading).
high (3-9 KHz) improvisedMelodic fast fluting European Robin (Erithacus rubecula) High pitched but also going low, e.g. 2.9-7.7 KHz. I read that
high (3-9 KHz) improvisedMelodic fast trill Eurasian wren (Troglodytes troglodytes) High-pitched, melodic, very variable with many trills and whistles. Similar to Common chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) (Structure is similar but wren song more variable and often longer, also flatter).
high (3-9 KHz) simpleRhythmic slow trill Eurasian blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) High-pitched, often descending, occasionally ascending.
high (3-9 KHz) simpleRhythmic fast slur Coal tit (Parus lugubris) Higher-pitched than great tit, with more slurs instead of pure notes. Usually 2 or 3 notes in varied order. To me it seems they have a repertoire of songs, like their 'big brothers', the great tits.
low-high (2-10 KHz) simpleRhythmic fast Marsh tit (Poecile palustris) Higher-pitched than great tit, sometimes repetitive 1- and 2-note tunes like them, sometimes simple melodies, usually pure, sometimes chirpy or raspy.
low-high (2-10 KHz) stereotypeMelodic slow Red crossbill (Loxia curvirostra) Repeated hi-low pattern...well, doesn't always sound like that. The very short beginning of my Stazersee recording before the static sets in does, as well as a song found online. One recording reminds me of cicada sounds.
high (4-10 KHz) nonMusical veryFast European serin (Serinus serinus) General: Weird hectic song, and you'll probably hear them but not see them, which is a shame, because they're a colorful yellow bird. The song seems to defy description - described variously as the jingling of a bunch of keys, like crushing glass or the pouring of broken glass (the German Wikipedia refers to a nickname 'Glasscutter'), the sound of a cork twising in a bottle (Thomas Seilnacht on digitalefolien.ch), and one source I can no longer find talked about a ruined cassette tape. A Portuguese web site aptly calls it 'a high-pitched and fast rambled sum of indistinctive elements', and U. Cornell's ebird.org calls it frantically fast, oiseaux-birds.com 'a prolonged, wheezy, chirping', beautyofbirds.com 'a buzzing trill'.
Song: Das Gesangsrepertoire umfasst über 50 komplexe Silben, die in einem sehr schnellen Tempo und einer sehr stereotypen Reihenfolge eigene Lieder bilden. Starke Variationen finden sich im Übergang von einer Tour (zusammenhängenden Abfolge von Silben, also (Teil-)Strophe) in eine andere (Modulation). Das Gesangsrepertoire ist unter den Stieglitzartigen (Carduelinae) einzigartig.[1] Zudem umfasst es eine variable Menge an Silben, die auch im Gesang anderer Vögel verwendet werden. Es konnte bewiesen werden, dass die Komposition des Repertoires geographisch variiert. [Wikipedia setzt sich ernsthaft mit dem Gesang auseinander]

Birds with insufficient information about songs/calls

Western Bonelli's warbler, Spotted nutcracker, Tree pipit, Stonechat, Whinchat, Common kingfisher, Eurasian coot, Common moorhen, Redwing, Fieldfare, Alpine chough, Great egret, Eurasian skylark, Tawny owl, Great crested grebe, Mallard, Red-breasted merganser, Goosander, Eurasian teal, Common goldeneye, Common pochard, Northern shoveler, Eurasian wigeon, Gadwall, Water rail, Tufted duck, Northern lapwing, Egyptian goose, Graylag goose, Red-crested pochard, Common eider, Ferruginous duck, Eurasian curlew, Black-necked grebe, Common reed bunting, Common swift, Eurasian siskin, Mute swan, Black-headed gull, Yellow-legged gull, Common gull, Common tern, Great cormorant, Long-tailed tit, Short-toed Treecreeper, Middle spotted woodpecker, Black woodpecker, Eurasian Green Woodpecker, White-backed Woodpecker, Common buzzard, Common cuckoo, Hooded crow, Eurasian collared dove, Feral pigeon, Black kite, Red kite, Eurasian Bullfinch, White Wagtail, Italian sparrow, Chicken, Common wood pigeon, Barn swallow, Common kestrel, Eurasian sparrowhawk, Northern goshawk, Grey heron, Thrush nightingale, Resplendent quetzal, Blue-gray tanager, Crimson-backed tanager, Keel-billed toucan, Fasciated tiger heron, Black-billed whistling duck, Roadside hawk, Blue-crowned motmot, Lesser violetear, Passerini's tanager, Red-legged honeycreeper, Streaked flycatcher, Red-lored amazon, Golden-hooded tanager, Montezuma oropendola, Squirrel cuckoo, Boat-billed heron, Yellow-crowned night heron, Black-striped woodcreeper, Black-cowled oriole, Great kiskadee, Ocellated turkey, Black-crested coquette, Coppery-tailed coucal, Gabar goshawk, Long-tailed widowbird, Brimstone canary, Grosbeak weaver, Wahlberg's honeyguide, Bar-throated apalis, Purple gallinule, White-rumped sandpiper, Common waxbill, Black-bellied storm-petrel, Tropical boubou, Southern double-collared sunbird, Buller's albatross, African jacana, White-bellied storm-petrel, Common myna, Speckled pigeon, Half-collared kingfisher, Eastern nicator, Rameron pigeon, Purple heron, South polar skua, Yellow-tufted pipit, Crab-plover, Lesser sand-plover, African reed-warbler, Bearded scrub-robin, Black-winged lapwing, Southern tchagra, Cape crow, Shikra, Woodward's batis, Brown snake-eagle, Pennant-winged nightjar, White-throated robin, White-chinned petrel, Grey-rumped swallow, Great shearwater, Cape sugarbird, Bearded woodpecker, Southern ground hornbill, Striped kingfisher, Pale-winged starling, Caspian plover, Basra reed warbler, Bronze mannikin, African harrier-hawk, King penguin, Piping cisticola, Fulvous whistling-duck, White-faced whistling-duck, Red phalarope, Arrow-marked babbler, Lesser blue-eared starling, Hudsonian godwit, Curlew sandpiper, Yellow flycatcher-warbler, Striped flufftail, Red-tailed tropicbird, Protea canary, Brown-crowned tchagra, Pearl-breasted swallow, Sooty shearwater, Cape gannet, African broadbill, Sabine's gull, Greater double-collared sunbird, African penduline-tit, African pygmy-goose, African finfoot, Speckled mousebird, Spike-heeled lark, White-faced storm-petrel, Little swift, Southern brown-throated weaver, Great snipe, African Swamphen, Marabou stork, Short-toed rock-thrush, Red-necked spurfowl, House crow, Abdim's stork, Lesser swamp-warbler, Southern hyliota, Common square-tailed drongo, Cape weaver, Corn crake, Red-billed tropicbird, Lizard buzzard, Cape batis, Meves's glossy-starling, Black heron, Red-throated pipit, Greater striped swallow, Indian peafowl, Southern black-flycatcher, Green white-eye, Plain-backed pipit, Orange-breasted sunbird, Cape Clapper lark, Lesser jacana, Levaillant's cuckoo, Black-naped tern, Intermediate egret, Spotted thick-knee, Kerguelen petrel, Black-fronted bulbul, African emerald cuckoo, Fiery-necked nightjar, Wattled crane, Cape teal, Chestnut-fronted helmet-shrike, Cape eagle-owl, Karoo scrub-robin, Pomarine jaeger, Leach's storm-petrel, Southern black-tit, Namaqua dove, White-breasted cuckooshrike, Laughing dove, Manx shearwater, Elegant tern, Laysan albatross, Retz's helmet-shrike, Mangrove kingfisher, Chinspot batis, Fork-tailed drongo, Lemon-breasted seedeater, Lesser noddy, Burchell's courser, Pied Avocet, Soft-plumaged petrel, Quailfinch, White-fronted plover, African tawny-eagle, African grass-owl, Madagascar pond-heron, Black-tailed godwit, Broad-billed sandpiper, Grey-headed albatross, Grey-headed bushshrike, Pink-billed lark, Ruddy turnstone, Red-billed buffalo-weaver, Cape bulbul, Bateleur, Violet-backed starling, Southern grey-headed sparrow, Ashy flycatcher, White-browed robin-chat, Greater flamingo, Chorister robin-chat, Purple-crested turaco, Red-faced mousebird, Green-backed twinspot, Pearl-spotted owlet, Black-bellied glossy-starling, Terek sandpiper, Cape grass-warbler, Denham's bustard, Lark-like bunting, Brown-necked parrot, Black-eared sparrow-lark, Greater blue-eared starling, Ring-necked dove, Cape crombec, Chestnut weaver, Little bittern, Green barbet, Flappet lark, Verreaux's eagle-owl, Red-footed Falcon, Lesser flamingo, Grey cuckooshrike, Southern bald ibis, Red-collared widowbird, Collared flycatcher, Peach-faced lovebird, European pied flycatcher, Temminck's stint, Black-crowned tchagra, Verreaux's eagle, Kurrichane thrush, Little grebe, Osprey, Glossy ibis, Caspian tern, Pied cuckoo, Maccoa duck, European honey-buzzard, African srub-warbler, Bar-tailed godwit, Eurasian nightjar, Little ringed plover, Brown-headed parrot, Brown booby, Dusky sunbird, Long-tailed cormorant, Short-clawed lark, Rufous-bellied heron, Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross, Rufous-breasted sparrowhawk, Little tern, Emerald-spotted wood-dove, Goliath heron, Tahiti petrel, Olive bushshrike, Chukar partridge, Sandwich tern, White-fronted bee-eater, White-eared barbet, Pied crow, Harlequin quail, Golden-tailed woodpecker, Grey crowned-crane, Long-tailed jaeger, Green-winged Pytilia, African golden-oriole, Stierling's wren-warbler, Fan-tailed grassbird, Red-capped robin-chat, Lesser yellowlegs, Sacred ibis, Blue waxbill, Black cuckoo, Southern carmine bee-eater, African swift, African green-pigeon, Black-winged kite, Bradfield's swift, Lappet-faced vulture, Kalahari scrub-robin, White-cheeked tern, Wattled lapwing, Square-tailed nightjar, African oystercatcher, Common stonechat, Northern rockhopper penguin, Black sawwing, Eastern clapper lark, Asian dowitcher, White-throated bee-eater, Cape wagtail, Lesser striped swallow, Coqui francolin, Amur falcon, Eurasian oystercatcher, Buff-streaked chat, Lesser spotted eagle, Common redshank, Red-capped lark, Ovambo sparrowhawk, White-capped albatross, Red-necked falcon, Saddle-billed stork, Roseate tern, Jackass penguin, White-browed sparrow-weaver, Black-legged kittiwake, Hooded vulture, Magpie mannikin, Black-backed puffback, Macaroni penguin, Red bishop, Chestnut-backed sparrow-lark, Sociable weaver, Cape lark, Red-billed duck, Tambourine dove, African black-headed oriole, Short-tailed pipit, White-bellied bustard, Burchell's glossy-starling, Brown scrub-robin, Ludwig's bustard, Green-backed Camaroptera, African barred owlet, Black-winged stilt, Namaqua warbler, Red knot, Karoo eremomela, Holub's golden-weaver, Drakensberg prinia, Lesser masked weaver, Red-footed booby, Delegorgue's pigeon, Shelley's francolin, Southern skua, African hobby, Village weaver, Red-faced cisticola, Broad-billed roller, Queen whydah, Red-knobbed coot, Fawn-colored lark, Yellow-billed kite, Orange-throated longclaw, Terrestrial brownbul, Long-crested eagle, Cinnamon-breated bunting, White-backed duck, African openbill, Croaking cisticola, White-winged widowbird, Rufous-naped lark, Baillon's crake, Yellow-fronted tinkerbird, Kittlitz's plover, Wood sandpiper, Southern giant-petrel, Desert cisticola, Collared palm-thrush, European roller, African crake, Black goshawk, Orange ground-thrush, Long-toed stint, White-backed night-heron, Barlow's lark, Layard's warbler, Woolly-necked stork, Common white-tern, Eastern lemon dove, Collared pratincole, Little sparrowhawk, Neergaard's sunbird, Grey wagtail, Sooty albatross, Southern white-faced owl, Black-headed canary, Spur-winged goose, Plain martin, Rufous-cheeked nightjar, Marsh owl, Freckled nightjar, Wattled starling, Lesser honeyguide, Striped crake, Yellow-billed stork, Yellow canary, Wilson's phalarope, Baird's sandpiper, Black-rumped buttonquail, Wire-tailed swallow, Sabota lark, Squacco heron, Mouse-coloured sunbird, Madagascar cuckoo, Kenya guineafowl, Olive-tree warbler, Martial eagle, Bennett's woodpecker, Rufous-vented warbler, Black coucal, Madagascar bee-eater, Taita falcon, Snowy sheathbill, Red-crested bustard, Capped wheatear, Franklin's gull, Yellow-billed duck, Narina trogon, Drakensberg rockjumper, Bush blackcap, Great crested-tern, Golden pipit, Levaillant's cisticola, Spectacled petrel, Spotted redshank, Broad-tailed paradise-whydah, Bank cormorant, Black-crowned night-heron, Northern wheatear, Sulphur-breasted bushshrike, Grey petrel, Scarlet-chested sunbird, Klaas's cuckoo, Crowned lapwing, Common scimitar-bill, Red-shouldered glossy-starling, Chatham albatross, Water thick-knee, Malachite kingfisher, Dickinson's kestrel, African skimmer, Northern pintail, Peters's twinspot, Lanner falcon, Fan-tailed widowbird, Rufous-eared warbler, Light-mantled albatross, Royal albatross, South African shelduck, Parasitic weaver, Forest buzzard, Lilac-breasted roller, White-headed vulture, Black-bellied bustard, Eurasian hobby, Egyptian vulture, White-backed vulture, Karoo lark, Cape cormorant, Pel's fishing-owl, Red-backed scrub-robbin, Groundscraper thrush, Salvin's albatross, Streaky-headed seedeater, European turtle-dove, American golden-plover, Pririt batis, Southern anteater-chat, Red-billed firefinch, Lesser crested-tern, Green malkoha, Buff-breasted sandpiper, Indian yellow-nosed albatross, Grey tit, White-backed mousebird, Mariqua sunbird, Slaty egret, Cape petrel, Sentinel rock-thrush, Rufous-winged cisticola, Yellow bishop, Wandering albatross, Southern penduline-tit, Giant kingfisher, Orange-winged Pytilia, Eleonora's falcon, Red-necked buzzard, Great frigatebird, Yellow-crowned bishop, Temminck's courser, Jameson's firefinch, Cape robin-chat, Yellow-streaked greenbul, Yellow-billed oxpecker, Antarctic prion, Senegal lapwing, White-crowned shrike, Yellow-bellied eremomela, Wahlberg's eagle, African hawk-eagle, Stark's lark, Greater painted-snipe, Purple-banded sunbird, Western yellow wagtail, Red-chested flufftail, Flesh-footed shearwater, Southern boubou, Yellow-breasted apalis, Pin-tailed whydah, Southern yellow-billed hornbill, Wailing cisticola, Black-throated wattle-eye, Black-fronted bushshrike, Red-chested cuckoo, Grey go-away-bird, Whiskered tern, Wedge-tailed shearwater, Zitting cisticola, Sanderling, Bat-like spinetail, Red-headed finch, Pied barbet, Namaqua sandgrouse, Great rufous sparrow, Village indigobird, African pitta, Ground woodpecker, Agulhas lark, African cuckoo, White-starred robin, Kopje warbler, Dark chanting-goshawk, White-winged flufftail, Large-billed lark, Alpine swift, Grey-winged francolin, Karoo bustard, Rock pratincole, Amethyst sunbird, Red-billed francolin, White-headed lapwing, Masked booby, Lesser grey shrike, Tawny-flanked prinia, Red-headed weaver, Crested barbet, Yellow-bellied greenbul, Familiar chat, Dunlin, Southern fulmar, White-winged tern, Bank swallow, Great knot, Burnt-neck eremomela, Rosy-throated longclaw, African pygmy-kingfisher, White-throated swallow, Barred long-tailed cuckoo, Dusky indigobird, African black duck, Australasian gannet, Pink-backed pelican, Fiscal flycatcher, Natal francolin, African palm-swift, Yellow-throated longclaw, Red-headed cisticola, Black-chested snake-eagle, Brubru, Black-chested prinia, African snipe, Plain-backed sunbird, Senegal coucal, Black-headed heron, Rufous-necked wryneck, Mocking cliff-chat, Common house martin, Citrine wagtail, Red-winged starling, Drakensberg siskin, Arctic tern, Little bee-eater, Fasciated snake-eagle, Three-banded plover, Banded martin, Antarctic petrel, Bokmakierie bushshrike, Southern pochard, Green sandpiper, Rueppell's griffon, Pygmy falcon, African scops-owl, Barau's petrel, Grey-backed sparrow-lark, Blue petrel, Forest weaver, Knysna turaco, Common whitethroat, Black-and-white munia, Rufous rock-jumper, Buffy pipit, Common quail, Great white pelican, Allen's gallinule, Knysna warbler, Four-coloured bushshrike, Salvin's prion, White-throated robin-chat, Knob-billed duck, Marsh sandpiper, Yellow-throated sandgrouse, Brown noddy, Dideric cuckoo, Crested francolin, Racket-tailed roller, Collared sunbird, African goshawk, Sooty tern, Black-collared barbet, Knysna woodpecker, Crowned cormorant, Slender-billed prion, White-headed petrel, Hamerkop, Gull-billed tern, Rockhopper penguin, Kelp gull, Streaked shearwater, Rufous-necked stint, White-rumped swift, Rosy starling, African spotted creeper, Gurney's sugarbird, Black harrier, Red-necked phalarope, Eastern long-billed lark, Matsudaira's storm-petrel, Upcher's warbler, Spotted ground-thrush, Long-billed pipit, Rock-loving cisticola, Crowned hawk-eagle, Eurasian river warbler, Snowy egret, Black tern, Black-tailed waxbill, Cape canary, Black-browed albatross, African paradise-flycatcher, Northern giant-petrel, Atlantic petrel, Little stint, Wing-snapping cisticola, Black-bellied plover, Lesser frigatebird, Jackal buzzard, Cape francolin, Fairy flycatcher, Livingston's turaco, Lesser black-backed gull, Common greenshank, Black stork, Dwarf bittern, Long-toed lapwing, Red-fronted tinkerbird, Black-cheeked waxbill, Rose-ringed parakeet, African bush-warbler, Olive sunbird, Helmeted guineafowl, Bridled tern, Burchell's sandgrouse, Cape sparrow, White-necked raven, Red-billed quelea, Whimbrel, African marsh-harrier, Crimson-breasted gonolek, Western marsh harrier, Green woodhoopoe, Mourning collared-dove, Olive woodpecker, Swamp nightjar, Green-backed heron, Buff-spotted flufftail, Secretarybird, Sclater's lark, Pallid harrier, Blue-cheeked bee-eater, Barn owl, Scopoli's shearwater, Kaffir rail, Red-winged francolin, African darter, Paradise whydah, Striped pipit, Magpie shrike, Karoo long-billed lark, Swallow-tailed bee-eater, South African kestrel, Yellow-fronted canary, European storm-petrel, Yellow-throated woodland-warbler, White-throated canary, African pipit, African ostrich, Trumpeter hornbill, Livingstone's flycatcher, Black skimmer, Slender-billed gull, Karoo prinia, African spoonbill, Great spotted cuckoo, Bronze-winged courser, White-headed black-chat, Olive thrush, Botha's lark, Golden-breasted bunting, Barred wren-warbler, Dusky lark, Spotted eagle-owl, Icterine warbler, Variable sunbird, Hartlaub's gull, Parasitic jaeger, Pink-throated twinspot, Blacksmith lapwing, Cattle egret, Ayres's hawk-eagle, Steppe eagle, Peregrine falcon, Broad-billed prion, African pied starling, Red-eyed dove, Rufous-crowned roller, Andalusian buttonquail, Kori bustard, Pied kingfisher, Montane blue swallow, Blue bustard, Horus swift, Cutthroat, Greencap eremomela, Southern masked weaver, Wilson's storm-petrel, Karoo thrush, Ruff, Eurasian hoopoe, Swainson's spurfowl, Spectacled weaver, Double-banded sandgrouse, Pied wheatear, African firefinch, Spotted crake, African golden-weaver, Lammergeier, Cape bunting, Southern pied-babbler, Cape rock-thrush, Black-throated canary, Palm-nut vulture, Tinkling cisticola, Pale chanting-goshawk, Montagu's harrier, Greater honeyguide, Mountain wagtail, Great-winged petrel, Malachite sunbird, Variable indigobird, Mountain pipit, White-browed coucal, Black-winged pratincole, White helmetshrike, Little blue heron, Scaly-throated honeyguide, Brown-hooded kingfisher, Rudd's lark, Woodland kingfisher, Dusky alseonax, White-tailed tropicbird, Pacific golden plover, Rock martin, Streaky-breasted flufftail, Sombre greenbul, Grey-backed storm-petrel, Common sandpiper, Antarctic tern, Cape parrot, Southern fiscal, Little egret, Common ringed plover, Bat hawk, Rattling cisticola, Yellow-throated bush sparrow, Bush pipit, Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird, Greater kestrel, Sooty falcon, African pied wagtail, Subantarctic shearwater, Great bittern, Cardinal woodpecker, Three-banded courser, Hadada ibis, African baza, Lesser kestrel, Chestnut-banded plover, Rudd's apalis, Booted eagle, African fish-eagle, Grey-headed gull, Black cuckoo-shrike, Pale-crowned cisticola, Mosque swallow, Garden bulbul, Meyer's parrot, Monotonous lark, Latakoo lark, Red lark, Rufous-tailed scrub-robin, Swee waxbill, Scaly weaver, Greater sand plover, African crested-flycatcher, Red-headed quelea, Damara tern, Pectoral sandpiper, Rock dove, Grey-headed kingfisher, Rufous-chested swallow, Fairy prion, Southern red-billed hornbill, Ashy tit, South African swallow, Cape vulture, African yellow white-eye, Tropical shearwater, Cloud cisticola, Pale white-eye, Blue-spotted wood-dove, African wood-owl, Pallid swift, Bluethroat, Red-throated loon, Short-eared owl, Greater spotted eagle, Bonaparte's gull, Franklin's gull, Horned grebe, Kentish plover, Surf scoter, Eurasian woodcock, Caspian gull, Ring-billed gull, Snowy owl, Pale thrush, Ortolan bunting, Rustic bunting, Pink-footed goose, Pallas's sandgrouse, Semipalmated sandpiper, Long-eared owl, Greater rhea, Paddyfield warbler, Short-toed snake-eagle, Trumpeter finch, Corn bunting, Black grouse, Little crake, Mediterranean gull, Iceland gull, Least sandpiper, Booted warbler, Orphean warbler, White-winged lark, Eye-browed thrush, Moustached warbler, Spotted sandpiper, Great skua, Cretzschmar's bunting, Rough-legged hawk, Tickell's thrush, Grey partridge, Pygmy cormorant, Dalmatian pelican, Ruddy shelduck, Rock ptarmigan, Sooty tern, Eurasian pygmy-owl, Herring gull, Black vulture, Rook, Golden eagle, Isabelline wheatear, Pine bunting, Stilt sandpiper, Brant (goose), White's thrush, Smew, Red-billed chough, Northern fulmar, Black lark, Aquatic warbler, Spectacled warbler, Gray-cheeked thrush, Rock bunting, Great bustard, Lanceolated warbler, Broad-billed sandpiper, Tundra swan, Eastern imperial eagle, Eurasian crane, Velvet scoter, Savi's warbler, White-tailed eagle, Pallas's leaf-warbler, Swainson's thrush, Tawny pipit, Cetti's warbler, Little bustard, Red-headed bunting, Common snipe, Taiga bean goose, Gyrfalcon, Lesser whitethroat, Pallas's grasshopper-warbler, Melodious warbler, Alexandrine parakeet, Iberian chiffchaff, Little auk, Balearic shearwater, Eurasian griffon, American wigeon, Hermit thrush, White-headed duck, Ivory gull, Lesser white-fronted goose, Common grasshopper warbler, Cinereous bunting, Jackdaw, Asian desert warbler, Lesser crested tern, Arctic redpoll, Blyth's pipit, Lesser short-toed lark, Desert wheatear, Sociable lapwing, Red-throated thrush, Slender-billed curlew, Northern bald ibis, Siberian thrush, Black-throated green warbler, Sykes's warbler, Eastern crowned warbler, Long-billed dowitcher, Stock dove, Wood warbler, Azure tit, Orange-flanked bush-robin, White-tailed wheatear, White-fronted goose, Black guillemot, Sardinian warbler, Common rock thrush, Siberian rubythroat, Marbled teal, Calandra lark, Harlequin duck, Common shelduck, Purple sandpiper, Dartford warbler, Green warbler, Two-barred crossbill, Rufous-tailed shrike, Cirl bunting, European golden plover, Thick-billed guillemot, Red-rumped swallow, Mandarin duck, White-tailed lapwing, Great northern loon, Northern shrike, Siberian gull, Eurasian dotterel, American pipit, Hazel grouse, Ross's gull, Snow bunting, Demoiselle crane, Black-throated loon, Siberian stonechat, Bimaculated lark, Little gull, Yellow-billed loon, Eurasian linnet, Black-throated accentor, Bonelli's eagle, Puffinus diomedea, Black-bellied sandgrouse, Eurasian wryneck, Coal tit, Woodchat shrike, Black-billec cuckoo, Little owl, European shag, Jack snipe, Western yellow wagtail, Indian tree pipit, Saker falcon, Citril finch, Naumann's thrush, Yellow-headed parrot, Alpine accentor, Northern gannet, Western yellow wagtail, Garganey, Rock partridge, Yellow-throated vireo, Black-faced bunting, Ruddy duck, Parrot crossbill, Black swan, Shortbilled dowitcher, Yellow-browed warbler, Meadow pipit, Lesser redpoll, Bohemian waxwing, Bearded reedling, Twite, Canada goose, Common rosefinch, Lapland longspur, Glaucous gull, King Eider, Common redpoll, Barrow's goldeneye, Eastern turtle dove, Greater short-toed lark, Purple swamphen, Atlantic puffin, Barolo shearwater, Dusky warbler, Northern hawk-owl, Eurasian thick-knee, Greater scaup, Western black-eared wheatear, Water pipit, Red-breasted flycatcher, Grey catbird, Eurasian eagle-owl, Red-eyed vireo, Cream-colored courser, Radde's warbler, Razorbill, Great black-backed gull, Black-headed bunting, Red-breasted goose, Western yellow wagtail, Eastern black-eared wheatear, Ring-necked duck, Barnacle goose, European rock pipit, Wood lark, Crested lark, Eurasian scops owl, Greenish warbler, Dusky thrush, Common murre, Long-legged buzzard, Richard's pipit, Arctic warbler, Western capercaillie, Blyth's reed warbler, Egyptian mightjar, Northern harrier, Boreal owl, Horned lark, Long-tailed duck, Common whooper, Black-throated thrush, Western yellow wagtail, Eurasian spoonbill, American robin, Baillon's crake, Pied-billed grebe, Eurasian penduline-tit, Ring-necked pheasant, Pied wagtail, Steller's eider, Ring ouzel, Eastern subalpine warbler, Merlin, Red-necked grebe, Laughing gull, Buff-browed warbler, Rock sparrow, Olivaceous warbler, Eurasian crag martin, Pallas's gull, Chilean flamingo, White-winged snowfinch, Yellow-breasted bunting, Hawfinch, Barred warbler, Brown shrike, Little bunting, American herring gull, Macqueen's bustard, Pine grosbeak, Audouin's gull, Upland sandpiper, Tundra swan, Blue-winged teal, Wallcreeper, Ural owl, Red-billed pigeon, Cinnamon becard, Hairy woodpecker, Short-tailed hawk, Southern beardless-tyrannulet, Golden-browed chlorophonia, Inca tern, Common potoo, Lesser yellow-headed vulture, Stub-tailed spadebill, Yellow-eared toucanet, Scaly-throated foliage-gleaner, Band-backed wren, Golden-olive woodpecker, Scaly-breasted hummingbird, Plain-breasted ground-dove, Green-crowned brilliant, Groove-billed ani, Barred becard, Long-tailed tyrant, Summer tanager, Pink-footed shearwater, Black phoebe, Lousiana waterthrush, Ocellated crake, Yellow-crowned tyrannulet, Bat falcon, Least flycatcher, Golden-naped woodpecker, Baltimore oriole, Slate-headed tody-flycatcher, Bullock's oriole, Crested eagle, Red-crowned ant-tanager, Sungrebe, Kentucky warbler, Snowy sotinga, Nazca booby, Yellow-crowned parrot, Galapagos petrel, Dot-winged antwren, Golden-crowned spadebill, White-vented euphonia, Plain-brown woodcreeper, Yellow tyrannulet, Tawny-throated leaftosser, Tropical screech owl, Scaled antpitta, Great crested flycatcher, Slate-colored seedeater, Tiny hawk, Greater ani, Sooty-faced finch, Veraguan mango, White-ruffed manakin, Lineated foliage-gleaner, Tody motmot, Ruddy-capped nightingale-thrush, Lesser goldfinch, White-tipped sicklebill, Smooth-billed ani, Blackburnian warbler, Yellow-green vireo, Volcano junco, Great-tailed grackle, Willet, Brown-capped vireo, White-throated magpie-jay, Large-footed finch, Slaty-capped flycatcher, Warbling vireo, Rufous-browed peppershrike, Red-tailed hawk, Black-tailed flycatcher, Band-tailed barbthroat, Yellow-margined flycatcher, Black-and-yellow silky-flycatcher, Yellow warbler, Slaty spinetail, Golden-crowned warbler, Snail kite, White-crowned sparrow, Violaceous quail-dove, Green ibis, Zone-tailed hawk, Mealy parrot, Ruddy tree-runner, Yellow-winged vireo, Collared aracari, Middle-American screech-owl, Least Tern, Snowy plover, Yellow-throated toucan, Common ground-dove, Thick-billed euphonia, Hermit warbler, Gray-crowned yellowthroat, Orange-breasted falcon, Gray-capped flycatcher, Purplish-backed quail-dove, Grayish saltator, Laughing falcon, American redstart, Crested caracara, Wood stork, American bittern, Plain chachalaca, Carmiol's tanager, Yellow-winged tanager, Yellow-throated Euphonia, Crane hawk, Streak-crowned antvireo, Chestnut-colored woodpecker, Rufous-and-white wren, Yellow-headed caracara, Bobolink, Nashville warbler, Rose-breasted grosbeak, Bay-headed tanager, Elegant euphonia, Orchard oriole, Spot-breasted oriole, Marbled godwit, Lovely cotinga, Western gull, Ruddy quail-dove, White-throated thrush, Eastern phoebe, Brown-hooded parrot, Reddish egret, Olive-striped flycatcher, Rufous-browed tyrannulet, Blue dacnis, Lark sparrow, Rufous-rumped antwren, Pine warbler, Short-tailed shearwater, Tropical kingbird, Sulphur-rumped tanager, Song wren, Muscovy duck, Ruddy ground dove, Slaty finch, Mourning warbler, Cocos finch, Checker-throated antwren, Southern rough-winged swallow, Blue-and-gold tanager, Bright-rumped attila, Tree swallow, Wandering tattler, Dusky antbird, Snowcap, American oystercatcher, Red-faced spinetail, Ornate hawk-eagle, Streak-chested antpitta, Least grebe, Red-rumped woodpecker, American white pelican, Ruddy-tailed flycatcher, Streak-backed oriole, Red-headed barbet, Southern lapwing, Northern barred-woodcreeper, Orange-billed sparrow, Tawny-faced quail, Cape May warbler, Common black hawk, Yellow-faced grassquit, Purple-throated mountain-gem, Brown violetear, Solitary sandpiper, Yellow-bellied elaenia, Savanna hawk, Yellow-billed Tern, Yellow-bellied sapsucker, Sooty-capped chlorospingus, Rufous-naped wren, Garden emerald, Ochre-bellied flycatcher, White-chinned swift, Least bittern, Sulphur-rumped flycatcher, Black noddy, Rufous mourner, Gray-headed piprites, Yellow-bellied seedeater, Southern nightingale-wren, Purple martin, Band-tailed pigeon, Plain-colored tanager, Rufous-tailed jacamar, Rufous-breasted antthrush, Eastern kingbird, Rufous-tailed hummingbird, Painted bunting, Royal tern, Black-breasted wood quail, Ruby-throated hummingbird, Speckled mourner, Wood thrush, Great curassow, Grey-breasted wood-wren, Streaked xenops, Rufous piha, Black-crowned antpitta, Sooty thrush, Black-and-yellow tanager, Volcano hummingbird, Grey-chested dove, Chestnut-backed antbird, Nutting's flycatcher, Yellow-headed blackbird, Pied puffbird, Worm-eating warbler, Rufous-collared sparrow, Common tody flycatcher, Crested guan, Cinnamon Hummingbird, Spotted rail, White-necked jacobin, Tufted flycatcher, Great horned owl, Plain-capped startthroat, Golden-winged warbler, Markham's storm-petrel, Spot-crowned woodcreeper, Prong-billed barbet, Collared plover, Chuck-will's-widow, Social flycatcher, Rose-throated becard, White-tailed nightjar, Green-fronted lancebill, Stripe-headed sparrow, Striped owl, Olivaceous piculet, Wedge-billed woodcreeper, Orange-fronted parakeet, Black-striped sparrow, Blue-black grassquit, Fiery-throated hummingbird, Harris's hawk, White-faced ibis, Blue-winged warbler, Connecticut warbler, Lined seedeater, Large-billed tern, Bicolored antbird, Rufous-crested coquette, Black rail, Gray-headed tanager, Gray kingbird, Greenish elaenia, Ruddy woodcreeper, Swallow-tailed kite, Marbled wood quail, White-naped brush-finch, Collared redstart, Black hawk-eagle, Mangrove vireo, Blue-black grosbeak, Green heron, Black guan, Central American pygmy-owl, Rufous-winged tanager, Green hermit, Blackpoll warbler, Yellow-throated warbler, Prothonotary warbler, Grey-headed dove, Black-headed grosbeak, Western wood-pewee, Grey-lined hawk, Cobalt-winged parakeet, White-throated mountain-gem, White-tailed kite, Christmas shearwater, Tricolored munia, Hooded warbler, Wilson's warbler, Limpkin, Black-crowned tityra, Yellow-billed cuckoo, California gull, Black-chested jay, Bare-necked umbrellabird, Black-faced antthrush, Brown-chested martin, Blue grosbeak, Striped woodhaunter, Prairie warbler, Silvery-throated jay, Mourning dove, Black-headed Saltator, Blue-footed booby, White-whiskered puffbird, Tawny-faced gnatwren, Melodious blackbird, Northern jacana, Red-fronted parrotlet, Vermilion flycatcher, Olivaceous woodcreeper, Aplomado falcon, Chimney swift, Bronze-tailed plumeleteer, Mangrove swallow, Ruddy pigeon, Roseate spoonbill, White-winged becard, Great blue heron, Bananaquit, Mangrove cuckoo, Stripe-tailed hummingbird, White-eyed vireo, White-breasted wood-wren, Variable seedeater, Slate-colored grosbeak, White-capped parrot, Barred forest-falcon, Emerald tanager, Crested bobwhite, Golden-bellied flycatcher, Eastern whip-poor-will, Great antshrike, Black swift, Slaty-backed nightingale-thrush, Yellow-billed cacique, Black-and-white hawk-eagle, Sepia-capped flycatcher, Pale-vented pigeon, Brown-crested flycatcher, Black-headed antthrush, Thicket tinamou, White-collared manakin, Blue ground-dove, Ocellated poorwill, Yellow-rumped warbler, Ferruginous pygmy-owl, Black-faced solitaire, Bicolored hawk, Burrowing owl, Western sandpiper, Mississippi kite, Northern waterthrush, Parkinson's petrel, Grasshopper sparrow, Black-throated blue warbler, Black-collared hawk, Black-hooded antshrike, Broad-winged hawk, Agami heron, Eastern meadowlark, Shiny cowbird, Galapagos shearwater, Semiplumbeous hawk, Savannah sparrow, Crested owl, Baird's trogon, Plain xenops, Northern emerald-toucanet, Lineated woodpecker, American kestrel, Maguari stork, Bran-colored flycatcher, Long-billed starthroat, Scintillant hummingbird, Black-headed tody-flycatcher, Scarlet-thighed dacnis, Swallow-tailed gull, Pinnated bittern, Sulphur-bellied flycatcher, Northern beardless-tyrannulet, Tawny-winged woodcreeper, Northern schiffornis, Mountain thrush, Streak-breasted treehunter, Rusty-margined flycatcher, Cocoa woodcreeper, White-ringed flycatcher, Scarlet macaw, White-eared ground-sparrow, Wrenthrush, Sora, Crested oropendola, White-throated crake, Gray-breasted crake, Palm tanager, Slaty flowerpiercer, Buff-fronted quail-dove, Cerulean warbler, Black-bellied hummingbird, Harpy eagle, Slaty-backed forest-falcon, Russet antshrike, Blue-crowned manakin, Keel-billed motmot, Chipping sparrow, Violet sabrewing, Olive-crowned yellowthroat, Red-throated caracara, Boat-billed flycatcher, Chestnut-sided warbler, Western tanager, Redhead, Brown jay, Black-faced grosbeak, Tawny-capped euphonia, Black-and-white warbler, Orange-crowned warbler, Pacific screech-owl, Bare-crowned antbird, Lesser scaup, Pale-billed woodpecker, Flame-faced tanager, Heermann's gull, Wedge-tailed grass-finch, Canada warbler, Gray-rumped swift, Grey gull, Olive sparrow, Black-cheeked warbler, Hooded merganser, Ochraceous wren, Ochre-breasted antpitta, Tropical pewee, Black storm-petrel, Long-tailed woodcreeper, Northern scrub-flycatcher, Gray-bellied hawk, Semipalmated plover, Forster's tern, Masked duck, Collared forest-falcon, MacGillivray's warbler, Oilbird, Red-capped manakin, Blue-headed parrot, Brown-throated parakeet, Nicaraguan grackle, Gray-breasted martin, Broad-billed motmot, Cocos flycatcher, Purple-crowned fairy, Yellow-bellied flycatcher, Northern potoo, Cliff swallow, White-winged dove, Mountain elaenia, Common gallinule, Pearl kite, Black-capped petrel, Ash-throated flycatcher, Timberline wren, Tricolored heron, Grassland yellow-finch, Great jacamar, Lance-tailed manakin, Giant cowbird, Canvasback, Black-vented shearwater, Rosy thrush-tanager, Ovenbird, Shining honeycreeper, Acadian flycatcher, Scarlet tanager, King vulture, Slaty-tailed trogon, House wren, Barred antshrike, Killdeer, Neotropic cormorant, Slate-throated redstart, American pygmy kingfisher, Black-crowned antshrike, Townsend's warbler, Chestnut-capped brush-finch, Buffy-crowned wood-partridge, Black-cheeked woodpecker, Black-and-white becard, Long-billed hermit, Northern parula, Dusky-capped flycatcher, Common yellowthroat, Bronzy hermit, White-throated shrike-tanager, Scarlet-rumped cacique, Spot-crowned Antvireo, Yellowish flycatcher, Azure-hooded jay, Ivory-billed woodcreeper, Olive-backed quail-dove, Tropical gnatcatcher, Alder flycatcher, Torrent tyrannulet, Hook-billed kite, Willow flycatcher, American coot, Rufous motmot, Tawny-chested flycatcher, Pauraque, Wilson's snipe, Uniform crake, Black-banded woodcreeper, Yellow-billed cotinga, Royal flycatcher, Turkey vulture, Magenta-throated woodstar, Tawny-crowned greenlet, Pheasant cuckoo, Lesser elaenia, Hepatic tanager, Belted kingfisher, Violet-green swallow, Ashy-throated chlorospingus, Greater yellowlegs, Black-thighed grosbeak, Blue seedeater, Red-crowned woodpecker, Brown-capped tyrannulet, Collared trogon, Piratic flycatcher, Sunbittern, Black-headed trogon, Eastern wood-pewee, Rufous-capped warbler, Wilson's plover, Purple-throated fruitcrow, White-crowned pigeon, Black-whiskered vireo, Spotted barbtail, Crowned woodnymph, Inca dove, White-lored gnatcatcher, Grey-headed chachalaca, Masked Tityra, Mangrove hummingbird, Thicket antpitta, Solitary vireo, Yellow-naped parrot, Barred parakeet, Wedge-rumped storm-petrel, Scaled pigeon, American anhinga, Veery, Waved albatross, Eared dove, Vaux's swift, Short-billed pigeon, Panama flycatcher, Green honeycreeper, White-bellied mountain-gem, Dull-mantled antbird, White-collared swift, Little tinamou, Dark pewee, White-winged tanager, Plain antvireo, Palm warbler, Double-striped thick-knee, Wattled jacana, Crimson-fronted parakeet, Yellow-bellied tyrannulet, Jabiru stork, Pale-breasted spinetail, Yellow-olive flycatcher, Indigo bunting, Olive-throated parakeet, Rufous-vented ground-cuckoo, Scaly-throated leaftosser, Fiery-billed aracari, Olive-backed euphonia, Peruvian booby, Tennessee warbler, American harrier, Cooper's hawk, Black-and-white owl, Rufous-necked wood-rail, Violet-headed hummingbird, White-tipped dove, Band-rumped storm-petrel, Fork-tailed flycatcher, Sharpbill, Elegant trogon, Yellow-crowned euphonia, White-fronted antwren, Red-breasted meadowlark, Northern shoveler, Green-and-rufous kingfisher, Turquoise cotinga, Short-tailed nighthawk, Bare-shanked screech-owl, Fasciated antshrike, Acorn woodpecker, Northern bentbill, Cinnamon woodpecker, Gray-throated leaftosser, White-throated flycatcher, Clay-colored sparrow, Great potoo, Buff-throated saltator, Common nighthawk, Piping plover, Scrub geenlet, Ruddy-breasted seedeater, Slaty antwren, Streak-headed woodcreeper, Dusky nightjar, Crimson-collared tanager, Sedge wren, Striped cuckoo, Pale-vented thrush, Sharp-shinned hawk, Buff-throated foliage-gleaner, Gray-headed kite, Flame-colored tanager, Black-bellied whistling-duck, Stripe-throated hermit, Rufous nightjar, Spotted wood quail, White-fronted parrot, Rufous-reasted quail-dove, Amazon kingfisher, Lesser nighthawk, Red-throated ant-tanager, Green kingfisher, Long-billed curlew, White ibis, Highland tinamou, Mangrove rail, Black-eared wood quail, Botteri's sparrow, Olive-sided flycatcher, Great tinamou, Tropical parula, Audubon's shearwater, Rusty sparrow, Black vulture, Black-capped flycatcher, Rock wren, Scrub Euphonia, Philadelphia vireo, Strong-billed woodcreeper, Lincoln's sparrow, Long-tailed manakin, Scissor-tailed flycatcher, Tropical mockingbird, Green thorntail, Orange-collared manakin, Black-billed nightingale-thrush, Chestnut-headed oropendola, Red-winged blackbird, Ocellated antbird, Silvery-fronted tapaculo, Scale-crested pygmy-tyrant, Magnificent frigatebird, Northern rough-winged swallow, Yellow-breasted chat, White-throated spadebill, Three-wattled bellbird, Black-cheeked ant-tanager, American dipper, Lattice-tailed trogon, Spotted woodcreeper, Cave swallow, Orange-billed nightingale-thrush, Ruddy foliage-gleaner, White-lined tanager, Great black-hawk, Dickcissel, Silver-throated tanager, Green-breasted mango, Ochraceous pewee, Hoffmann's woodpecker, Green shrike-vireo, Swainson's hawk, Spangle-cheeked tanager, Long-billed gnatwren, Double-toothed kite, Rufescent tiger-heron, Cedar waxwing, Spotted antbird, Spot-crowned euphonia, White-cheeked pintail, Black-headed nightingale-thrush, Bay-breasted warbler, Buffy tuftedcheek, American avocet, Black-necked stilt, Costa Rican swift, Rough-legged tyrannulet, Yellow-backed oriole, Turquoise-browed motmot, Eye-ringed flatbill, Streaked saltator, Lesson's motmot, Clay-colored Robin, Spectacled owl, Banded wren, Dusky-faced tanager, Sulphur-winged parakeet, Western kingbird, White-fronted nunbird, Black-capped pygmy-tyrant, Brown pelican, Black-throated trogon, Whistling heron, Bronzed cowbird, Yellowish pipit, Variegated flycatcher, Spectacled parrotlet, Rufous-winged antwren, Pearly-breasted cuckoo, Stripe-cheeked woodpecker, Purple honeycreeper, Choco screech-owl, Whooping motmot, Spiny-faced antshrike, Slaty-winged foliage-gleaner, Gray elaenia, Band-rumped swift, Rufous-breasted hermit, Lemon-spectacled tanager, White-fringed antwren, Purple-throated woodstar, Cattle tyrant, Golden-fronted greenlet, Orange-bellied euphonia, Forest elaenia, White-bellied antbird, White-headed wren, Glow-throated hummingbird, Fulvous-vented Euphonia, Russet-winged schiffornis, Slate-throated gnatcatcher, White-eared conebill, White-vented plumeleteer, Yellow-green tyrannulet, Tawny-crested tanager, White-tailed trogon, Choco tinamou, Saffron-headed parrot, Golden-crowned flycatcher, Violet-capped hummingbird, Viridian dacnis, Lesser greenlet, Virginia's warbler, Yellow-green grosbeak, One-colored becard, Spot-breasted woodpecker, Black antshrike, Tawny-breasted flycatcher, Townsend's shearwater, Dark-billed cuckoo, Crimson-bellied woodpecker, Red-billed scythebill, Swallow tanager, Orange-crowned oriole, King rail, Black-throated mango, Broad-billed sapayoa, Red-and-green macaw, Chapman's swift, Chestnut-fronted macaw, Pale-bellied hermit, Lesser kiskadee, Magnolia warbler, Olivaceous flatbill, Varied solitaire, Beautiful treerunner, Buff-breasted wren, Sharp-tailed sandpiper, Spot-crowned barbet, Plumbeous pigeon, Bronze-olive pygmy-tyrant, Brown-billed scythebill, Southern bentbill, Black-billed flycatcher, Blue cotinga, Crimson-crested woodpecker, Ruby-topaz hummingbird, Belcher's gull, Black-capped donacobius, Hammond's flycatcher, Crowned slaty flycatcher, Cinereous becard, Plumbeous kite, Pacific antwren, South American comb duck, Green-naped tanager, Coiba spinetail, Tacarcuna tapaculo, Yellow-tailed oriole, Capped heron, Cocoi heron, Golden-collared manakin, Double-banded graytail, Zeledon's antbird, Tacarcuna chlorospingus, Sharp-tailed streamcreeper, White-thighed swallow, Tooth-billed hummingbird, Flame-rumped tanager, Painted parakeet, Yellow-hooded blackbird, Russet-crowned quail-dove, Scarlet ibis, Yellow-browed shrike-vireo, Green manakin, Yellow-collared chlorophonia, Bicolored wren, Cassin's kingbird, Newell's shearwater, Short-tailed swift, Black-tailed trogon, Wing-banded antbird, Yellow-bellied siskin, Greenish puffleg, Sooty-headed tyrannulet, Yellow-throated chlorospingus, Elegant martin, Great green macaw, Brownish twistwing, Golden-headed quetzal, Saffron finch, Colombian antwren, Little cuckoo, Long-winged harrier, Buff-necked ibis, Golden-cheeked warbler, Black-tipped cotinga, Blue-and-yellow macaw, Swainson's warbler, Pirre chlorospingus, Jet antbird, Yellow-rumped cacique, Golden-green woodpecker, Yellow-backed tanager, Bicolored antbird, Straight-billed woodcreeper, Black oropendola, Scarlet-browed tanager, Pied water-tyrant, Blue-fronted parrotlet, Choco tapaculo, Choco sirystes, Golden-headed manakin, Yellow-breasted flycatcher